将 Windows Server 连接到 Azure 混合服务Connecting Windows Server to Azure hybrid services

可以通过使用 Azure 混合服务将 Windows Server 的本地部署扩展到云。You can extend on-premises deployments of Windows Server to the cloud by using Azure hybrid services. 这些云服务提供了一系列有用的功能,可用于从本地扩展到 Azure,以及从 Azure 进行集中管理。These cloud services provide an array of useful functions, both for extending on-premises into Azure, and for centrally managing from Azure.

包含箭头的图,一类箭头从本地指向云,表示从本地扩展到 Azure,另一类箭头从云指向本地,表示通过 Azure 进行集中管理

在 Windows Admin Center 中使用 Azure 混合服务,可以:Using Azure hybrid services within Windows Admin Center, you can:

虽然可以通过下载应用和执行手动配置来设置大多数 Azure 混合服务,但许多 Azure 混合服务都直接集成到 Windows Admin Center 中,以便提供简化的安装体验和以服务器为中心的服务视图。While you can set up most Azure hybrid services by downloading an app and doing some manual configuration, many are integrated directly into Windows Admin Center to provide a simplified setup experience and a server-centric view of the services. Windows Admin Center 还提供了指向 Azure 门户的方便的智能超链接,以便你查看连接的 Azure 资源以及混合环境的集中式视图。Windows Admin Center also provides convenient intelligent hyperlinks to the Azure portal to see connected Azure resources as well as a centralized view of your hybrid environment.

在 Azure 混合服务工具中发现集成服务Discover integrated services in the Azure hybrid services tool

Windows Admin Center 中的 Azure 混合服务工具将所有集成的 Azure 服务整合到一个集中式中心,你在其中可以轻松地发现可为本地或混合环境带来价值的所有可用 Azure 服务。The Azure hybrid services tool in Windows Admin Center consolidates all the integrated Azure services into a centralized hub where you can easily discover all the available Azure services that bring value to your on-premises or hybrid environment.

显示 Azure 混合服务工具的 Windows Admin Center 屏幕截图

如果在已启用 Azure 服务的情况下连接到服务器,Azure 混合服务工具可充当一片玻璃,供你查看该服务器上的所有已启用服务。If you connect to a server with Azure services already enabled, the Azure hybrid services tool serves as a single pane of glass to see all enabled services on that server. 可以在 Windows Admin Center 中轻松访问相关工具,导航到 Azure 门户以便更深入地管理这些 Azure 服务,或者通过手头的文档了解详情。You can easily get to the relevant tool within Windows Admin Center, launch out to the Azure portal for deeper management of those Azure services, or read more with documentation at your fingertips.

显示服务器上已安装的 Azure 服务的 Windows Admin Center 屏幕截图

从 Azure 混合服务工具中可以:From the Azure hybrid services tool, you can:

备份和保护本地服务器和 VMBack up and protect your on-premises servers and VMs

  • 使用 Azure 备份来备份 Windows 服务器 可以将 Windows 服务器备份到 Azure,从而帮助防止意外或恶意删除、损坏和勒索软件侵害。Back up your Windows servers with Azure Backup You can back up your Windows servers to Azure, helping to protect you from accidental or malicious deletions, corruption, and ransomware. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Azure 备份来备份服务器For more info, see Back up your servers with Azure Backup.

  • 使用 Azure Site Recovery 保护 Hyper-V 虚拟机 可以复制在虚拟机上运行的工作负载,以便在出现灾难时能够让你的业务关键基础结构受到保护。Protect your Hyper-V virtual machines with Azure Site Recovery You can replicate workloads running on VMs so that your business-critical infrastructure is protected in case of a disaster. Windows Admin Center 简化了安装以及将虚拟机复制到 HYPER-V 服务器或群集的过程,让你可以更轻松地通过 Azure Site Recovery 的灾难恢复服务提升环境的复原能力。Windows Admin Center streamlines setup and the process of replicating your virtual machines on your Hyper-V servers or clusters, making it easier to bolster the resiliency of your environment with Azure Site Recovery's disaster recovery service. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Azure Site Recovery 和 Windows Admin Center 保护 VMFor more info, see Protect your VMs with Azure Site Recovery and Windows Admin Center.

  • 使用存储副本通过基于块的同步或异步复制方式复制到 Azure 中的 VM 可以配置为使用存储副本在服务器到服务器级别上以基于块或基于卷的复制方式复制到辅助服务器或 VM。Use synchronous or asynchronous block-based replication to a VM in Azure using Storage Replica You can configure block-based or volume-based replication on a server-to-server level using Storage Replica to a secondary server or VM. 借助 Windows Admin Center,可以针对复制目标创建 Azure VM,有助于你在新的 Azure VM 上调整大小并正确配置存储。Windows Admin Center allows you to create an Azure VM specifically for your replication target, helping you to right-size and correctly configure storage on a new Azure VM. 有关详细信息,请参阅通过存储副本进行服务器到服务器复制For more info, see Server-to-server replication with Storage Replica.

通过 Azure 扩展本地容量Extend on-premises capacity with Azure

扩展存储容量Extend storage capacity

  • 使用 Azure 文件同步让文件服务器与云同步 让此服务器上的文件与 Azure 文件共享进行同步。Sync your file server with the cloud by using Azure File Sync Sync files on this server with Azure file shares. 将所有文件都保留在本地,或者使用云分层来释放空间,并且仅缓存服务器上最常用的文件,将冷数据分层到云中。Keep all your files local or use cloud tiering to free up space and cache only the most frequently used files on the server, tiering cold data to the cloud. 云中的数据可以备份,这样就无需担心本地服务器备份。Data in the cloud can be backed up, eliminating the need to worry about on-premises server backup. 此外,多站点同步可让一组文件在多个服务器上保持同步。Additionally, multi-site-sync can keep a set of files in sync across multiple servers. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Azure 文件同步将文件服务器与云同步For more info, see Sync your file server with the cloud by using Azure File Sync.

  • 使用存储迁移服务将存储迁移到 Azure 中的 VM 使用分步工具清点 Windows 和 Linux 服务器上的数据,然后将数据传输到新的 Azure VM。Migrate storage to a VM in Azure using Storage Migration Service Use the step-by-step tool to inventory data on Windows and Linux servers and then transfer the data to a new Azure VM. Windows Admin Center 可以为作业创建一个新的 Azure VM,该 VM 的大小进行了调整,并正确配置为接收来自源服务器的数据。Windows Admin Center can create a new Azure VM for the job that is right-sized and correctly configured to receive the data from your source server. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用存储迁移服务迁移服务器For more info, see Use Storage Migration Service to migrate a server.

扩展计算容量Extend compute capacity

  • 创建新的 Azure 虚拟机,而无需离开 Windows Admin Center 在 Windows Admin Center 的“全部连接”页面上,转到“添加”,并选择“Azure VM”下的“新建” 。Create a new Azure virtual machine without leaving Windows Admin Center From the All Connections page within Windows Admin Center, go to Add and select Create new under Azure VM. 甚至可以域加入 Azure VM,并在此分步创建工具中配置存储。You can even domain-join your Azure VM and configure storage from within this step-by-step creation tool.

  • 通过云见证利用 Azure 在故障转移群集上实现仲裁 可以将 Azure 存储帐户用作 Azure Stack HCI 群集或其他故障转移群集的群集见证,而无需投资其他硬件来实现 2 节点群集上的仲裁。Leverage Azure to achieve quorum on your failover cluster with Cloud Witness Instead of investing in additional hardware to achieve quorum on a 2-node cluster, you can use an Azure storage account to serve as the cluster witness for your Azure Stack HCI cluster or other failover cluster. 有关详细信息,请参阅为故障转移群集部署云见证For more info, see Deploy a Cloud Witness for a Failover Cluster.

简化本地和 Azure 网络之间的网络连接Simplify network connectivity between your on-premises and Azure networks

  • 使用 Azure 网络适配器将本地服务器连接到 Azure 虚拟网络 借助 Windows Admin Center,可以简化将点到站点 VPN 从本地服务器设置到 Azure 虚拟网络的操作。Connect your on-premises servers to an Azure Virtual Network with Azure Network Adapter Let Windows Admin Center simplify setting up a point-to-site VPN from an on-premises server into an Azure virtual network.

  • 通过 Azure 扩展网络像操作本地网络一样操作 Azure VM Windows Admin Center 可以设置站点到站点 VPN,并将本地 IP 地址扩展到 Azure vNet,这使你能够更轻松地将工作负荷迁移到 Azure,而不会破坏 IP 地址的依赖项。Make Azure VMs look like your on-premises network with Azure Extended Network Windows Admin Center can set up a site-to-site VPN and extend your on-premises IP addresses into your Azure vNet to let you more easily migrate workloads into Azure without breaking dependencies on IP addresses.

从 Azure 集中管理混合环境Centrally manage your hybrid environment from Azure

  • 使用用于虚拟机的 Azure Monitor 监视环境中的所有服务器并获取相关电子邮件警报 Azure Monitor(也称为虚拟机见解)可用于监视服务器运行状况和事件、创建电子邮件警报、获取整个环境中服务器性能的综合视图以及将连接到给定服务器的应用、系统和服务可视化。Monitor and get email alerts for all the servers in your environment with Azure Monitor for Virtual Machines You can use Azure Monitor, also known as Virtual Machines Insights, to monitor server health and events, create email alerts, get a consolidated view of server performance across your environment, and visualize apps, systems, and services connected to a given server. Windows Admin Center 还可以为服务器运行状况性能和群集运行状况事件设置默认电子邮件警报。Windows Admin Center can also set up default email alerts for server health performance and cluster health events. 有关详细信息,请参阅将服务器连接到 Azure Monitor 并配置电子邮件通知For more info, see Connect your servers to Azure Monitor and configure email notifications.

  • 使用 Azure 更新管理集中管理所有 Windows 服务器的操作系统更新 可以从单个位置(而不是在每个服务器上)管理多个服务器和 VM 的更新和修补程序。Centrally manage operating system updates for all your Windows Servers with Azure Update Management You can manage updates and patches for multiple servers and VMs from a single place, rather than on a per-server basis. 借助 Azure 更新管理,可以快速评估可用更新的状态、计划所需更新的安装,以及查看部署结果来验证更新是否已成功应用。With Azure Update Management, you can quickly assess the status of available updates, schedule installation of required updates, and review deployment results to verify updates that apply successfully. 无论服务器是 Azure VM、由其他云提供商托管或是本地服务器,均可如此。This is possible whether your servers are Azure VMs, hosted by other cloud providers, or on-premises. 有关详细信息,请参阅为 Azure 更新管理配置服务器For more info, see Configure servers for Azure Update Management.

  • 通过 Azure 安全中心改善安全状况并获得高级威胁防护 Azure 安全中心是一种统一的基础结构安全管理系统,它可以增强数据中心的安全性,并跨云中(无论是否在 Azure 中)和本地的混合工作负荷提供高级威胁防护。Improve your security posture and get advanced threat protection with Azure Security Center Azure Security Center is a unified infrastructure security management system that strengthens the security posture of your data centers, and provides advanced threat protection across your hybrid workloads in the cloud - whether they're in Azure or not - as well as on premises. 通过 Windows Admin Center,可以轻松地设置服务器并将其连接到 Azure 安全中心。With Windows Admin Center, you can easily set up and connect your servers to Azure Security Center. 有关详细信息,请参阅将 Azure 安全中心与 Windows Admin Center(预览版)集成For more info, see Integrate Azure Security Center with Windows Admin Center (Preview).

  • 应用策略并通过 Azure Arc for serversAzure Policy 确保混合环境中的符合性 从 Azure 清点、组织和管理本地服务器。Apply policies and ensure compliance across your hybrid environment with Azure Arc for servers and Azure Policy Inventory, organize, and manage on-premises servers from Azure. 可以使用 Azure Policy 管理服务器,使用 RBAC 控制访问权限,并从 Azure 启用其他管理服务。You can govern servers using Azure policy, control access using RBAC, and enable additional management services from Azure.

群集与独立服务器和 VMClusters versus stand-alone servers and VMs

Azure 混合服务使用下列配置中的 Windows 服务器:Azure hybrid services work with Windows Servers in the following configurations:

适用于独立服务器和 VM 的服务Services for stand-alone servers and VMs

这是为独立服务器和 VM 提供功能的 Azure 服务的完整列表:This is the complete list of Azure services that provide functionality to stand-alone servers and VMs:

适用于群集的服务Services for clusters

这些是从整体上为群集提供功能的 Azure 服务:These are the Azure services that provide functionality to clusters as a whole:

Windows Admin Center 的其他 Azure 集成功能Other Azure-integrated abilities of Windows Admin Center

  • 在 Windows Admin Center 中添加 Azure VM 连接 可以使用 Windows Admin Center 来管理 Azure VM 以及本地计算机。Add Azure VM connections in Windows Admin Center You can use Windows Admin Center to manage your Azure VMs as well as on-premises machines. 通过将 Windows Admin Center 网关配置为连接到 Azure VNet,可以使用 Windows Admin Center 提供的一致、简化的工具在 Azure 中管理虚拟机。By configuring your Windows Admin Center gateway to connect to your Azure VNet, you can manage virtual machines in Azure using the consistent, simplified tools that Windows Admin Center provides. 有关详细信息,请参阅配置 Windows Admin Center 以便在 Azure 中管理 VMFor more info, see Configure Windows Admin Center to manage VMs in Azure.

  • 通过添加 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 身份验证向 Windows Admin Center 添加安全层 可以通过要求用户使用 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 标识访问网关进行身份验证,向 Windows Admin Center 添加额外的安全层。Add an layer of security to Windows Admin Center by adding Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) authentication You can add an additional layer of security to Windows Admin Center by requiring users to authenticate using Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) identities to access the gateway. 使用 Azure AD 身份验证,还可以充分利用 Azure AD 的安全功能,如条件访问和多重身份验证。Azure AD authentication also lets you take advantage of Azure AD’s security features like conditional access and multi-factor authentication. 有关详细信息,请参阅为 Windows Admin Center 配置 Azure AD 身份验证For more info, see Configure Azure AD authentication for Windows Admin Center.

  • 直接通过 Windows Admin Center 中嵌入的 Azure Cloud Shell 管理 Azure 资源 利用 Azure Cloud Shell 在 Windows Admin Center 内获取 Bash 或 PowerShell 体验,以便轻松访问 Azure 管理任务。Manage Azure resources directly through Azure Cloud Shell embedded in Windows Admin Center Leverage Azure Cloud Shell to get a Bash or PowerShell experience within Windows Admin Center to give you easy access to Azure management tasks. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure Cloud Shell 概述For more info, see Overview of Azure Cloud Shell.

其他参考Additional References