通过 Windows 管理中心管理服务器Manage Servers with Windows Admin Center

适用于:Windows Admin Center、Windows Admin Center 预览版Applies To: Windows Admin Center, Windows Admin Center Preview

提示

不熟悉 Windows Admin Center?New to Windows Admin Center? 下载或详细了解 Windows 管理中心Download or learn more about Windows Admin Center.

管理 Windows Server 计算机Managing Windows Server machines

你可以将运行 Windows Server 2012 或更高版本的单独服务器添加到 Windows 管理中心,以使用一组全面的工具(包括证书、设备、事件、进程、角色和功能、更新、虚拟机等)来管理服务器。You can add individual servers running Windows Server 2012 or later to Windows Admin Center to manage the server with a comprehensive set of tools including Certificates, Devices, Events, Processes, Roles and Features, Updates, Virtual Machines and more.

服务器连接概述屏幕

向 Windows 管理中心添加服务器Adding a server to Windows Admin Center

若要将服务器添加到 Windows 管理中心:To add a server to Windows Admin Center:

  1. 单击 "所有连接" 下的 " + 添加 "。Click + Add under All Connections.
  2. 选择添加 服务器连接Choose to add a Server Connection.
  3. 键入服务器的名称,并在出现提示时键入要使用的凭据。Type the name of the server and, if prompted, the credentials to use.
  4. 单击 " 提交 " 完成操作。Click Submit to finish.

服务器将添加到 "概述" 页上的 "连接" 列表中。The server will be added to your connection list on the Overview page. 单击它以连接到服务器。Click it to connect to the server.

备注

你还可以在 Windows 管理中心中将 故障转移群集超聚合群集 添加为单独的连接。You can also add failover clusters or hyper-converged clusters as a separate connection in Windows Admin Center.

工具Tools

以下工具可用于服务器连接:The following tools are available for server connections:

工具Tool 描述Description
概述Overview 查看服务器详细信息和控制服务器状态View server details and control server state
Active DirectoryActive Directory 管理 Active DirectoryManage Active Directory
备份Backup 查看和配置 Azure 备份View and configure Azure Backup
CertificatesCertificates 查看和修改证书View and modify certificates
容器Containers 查看容器View Containers
设备Devices 查看和修改设备View and modify devices
DHCPDHCP 查看和管理 DHCP 服务器配置View and manage DHCP server configuration
DNSDNS 查看和管理 DNS 服务器配置View and manage DNS server configuration
事件Events 查看事件View events
文件Files 浏览文件和文件夹Browse files and folders
FirewallFirewall 查看和修改防火墙规则View and modify firewall rules
安装的应用Installed Apps 查看和删除已安装的应用View and remove installed apps
本地用户和组Local Users and Groups 查看和修改本地用户和组View and modify local users and groups
网络Network 查看和修改网络设备View and modify network devices
数据包监视Packet monitoring 监视网络数据包Monitor network packets
性能监视器Performance monitor 查看性能计数器和报告View performance counters and reports
PowerShellPowerShell 通过 PowerShell 与服务器交互Interact with server via PowerShell
进程Processes 查看和修改正在运行的进程View and modify running processes
注册表Registry 查看和修改注册表项View and modify registry entries
远程桌面Remote Desktop 通过远程桌面与服务器交互Interact with server via Remote Desktop
角色和功能Roles and Features 查看和修改角色和功能View and modify roles and features
计划任务Scheduled Tasks 查看和修改计划任务View and modify scheduled tasks
服务Services 查看和修改服务View and modify services
设置Settings 查看和修改服务View and modify services
存储Storage 查看和修改存储设备View and modify storage devices
存储迁移服务Storage Migration Service 将服务器和文件共享迁移到 Azure 或 Windows Server 2019Migrate servers and file shares to Azure or Windows Server 2019
存储副本Storage Replica 使用存储副本来管理服务器到服务器的存储复制Use Storage Replica to manage server-to-server storage replication
系统见解System Insights 系统见解使你可以更深入地了解服务器的功能。System Insights gives you increased insight into the functioning of your server.
更新Updates 查看已安装的并检查是否有新的更新View installed and check for new updates
虚拟机Virtual Machines 查看和管理虚拟机View and manage virtual machines
虚拟交换机Virtual Switches 查看和管理虚拟交换机View and manage virtual switches

概述Overview

概述 允许你查看当前的 CPU、内存和网络性能状态,以及执行操作和修改目标计算机或服务器上的设置。Overview allows you to see the current state of CPU, memory, and network performance, as well as perform operations and modify settings on a target computer or server.

功能Features

服务器管理器概述支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Server Manager Overview:

  • 查看服务器详细信息View server details
  • 查看 CPU 活动View CPU activity
  • 查看内存活动View memory activity
  • 查看网络活动View network activity
  • 重新启动服务器Restart server
  • 关闭服务器Shutdown server
  • 在服务器上启用磁盘指标Enable disk metrics on server
  • 编辑服务器上的计算机 IDEdit Computer ID on server
  • 查看包含超链接的 BMC IP 地址 (需要 IPMI 兼容的 BMC) 。View BMC IP address with hyperlink (requires IPMI-compatible BMC).

查看服务器概述的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Server Overview.

Active Directory (预览版) Active Directory (Preview)

Active Directory 是在 扩展源上提供的早期预览版。Active Directory is an early preview that is available on the extension feed.

功能Features

以下 Active Directory 管理可用:The following Active Directory management are available:

  • 创建用户Create user
  • 创建组Create group
  • 搜索用户、计算机和组Search for users, computers, and groups
  • 在网格中选择的用户、计算机和组的详细信息窗格Details pane for users, computers, and groups when selected in grid
  • 全局网格操作用户、计算机和组 (禁用/启用、删除) Global Grid actions users, computers, and groups (disable/enable, remove)
  • 重置用户密码Reset user password
  • 用户对象:配置组成员身份 & 基本属性User objects: configure basic properties & group memberships
  • 计算机对象:配置对单台计算机的委派Computer objects: configure delegation to a single machine
  • 组对象:管理成员身份 (一次添加/删除1个用户) Group objects: manage membership (add/remove 1 user at a time)

查看 Active Directory 的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Active Directory.

备份Backup

利用备份,你可以通过将服务器直接备份到 Microsoft Azure 来保护 Windows server 免受损坏、攻击或灾难的影响。Backup allows you to protect your Windows server from corruptions, attacks or disasters by backing up your server directly to Microsoft Azure. 了解有关 Azure 备份的详细信息。Learn more about Azure Backup.

为 Windows 管理中心中的备份提供反馈Provide feedback for backup in Windows Admin Center

功能Features

备份支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Backup:

  • 查看 Azure 备份状态的概述View an overview of your Azure backup status
  • 配置备份项和计划Configure backup items and schedule
  • 启动或停止备份作业Start or stop a backup job
  • 查看备份作业历史记录和状态View backup job history and status
  • 查看恢复点和恢复数据View recovery points and recover data
  • 删除备份数据Delete backup data

证书Certificates

证书 允许管理计算机或服务器上的证书存储。Certificates allows you to manage certificate stores on a computer or server.

功能Features

证书支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Certificates:

  • 浏览和搜索现有证书Browse and search existing certificates
  • 查看证书详细信息View certificate details
  • 导出证书Export certificates
  • 续订证书Renew certificates
  • 请求新证书Request new certificates
  • 删除证书Delete certificates

查看证书的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Certificates.

容器Containers

使用容器可以查看 Windows Server 容器主机上的容器。Containers allows you to view the containers on a Windows Server container host. 在运行 Windows Server Core 容器的情况下,你可以查看事件日志并访问容器的 CLI。In the case of a running Windows Server Core container, you can view the event logs and access the CLI of the container.

查看容器的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Containers.

设备Devices

使用设备,你可以管理计算机或服务器上的连接设备。Devices allows you to manage connected devices on a computer or server.

功能Features

设备支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Devices:

  • 浏览和搜索设备Browse and search devices
  • 查看设备详细信息View device details
  • 禁用设备Disable a device
  • 更新设备上的驱动程序Update driver on a device

查看设备的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Devices.

DHCPDHCP

DHCP 允许您管理计算机或服务器上的连接设备。DHCP allows you to manage connected devices on a computer or server.

功能Features

  • 创建/配置/查看 IPV4 和 IPV6 作用域Create/configure/view IPV4 and IPV6 scopes
  • 创建地址排除并配置开始和结束 IP 地址Create address exclusions and configure start and end IP address
  • 创建地址保留并配置客户端 MAC 地址 (IPV4) 、DUID 和 IAID (IPV6) Create address reservations and configure client MAC address (IPV4), DUID and IAID (IPV6)

查看 DHCP 的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for DHCP.

DNSDNS

DNS 允许管理计算机或服务器上的连接设备。DNS allows you to manage connected devices on a computer or server.

功能Features

  • 查看 DNS 正向查找区域、反向查找区域和 DNS 记录的详细信息View details of DNS Forward Lookup zones, Reverse Lookup zones and DNS records
  • 创建前向查找区域 (主、辅助或存根) ,并配置正向查找区域属性Create forward Lookup zones (primary, secondary, or stub), and configure forward lookup zone properties
  • 创建主机 (或 AAAA) 、CNAME 或 MX 类型的 DNS 记录Create Host (A or AAAA), CNAME or MX type of DNS records
  • 配置 DNS 记录属性Configure DNS records properties
  • 创建 IPV4 和 IPV6 反向查找区域 (主要、辅助和存根) ,配置反向查找区域属性Create IPV4 and IPV6 Reverse Lookup zones (primary, secondary and stub), configure reverse lookup zone properties
  • 在反向查找区域下创建 DNS 记录的 PTR、CNAME 类型。Create PTR, CNAME type of DNS records under reverse lookup zone.

查看 DHCP 的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for DHCP.

事件Events

事件 可用于管理计算机或服务器上的事件日志。Events allows you to manage event logs on a computer or server.

功能Features

事件支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Events:

  • 浏览和搜索事件Browse and search events
  • 查看事件详细信息View event details
  • 从日志中清除事件Clear events from the log
  • 从日志中导出事件Export events from the log

查看事件的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Events.

文件Files

文件 可用于管理计算机或服务器上的文件和文件夹。Files allows you to manage files and folders on a computer or server.

功能Features

文件中支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Files:

  • 浏览文件和文件夹Browse files and folders
  • 搜索文件或文件夹Search for a file or folder
  • 创建新文件夹Create a new folder
  • 删除文件或文件夹Delete a file or folder
  • 下载文件或文件夹Download a file or folder
  • 上传文件或文件夹Upload a file or folder
  • 重命名文件或文件夹Rename a file or folder
  • 提取 zip 文件Extract a zip file
  • 复制和移动文件和文件夹Copy and move files and folders
  • 查看文件或文件夹属性View file or folder properties
  • 添加、编辑或删除文件共享Add, edit, or remove file shares
  • 修改文件共享上的用户和组权限Modify user and group permissions on file shares

查看文件的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Files.

防火墙Firewall

防火墙 允许您管理计算机或服务器上的防火墙设置和规则。Firewall allows you to manage firewall settings and rules on a computer or server.

功能Features

防火墙支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Firewall:

  • 查看防火墙设置概述View an overview of firewall settings
  • 查看传入防火墙规则View incoming firewall rules
  • 查看传出防火墙规则View outgoing firewall rules
  • 搜索防火墙规则Search firewall rules
  • 查看防火墙规则详细信息View firewall rule details
  • 创建新防火墙规则Create a new firewall rule
  • 启用或禁用防火墙规则Enable or disable a firewall rule
  • 删除防火墙规则Delete a firewall rule
  • 编辑防火墙规则的属性Edit the properties of a firewall rule

查看适用于防火墙的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Firewall.

安装的应用Installed Apps

已安装的应用 允许列出和卸载已安装的应用程序。Installed Apps allows you to list and uninstall application that are installed.

查看已安装应用的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Installed Apps.

本地用户和组Local Users and Groups

本地用户和组 允许您管理计算机或服务器上本地存在的安全组和用户。Local Users and Groups allows you to manage security groups and users that exist locally on a computer or server.

功能Features

本地用户和组支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Local Users and Groups:

  • 查看和搜索用户和组View and search users and groups
  • 创建新用户或组Create a new user or group
  • 管理用户的组成员身份Manage a user's group membership
  • 删除用户或组Delete a user or group
  • 更改用户的密码Change a user's password
  • 编辑用户或组的属性Edit the properties of a user or group

查看本地用户和组的反馈和建议的功能View feedback and proposed features for Local User and Groups

网络Network

网络 允许您管理计算机或服务器上的网络设备和设置。Network allows you to manage network devices and settings on a computer or server.

功能Features

网络支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Network:

查看网络反馈和建议的功能View feedback and proposed features for Network

PowerShellPowerShell

Powershell 允许您通过 powershell 会话与计算机或服务器进行交互。PowerShell allows you to interact with a computer or server via a PowerShell session.

功能Features

PowerShell 支持以下功能:The following features are supported in PowerShell:

  • 在服务器上创建交互式 PowerShell 会话Create an interactive PowerShell session on the server
  • 从服务器上的 PowerShell 会话断开连接Disconnect from PowerShell session on the server

查看 PowerShell 的反馈和建议的功能View feedback and proposed features for PowerShell

进程Processes

使用进程可以管理计算机或服务器上运行的进程。Processes allows you to manage running processes on a computer or server.

功能Features

进程支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Processes:

  • 浏览和搜索正在运行的进程Browse and search for running processes
  • 查看进程详细信息View process details
  • 启动进程Start a process
  • 结束进程End a process
  • 创建进程转储Create a process dump
  • 查找进程句柄Find process handles

查看有关流程的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Processes.

注册表Registry

注册表 允许您管理计算机或服务器上的注册表项和值。Registry allows you to manage registry keys and values on a computer or server.

功能Features

注册表中支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Registry:

  • 浏览注册表项和值Browse registry keys and values
  • 添加或修改注册表值Add or modify registry values
  • 删除注册表值Delete registry values

查看注册表的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Registry.

远程桌面Remote Desktop

通过远程桌面,你可以通过交互式桌面会话与计算机或服务器进行交互。Remote Desktop allows you to interact with a computer or server via an interactive desktop session.

功能Features

远程桌面支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Remote Desktop:

  • 启动交互式远程桌面会话Start an interactive remote desktop session
  • 断开与远程桌面会话的连接Disconnect from a remote desktop session
  • 将 Ctrl + Alt + Del 发送到远程桌面会话Send Ctrl+Alt+Del to a remote desktop session

查看远程桌面的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Remote Desktop.

角色和功能Roles and Features

使用角色和功能可以管理服务器上的角色和功能。Roles and Features allows you to manage roles and features on a server.

功能Features

角色和功能支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Roles and Features:

  • 浏览服务器上的角色和功能列表Browse list of roles and features on a server
  • 查看角色或功能详细信息View role or feature details
  • 安装角色或功能Install a role or feature
  • 删除角色或功能Remove a role or feature

查看有关角色和功能的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Roles and Features.

计划任务Scheduled Tasks

计划任务 可用于管理计算机或服务器上的计划任务。Scheduled Tasks allows you to manage scheduled tasks on a computer or server.

功能Features

计划任务中支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Scheduled Tasks:

  • 浏览任务计划程序库Browse the task scheduler library
  • 编辑计划任务Edit scheduled tasks
  • 启用 & 禁用计划任务Enable & Disable scheduled tasks
  • 启动 & 停止计划任务Start & Stop scheduled tasks
  • 创建计划任务Create scheduled tasks

查看计划任务的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Scheduled Tasks.

服务Services

服务 允许你在计算机或服务器上管理服务。Services allows you to manage services on a computer or server.

功能Features

服务支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Services:

  • 浏览和搜索服务器上的服务Browse and search services on a server
  • 查看服务的详细信息View details of a service
  • 启动服务Start a service
  • 暂停服务Pause a service
  • 重新启动服务Restart a service
  • 编辑服务的属性Edit the properties of a service

查看服务的反馈和建议功能View feedback and proposed features for Services.

设置Settings

设置 是用于管理计算机或服务器上的设置的中心位置。Settings is a central location to manage settings on a computer or server.

功能Features

  • 查看和修改用户和系统环境变量View and modify user and system environment variables
  • 查看用于监视警报的配置 Azure MonitorView the configuration for monitoring alerts from Azure Monitor
  • 查看和修改电源配置View and modify the power configuration
  • 查看和修改远程桌面设置View and modify Remote Desktop settings
  • 查看和修改基于角色的访问控制设置View and modify role-based access control settings
  • 查看和修改 Hyper-v 主机设置(如果适用)View and modify Hyper-V host settings, if applicable

存储Storage

存储 允许您管理计算机或服务器上的存储设备。Storage allows you to manage storage devices on a computer or server.

功能Features

存储支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Storage:

  • 浏览和搜索服务器上的现有磁盘Browse and search existing disks on a server
  • 查看磁盘详细信息View disk details
  • 创建卷Create a volume
  • 初始化磁盘Initialize a disk
  • 创建、附加和分离虚拟硬盘 (VHD) Create, attach, and detach a virtual hard disk (VHD)
  • 使磁盘脱机Take a disk offline
  • 格式化卷Format a volume
  • 重设卷大小Resize a volume
  • 编辑卷属性Edit volume properties
  • 删除卷Delete a volume
  • 安装配额管理Install Quota Management
  • 管理文件服务器资源管理器配额 存储->创建/更新配额Manage File Server Resource Manager Quotas Storage->Create/Update Quota

查看有关存储的反馈和建议的功能View feedback and proposed features for Storage

存储迁移服务Storage Migration Service

存储迁移服务 允许你将服务器和文件共享迁移到 Azure 或 Windows Server 2019,无需应用或用户更改任何内容。Storage Migration Service allows you to migrate servers and file shares to Azure or Windows Server 2019—without requiring apps or users to change anything. 大致了解存储迁移服务Get an overview of Storage Migration Service

备注

存储迁移服务需要 Windows Server 2019。Storage Migration Service requires Windows Server 2019.

存储副本Storage Replica

使用 存储副本 来管理服务器到服务器的存储复制。Use Storage Replica to manage server-to-server storage replication. 了解有关存储副本的详细信息Learn more about Storage Replica

系统见解System Insights

System Insights 在 Windows Server 中以本机方式引入了预测分析,以帮助你更深入地了解服务器的功能。System Insights introduces predictive analytics natively in Windows Server to help give you increased insight into the functioning of your server. 获取系统见解的概述Get an overview of System Insights

备注

系统见解需要 Windows Server 2019。System Insights requires Windows Server 2019.

更新Updates

使用更新可以在计算机或服务器上管理 Microsoft 和/或 Windows 更新。Updates allows you to manage Microsoft and/or Windows Updates on a computer or server.

功能Features

更新支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Updates:

  • 查看可用的 Windows 或 Microsoft 更新View available Windows or Microsoft Updates
  • 查看更新历史记录的列表View a list of update history
  • 安装更新Install Updates
  • 联机查看 Microsoft 更新中的更新Check online for updates from Microsoft Update
  • 管理 Azure 更新管理 集成Manage Azure Update Management integration

查看反馈和建议的更新功能View feedback and proposed features for Updates

虚拟机Virtual Machines

请参阅 通过 Windows 管理中心管理虚拟机See Managing Virtual Machines with Windows Admin Center

虚拟交换机Virtual Switches

虚拟交换机 可用于管理计算机或服务器上的 hyper-v 虚拟交换机。Virtual Switches allows you to manage Hyper-V virtual switches on a computer or server.

功能Features

虚拟交换机支持以下功能:The following features are supported in Virtual Switches:

  • 在服务器上浏览和搜索虚拟交换机Browse and search Virtual Switches on a server
  • 创建新的虚拟交换机Create a new Virtual Switch
  • 重命名虚拟交换机Rename a Virtual Switch
  • 删除现有虚拟交换机Delete an existing Virtual Switch
  • 编辑虚拟交换机的属性Edit the properties of a Virtual Switch

查看虚拟交换机的反馈和建议的功能View feedback and proposed features for Virtual Switches