磁盘管理概述Overview of Disk Management

适用于: Windows 10、Windows 8.1、Windows 7、Windows Server(半年频道)、Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

磁盘管理是 Windows 中的一个系统实用程序,使你能够执行高级存储任务。Disk Management is a system utility in Windows that enables you to perform advanced storage tasks. 以下是可从磁盘管理获益的一些事项:Here are some of the things Disk Management is good for:

磁盘管理显示具有三个分区的典型驱动器 - 一个 499 MB 系统分区、一个用于 Windows 的较大 C 驱动器以及另一个用于恢复的 499 MB 分区

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如果在按照这些步骤操作时出现错误或无法工作,请查看磁盘管理疑难解答主题。If you get an error or something doesn't work when following these procedures, take a peek at the Troubleshooting Disk Management topic. 如果没有用的话,也不要惊慌!If that doesn't help - don't panic! Microsoft 社区网站上有大量信息,试着搜索文件、文件夹和存储部分,如果仍然需要帮助,请在那里发布问题,Microsoft 或其他社区成员将尝试提供帮助。There's a ton of info on the Microsoft community site - try searching the Files, folders, and storage section, and if you still need help, post a question there and Microsoft or other members of the community will try to help. 如果你有关于如何改进这些主题的反馈,我们很乐意听取你的意见!If you have feedback on how to improve these topics, we'd love to hear from you! 只需回答“此页面是否有用?”提示,并在此处或本主题底部的公共评论会话中留下任何评论。Just answer the Is this page helpful? prompt, and leave any comments there or in the public comments thread at the bottom of this topic.

以下是你可能想要执行但在 Windows 中使用其他工具的一些常见任务:Here are some common tasks you might want to do but that use other tools in Windows:

关于这些额外的恢复分区About those extra recovery partitions

如果你感到好奇(我们已经阅读了你的评论!),Windows 通常在主驱动器上包含三个分区(通常是 C:\ drive):In case you're curious (we've read your comments!), Windows typically includes three partitions on your main drive (usually the C:\ drive):

磁盘 0 显示三个分区 - EFI 系统分区、Windows 分区和恢复分区

  • EFI 系统分区 - 新式电脑用它来启动(引导)你的电脑和操作系统。EFI system partition - This is used by modern PCs to start (boot) your PC and your operating system.
  • Windows 操作系统驱动器 (C:) - 这是安装 Windows 的位置,通常是你放置剩余应用和文件的位置。Windows operating system drive (C:) - This is where Windows is installed, and usually where you put the rest of your apps and files.
  • 恢复分区 - 这是存储特殊工具以帮助你在启动出错或遇到其他严重问题时恢复 Windows 的地方。Recovery partition - This is where special tools are stored to help you recover Windows in case it has trouble starting or runs into other serious issues.

尽管磁盘管理可能会将 EFI 系统分区和恢复分区显示为 100% 空闲,但事实上不是。Although Disk Management might show the EFI system partition and the recovery partition as 100% free, it's lying. 这些分区通常非常满,其中存储着你的电脑正常运行所需的重要文件。These partitions are generally pretty full with really important files your PC needs to operate properly. 最好让它们独自完成它们的工作,启动你的电脑,帮助你从问题中恢复过来。It's best to just leave them alone to do their jobs starting your PC and helping you recover from problems.

其他参考Additional References