資源一致性專業領域的概觀Resource Consistency discipline overview

資源一致性是雲端採用架構治理模型中的五個雲端治理專業領域之一。Resource consistency is one of the Five Disciplines of Cloud Governance within the Cloud Adoption Framework governance model. 這個專業領域著重於訂定與環境、應用程式或工作負載之作業管理相關的原則。This discipline focuses on ways of establishing policies related to the operational management of an environment, application, or workload. IT 作業小組通常會監視應用程式、工作負載和資產效能。IT operations teams often provide monitoring of applications, workload, and asset performance. 他們也經常執行必要的工作,以符合擴展需求、補救效能服務等級協定 (SLA) 違規,和藉由自動補救的方式主動避免效能 SLA 違規。They also commonly execute the tasks required to meet scale demands, remediate performance service-level agreement (SLA) violations, and proactively avoid performance SLA violations through automated remediation. 在雲端治理的五個專業領域中,資源一致性專業領域可確保資源以一致的方式設定,以便 IT 作業能夠找到這些資源;此外,這些資源包含在復原解決方案中,且可納入可重複的作業程序中。Within the Five Disciplines of Cloud Governance, the Resource Consistency discipline ensures resources are consistently configured in such a way that they can be discoverable by IT operations, are included in recovery solutions, and can be onboarded into repeatable operations processes.

注意

資源一致性專業領域不會取代可讓組織有效管理雲端式資源所用的現有 IT 小組、流程和程序。Resource Consistency discipline does not replace the existing IT teams, processes, and procedures that allow your organization to effectively manage cloud-based resources. 此專業領域的主要目的是識別潛在商務風險,且為負責管理雲端資源的 IT 人員提供降低風險指引。The primary purpose of this discipline is to identify potential business risks and provide risk-mitigation guidance to the IT staff that are responsible for managing your resources in the cloud. 當您開發治理原則和流程時,請務必在規劃與檢閱流程中包含相關的 IT 小組。As you develop governance policies and processes make sure to involve relevant IT teams in your planning and review processes.

雲端採用架構的這個部分概述如何在雲端治理策略中開展資源一致性專業領域。This section of the Cloud Adoption Framework outlines how to develop a Resource Consistency discipline as part of your cloud governance strategy. 本指引之主要適用對象為組織的雲端架構設計師和雲端治理小組的其他成員。The primary audience for this guidance is your organization's cloud architects and other members of your cloud governance team. 從此專業領域衍生的決策、原則和流程,應包含與負責實作和管理組織資源一致性解決方案的 IT 小組相關成員進行互動與討論。The decisions, policies, and processes that emerge from this discipline should involve engagement and discussions with relevant members of the IT teams responsible for implementing and managing your organization's resource consistency solutions.

如果您的組織沒有資源一致性策略的內部專業知識,應考慮聘請外部顧問投入此專業領域。If your organization lacks in-house expertise in resource consistency strategies, consider engaging external consultants as a part of this discipline. 此外,考慮納入 Microsoft Consulting ServicesMicrosoft FastTrack 雲端採用服務,或聘請其他外部雲端採用專家來討論如何最充分組織、追蹤和最佳化雲端式資產。Also consider engaging Microsoft Consulting Services, the Microsoft FastTrack cloud adoption service, or other external cloud adoption experts for discussing how best to organize, track, and optimize your cloud-based assets.

Policy statementsPolicy statements

可採取動作的原則聲明和所產生架構需求,均可作為資源一致性專業領域的基礎。Actionable policy statements and the resulting architecture requirements serve as the foundation of a Resource Consistency discipline. 使用範例原則聲明Use sample policy statements. 這些範例可作為定義資源一致性原則的起點。These samples can serve as a starting point for defining your Resource Consistency policies.

警告

範例原則來自於常見的客戶體驗。The sample policies come from common customer experiences. 若要進一步使這些原則與特定雲端治理需求保持一致,請執行下列步驟,以建立符合您獨特商務需求的原則聲明。To better align these policies to specific cloud governance needs, execute the following steps to create policy statements that meet your unique business needs.

開發治理原則聲明Develop governance policy statements

下列步驟提供在開發資源一致性專業領域時所應考量的範例和可能選項。The following steps offer examples and potential options to consider when developing your Resource Consistency discipline. 請使用每個步驟作為起點,在雲端治理小組中討論,並與組織內受影響的業務和 IT 小組討論,藉以建立管理資源一致性專業領域風險所需的原則和程序。Use each step as a starting point for discussions within your cloud governance team and with affected business, and IT teams across your organization to establish the policies and processes needed to manage Resource Consistency discipline risks.

     

範本圖示

資源一致性專業領域範本:下載此範本以記錄資源一致性專業領域。Resource Consistency discipline template: Download the template for documenting a Resource Consistency discipline.

風險圖示

商務風險:了解通常與資源一致性專業領域建立關聯的動機與風險。Business risks: Understand the motives and risks commonly associated with the Resource Consistency discipline.

計量圖示

指標和度量:瞭解是否為投資資源一致性專業領域之正確時機的指示器。Indicators and metrics: Indicators to understand whether it's the right time to invest in the Resource Consistency discipline.

遵循圖示

原則遵循流程:用以在資源一致性專業領域中支援原則合規性的建議流程。Policy adherence processes: Suggested processes for supporting policy compliance in the Resource Consistency discipline.

成熟度圖示

成熟度:使雲端管理成熟度與雲端採用階段保持一致。Maturity: Align cloud management maturity with phases of cloud adoption.

工具鏈圖示

工具鏈:可實作來支援資源一致性專業領域的 Azure 服務。Toolchain: Azure services that can be implemented to support the Resource Consistency discipline.

後續步驟Next steps

開始評估特定環境中的商務風險Get started by evaluating business risks in a specific environment.