ArraySegment<T> 結構

定義

分隔一維陣列的區段。Delimits a section of a one-dimensional array.

generic <typename T>
public value class ArraySegment : System::Collections::Generic::ICollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IList<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyList<T>
generic <typename T>
public value class ArraySegment
public struct ArraySegment<T> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyList<T>
[System.Serializable]
public struct ArraySegment<T>
[System.Serializable]
public struct ArraySegment<T> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyList<T>
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
[<System.Serializable>]
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
[<System.Serializable>]
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
[<System.Serializable>]
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
[<System.Serializable>]
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
Public Structure ArraySegment(Of T)
Implements ICollection(Of T), IEnumerable(Of T), IList(Of T), IReadOnlyCollection(Of T), IReadOnlyList(Of T)
Public Structure ArraySegment(Of T)

類型參數

T

陣列區段中的項目類型。The type of the elements in the array segment.

繼承
ArraySegment<T>
屬性
實作

範例

下列程式碼範例會將 ArraySegment<T> 結構傳遞給方法。The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */
using System;

public class SamplesArray  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };

      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/
Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

備註

ArraySegment<T> 是陣列的包裝函式,可分隔該陣列中的元素範圍。ArraySegment<T> is a wrapper around an array that delimits a range of elements in that array. 多個 ArraySegment<T> 實例可以參考相同的原始陣列,而且可能會重迭。Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap. 原始陣列必須是一維的,且必須有以零為起始的索引。The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

注意

ArraySegment<T>IReadOnlyCollection<T>從開始,執行的介面 .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6 ; 在舊版 .NET Framework 中, ArraySegment<T> 結構不會執行這個介面。ArraySegment<T> implements the IReadOnlyCollection<T> interface starting with the .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6; in previous versions of the .NET Framework, the ArraySegment<T> structure did not implement this interface.

ArraySegment<T>只要陣列的元素會在不同的區段中操作,此結構就很有用。The ArraySegment<T> structure is useful whenever the elements of an array will be manipulated in distinct segments. 例如:For example:

  • 您可以將 ArraySegment<T> 代表陣列一部分的物件當作引數傳遞給方法,而不是呼叫相當昂貴的方法,例如 Copy 傳遞陣列一部分的複本。You can pass an ArraySegment<T> object that represents only a portion of an array as an argument to a method, rather than call a relatively expensive method like Copy to pass a copy of a portion of an array.

  • 在多執行緒應用程式中,您可以使用此 ArraySegment<T> 結構,讓每個執行緒只在陣列的一部分上運作。In a multithreaded app, you can use the ArraySegment<T> structure to have each thread operate on only a portion of the array.

  • 針對以工作為基礎的非同步作業,您可以使用 ArraySegment<T> 物件,以確保每個工作在陣列的相異區段上運作。For task-based asynchronous operations, you can use an ArraySegment<T> object to ensure that each task operates on a distinct segment of the array. 下列範例會將陣列分割為具有最多10個元素的個別區段。The following example divides an array into individual segments with up to ten elements. 區段中的每個元素都會乘以其區段號。Each element in the segment is multiplied by its segment number. 結果顯示使用 ArraySegment<T> 類別以這種方式操作專案,會變更其基礎陣列的值。The result shows that using the ArraySegment<T> class to manipulate elements in this way changes the values of its underlying array.

    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Threading.Tasks;
    
    public class Example
    {
       private const int segmentSize = 10;
    
       public static async Task Main()
       {
          List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
    
          // Create array.
          int[] arr = new int[50];
          for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)
             arr[ctr] = ctr + 1;
    
          // Handle array in segments of 10.
          for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= Math.Ceiling(((double)arr.Length)/segmentSize); ctr++) {
             int multiplier = ctr;
             int elements = (multiplier - 1) * 10 + segmentSize > arr.Length ?
                             arr.Length - (multiplier - 1) * 10 : segmentSize;
             ArraySegment<int> segment = new ArraySegment<int>(arr, (ctr - 1) * 10, elements);
             tasks.Add(Task.Run( () => { IList<int> list = (IList<int>) segment;
                                         for (int index = 0; index < list.Count; index++)
                                            list[index] = list[index] * multiplier;
                                       } ));
          }
          try {
             await Task.WhenAll(tasks.ToArray());
             int elementsShown = 0;
             foreach (var value in arr) {
                Console.Write("{0,3} ", value);
                elementsShown++;
                if (elementsShown % 18 == 0)
                   Console.WriteLine();
             }
          }
          catch (AggregateException e) {
             Console.WriteLine("Errors occurred when working with the array:");
             foreach (var inner in e.InnerExceptions)
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", inner.GetType().Name, inner.Message);
          }
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //      1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  22  24  26  28  30  32  34  36
    //     38  40  63  66  69  72  75  78  81  84  87  90 124 128 132 136 140 144
    //    148 152 156 160 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250
    
    Imports System.Collections.Generic
    Imports System.Threading.Tasks
    
    Module Example
      Private Const SegmentSize As Integer = 10
      
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim tasks As New List(Of Task)
          
           ' Create array.
          Dim arr(49) As Integer
          For ctr As Integer = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
             arr(ctr) = ctr + 1
          Next
    
          ' Handle array in segments of 10.
          For ctr As Integer = 1 To CInt(Math.Ceiling(arr.Length / segmentSize))
             Dim multiplier As Integer = ctr
             Dim elements As Integer = If((multiplier - 1) * 10 + segmentSize > arr.Length,
                                          arr.Length - (multiplier - 1) * 10,
                                          segmentSize)
             Dim segment As New ArraySegment(Of Integer)(arr, (ctr - 1) * 10, elements)
             tasks.Add(Task.Run( Sub()
                                    Dim list As IList(Of Integer) = CType(segment, IList(Of Integer))
                                    For index As Integer = 0 To list.Count - 1
                                       list(index) = list(index) * multiplier
                                    Next
                                 End Sub ))
          Next
          Try
             Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray())
             Dim elementsShown As Integer = 0
             For Each value In arr
                Console.Write("{0,3} ", value)
                elementsShown += 1
                If elementsShown Mod 18 = 0 Then Console.WriteLine()
             Next
          Catch e As AggregateException
             Console.WriteLine("Errors occurred when working with the array:")
             For Each inner As Exception In e.InnerExceptions
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", inner.GetType().Name, inner.Message)
             Next
          End Try
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '         1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  22  24  26  28  30  32  34  36
    '        38  40  63  66  69  72  75  78  81  84  87  90 124 128 132 136 140 144
    '       148 152 156 160 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250
    

不過請注意,雖然此 ArraySegment<T> 結構可以用來將陣列分割成不同的區段,但這些區段並非彼此完全獨立。Note, however, that although the ArraySegment<T> structure can be used to divide an array into distinct segments, the segments are not completely independent of one another. Array屬性會傳回整個原始陣列,而不是陣列的複本; 因此,對屬性所傳回之陣列所做的變更 Array 會對原始陣列進行。The Array property returns the entire original array, not a copy of the array; therefore, changes made to the array returned by the Array property are made to the original array. 如果這不是必要的,您應該在陣列的複本上執行作業,而不是 ArraySegment<T> 代表陣列一部分的物件。If this is undesirable, you should perform operations on a copy of the array, rather than an ArraySegment<T> object that represents a portion of the array.

Equals當方法與相等和不等比較運算子比較兩個物件時,會測試參考是否相等 ArraySegment<T>The Equals method and the equality and inequality operators test for reference equality when they compare two ArraySegment<T> objects. 針對兩個 ArraySegment<T> 視為相等的物件,它們必須符合下列所有條件:For two ArraySegment<T> objects to be considered equal, they must meet all of the following conditions:

  • 參考相同的陣列。Reference the same array.

  • 從陣列中的相同索引開始。Begin at the same index in the array.

  • 擁有相同數目的元素。Have the same number of elements.

如果您想要在物件中依索引取得專案 ArraySegment<T> ,您必須將它轉換成物件, IList<T> 並使用屬性來加以取出或修改 IList<T>.Item[]If you want to retrieve an element by its index in the ArraySegment<T> object, you must cast it to an IList<T> object and retrieve it or modify it by using the IList<T>.Item[] property. 下列範例 ArraySegment<T> 會在分隔字串陣列區段的物件中,捕獲專案。The following example retrieves the element in an ArraySegment<T> object that delimits a section of a string array.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String[] names = { "Adam", "Bruce", "Charles", "Daniel",
                         "Ebenezer", "Francis", "Gilbert",
                         "Henry", "Irving", "John", "Karl",
                         "Lucian", "Michael" };
      var partNames = new ArraySegment<String>(names, 2, 5);

      // Cast the ArraySegment object to an IList<String> and enumerate it.
      var list = (IList<String>) partNames;
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= list.Count - 1; ctr++)
         Console.WriteLine(list[ctr]);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Charles
//    Daniel
//    Ebenezer
//    Francis
//    Gilbert
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim names() As String = { "Adam", "Bruce", "Charles", "Daniel", 
                                "Ebenezer", "Francis", "Gilbert", 
                                "Henry", "Irving", "John", "Karl",
                                "Lucian", "Michael" }
      Dim partNames As New ArraySegment(Of String)(names, 2, 5)
      
      ' Cast the ArraySegment object to an IList<String> and enumerate it.
      Dim list = CType(partNames, IList(Of String))
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To list.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine(list(ctr))
      Next     
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Charles
'    Daniel
'    Ebenezer
'    Francis
'    Gilbert

建構函式

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 結構的新執行個體,這個新執行個體會分隔指定陣列中的所有項目。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 結構的新執行個體,這個新執行個體會分隔指定陣列中的指定項目範圍。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

屬性

Array

取得原始陣列,這個陣列包含陣列區段分隔的項目範圍。Gets the original array containing the range of elements that the array segment delimits.

Count

取得陣列區段分隔範圍中的項目數目。Gets the number of elements in the range delimited by the array segment.

Empty

表示空的陣列區段。Represents the empty array segment. 此欄位為唯讀。This field is read-only.

Item[Int32]

在指定的索引位置上取得或設定項目。Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

Offset

取得陣列區段分隔範圍中的第一個項目位置,相對於原始陣列的開頭。Gets the position of the first element in the range delimited by the array segment, relative to the start of the original array.

方法

CopyTo(ArraySegment<T>)

將這個執行個體的內容複製到相同型別 T 的指定目的地陣列區段。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array segment of the same type T.

CopyTo(T[])

將這個執行個體的內容複製到相同型別 T 的指定目的地陣列。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array of the same type T.

CopyTo(T[], Int32)

從指定的目的地索引開始,將這個執行個體的內容複製到相同型別 T 的指定目的地陣列。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array of the same type T, starting at the specified destination index.

Equals(ArraySegment<T>)

判斷指定的 ArraySegment<T> 結構和目前的執行個體是否相等。Determines whether the specified ArraySegment<T> structure is equal to the current instance.

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否和目前的執行個體相等。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current instance.

GetEnumerator()

傳回可用來逐一查看陣列區段的列舉程式。Returns an enumerator that can be used to iterate through the array segment.

GetHashCode()

傳回目前執行個體的雜湊碼。Returns the hash code for the current instance.

Slice(Int32)

從指定的索引開始,形成目前陣列區段中的配量。Forms a slice out of the current array segment starting at the specified index.

Slice(Int32, Int32)

從指定的索引開始,形成目前陣列區段中指定長度的配量。Forms a slice of the specified length out of the current array segment starting at the specified index.

ToArray()

將此陣列區段的內容複製到新陣列。Copies the contents of this array segment into a new array.

運算子

Equality(ArraySegment<T>, ArraySegment<T>)

指出兩個 ArraySegment<T> 結構是否相等。Indicates whether two ArraySegment<T> structures are equal.

Implicit(T[] to ArraySegment<T>)

T 型別陣列的隱含轉換定義為 T 型別的陣列區段。Defines an implicit conversion of an array of type T to an array segment of type T.

Inequality(ArraySegment<T>, ArraySegment<T>)

指出兩個 ArraySegment<T> 結構是否不相等。Indicates whether two ArraySegment<T> structures are unequal.

明確介面實作

ICollection<T>.Add(T)

在所有情況下都會擲回 NotSupportedException 例外狀況。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

ICollection<T>.Clear()

在所有情況下都會擲回 NotSupportedException 例外狀況。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

ICollection<T>.Contains(T)

判斷此陣列區段是否包含特定的值。Determines whether the array segment contains a specific value.

ICollection<T>.CopyTo(T[], Int32)

從指定的陣列索引處開始,將陣列區段的項目複製到陣列。Copies the elements of the array segment to an array, starting at the specified array index.

ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly

取得值,指出陣列區段是否為唯讀。Gets a value that indicates whether the array segment is read-only.

ICollection<T>.Remove(T)

在所有情況下都會擲回 NotSupportedException 例外狀況。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

傳回列舉值,該值可逐一查看陣列區段。Returns an enumerator that iterates through an array segment.

IEnumerable<T>.GetEnumerator()

傳回列舉值,該值可逐一查看陣列區段。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the array segment.

IList<T>.IndexOf(T)

判斷陣列區段中特定項目的索引。Determines the index of a specific item in the array segment.

IList<T>.Insert(Int32, T)

在所有情況下都會擲回 NotSupportedException 例外狀況。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IList<T>.Item[Int32]

在指定的索引位置上取得或設定項目。Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

IList<T>.RemoveAt(Int32)

在所有情況下都會擲回 NotSupportedException 例外狀況。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IReadOnlyList<T>.Item[Int32]

取得位於陣列區段之指定索引位置的項目。Gets the element at the specified index of the array segment.

擴充方法

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

從指定的集合建立不可變的陣列。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

從現有的項目集合建構不可變的字典,將轉換函式套用至來源索引鍵。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據序列的某些轉換來建構不可變的字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容之不可變雜湊集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容之不可變雜湊集,且針對集合類型使用指定的相等比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變清單。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變排序資料集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容的不可變排序資料集,並使用指定的比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

根據輸入 DataTable 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataRow) 傳回包含 IEnumerable<T> 物件複本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的初始值做為初始累加值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的值做為初始累加值,並使用指定的函式來選取結果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的所有項目是否全都符合條件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

判斷序列是否包含任何項目。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的任何項目是否符合條件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值附加在序列結尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回 IEnumerable<T> 類型的輸入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的項目轉換成指定的型別。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

串連兩個序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

使用預設的相等比較子 (Comparer) 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列中的項目數。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回數字,代表指定之序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設的相等比較子來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的項目。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的元素;如果索引超出範圍,則傳回預設值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個項目。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定條件的第一個元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的第一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式來群組序列的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的比較子來比較索引鍵。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的函式來投影每個群組的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列中的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 索引鍵是使用比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵是使用指定的比較子來進行比較。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵值是使用指定的比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目則都是利用指定的函式進行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個項目。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的最後一個元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的最後一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回代表序列中項目總數的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回 Int64,其代表序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根據指定的型別來篩選 IEnumerable 的項目。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值新增至序列的開頭。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反轉序列中項目的排序方向。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

將序列的每個元素規劃成一個新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

透過加入項目的索引,將序列的每個項目投影成新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的中繼投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用項目之型別的預設相等比較子來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個元素,如果序列中不是正好一個元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果有一個以上這類元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個項目,如果序列是空白,則為預設值,如果序列中有一個以上的項目,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果沒有這類元素,則為預設值,如果有一個以上的元素符合條件,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

略過序列中指定的項目數目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含已省略來源集合最後 count 元素的所有 source 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

從序列開頭傳回指定的連續項目數目。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含 source 的最後 count 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立陣列。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用比較金鑰的 comparerIEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較值來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 述詞函式的邏輯中使用各項目的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

從兩個指定序列中的元素產生一系列元組。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

將指定的函式套用至兩個序列的對應項目,產生結果的序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 轉換成 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

將泛型 IEnumerable<T> 轉換成泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>)

在目標陣列區段部分上建立新記憶體區域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32)

在起始於指定位置到區段結尾的目標陣列區段部分上建立新記憶體區域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment starting at a specified position to the end of the segment.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32, Int32)

在起始於指定位置且具有指定長度的目標陣列區段部分上建立新記憶體區域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment beginning at a specified position with a specified length.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>)

在目標陣列區段上建立新範圍。Creates a new span over a target array segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Index)

在起始於指定索引且結束於區段結尾的目標陣列區段部分上建立新範圍。Creates a new span over a portion of the target array segment beginning at a specified index and ending at the end of the segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32)

在起始於指定位置到區段結尾的目標陣列區段部分上建立新範圍。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment from a specified position to the end of the segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32, Int32)

在起始於指定位置且具有指定長度的目標陣列區段部分上建立新範圍。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment from a specified position for a specified length.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Range)

在使用範圍開始和結束索引的目標陣列區段部分上建立新範圍。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment using the range start and end indexes.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的已篩選項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目之子代節點的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個項目和文件之子代項目的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回已篩選的項目集合,其中包含來源集合中每個項目和文件的子代項目。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的子項目集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的已篩選子項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中所有節點的節點集合,依據文件順序來排序。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目的子節點集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在來源集合中,從每一個節點的父節點移除這些節點。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

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