CompareInfo.IndexOf 方法

定義

傳回某值在字串或字串的一部分內,第一次出現的以零為起始的索引。Returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence of a value within a string or within a portion of it.

多載

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回來源字串區段 (起始於指定索引並且含有指定的項目數) 內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回來源字串的區段 (起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數) 內第一個相符項目以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, String)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回來源字串區段 (起始於指定索引並且含有指定的項目數) 內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

區段中要搜尋的項目數目。The number of elements in the section to search.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (開始於 source,並包含 startIndex 所指定數目的項目) 內,count 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-或--or-

count 小於零。count is less than zero.

-或--or-

startIndexcount 未指定 source 中的有效區段。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

備註

來源字串會從開頭startIndex開始搜尋, 並于startIndex + count -1 結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果字元是代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中的字元只有在 Unicode 值相同時才會被視為等同于另一個字元, 您應該呼叫其中一個具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並使用Ordinalvalue.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. 搜尋字元的多載會執行序數搜尋,而搜尋字串的則會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。String.IndexOfOverloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋第一次開始的字元位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)方法是用來在兩個字串中的 "n" 後面尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以方法會傳回 1, 表示它在 "n" 的位置找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

區段中要搜尋的項目數目。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions

值,這個值會定義應該如何比較 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (開始於 source,並包含 startIndex 所指定數目的項目) 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 count 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-或--or-

count 小於零。count is less than zero.

-或--or-

startIndexcount 未指定 source 中的有效區段。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

備註

來源字串會從開頭startIndex開始搜尋, 並于startIndex + count -1 結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋 (也就是說,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) , 則方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋開始的字元位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)方法是用來尋找在兩個字串中從第三到第六個字元位置開始的軟連字號 (U + 00AD) 位置, 後面接著 "m"。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含必要的子字串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 因為選擇性連字號是可忽略的字元,所以在這兩種情況下,方法執行區分文化特性的比較時都會傳回 "m" 在字串中的索引位置。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 不過, 當它執行序數比較時, 它只會在第一個字串中尋找子字串。When it performs an ordinal comparison, however, it finds the substring only in the first string. 請注意, 在第一個字串的情況下 (包括軟連字號後面接著 "m"), 方法無法傳回軟連字號的索引, 而是在執行區分文化特性的比較時, 傳回 "m" 的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m" when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 只有在執行序數比較時,方法才會傳回第一個字串中選擇性連字號的索引。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

區段中要搜尋的項目數目。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions

值,這個值會定義應該如何比較 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (開始於 source,並包含 startIndex 所指定數目的項目) 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 count 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-或--or-

count 小於零。count is less than zero.

-或--or-

startIndexcount 未指定 source 中的有效區段。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

備註

來源字串會從開頭startIndex開始搜尋, 並于startIndex + count -1 結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果字元是代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 只有在 Unicode 值相同時, 才會將字元視為等同于另一個字元。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 搜尋字元的多載會執行序數搜尋,而搜尋字串的則會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。String.IndexOfOverloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋第一次開始的字元位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)方法是用來在兩個字串中的 "n" 後面尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以區分文化特性的搜尋會傳回 1, 表示它在 "n" 的位置找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". 不過, 序數搜尋會成功地在一個字串中尋找軟連字號, 並報告它在第二個字串中不存在。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions

值,這個值會定義應該如何比較 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (從 source 延伸至 startIndex 結尾) 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 請注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和會在字串的不同部分進行搜尋, 即使使用相同的參數也一樣。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

備註

來源字串會從開頭處startIndex開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋 (也就是說,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) , 則方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋開始的字元位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)方法是用來尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD) 後面接著 "m" 的位置, 從兩個字串中的第三個字元位置開始。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting with the third character position in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含必要的子字串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 因為選擇性連字號是可忽略的字元,所以在這兩種情況下,方法執行區分文化特性的比較時都會傳回 "m" 在字串中的索引位置。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 請注意,就第一個字串的情況,這個字串是選擇性連字號後面接著 "m",結果方法不是傳回選擇性連字號的索引,而是傳回 "m" 的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m". 只有在執行序數比較時,方法才會傳回第一個字串中選擇性連字號的索引。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions

值,這個值會定義應該如何比較 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (從 source 延伸至 startIndex 結尾) 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 請注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和會在字串的不同部分進行搜尋, 即使使用相同的參數也一樣。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

備註

來源字串會從開頭處startIndex開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果字元是代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 只有在 Unicode 值相同時, 才會將字元視為等同于另一個字元。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 搜尋字元的多載會執行序數搜尋,而搜尋字串的則會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。String.IndexOfOverloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋第一次開始的字元位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, the character position at which the search first began. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)方法是用來在兩個字串中的 "n" 後面尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以區分文化特性的搜尋會傳回 1, 表示它在 "n" 的位置找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". 不過, 序數搜尋會成功地在一個字串中尋找軟連字號, 並報告它在第二個字串中不存在。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回來源字串的區段 (起始於指定索引且含有指定項目數) 內第一個相符項目以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

區段中要搜尋的項目數目。The number of elements in the section to search.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (開始於 source,並包含 startIndex 所指定數目的項目) 內,count 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-或--or-

count 小於零。count is less than zero.

-或--or-

startIndexcount 未指定 source 中的有效區段。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

備註

來源字串會從開頭startIndex開始搜尋, 並于startIndex + count -1 結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較, 您應該呼叫其中一個具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) , 則方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋開始的字元位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)方法是用來尋找在兩個字串中從第三到第六個字元位置開始的軟連字號 (U + 00AD) 位置, 後面接著 "m"。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含必要的子字串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 因為選擇性連字號是可忽略的字元,所以在這兩種情況下,方法執行區分文化特性的比較時都會傳回 "m" 在字串中的索引位置。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 請注意,就第一個字串的情況,這個字串是選擇性連字號後面接著 "m",結果方法不是傳回選擇性連字號的索引,而是傳回 "m" 的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions

值,這個值會定義應該如何比較 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果value是一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 0 (零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會判斷字串中第一個和最後一個出現的字元或子字串的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

備註

來源字串會從字串開頭開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋 (也就是說,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) , 則此方法一律會傳回 0 (零), 以表示相符項是在source的開頭處找到的。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)方法是用來在兩個字串中尋找三個子字串 (軟連字號 (U + 00AD)、軟連字號後面接著 "n", 以及後面接著 "m" 的軟連字號)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以區分文化特性的搜尋會傳回相同的值, 如果搜尋字串中未包含軟連字號, 它就會傳回。Because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns the same value that it would return if the soft hyphen were not included in the search string. 不過, 序數搜尋會成功地在一個字串中尋找軟連字號, 並報告它在第二個字串中不存在。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (從 source 延伸至 startIndex 結尾) 內,source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 請注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和會在字串的不同部分進行搜尋, 即使使用相同的參數也一樣。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

備註

來源字串會從開頭處startIndex開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果字元是代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中的字元只有在 Unicode 值相同時才會被視為等同于另一個字元, 您應該呼叫其中一個具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並使用Ordinalvalue.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. 搜尋字元的多載會執行序數搜尋,而搜尋字串的則會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。String.IndexOfOverloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是開始搜尋的字元位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)方法是用來在兩個字串中的 "n" 後面尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以方法會傳回 1, 表示它在 "n" 的位置找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜尋指定的字元,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions

定義應該如何比較字串的值。A value that defines how the strings should be compared. options 若不是 Ordinal 列舉值,就是下列一個或多個值的位元組合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 內,使用指定的比較選項,找到 source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果value是一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 0 (零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

options 包含無效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

範例

下列範例會判斷字串中第一個和最後一個出現的字元或子字串的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

備註

來源字串會從字串開頭開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值無效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含值, 這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果字元是代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 這個多載會執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 只有在 Unicode 值相同時, 才會將字元視為等同于另一個字元。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 搜尋字元的多載會執行序數搜尋,而搜尋字串的則會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。String.IndexOfOverloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能的話, 您應該使用具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 來指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)方法一律會傳回 0 (零), 表示相符項是在的source開頭處找到的。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)方法是用來在兩個字串中搜尋軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method is used to search for a soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以區分文化特性的搜尋會傳回 0 (零), 表示它在字串的開頭找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string. 不過, 序數搜尋會成功地在一個字串中尋找軟連字號, 並報告它在第二個字串中不存在。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回第一個相符項目 (在來源字串中從指定索引延伸至字串結尾的區段內) 的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

搜尋之以零為起始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

傳回

如果有找到,則是在 value 的區段 (從 source 延伸至 startIndex 結尾) 內,source 第一次出現的以零起始的索引,否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出 source 的有效索引範圍。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

範例

下列範例會在字串的某個部分中, 決定字元或子字串的第一個和最後一次出現的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 請注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和會在字串的不同部分進行搜尋, 即使使用相同的參數也一樣。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

備註

來源字串會從開頭處startIndex開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較, 您應該呼叫其中一個具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String, Int32) , 則方法startIndex一律會傳回, 也就是搜尋開始的字元位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32)方法是用來在兩個字串中尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD) 後面接著 "m" 的位置。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含必要的子字串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以方法會傳回字串中 "m" 的索引。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string. 請注意,就第一個字串的情況,這個字串是選擇性連字號後面接著 "m",結果方法不是傳回選擇性連字號的索引,而是傳回 "m" 的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, String)

搜尋指定的子字串,並傳回來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
String

要在 source 內尋找的字串。The string to locate within source.

傳回

valuesource 第一次出現之以零起始的索引 (如果找得到的話),否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. 如果value是一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 0 (零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

-或--or-

valuenullvalue is null.

範例

下列範例會判斷字串中第一個和最後一個出現的字元或子字串的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

備註

來源字串會從字串開頭開始搜尋, 並在字串結尾處結束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 代表 precomposed 字元的 Unicode 值 (例如, 連字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能會被視為等同于正確順序中任何字元元件的出現位置, 例如 "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 視文化特性而定。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中 Unicode 值會進行比較, 您應該使用其中一個具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should use one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能的話, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 以指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 執行區分文化特性的搜尋時,如果 value 包含可忽略的字元,則結果等於在已移除該字元的情況下搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value只包含一或多個可忽略的字元IndexOf(String, String) , 則此方法一律會傳回 0 (零), 以表示相符項是在source的開頭處找到的。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, String)方法是用來在兩個字串中尋找三個子字串 (軟連字號 (U + 00AD)、軟連字號後面接著 "n", 以及後面接著 "m" 的軟連字號)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在每個案例中, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以結果會與未包含在中value的軟連字號相同。In each case, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the result is the same as if the soft hyphen had not been included in value. 僅搜尋軟連字號時, 此方法會傳回 0 (零), 表示它在字串開頭找到相符的。When searching for a soft hyphen only, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2]

另請參閱

IndexOf(String, Char)

搜尋指定的字元,並傳回整個來源字串內第一個相符項目的以零為起始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char) As Integer

參數

source
String

要搜尋的字串。The string to search.

value
Char

要在 source 內尋找的字元。The character to locate within source.

傳回

valuesource 第一次出現之以零起始的索引 (如果找得到的話),否則為 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. 如果value是一個可忽略的字元,則傳回 0 (零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外狀況

sourcenullsource is null.

範例

下列範例會判斷字串中第一個和最後一個出現的字元或子字串的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

備註

這個方法會從字串的開頭, 搜尋字串結尾處的來源字串。This method searches the source string from the beginning of the string to the end of the string.

這個多載會執行區分文化特性的搜尋。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果value代表 precomposed Unicode 字元 (例如連字號 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 則可能會將其視為正確順序中任何出現的元件, 例如 "AE" (u + 0041, u + 0045), 視文化特性而定。If value represents a precomposed Unicode character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要執行序數 (不區分文化特性) 的搜尋, 其中字元只有在 Unicode 程式碼點相同時才會被視為等同于另一個字元, 您應該呼叫具有型CompareOptions別參數的多載, 並使用CompareOptions.Ordinalvalue.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if their Unicode code points are the same, you should call an overload that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the CompareOptions.Ordinal value. 不同CompareInfo.IndexOfString.IndexOf會執行區分文化特性的比較, 搜尋字元之方法的多載會執行序數比較, 而搜尋字串的多載會執行區分文化特性的比較。Unlike CompareInfo.IndexOf, which performs a culture-sensitive comparison, overloads of the String.IndexOf method that search for a character perform an ordinal comparison and overloads that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive comparison.

注意

可能的話, 您應該使用具有型CompareOptions別參數的字串比較方法, 來指定預期的比較種類。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的規則是使用語言選項 (使用目前的文化特性) 來比較在使用者介面中顯示的字串, CompareOptions.OrdinalCompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase針對安全性比較指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

給呼叫者的注意事項

字元集包含可忽略的字元, 這是執行語言或區分文化特性的排序時不會考慮的字元。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在區分文化特性的搜尋中, value如果是可忽略的字元, 則結果相當於在移除該字元的情況下進行搜尋。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在此情況下, IndexOf(String, Char)方法一律會傳回 0 (零), 表示相符項是在的source開頭處找到的。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下列範例中, IndexOf(String, Char)方法是用來在兩個字串中尋找軟連字號 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 只有其中一個字串包含選擇性連字號。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在這兩種情況下, 因為軟連字號是可忽略的字元, 所以方法會傳回 0 (零), 表示它在字串的開頭找到相符的。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3]

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