FileSystemEventHandler FileSystemEventHandler FileSystemEventHandler FileSystemEventHandler Delegate

定義

表示處理 Changed 類別中 CreatedDeletedFileSystemWatcher 事件的方法。Represents the method that will handle the Changed, Created, or Deleted event of a FileSystemWatcher class.

public delegate void FileSystemEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, FileSystemEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void FileSystemEventHandler(object sender, FileSystemEventArgs e);
type FileSystemEventHandler = delegate of obj * FileSystemEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub FileSystemEventHandler(sender As Object, e As FileSystemEventArgs)

參數

sender
Object Object Object Object

事件的來源。The source of the event.

繼承
FileSystemEventHandlerFileSystemEventHandlerFileSystemEventHandlerFileSystemEventHandler

範例

下列範例示範如何建立 FileSystemWatcher 來監視檔案的變更 (建立、 刪除、 重新命名、 變更) 發生的磁碟機上。The following example shows how to create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor file changes (creates, deletes, renames, changes) occurring on a disk drive. 此範例也示範如何正確地接收錯誤通知。The example also shows how to properly receive error notifications.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        //  Create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor all files on drive C.
        FileSystemWatcher fsw = new FileSystemWatcher("C:\\");

        //  Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
        //  the renaming of files or directories. 
        fsw.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.LastAccess | NotifyFilters.LastWrite
            | NotifyFilters.FileName |NotifyFilters.DirectoryName;

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a 
        //  file is created, changed, or deleted.
        fsw.Changed += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Created += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Deleted += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a file is renamed.
        fsw.Renamed += new RenamedEventHandler(OnRenamed);

        //  Register a handler that gets called if the 
        //  FileSystemWatcher needs to report an error.
        fsw.Error += new ErrorEventHandler(OnError);

        //  Begin watching.
        fsw.EnableRaisingEvents = true;

        Console.WriteLine("Press \'Enter\' to quit the sample.");
        Console.ReadLine();


    }

    //  This method is called when a file is created, changed, or deleted.
    private static void OnChanged(object source, FileSystemEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that a file has been created, changed, or deleted.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {1}", e.FullPath, wct.ToString());
    }

    //  This method is called when a file is renamed.
    private static void OnRenamed(object source, RenamedEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that a file has been renamed.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {2} to {1}", e.OldFullPath, e.FullPath, wct.ToString());
    }

    //  This method is called when the FileSystemWatcher detects an error.
    private static void OnError(object source, ErrorEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that an error has been detected.
        Console.WriteLine("The FileSystemWatcher has detected an error");
        //  Give more information if the error is due to an internal buffer overflow.
        if (e.GetException().GetType() == typeof(InternalBufferOverflowException))
        {
            //  This can happen if Windows is reporting many file system events quickly 
            //  and internal buffer of the  FileSystemWatcher is not large enough to handle this
            //  rate of events. The InternalBufferOverflowException error informs the application
            //  that some of the file system events are being lost.
            Console.WriteLine(("The file system watcher experienced an internal buffer overflow: " + e.GetException().Message));
        }
    }

}
Imports System.IO

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        ' Create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor all files on drive C.
        Dim fsw As New FileSystemWatcher("C:\")

        ' Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
        ' the renaming of files or directories. 
        fsw.NotifyFilter = (NotifyFilters.LastAccess Or NotifyFilters.LastWrite _ 
            Or NotifyFilters.FileName Or NotifyFilters.DirectoryName)

        ' Register a handler that gets called when a 
        ' file is created, changed, or deleted.
        AddHandler fsw.Changed, New FileSystemEventHandler(AddressOf OnChanged)

        ' The commented line of code below is a shorthand of the above line.
        ' AddHandler fsw.Changed, AddressOf OnChanged

        ' NOTE: The shorthand version is used in the remainder of this code.
        ' FileSystemEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Created, AddressOf OnChanged 
        ' FileSystemEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Deleted, AddressOf OnChanged

        ' Register a handler that gets called when a file is renamed.
        ' RenamedEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Renamed, AddressOf OnRenamed

        ' Register a handler that gets called if the 
        ' FileSystemWatcher needs to report an error.
        ' ErrorEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Error, AddressOf OnError

        ' Begin watching.
        fsw.EnableRaisingEvents = True

        ' Wait for the user to quit the program.
        Console.WriteLine("Press 'Enter' to quit the sample.")
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when a file is created, changed, or deleted.
    Private Sub OnChanged(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As FileSystemEventArgs)

        ' Show that a file has been created, changed, or deleted.
        Dim wct As WatcherChangeTypes = e.ChangeType
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {1}", e.FullPath, wct.ToString())
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when a file is renamed.
    Private Sub OnRenamed(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As RenamedEventArgs)

        ' Show that a file has been renamed.
        Dim wct As WatcherChangeTypes = e.ChangeType
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {2} to {1}", e.OldFullPath, e.FullPath, wct.ToString())
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when the FileSystemWatcher detects an error.
    Private Sub OnError(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ErrorEventArgs)

        ' Show that an error has been detected.
        Console.WriteLine("The FileSystemWatcher has detected an error")

        ' Give more information if the error is due to an internal buffer overflow.
        If TypeOf e.GetException Is InternalBufferOverflowException Then
            ' This can happen if Windows is reporting many file system events quickly 
            ' and internal buffer of the  FileSystemWatcher is not large enough to handle this
            ' rate of events. The InternalBufferOverflowException error informs the application
            ' that some of the file system events are being lost.
            Console.WriteLine( _
                "The file system watcher experienced an internal buffer overflow: " _
                + e.GetException.Message)
        End If
    End Sub
End Module

備註

建立 FileSystemEventHandler 委派時,必須識別處理事件的方法。When you create a FileSystemEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. 若要使事件與您的事件處理常式產生關聯,請將委派的執行個體 (Instance) 加入至事件。To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. 除非您移除委派,否則每當事件發生時就會呼叫事件處理常式。The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. 如需有關事件處理常式委派的詳細資訊,請參閱處理和引發事件For more information about event handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

擴充方法

GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

取得表示特定委派所代表之方法的物件。Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

適用於

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