Message.Priority 屬性

定義

取得或設定訊息的優先權,用來決定訊息放置在佇列中的位置。Gets or sets the message priority, which determines where in the queue the message is placed.

public:
 property System::Messaging::MessagePriority Priority { System::Messaging::MessagePriority get(); void set(System::Messaging::MessagePriority value); };
[System.Messaging.MessagingDescription("MsgPriority")]
public System.Messaging.MessagePriority Priority { get; set; }
[<System.Messaging.MessagingDescription("MsgPriority")>]
member this.Priority : System.Messaging.MessagePriority with get, set
Public Property Priority As MessagePriority

屬性值

MessagePriority

其中一個 MessagePriority 值,表示非交易訊息的優先層級。One of the MessagePriority values, which represent the priority levels of non-transactional messages. 預設為 NormalThe default is Normal.

屬性

例外狀況

篩選訊息佇列以忽略 Priority 屬性。The message queue is filtered to ignore the Priority property.

範例

下列程式碼範例會將兩個不同優先權的訊息傳送至佇列,並在之後加以抓取。The following code example sends two messages of different priorities to the queue, and retrieves them subsequently.


#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
   //**************************************************
   // Sends a string message to a queue.
   //**************************************************
public:
   void SendMessage( MessagePriority priority, String^ messageBody )
   {
      // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Create a new message.
      Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message;
      if ( priority > MessagePriority::Normal )
      {
         myMessage->Body = "High Priority: {0}",messageBody;
      }
      else
      {
         myMessage->Body = messageBody;
      }

      // Set the priority of the message.
      myMessage->Priority = priority;

      // Send the Order to the queue.
      myQueue->Send( myMessage );

      return;
   }

   //**************************************************
   // Receives a message.
   //**************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
      // is not read.
      myQueue->MessageReadPropertyFilter->Priority = true;

      // Set the formatter to indicate body contains a String^.
      array<Type^>^ p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = String::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "Priority: {0}",
            myMessage->Priority );
         Console::WriteLine( "Body: {0}",
            myMessage->Body );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

      return;
   }
};

//**************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//		 
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//**************************************************
int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Send messages to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage( MessagePriority::Normal, "First Message Body." );
   myNewQueue->SendMessage( MessagePriority::Highest, "Second Message Body." );

   // Receive messages from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();

   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;

namespace MyProject
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Send messages to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Normal, "First Message Body.");
            myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Highest, "Second Message Body.");

            // Receive messages from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends a string message to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage(MessagePriority priority, string messageBody)
        {

            // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Create a new message.
            Message myMessage = new Message();

            if(priority > MessagePriority.Normal)
            {
                myMessage.Body = "High Priority: " + messageBody;
            }
            else
            {
                myMessage.Body = messageBody;
            }

            // Set the priority of the message.
            myMessage.Priority = priority;

            // Send the Order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage);

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
            // is not read.
            myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Priority = true;

            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains a string.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(string)});
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message.
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive();

                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("Priority: " +
                    myMessage.Priority.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Body: " +
                    myMessage.Body.ToString());
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging


'Provides a container class for the example.
Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      

      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.

      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Send messages to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Normal, "First Message Body.")
         myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Highest, "Second Message Body.")
         
         ' Receive messages from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      

      ' Sends a string message to a queue.

      Public Sub SendMessage(priority As MessagePriority, messageBody As String)
         
         ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Create a new message.
         Dim myMessage As New Message()
         
         If priority > MessagePriority.Normal Then
            myMessage.Body = "High Priority: " + messageBody
         Else
            myMessage.Body = messageBody
         End If 
         ' Set the priority of the message.
         myMessage.Priority = priority
         
         
         ' Send the Order to the queue.
         myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      

      ' Receives a message.

      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
         ' is not read.
         myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Priority = True
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains a string.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(String)})
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine(("Priority: " + myMessage.Priority.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Body: " + myMessage.Body.ToString()))
         
         
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class

備註

Priority屬性會影響訊息佇列在傳送訊息時,以及到達其目的地之後,如何處理訊息。The Priority property affects how Message Queuing handles the message both while it is en route and once it reaches its destination. 較高優先權的訊息在路由期間會給予喜好設定,並且插入目的端佇列的前端。Higher-priority messages are given preference during routing and inserted toward the front of the destination queue. 優先權相同的訊息會根據抵達時間放置在佇列中。Messages with the same priority are placed in the queue according to their arrival time.

您只能針對非交易式訊息設定有意義的優先順序。You can set a meaningful priority only for non-transactional messages. 訊息佇列會自動將交易式訊息的優先順序設為 Lowest ,這會導致忽略交易式訊息優先權。Message Queuing automatically sets the priority for transactional messages to Lowest, which causes transactional message priority to be ignored.

適用於

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