關於 Configuration Manager 中的服務連線點About the service connection point in Configuration Manager

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

服務連接點是可提供階層中幾項重要功能的站台系統角色。The service connection point is a site system role that provides several important functions for the hierarchy. 請先了解並規劃服務連接點的使用範圍,再設定服務連接點。Before you set up the service connection point, understand and plan for its range of uses. 規劃使用方式可能會影響您設定此站台系統角色的方式:Planning for usage might affect how you set up this site system role:

每個階層都支援此角色的單一執行個體。Each hierarchy supports a single instance of this role. 此角色只能安裝在階層的頂層站台 (管理中心網站 (CAS) 或獨立主要站台) 上。It can only be installed at the top-tier site of your hierarchy, which is a central administration site (CAS) or stand-alone primary site. 如果您將獨立主要站台擴充至較大的階層,請從主要站台解除安裝此角色,然後在 CAS 上安裝此角色。If you expand a stand-alone primary site to a larger hierarchy, uninstall this role from the primary site, and then install it at the CAS.

作業模式Modes of operation

服務連接點支援兩種作業模式:The service connection point supports two modes of operation:

  • 連線:服務連接點每隔 24 小時會自動檢查更新。Online: The service connection point automatically checks every 24 hours for updates. 它會下載您目前基礎結構和產品版本可用的新更新,在 Configuration Manager 主控台中提供它們。It downloads new updates that are available for your current infrastructure and product version to make them available in the Configuration Manager console.

  • 離線:服務連接點不會連線到 Microsoft 雲端服務。Offline: The service connection point doesn't connect to the Microsoft cloud service. 若要手動匯入可用的更新,請使用服務連線工具To manually import available updates, use the service connection tool.

變更模式Change mode

若在安裝服務連接點之後要切換線上或離線模式,請先重新啟動 SMS_Executive 服務的 SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADER 執行緒。If you change between online or offline modes after you install the service connection point, restart the SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADER thread of the SMS_Executive service. 您必須重新啟動此執行緒,這項變更才會生效。Restarting this thread makes the change become effective. 若要重新啟動此執行緒,請使用 Configuration Manager Service Manager。To restart this thread, use the Configuration Manager Service Manager.

提示

您也可以重新啟動 Configuration Manager 的 SMS_Executive 服務,這會重新啟動大部分的站台元件。You can also restart the SMS_Executive service for Configuration Manager, which restarts most site components. 或者,請等候站台備份等排程工作,該工作會為您停止 SMS_Executive 服務,並於稍後重新啟動。Alternatively, wait for a scheduled task like a site backup, which stops and restarts the SMS_Executive service for you.

若要使用 Configuration Manager Service Manager 來重新啟動 SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADER 執行緒:To use the Configuration Manager Service Manager to restart the SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADER thread:

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,移至 [監視] 工作區,展開 [系統狀態] ,然後選取 [元件狀態] 節點。In the Configuration Manager console go to the Monitoring workspace, expand System Status, and select the Component Status node. 在功能區中,選擇 [開始] ,然後選取 [Configuration Manager Service Manager] 。In the ribbon, choose Start, and then select Configuration Manager Service Manager.

  2. 在 Service Manager 瀏覽窗格中,依序展開站台和 [元件] ,然後選擇要重新啟動的元件:SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADERIn the service manager navigation pane, expand the site, expand Components, and then choose the component that you want to restart: SMS_DMP_DOWNLOADER.

  3. 移至 [元件] 功能表,然後選擇 [查詢] 。Go to the Component menu, and choose Query.

  4. 確認元件的目前狀態。Confirm the current status of the component. 然後移至 [元件] 功能表,並選擇 [停止] 。Then go to the Component menu, and choose Stop.

  5. 再次 [查詢] 元件,確認該元件已停止。Query the component again to confirm that it stopped. 然後選擇 [啟動] 元件動作將其重新啟動。Then choose the Start component action to restart it.

遠端站台系統需求Remote site system requirements

當您在站台伺服器的遠端站台系統伺服器上安裝服務連接點時,請設定下列需求:When you install the service connection point on a site system server that's remote from the site server, configure the following requirements:

  • 站台伺服器電腦帳戶在裝載遠端服務連接點的電腦上必須是本機系統管理員。The computer account of the site server must be a local admin on the computer that hosts a remote service connection point.

  • 請使用站台系統安裝帳戶設定裝載此角色的站台系統伺服器。Set up the site system server that hosts this role with a site system installation account. 站台伺服器上的發佈管理員會使用站台系統安裝帳戶,傳送來自服務連線點的更新。The distribution manager on the site server uses the site system installation account to transfer updates from the service connection point.

網際網路存取需求Internet access requirements

如果貴組織禁止使用防火牆或 Proxy 裝置來與網際網路進行網路通訊,則您需要允許服務連接點可存取網際網路端點。If your organization restricts network communication with the internet using a firewall or proxy device, you need to allow the service connection point to access internet endpoints.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱網際網路存取需求For more information, see Internet access requirements.

安裝Install

當執行 [安裝] 以安裝階層的頂層站台時,您可以安裝服務連接點。When you run Setup to install the top-tier site of a hierarchy, you can install the service connection point.

執行安裝程式之後,或若要重新安裝此角色時,請使用 [新增站台系統角色精靈] 或 [建立站台系統伺服器精靈] 。After setup runs, or if you're reinstalling the role, use the Add Site System Roles wizard or the Create Site System Server wizard. (只在您階層的頂層站台上安裝服務連接點。)如需詳細資訊,請參閱安裝站台系統角色(Only install the service connection point on the top-tier site of your hierarchy.) For more information, see Install site system roles.

移動角色Move the role

在幾種情況下,您可能需要將服務連接點移到另一部伺服器:There are several scenarios in which you may need to move the service connection point to another server:

在移動服務連接點之後,請檢查所有站台功能。After you move the service connection point, check all site functions. 例如,您可能需要針對 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 租用戶的任何連線更新祕密金鑰。For example, you may need to renew the secret key for any connections to Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱更新秘密金鑰For more information, see Renew secret key.

記錄檔Log files

若要檢視關於上傳到 Microsoft 的資訊,請在執行服務連接點的伺服器上檢視 Dmpuploader.logTo view information about uploads to Microsoft, view the Dmpuploader.log on the server that runs the service connection point. 針對更新的下載進度,請檢視 Dmpdownloader.logFor download progress of updates, view the Dmpdownloader.log. 如需服務連接點相關的完整記錄清單,請參閱記錄檔 - 服務連接點For the complete list of logs related to the service connection point, see Log files - Service connection point.

後續步驟Next steps

使用下列流程圖來了解程序流程和重要記錄項目。Use the following flowcharts to understand the process flow and key log entries. 此程序包括更新下載,以及將更新複寫至其他站台。This process includes update downloads and replication of updates to other sites.