Windows Server 2016 的伺服器角色升級和移轉矩陣Server role upgrade and migration matrix for Windows Server 2016

適用於︰Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

這個頁面上的網格說明移至 Windows Server 2016 的特定伺服器角色升級和移轉選項。The grid on this page explains your server role upgrade and migration options specifically for moving to Windows Server 2016. 如需個別角色移轉指南,請瀏覽在 Windows Server 中移轉角色與功能For individual role migration guides, visit Migrating Roles and Features in Windows Server. 如需安裝和升級的詳細資訊,請參閱 WindowsServer Installation, Upgrade, and Migration (WindowsServer 安裝、升級和移轉)。For more information about installation and upgrades, see Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

伺服器角色Server Role 是否可從 WindowsServer 2012 R2 升級?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012 R2? 是否可從 WindowsServer 2012 升級?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012? 是否支援移轉?Migration Supported? 是否可以在不停機的情況下完成移轉?Can migration be completed without downtime?
Active Directory 憑證服務Active Directory Certificate Services Yes Yes Yes No
Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Federation ServicesActive Directory Federation Services No No Yes 否 (不需要新增節點至伺服器陣列)No (new nodes need to be added to the farm)
Active Directory 輕量型目錄服務Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Rights Management ServicesActive Directory Rights Management Services Yes Yes Yes No
DHCP 伺服器DHCP Server Yes Yes Yes Yes
DNS 伺服器DNS Server Yes Yes Yes No
容錯移轉叢集Failover Cluster 使用包含節點 [暫停-清空]、[收回] 的 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級) 程序,升級至 WindowsServer 2016 並重新加入原始叢集時,則為是。Yes with Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade process which includes node Pause-Drain, Evict, upgrade to Windows Server 2016 and rejoin the original cluster. 當伺服器遭升級用叢集移除後再新增至其他叢集時,則為是。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. 當伺服器不是叢集的一部分時,則為否。Not while the server is part of a cluster. 當伺服器遭升級用叢集移除後再新增至其他叢集時,則為是。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. Yes 若是 WindowsServer 2012 容錯移轉叢集,則為否。No for Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters. 若是含 Hyper-V VM 的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,或執行向外延展檔案伺服器角色的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,則為是。Yes for Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters with Hyper-V VMs or Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters running the Scale-out File Server role. 請參閱 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級)。See Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services Yes Yes 因子功能而異Varies by sub-feature No
Hyper-VHyper-V 是。Yes. (使用包含節點 [暫停-清空]、[收回] 的「叢集作業系統輪流升級」程序,升級至 Windows Server 2016 並重新加入原始叢集時,則為是)。(When the host is part of a cluster with Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade process which includes node Pause-Drain, Evict, upgrade to Windows Server 2016 and rejoin the original cluster.) No Yes 若是 WindowsServer 2012 容錯移轉叢集,則為否。No for Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters. 若是含 Hyper-V VM 的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,或執行向外延展檔案伺服器角色的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,則為是。Yes for Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters with Hyper-V VMs or Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters running the Scale-out File Server role. 請參閱 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級)。See Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.
列印和傳真服務Print and Fax Services No No 是 (Printbrm.exe)Yes (Printbrm.exe) No
遠端桌面服務Remote Desktop Services 是,適用於所有子角色,但不支援混合模式的伺服器陣列Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported 是,適用於所有子角色,但不支援混合模式的伺服器陣列Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported Yes No
Web 伺服器 (IIS)Web Server (IIS) Yes Yes Yes No
WindowsServer Essentials 體驗Windows Server Essentials Experience Yes 不適用 - 新功能N/A – new feature Yes No
WindowsServer Update ServicesWindows Server Update Services Yes Yes Yes No
工作資料夾Work Folders Yes Yes Yes 是,使用 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級) 時從 WS 2012 R2 叢集進行。Yes from WS 2012 R2 cluster when using Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.