管理磁碟Manage disks

適用於:Windows 10、Windows 8.1、Windows Server (半年度管道)、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

本主題及其子主題討論使用 [磁碟管理] 管理電腦中的磁碟,並提供有關在不同磁碟分割樣式之間轉換磁碟,以及 Windows 處理新磁碟連線狀態方式的資訊。This topic and its subtopics discuss using Disk Management to manage the disks in a computer, and includes information about converting disks between different partition styles and how Windows handles the online status of new disks.

轉換磁碟類型Converting disk types

雖然 [磁碟管理] 可讓您在不同類型及磁碟分割樣式之間變更磁碟,但有些作業是無法復原的動作 (除非將磁碟機格式化)。Although Disk Management allows you to change disks between various types and partition styles, some of the operations are irreversible (unless you reformat the drive). 您應該仔細考慮使用最適合您的應用程式的磁碟類型和磁碟分割樣式。You should carefully consider the disk type and partition style that is most appropriate for your application.

下表顯示在各種不同磁碟分割樣式之間轉換磁碟的選項:The following table shows the options for converting disks between the various partition styles:

磁碟類型Disk type 轉換成 MBRConvert to MBR 轉換成 GPTConvert to GPT 轉換成動態磁碟Convert to dynamic

主開機記錄 (MBR)Master Boot Record (MBR)

--

允許 (如果磁碟上沒有磁碟區)。Allowed (if no volumes on disk).

允許,但磁碟可能變成無法開機。Allowed, but disk might become unbootable. 請參閱附註。See Note.

GUID 磁碟分割表格 (GPT)GUID Partition Table (GPT)

允許 (如果磁碟上沒有磁碟區)。Allowed (if no volumes on disk).

--

允許,但磁碟可能變成無法開機。Allowed, but disk might become unbootable. 請參閱附註。See Note.

注意

在多重開機案例中,如果您已開機進入一個作業系統,並將包含其他作業系統的基本 MBR 磁碟轉換為動態磁碟時,就再也無法開機進入這個其他作業系統。In a multi-boot scenario, if you have booted into one operating system, and you convert a basic MBR disk that contains an alternate operating system to a dynamic disk, you will no longer be able to boot into the alternate operating system.

連線與離線狀態Online and offline status

[磁碟管理] 會顯示磁碟的連線與離線狀態。Disk Management displays the online and offline status of disks.

在 Windows 中,所有新探索到的磁碟預設都會上線,並且具有讀取與寫入權限。In Windows, by default, all newly-discovered disks are brought online with read and write access. 在 Windows Server 中,所有新探索到的磁碟預設都會上線,並且具有讀取與寫入權限,但要是這些磁碟是在共用匯流排 (例如 SCSI、iSCSI、序列連結 SCSI 或光纖通道) 則除外。In Windows Server, by default, newly-discovered disks are brought online with read and write access unless they are on a shared bus (such as SCSI, iSCSI, Serial Attached SCSI, or Fibre Channel). 共用匯流排上的磁碟會在第一次偵測到時離線。Disks on a shared bus will be offline the first time they are detected.

如果磁碟離線,必須先上線,您才能進行初始化或在其中建立磁碟區。If a disk is offline, you must bring it online before you can initialize it or create volumes on it.

  • 以滑鼠右鍵按一下磁碟名稱,然後選擇適當動作,即可使磁碟上線或離線。Bring a disk online or take it offline by right-clicking the disk name and then choosing the appropriate action.

另請參閱See Also