Array.Clear(Array, Int32, Int32) Method

Definition

Nastaví rozsah prvků v poli na výchozí hodnotu každého typu elementu.Sets a range of elements in an array to the default value of each element type.

public:
 static void Clear(Array ^ array, int index, int length);
public static void Clear (Array array, int index, int length);
static member Clear : Array * int * int -> unit
Public Shared Sub Clear (array As Array, index As Integer, length As Integer)

Parameters

array
Array

Pole, jehož prvky je třeba vymazat.The array whose elements need to be cleared.

index
Int32

Počáteční index rozsahu prvků, který se má vymazatThe starting index of the range of elements to clear.

length
Int32

Počet elementů, které mají být vymazány.The number of elements to clear.

Exceptions

array je null.array is null.

index je menší než dolní mez array.index is less than the lower bound of array.

-nebo--or- Hodnota length je menší než nula.length is less than zero.

-nebo--or- Součet index a length je větší než velikost array.The sum of index and length is greater than the size of array.

Examples

Následující příklad používá metodu Clear k resetování celočíselných hodnot v jednorozměrném, dvojrozměrném a trojrozměrném poli.The following example uses the Clear method to reset integer values in a one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional array.

using System;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("One dimension (Rank=1):");
        int[] numbers1 = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };

        for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
        {
            Console.Write("{0} ", numbers1[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine();

        Console.WriteLine("Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5)");
        Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5);

        for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
        {
            Console.Write("{0} ", numbers1[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine();

        Console.WriteLine("Two dimensions (Rank=2):");
        int[,] numbers2 = { { 1, 2, 3 }, { 4, 5, 6 }, { 7, 8, 9 } };

        for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
        {
            for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
            {
                Console.Write("{0} ", numbers2[i, j]);
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5)");
        Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5);

        for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
        {
            for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
            {
                Console.Write("{0} ", numbers2[i, j]);
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Three dimensions (Rank=3):");
        int[, ,] numbers3 = {{{1, 2}, {3, 4}},
                             {{5, 6}, {7, 8}},
                             {{9, 10}, {11, 12}}};

        for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++)
        {
            for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
            {
                for (int k = 0; k < 2; k++)
                {
                    Console.Write("{0} ", numbers3[i, j, k]);
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5)");
        Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5);

        for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++)
        {
            for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
            {
                for (int k = 0; k < 2; k++)
                {
                    Console.Write("{0} ", numbers3[i, j, k]);
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}
/*  This code example produces the following output:
 *
 * One dimension (Rank=1):
 * 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
 *
 * Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5)
 * 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 8 9
 *
 * Two dimensions (Rank=2):
 * 1 2 3
 * 4 5 6
 * 7 8 9
 *
 * Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5)
 * 1 2 0
 * 0 0 0
 * 0 8 9
 *
 * Three dimensions (Rank=3):
 * 1 2
 * 3 4
 *
 * 5 6
 * 7 8
 *
 * Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5)
 * 1 2
 * 0 0
 *
 * 0 0
 * 0 8
 */
Module Example
    Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "One dimension (Rank=1):")
        Dim numbers1() As Integer = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}

        For i As Integer = 0 To 8
            Console.Write("{0} ", numbers1(i))
        Next 
        Console.WriteLine()

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5)")
        Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5)

        For i As Integer = 0 To 8
            Console.Write("{0} ", numbers1(i))
        Next 
        Console.WriteLine()


        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Two dimensions (Rank=2):")
        Dim numbers2(,) As Integer = {{ 1, 2, 3 }, { 4, 5, 6 }, { 7, 8, 9 }}

        For i As Integer = 0 To 2
            For j As Integer = 0 To 2
                Console.Write("{0} ", numbers2(i, j))
            Next 
            Console.WriteLine()
        Next 

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5)")
        Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5)

        For i As Integer = 0 To 2
            For j As Integer = 0 To 2
                Console.Write("{0} ", numbers2(i, j))
            Next 
            Console.WriteLine()
        Next 


        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Three dimensions (Rank=3):")
        Dim numbers3(,,) As Integer = {{{ 1, 2 }, { 3, 4 }}, _
                                       {{ 5, 6 }, { 7, 8 }}, _
                                       {{ 9, 10 }, { 11, 12 }}}

        For i As Integer = 0 To 1
            For j As Integer = 0 To 1
                For k As Integer = 0 To 1
                    Console.Write("{0} ", numbers3(i, j, k))
                Next 
                Console.WriteLine()
            Next 
            Console.WriteLine()
        Next 
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        Console.WriteLine("Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5)")
        Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5)

        For i As Integer = 0 To 1
            For j As Integer = 0 To 1
                For k As Integer = 0 To 1
                    Console.Write("{0} ", numbers3(i, j, k))
                Next 
                Console.WriteLine()
            Next 
            Console.WriteLine()
        Next 
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       One dimension (Rank=1):
'       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
'       
'       Array.Clear(numbers1, 2, 5)
'       1 2 0 0 0 0 0 8 9
'       
'       Two dimensions (Rank=2):
'       1 2 3
'       4 5 6
'       7 8 9
'       
'       Array.Clear(numbers2, 2, 5)
'       1 2 0
'       0 0 0
'       0 8 9
'       
'       Three dimensions (Rank=3):
'       1 2
'       3 4
'
'       5 6
'       7 8
'       
'       Array.Clear(numbers3, 2, 5)
'       1 2
'       0 0
'       
'       0 0
'       0 8

Následující příklad definuje strukturu TimeZoneTime, která obsahuje pole TimeZoneInfo a pole DateTimeOffset.The following example defines a TimeZoneTime structure that includes a TimeZoneInfo field and a DateTimeOffset field. Poté zavolá metodu Clear pro vymazání jednoho prvku v poli se dvěma prvky TimeZoneTime hodnot.It then calls the Clear method to clear one element in a two-element array of TimeZoneTime values. Metoda nastaví hodnotu vymazaného prvku na výchozí hodnotu objektu TimeZoneInfo, který je null, a výchozí hodnotu DateTimeOffset objektu, který je DateTimeOffset.MinValue.The method sets the value of the cleared element to the default value of a TimeZoneInfo object, which is null, and the default value of a DateTimeOffset object, which is DateTimeOffset.MinValue.

using System;

public struct TimeZoneTime
{
   private DateTimeOffset dt;
   private TimeZoneInfo tz;

   public TimeZoneTime(DateTimeOffset dateTime, TimeZoneInfo timeZone)
   {
      dt = dateTime;
      tz = timeZone;
   }

   public DateTimeOffset DateTime
   { get { return dt; } }

   public TimeZoneInfo TimeZone
   { get { return tz; } }
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Declare an array with two elements.
      TimeZoneTime[] timeZoneTimes = { new TimeZoneTime(DateTime.Now, TimeZoneInfo.Local),
                                       new TimeZoneTime(DateTime.Now, TimeZoneInfo.Utc) };
      foreach (var timeZoneTime in timeZoneTimes)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1:G}",
                           timeZoneTime.TimeZone == null ? "<null>" : timeZoneTime.TimeZone.ToString(),
                           timeZoneTime.DateTime);
      Console.WriteLine();

      Array.Clear(timeZoneTimes, 1, 1);
      foreach (var timeZoneTime in timeZoneTimes)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1:G}",
                           timeZoneTime.TimeZone == null ? "<null>" : timeZoneTime.TimeZone.ToString(),
                           timeZoneTime.DateTime);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada): 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
//       UTC: 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
//
//       (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada): 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
//       <null>: 1/1/0001 12:00:00 AM
Public Structure TimeZoneTime
   Private dt As DateTimeOffset
   Private tz As TimeZoneInfo
   
   Public Sub New(dateTime As DateTimeOffset, timeZone As TimeZoneInfo)
      dt = dateTime
      tz = timeZone
   End Sub

   Public ReadOnly Property DateTime As DateTimeOffset
      Get
         Return dt
      End Get
   End Property
   
   Public ReadOnly Property TimeZone As TimeZoneInfo
      Get
         Return tz
      End Get
   End Property 
End Structure

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Declare an array with two elements.
      Dim timeZoneTimes() As TimeZoneTime = { New TimeZoneTime(Date.Now, TimeZoneInfo.Local),
                                              New TimeZoneTime(Date.Now, TimeZoneInfo.Utc) }   
      For Each timeZoneTime In timeZoneTimes
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1:G}", 
                           If(timeZoneTime.TimeZone Is Nothing, "<null>", timeZoneTime.TimeZone), 
                           timeZoneTime.DateTime)
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Array.Clear(timeZoneTimes, 1, 1)
      For Each timeZoneTime In timeZoneTimes
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1:G}", 
                           If(timeZoneTime.TimeZone Is Nothing, "<null>", timeZoneTime.TimeZone), 
                           timeZoneTime.DateTime)
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada): 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
'       UTC: 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
'       
'       (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada): 1/20/2014 12:11:00 PM
'       <null>: 1/1/0001 12:00:00 AM

Remarks

Tato metoda obnoví všechny prvky v poli na výchozí hodnotu typu elementu.This method resets each element in an array to the element type's default value. Nastaví prvky typu odkazu (včetně String prvků) na nulla nastaví prvky typů hodnot na výchozí hodnoty uvedené v následující tabulce.It sets elements of reference types (including String elements) to null, and sets elements of value types to the default values shown in the following table.

TypType HodnotaValue
Boolean false
Všechny číselné typy integrálních a plovoucích bodůAll integral and floating point numeric types 0 (nula)0 (zero)
DateTime DateTime.MinValue
Jiné typy hodnotOther value types Výchozí hodnota polí typuDefault value of the type's fields

Rozsah vymazaných elementů, které se v multidimenzionálním poli zalomí z řádku na řádek.The range of cleared elements wrap from row to row in a multi-dimensional array.

Tato metoda vymaže pouze hodnoty elementů. neodstraní samotné prvky.This method only clears the values of the elements; it does not delete the elements themselves. Pole má pevnou velikost; Proto nelze prvky přidat ani odebrat.An array has a fixed size; therefore, elements cannot be added or removed.

Tato metoda je operace O (n), kde n je length.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is length.

Applies to