MethodInfo.MakeGenericMethod(Type[]) Metoda

Definice

Nahradí prvky pole typů pro parametry typu aktuální definice obecné metody a vrátí MethodInfo objekt představující výslednou vytvořenou metodu.Substitutes the elements of an array of types for the type parameters of the current generic method definition, and returns a MethodInfo object representing the resulting constructed method.

public:
 virtual System::Reflection::MethodInfo ^ MakeGenericMethod(... cli::array <Type ^> ^ typeArguments);
public virtual System.Reflection.MethodInfo MakeGenericMethod (params Type[] typeArguments);
abstract member MakeGenericMethod : Type[] -> System.Reflection.MethodInfo
override this.MakeGenericMethod : Type[] -> System.Reflection.MethodInfo
Public Overridable Function MakeGenericMethod (ParamArray typeArguments As Type()) As MethodInfo

Parametry

typeArguments
Type[]

Pole typů, které mají být nahrazeny parametry typu aktuální definice obecné metody.An array of types to be substituted for the type parameters of the current generic method definition.

Návraty

MethodInfo

MethodInfoObjekt, který představuje vytvořenou metodu vytvořenou nahrazením prvků typeArguments pro parametry typu aktuální definice obecné metody.A MethodInfo object that represents the constructed method formed by substituting the elements of typeArguments for the type parameters of the current generic method definition.

Výjimky

Aktuální MethodInfo nepředstavuje definici obecné metody.The current MethodInfo does not represent a generic method definition. To znamená, IsGenericMethodDefinition vrátí false .That is, IsGenericMethodDefinition returns false.

typeArguments je null.typeArguments is null.

-nebo--or- Libovolný prvek typeArguments je null .Any element of typeArguments is null.

Počet elementů v typeArguments není stejný jako počet parametrů typu aktuální definice obecné metody.The number of elements in typeArguments is not the same as the number of type parameters of the current generic method definition.

-nebo--or- Element typeArguments nesplňuje omezení zadaná pro odpovídající parametr typu aktuální definice obecné metody.An element of typeArguments does not satisfy the constraints specified for the corresponding type parameter of the current generic method definition.

Tato metoda není podporována.This method is not supported.

Příklady

Následující příklad kódu ukazuje vlastnosti a metody MethodInfo , které podporují zkoumání obecných metod.The following code example demonstrates the properties and methods of MethodInfo that support the examination of generic methods. Příklad provede následující:The example does the following:

  • Definuje třídu, která má obecnou metodu.Defines a class that has a generic method.

  • Vytvoří MethodInfo , který představuje obecnou metodu.Creates a MethodInfo that represents the generic method.

  • Zobrazí vlastnosti definice obecné metody.Displays properties of the generic method definition.

  • Přiřadí argumenty typu k parametrům typu pro MethodInfo a vyvolá výslednou vytvořenou obecnou metodu.Assigns type arguments to the type parameters of the MethodInfo, and invokes the resulting constructed generic method.

  • Zobrazí vlastnosti konstruované obecné metody.Displays properties of the constructed generic method.

  • Načte definici obecné metody z vytvořené metody a porovná ji s původní definicí.Retrieves the generic method definition from the constructed method and compares it to the original definition.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

// Define a class with a generic method.
ref class Example
{
public:
    generic<typename T> static void Generic(T toDisplay)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("\r\nHere it is: {0}", toDisplay);
    }
};

void DisplayGenericMethodInfo(MethodInfo^ mi)
{
    Console::WriteLine("\r\n{0}", mi);

    Console::WriteLine("\tIs this a generic method definition? {0}", 
        mi->IsGenericMethodDefinition);

    Console::WriteLine("\tIs it a generic method? {0}", 
        mi->IsGenericMethod);

    Console::WriteLine("\tDoes it have unassigned generic parameters? {0}", 
        mi->ContainsGenericParameters);

    // If this is a generic method, display its type arguments.
    //
    if (mi->IsGenericMethod)
    {
        array<Type^>^ typeArguments = mi->GetGenericArguments();

        Console::WriteLine("\tList type arguments ({0}):", 
            typeArguments->Length);

        for each (Type^ tParam in typeArguments)
        {
            // IsGenericParameter is true only for generic type
            // parameters.
            //
            if (tParam->IsGenericParameter)
            {
                Console::WriteLine("\t\t{0}  parameter position {1}" +
                    "\n\t\t   declaring method: {2}",
                    tParam,
                    tParam->GenericParameterPosition,
                    tParam->DeclaringMethod);
            }
            else
            {
                Console::WriteLine("\t\t{0}", tParam);
            }
        }
    }
};

void main()
{
    Console::WriteLine("\r\n--- Examine a generic method.");

    // Create a Type object representing class Example, and
    // get a MethodInfo representing the generic method.
    //
    Type^ ex = Example::typeid;
    MethodInfo^ mi = ex->GetMethod("Generic");

    DisplayGenericMethodInfo(mi);

    // Assign the int type to the type parameter of the Example 
    // method.
    //
    MethodInfo^ miConstructed = mi->MakeGenericMethod(int::typeid);

    DisplayGenericMethodInfo(miConstructed);

    // Invoke the method.
    array<Object^>^ args = { 42 };
    miConstructed->Invoke((Object^) 0, args);

    // Invoke the method normally.
    Example::Generic<int>(42);

    // Get the generic type definition from the closed method,
    // and show it's the same as the original definition.
    //
    MethodInfo^ miDef = miConstructed->GetGenericMethodDefinition();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nThe definition is the same: {0}",
            miDef == mi);
};
        
/* This example produces the following output:

--- Examine a generic method.

Void Generic[T](T)
        Is this a generic method definition? True
        Is it a generic method? True
        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? True
        List type arguments (1):
                T  parameter position 0
                   declaring method: Void Generic[T](T)

Void Generic[Int32](Int32)
        Is this a generic method definition? False
        Is it a generic method? True
        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? False
        List type arguments (1):
                System.Int32

Here it is: 42

Here it is: 42

The definition is the same: True

 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;

// Define a class with a generic method.
public class Example
{
    public static void Generic<T>(T toDisplay)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nHere it is: {0}", toDisplay);
    }
}

public class Test
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n--- Examine a generic method.");

        // Create a Type object representing class Example, and
        // get a MethodInfo representing the generic method.
        //
        Type ex = typeof(Example);
        MethodInfo mi = ex.GetMethod("Generic");

        DisplayGenericMethodInfo(mi);

        // Assign the int type to the type parameter of the Example
        // method.
        //
        MethodInfo miConstructed = mi.MakeGenericMethod(typeof(int));

        DisplayGenericMethodInfo(miConstructed);

        // Invoke the method.
        object[] args = {42};
        miConstructed.Invoke(null, args);

        // Invoke the method normally.
        Example.Generic<int>(42);

        // Get the generic type definition from the closed method,
        // and show it's the same as the original definition.
        //
        MethodInfo miDef = miConstructed.GetGenericMethodDefinition();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nThe definition is the same: {0}",
            miDef == mi);
    }

    private static void DisplayGenericMethodInfo(MethodInfo mi)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n{0}", mi);

        Console.WriteLine("\tIs this a generic method definition? {0}",
            mi.IsGenericMethodDefinition);

        Console.WriteLine("\tIs it a generic method? {0}",
            mi.IsGenericMethod);

        Console.WriteLine("\tDoes it have unassigned generic parameters? {0}",
            mi.ContainsGenericParameters);

        // If this is a generic method, display its type arguments.
        //
        if (mi.IsGenericMethod)
        {
            Type[] typeArguments = mi.GetGenericArguments();

            Console.WriteLine("\tList type arguments ({0}):",
                typeArguments.Length);

            foreach (Type tParam in typeArguments)
            {
                // IsGenericParameter is true only for generic type
                // parameters.
                //
                if (tParam.IsGenericParameter)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t\t{0}  parameter position {1}" +
                        "\n\t\t   declaring method: {2}",
                        tParam,
                        tParam.GenericParameterPosition,
                        tParam.DeclaringMethod);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t\t{0}", tParam);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces the following output:

--- Examine a generic method.

Void Generic[T](T)
        Is this a generic method definition? True
        Is it a generic method? True
        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? True
        List type arguments (1):
                T  parameter position 0
                   declaring method: Void Generic[T](T)

Void Generic[Int32](Int32)
        Is this a generic method definition? False
        Is it a generic method? True
        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? False
        List type arguments (1):
                System.Int32

Here it is: 42

Here it is: 42

The definition is the same: True

 */
Imports System.Reflection

' Define a class with a generic method.
Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Generic(Of T)(ByVal toDisplay As T)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Here it is: {0}", toDisplay)
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "--- Examine a generic method.")
        
        ' Create a Type object representing class Example, and
        ' get a MethodInfo representing the generic method.
        '
        Dim ex As Type = GetType(Example)
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = ex.GetMethod("Generic")
        
        DisplayGenericMethodInfo(mi)
        
        ' Assign the Integer type to the type parameter of the Example 
        ' method.
        '
        Dim arguments() As Type = { GetType(Integer) }
        Dim miConstructed As MethodInfo = mi.MakeGenericMethod(arguments)
        
        DisplayGenericMethodInfo(miConstructed)

        ' Invoke the method.
        Dim args() As Object = { 42 }
        miConstructed.Invoke(Nothing, args)
        
        ' Invoke the method normally.
        Example.Generic(Of Integer)(42)
        
        ' Get the generic type definition from the constructed method,
        ' and show that it's the same as the original definition.
        '
        Dim miDef As MethodInfo = miConstructed.GetGenericMethodDefinition()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "The definition is the same: {0}", _
            miDef Is mi)
    End Sub
      
    Private Shared Sub DisplayGenericMethodInfo(ByVal mi As MethodInfo) 
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & mi.ToString())
        
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab _
            & "Is this a generic method definition? {0}", _
            mi.IsGenericMethodDefinition)

        Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "Is it a generic method? {0}", _
            mi.IsGenericMethod)

        Console.WriteLine(vbTab _
            & "Does it have unassigned generic parameters? {0}", _
            mi.ContainsGenericParameters)

        ' If this is a generic method, display its type arguments.
        '
        If mi.IsGenericMethod Then
            Dim typeArguments As Type() = mi.GetGenericArguments()
            
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "List type arguments ({0}):", _
                typeArguments.Length)
            
            For Each tParam As Type In typeArguments
                ' IsGenericParameter is true only for generic type
                ' parameters.
                '
                If tParam.IsGenericParameter Then
                    Console.WriteLine(vbTab & vbTab _
                        & "{0}  parameter position: {1}" _
                        & vbCrLf & vbTab & vbTab _
                        & "   declaring method: {2}", _
                        tParam,  _
                        tParam.GenericParameterPosition, _
                        tParam.DeclaringMethod)
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(vbTab & vbTab & tParam.ToString())
                End If
            Next tParam
        End If
    End Sub 
End Class 

' This example produces the following output:
'
'--- Examine a generic method.
'
'Void Generic[T](T)
'        Is this a generic method definition? True
'        Is it a generic method? True
'        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? True
'        List type arguments (1):
'                T  parameter position: 0
'                   declaring method: Void Generic[T](T)
'
'Void Generic[Int32](Int32)
'        Is this a generic method definition? False
'        Is it a generic method? True
'        Does it have unassigned generic parameters? False
'        List type arguments (1):
'                System.Int32
'
'Here it is: 42
'
'Here it is: 42
'
'The definition is the same: True
'

Poznámky

MakeGenericMethodMetoda umožňuje napsat kód, který přiřadí konkrétní typy k parametrům typu definice obecné metody, čímž se vytvoří MethodInfo objekt, který představuje konkrétní vytvořenou metodu.The MakeGenericMethod method allows you to write code that assigns specific types to the type parameters of a generic method definition, thus creating a MethodInfo object that represents a particular constructed method. Pokud se ContainsGenericParameters vrátí vlastnost tohoto MethodInfo objektu true , můžete ji použít k vyvolání metody nebo k vytvoření delegáta k vyvolání metody.If the ContainsGenericParameters property of this MethodInfo object returns true, you can use it to invoke the method or to create a delegate to invoke the method.

Metody vytvořené MakeGenericMethod metodou lze otevřít, to znamená, že některé z jejich argumentů typu mohou být parametry typu nadřazeného obecného typu.Methods constructed with the MakeGenericMethod method can be open, that is, some of their type arguments can be type parameters of enclosing generic types. Tyto Open konstruované metody můžete použít při generování dynamických sestavení.You might use such open constructed methods when you generate dynamic assemblies. Zvažte například následující kód C#, Visual Basic a C++.For example, consider the following C#, Visual Basic, and C++ code.

class C  
{  
    T N<T,U>(T t, U u) {...}  
    public V M<V>(V v)  
    {  
        return N<V,int>(v, 42);  
    }  
}  

Class C  
    Public Function N(Of T,U)(ByVal ta As T, ByVal ua As U) As T  
        ...  
    End Function  
    Public Function M(Of V)(ByVal va As V ) As V  
        Return N(Of V, Integer)(va, 42)  
    End Function  
End Class  

ref class C  
{  
private:  
    generic <typename T, typename U> T N(T t, U u) {...}  
public:  
    generic <typename V> V M(V v)  
    {  
        return N<V, int>(v, 42);  
    }  
};  

Tělo metody v M obsahuje volání metody N , určení parametru typu M a typu Int32 .The method body of M contains a call to method N, specifying the type parameter of M and the type Int32. IsGenericMethodDefinitionVlastnost vrací false metodu N<V,int> .The IsGenericMethodDefinition property returns false for method N<V,int>. ContainsGenericParametersVlastnost vrací true , takže metodu N<V,int> nelze vyvolat.The ContainsGenericParameters property returns true, so method N<V,int> cannot be invoked.

Seznam neutrálních podmínek pro podmínky specifické pro obecné metody naleznete v této IsGenericMethod Vlastnosti.For a list of the invariant conditions for terms specific to generic methods, see the IsGenericMethod property. Seznam neutrálních podmínek pro jiné výrazy používané v obecné reflexi naleznete v této IsGenericType Vlastnosti.For a list of the invariant conditions for other terms used in generic reflection, see the IsGenericType property.

Platí pro

Viz také