GridView.Sort(String, SortDirection) Methode

Definition

Sortiert das GridView-Steuerelement auf der Grundlage des angegebenen Sortierausdrucks und der festgelegten Sortierrichtung.Sorts the GridView control based on the specified sort expression and direction.

public:
 virtual void Sort(System::String ^ sortExpression, System::Web::UI::WebControls::SortDirection sortDirection);
public virtual void Sort (string sortExpression, System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection sortDirection);
abstract member Sort : string * System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection -> unit
override this.Sort : string * System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection -> unit

Parameter

sortExpression
String

Der Sortierausdruck, mit dem das GridView-Steuerelement sortiert wird.The sort expression with which to sort the GridView control.

sortDirection
SortDirection

Einer der SortDirection-Werte.One of the SortDirection values.

Ausnahmen

Das GridView-Steuerelement ist an ein Datenquellensteuerelement gebunden, die der Datenquelle zugeordnete DataSourceView ist jedoch null.The GridView control is bound to a data source control, but the DataSourceView that is associated with the data source is null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die Sort -Methode verwendet wird, um GridView das-Steuerelement Programm gesteuert nach mehreren Spalten zu sortieren.The following example demonstrates how to use the Sort method to programmatically sort the GridView control by multiple columns.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void SortButton_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    String expression = "";
    SortDirection direction;

    // Create the sort expression from the values selected 
    // by the user from the DropDownList controls. Multiple
    // columns can be sorted by creating a sort expression
    // that contains a comma-separated list of field names.
    expression = SortList1.SelectedValue + "," + SortList2.SelectedValue;
    
    //  Determine the sort direction. The sort direction
    // applies only to the second column sorted.
    switch (DirectionList.SelectedValue)
    {
      case "Ascending":
        direction = SortDirection.Ascending;
        break;
      case "Descending":
        direction = SortDirection.Descending;
        break;
      default:
        direction = SortDirection.Ascending;
        break;
    }
    
    // Use the Sort method to programmatically sort the GridView
    // control using the sort expression and direction.
    CustomersGridView.Sort(expression, direction);
    
  }
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sort Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sort Example</h3>

      <table>
        <tr>
          <td>
             Sort by:
            <asp:dropdownlist ID="SortList1"
              runat="server">
              <asp:listitem Selected="true">CustomerID</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>CompanyName</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Address</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>City</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>PostalCode</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Country</asp:listitem>
            </asp:dropdownlist>
          </td>
          <td colspan="2">
            &nbsp;
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>
            Then by:
              <asp:dropdownlist ID="SortList2"
                runat="server">
                <asp:listitem Selected="true">CustomerID</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>CompanyName</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>Address</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>City</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>PostalCode</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>Country</asp:listitem>
              </asp:dropdownlist>
          </td>
          <td>
             Sort order:      
          </td>
          <td>
            <asp:radiobuttonlist id="DirectionList"
              runat="server">
              <asp:listitem selected="true">Ascending</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Descending</asp:listitem>
            </asp:radiobuttonlist>
          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <asp:button id="SortButton"
        text="Sort"
        onclick="SortButton_Click" 
        runat="Server"/>  

      <br/>
      <hr/>
      <br/>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowpaging="true" 
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub SortButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    
    Dim expression As String = ""
    Dim direction As SortDirection

    ' Create the sort expression from the values selected 
    ' by the user from the DropDownList controls. Multiple
    ' columns can be sorted by creating a sort expression
    ' that contains a comma-separated list of field names.
    expression = SortList1.SelectedValue & "," & SortList2.SelectedValue
    
    ' Determine the sort direction. The sort direction
    ' applies only to the second column sorted.
    Select Case DirectionList.SelectedValue
    
      Case "Ascending"
        direction = SortDirection.Ascending
      Case "Descending"
        direction = SortDirection.Descending
      Case Else
        direction = SortDirection.Ascending

    End Select
    
    ' Use the Sort method to programmatically sort the GridView
    ' control using the sort expression and direction.
    CustomersGridView.Sort(expression, direction)
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sort Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sort Example</h3>

      <table>
        <tr>
          <td>
             Sort by:
            <asp:dropdownlist ID="SortList1"
              runat="server">
              <asp:listitem Selected="true">CustomerID</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>CompanyName</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Address</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>City</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>PostalCode</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Country</asp:listitem>
            </asp:dropdownlist>
          </td>
          <td colspan="2">
            &nbsp;
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>
            Then by:
              <asp:dropdownlist ID="SortList2"
                runat="server">
                <asp:listitem Selected="true">CustomerID</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>CompanyName</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>Address</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>City</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>PostalCode</asp:listitem>
                <asp:listitem>Country</asp:listitem>
              </asp:dropdownlist>
          </td>
          <td>
             Sort order:      
          </td>
          <td>
            <asp:radiobuttonlist id="DirectionList"
              runat="server">
              <asp:listitem selected="true">Ascending</asp:listitem>
              <asp:listitem>Descending</asp:listitem>
            </asp:radiobuttonlist>
          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <asp:button id="SortButton"
        text="Sort"
        onclick="SortButton_Click" 
        runat="Server"/>  

      <br/>
      <hr/>
      <br/>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowpaging="true" 
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie Sort die-Methode, um das GridView Steuerelement mit dem angegebenen Sortier Ausdruck und der angegebenen Richtung Programm gesteuert zu sortieren.Use the Sort method to programmatically sort the GridView control using the specified sort expression and direction. Der Sortier Ausdruck gibt die Spalte oder Spalten an, mit denen sortiert werden soll.The sort expression specifies the column or columns with which to sort. Zum Sortieren mehrerer Spalten erstellen Sie einen Sortierungs Ausdruck, der eine durch Trennzeichen getrennte Liste von Feldnamen enthält.To sort multiple columns, create a sort expression that contains a comma-separated list of field names. Die Sortierrichtung gibt an, ob die Sortierung in aufsteigender oder absteigender Reihenfolge erfolgt.The sort direction indicates whether sorting is performed in ascending or descending order. Diese Methode wird häufig verwendet, wenn Sie das GridView Steuerelement von außerhalb des Steuer Elements sortieren müssen, z. b. von einem anderen Steuerelement auf der Seite.This method is commonly used when you need to sort the GridView control from outside of the control, such as from a different control on the page. Diese Methode wird häufig auch verwendet, um beim ersten Rendering Programm gesteuert eine Standard Sortier GridView Reihenfolge für das Steuerelement festzulegen.This method is also commonly used to programmatically set a default sort order for the GridView control when it is first rendered. Durch den Aufruf dieser Methode werden Sorted auch Sorting die Ereignisse und ausgelöst.Calling this method also raises the Sorted and Sorting events.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch