Azure Data Factory service identity

This article helps you understand what is data factory service identity and how it works.


When creating a data factory, a service identity can be created along with factory creation. The service identity is a managed application registered to Azure Activity Directory, and represents this specific data factory.

Data factory service identity benefits the following features:

Generate service identity

Data factory service identity is generated as follows:

  • When creating data factory through Azure portal or PowerShell, service identity will always be created automatically.
  • When creating data factory through SDK, service identity will be created only if you specify "Identity = new FactoryIdentity()" in the factory object for creation. See example in .NET quickstart - create data factory.
  • When creating data factory through REST API, service identity will be created only if you specify "identity" section in request body. See example in REST quickstart - create data factory.

If you find your data factory doesn't have a service identity associated following retrieve service identity instruction, you can explicitly generate one by updating the data factory with identity initiator programmatically:


  • Service identity cannot be modified. Updating a data factory which already have a service identity won't have any impact, the service identity is kept unchanged.
  • If you update a data factory which already have a service identity without specifying "identity" parameter in the factory object or without specifying "identity" section in REST request body, you will get an error.
  • When you delete a data factory, the associated service identity will be deleted along.

Generate service identity using PowerShell

Call Set-AzureRmDataFactoryV2 command again, then you see "Identity" fields being newly generated:

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Set-AzureRmDataFactoryV2 -ResourceGroupName <resourceGroupName> -Name <dataFactoryName> -Location <region>

DataFactoryName   : ADFV2DemoFactory
DataFactoryId     : /subscriptions/<subsID>/resourceGroups/<resourceGroupName>/providers/Microsoft.DataFactory/factories/ADFV2DemoFactory
ResourceGroupName : <resourceGroupName>
Location          : East US
Tags              : {}
Identity          : Microsoft.Azure.Management.DataFactory.Models.FactoryIdentity
ProvisioningState : Succeeded

Generate service identity using REST API

Call below API with "identity" section in the request body:

PATCH<subsID>/resourceGroups/<resourceGroupName>/providers/Microsoft.DataFactory/factories/<data factory name>?api-version=2017-09-01-preview

Request body: add "identity": { "type": "SystemAssigned" }.

    "name": "<dataFactoryName>",
    "location": "<region>",
    "properties": {},
    "identity": {
        "type": "SystemAssigned"

Response: service identity is created automatically, and "identity" section is populated accordingly.

    "name": "<dataFactoryName>",
    "tags": {},
    "properties": {
        "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
        "loggingStorageAccountKey": "**********",
        "createTime": "2017-09-26T04:10:01.1135678Z",
        "version": "2017-09-01-preview"
    "identity": {
        "type": "SystemAssigned",
        "principalId": "765ad4ab-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-51ed985819dc",
        "tenantId": "72f988bf-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-2d7cd011db47"
    "id": "/subscriptions/<subscriptionId>/resourceGroups/<resourceGroupName>/providers/Microsoft.DataFactory/factories/ADFV2DemoFactory",
    "type": "Microsoft.DataFactory/factories",
    "location": "<region>"

Generate service identity using an Azure Resource Manager template

Template: add "identity": { "type": "SystemAssigned" }.

    "contentVersion": "",
    "$schema": "",
    "resources": [{
        "name": "<dataFactoryName>",
        "apiVersion": "2018-06-01",
        "type": "Microsoft.DataFactory/factories",
        "location": "<region>",
        "identity": {
            "type": "SystemAssigned"

Generate service identity using SDK

Call the data factory create_or_update function with Identity=new FactoryIdentity(). Sample code using .NET:

Factory dataFactory = new Factory
    Location = <region>,
    Identity = new FactoryIdentity()
client.Factories.CreateOrUpdate(resourceGroup, dataFactoryName, dataFactory);

Retrieve service identity

You can retrieve the service identity from Azure portal or programmatically. The following sections show some samples.


If you don't see the service identity, generate service identity by updating your factory.

Retrieve service identity using Azure portal

You can find the service identity information from Azure portal -> your data factory -> Settings -> Properties:


Retrieve service identity

Retrieve service identity using PowerShell

The service identity principal ID and tenant ID will be returned when you get a specific data factory as follows:

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> (Get-AzureRmDataFactoryV2 -ResourceGroupName <resourceGroupName> -Name <dataFactoryName>).Identity

PrincipalId                          TenantId
-----------                          --------
765ad4ab-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-51ed985819dc 72f988bf-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-2d7cd011db47

Copy the principal ID, then run below Azure Active Directory command with principal ID as parameter to get the ApplicationId, which you use to grant access:

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Get-AzureRmADServicePrincipal -ObjectId 765ad4ab-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-51ed985819dc

ServicePrincipalNames : {76f668b3-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-1b3348c75e02,}
ApplicationId         : 76f668b3-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-1b3348c75e02
DisplayName           : ADFV2DemoFactory
Id                    : 765ad4ab-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-51ed985819dc
Type                  : ServicePrincipal

Next steps

See the following topics which introduce when and how to use data factory service identity:

See Managed Identities for Azure Resources Overview for more background on managed identities for Azure resources, which data factory service identity is based upon.