What are the Apache Hadoop components and versions available with HDInsight?

Learn about the Apache Hadoop ecosystem components and versions in Microsoft Azure HDInsight, as well as the Enterprise Security Package. Also, learn how to check Hadoop component versions in HDInsight.

Apache Hadoop components available with different HDInsight versions

Azure HDInsight supports multiple Hadoop cluster versions that can be deployed at any time. As of April 4, 2017, the default cluster version used by Azure HDInsight is 3.6.

The component versions associated with HDInsight cluster versions are listed in the following table:


The default version for the HDInsight service might change without notice. If you have a version dependency, specify the HDInsight version when you create your clusters with the .NET SDK with Azure PowerShell and Azure Classic CLI.

Component HDInsight 4.0 HDInsight 3.6 (Default)
Apache Hadoop and YARN 3.1.1 2.7.3
Apache Tez 0.9.1 0.7.0
Apache Pig 0.16.0 0.16.0
Apache Hive 3.1.0 2.1.0 (Non-ESP clusters), 1.2.1 (ESP clusters)
Apache Tez Hive2 - 0.8.4
Apache Ranger 1.1.0 0.7.0
Apache HBase 2.0.2 1.1.2
Apache Sqoop 1.4.7 1.4.6
Apache Oozie 4.3.1 4.2.0
Apache Zookeeper 3.4.6 3.4.6
Apache Storm - 1.1.0
Apache Mahout - 0.9.0+
Apache Phoenix 5 4.7.0
Apache Spark 2.3.1, 2.4 2.3.0, 2.2.0, 2.1.0
Apache Livy 0.5 0.4, 0.4, 0.3
Apache Kafka 1.1.1, 2.1 1.1, 1.0 * (See Note below)
Apache Ambari 2.7.0 2.6.0
Apache Zeppelin 0.8.0 0.7.3
Mono 4.2.1 4.2.1


Due to system performance considerations, support for Kafka version 0.10 was expired in March 2019.

Check for current Hadoop component version information

The Hadoop ecosystem component versions associated with HDInsight cluster versions can change with updates to HDInsight. To check the Hadoop components and to verify which versions are being used for a cluster, use the Ambari REST API. The GetComponentInformation command retrieves information about service components. For details, see the Apache Ambari documentation.

Release notes

See HDInsight release notes for additional release notes on the latest versions of HDInsight.

Supported HDInsight versions

Support expiration and retirement for HDInsight versions

Support expiration means that Microsoft will no longer provide support for the specified HDInsight version and it will no longer be avaiable through the Azure portal for cluster creation. However, these versions can still be created using the Azure CLI or the various SDKs.

Retirement of an HDInsight version means that existing clusters will continue to run as-is. However, new clusters of this version cannot be created through any means (including CLI and SDKs). Other control plane features (such as manual scaling and Autoscaling) may also not work after version retirement. Support is not available for retired versions.

The following tables list the versions of HDInsight. The support expiration and retirement dates are also provided, when they're known.

Available versions

The following table lists the versions of HDInsight that are available in the Azure portal as well as other deployment methods like PowerShell and .NET SDK.

HDInsight version VM OS Release date Support expiration date Retirement date High availability Availability in the Azure portal
HDInsight 4.0 Ubuntu 16.0.4 LTS September 24, 2018 Yes Yes
HDInsight 3.6 Ubuntu 16.0.4 LTS April 4, 2017 December 31, 2020 December 31, 2020 Yes Yes

Spark 2.1, 2.2 & Kafka 1.0 support will expire on June 30, 2020.


After support for a version has expired, it might not be available through the Microsoft Azure portal. However, cluster versions continue to be available using the Version parameter in the Windows PowerShell New-AzHDInsightCluster command and the .NET SDK until the version retirement date.

Retired versions

The following table lists the versions of HDInsight that are not available in the Azure portal.

HDInsight version HDP version VM OS Release date Support expiration date Retirement date High availability Availability on the Azure portal
HDInsight 3.5 HDP 2.5 Ubuntu 16.0.4 LTS September 30, 2016 September 5, 2017 June 28, 2018 Yes No
HDInsight 3.4 HDP 2.4 Ubuntu 14.0.4 LTS March 29, 2016 December 29, 2016 January 9, 2018 Yes No
HDInsight 3.3 HDP 2.3 Windows Server 2012 R2 December 2, 2015 June 27, 2016 July 31, 2018 Yes No
HDInsight 3.3 HDP 2.3 Ubuntu 14.0.4 LTS December 2, 2015 June 27, 2016 July 31, 2017 Yes No
HDInsight 3.2 HDP 2.2 Ubuntu 12.04 LTS or Windows Server 2012 R2 February 18, 2015 March 1, 2016 April 1, 2017 Yes No
HDInsight 3.1 HDP 2.1 Windows Server 2012 R2 June 24, 2014 May 18, 2015 June 30, 2016 Yes No
HDInsight 3.0 HDP 2.0 Windows Server 2012 R2 February 11, 2014 September 17, 2014 June 30, 2015 Yes No
HDInsight 2.1 HDP 1.3 Windows Server 2012 R2 October 28, 2013 May 12, 2014 May 31, 2015 Yes No
HDInsight 1.6 HDP 1.1 October 28, 2013 April 26, 2014 May 31, 2015 No No


Highly available clusters with two head nodes are deployed by default for HDInsight version 2.1 and later. They are not available for HDInsight version 1.6 clusters.

Enterprise Security Package for HDInsight

Enterprise Security is an optional package that you can add on your HDInsight cluster as part of create cluster workflow. The Enterprise Security Package supports:

Supported cluster types

Currently, only the following cluster types support the Enterprise Security Package:

  • Hadoop (HDInsight 3.6 only)
  • Spark
  • Kafka
  • HBase
  • Interactive Query

Support for Azure Data Lake Storage

The Enterprise Security Package supports using Azure Data Lake Storage as both the primary storage and the add-on storage.

Pricing and service level agreement

For information on pricing and SLA for the Enterprise Security Package, see HDInsight pricing.

Service level agreement for HDInsight cluster versions

The service level agreement (SLA) is defined in terms of a support window. The support window is the period of time that an HDInsight cluster version is supported by Microsoft Customer Service and Support. If the version has a support expiration date that has passed, the HDInsight cluster is outside the support window. The support expiration date for a specified HDInsight version X (after a newer X+1 version is available) is calculated as the later of:

  • Formula 1: Add 180 days to the date when the HDInsight cluster version X was released.
  • Formula 2: Add 90 days to the date when the HDInsight cluster version X+1 is made available in Azure portal.

The retirement date is the date after which the cluster version can't be created on HDInsight. Starting July 31, 2017, you can't resize an HDInsight cluster after its retirement date.

Hortonworks release notes associated with HDInsight versions

The section provides links to release notes for the Hortonworks Data Platform distributions and Apache components that are used with HDInsight.

Default node configuration and virtual machine sizes for clusters

For more information on which virtual machine SKUs to select for your cluster, see Azure HDInsight cluster configuration details.

Next steps