Monitoring and performance tuning

Azure SQL Database is automatically managed and flexible data service where you can easily monitor usage, add or remove resources (CPU, memory, io), find recommendations that can improve performance of your database, or let database adapt to your workload and automatically optimize performance.

This article provides overview of monitoring and performance tuning options that are available in Azure SQL Database.

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Monitoring and troubleshooting database performance

Azure SQL Database enables you to easily monitor your database usage and identify queries that might cause the performance issues. You can monitor database performance using Azure portal or system views. You have the following options for monitoring and troubleshooting database performance:

  1. In the Azure portal, click SQL databases, select the database, and then use the Monitoring chart to look for resources approaching their maximum. DTU consumption is shown by default. Click Edit to change the time range and values shown.
  2. Use Query Performance Insight to identify the queries that spend the most of resources.
  3. You can use dynamic management views (DMVs), Extended Events (XEvents), and the Query Store in SSMS to get performance parameters in real time.

See the performance guidance topic to find techniques that you can use to improve performance of Azure SQL Database if you identify some issue using these reports or views.


It is recommended that you always use the latest version of Management Studio to remain synchronized with updates to Microsoft Azure and SQL Database. Update SQL Server Management Studio.

Optimize database to improve performance

Azure SQL Database enables you to identify opportunities to improve and optimize query performance without changing resources by reviewing performance tuning recommendations. Missing indexes and poorly optimized queries are common reasons for poor database performance. You can apply these tuning recommendations to improve performance of your workload. You can also let Azure SQL database to automatically optimize performance of your queries by applying all identified recommendations and verifying that they improve database performance. You can use the following options to improve performance of your database:

  1. Use SQL Database Advisor to view recommendations for creating and dropping indexes, parameterizing queries, and fixing schema issues.
  2. Enable automatic tuning and let Azure SQL database automatically fix identified performance issues.

Improving database performance with more resources

Finally, if there are no actionable items that can improve performance of your database, you can change the amount of resources available in Azure SQL Database. You can assign more resources by changing the DTU service tier of a standalone database or increase the eDTUs of an elastic pool at any time. Alternatively, if you're using the vCore-based purchasing model, you can change either the service tier or increase the resources allocated to your database.

  1. For standalone databases, you can change service tiers or compute resourceson-demand to improve database performance.
  2. For multiple databases, consider using elastic pools to scale resources automatically.

Tune and refactor application or database code

You can change application code to more optimally use the database, change indexes, force plans, or use hints to manually adapt the database to your workload. Find some guidance and tips for manual tuning and rewriting the code in the performance guidance topic article.

Next steps