EmbeddedMailObject EmbeddedMailObject EmbeddedMailObject EmbeddedMailObject Class

Definition

Represents an item to embed in an email message constructed using the MailDefinition class.

public ref class EmbeddedMailObject sealed
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Web.UI.WebControls.EmbeddedMailObject/EmbeddedMailObjectTypeConverter))]
public sealed class EmbeddedMailObject
type EmbeddedMailObject = class
Public NotInheritable Class EmbeddedMailObject
Inheritance
EmbeddedMailObjectEmbeddedMailObjectEmbeddedMailObjectEmbeddedMailObject
Attributes

Examples

The following code example demonstrates an ASP.NET page that uses a ChangePassword Web control, and includes an event handler for the SendingMail event named SendingMail. The code example assumes that the ASP.NET Web site has been configured to use ASP.NET membership and Forms authentication, and that a user has been created whose name and password are known to you. For more information, see How to: Implement Simple Forms Authentication.

If the password change succeeds, the code in the SendingMail event handler attempts to send an email message to the user to confirm the change. SMTP must already be configured on the server in order for this code example to work. For information about how to configure an SMTP server, see NIB: How to: Install and Configure SMTP Virtual Servers in IIS 6.0. For the purposes of this example, it is not necessary to configure an SMTP server; the example is constructed to test for a failure to send an email message.

If a mail server is not configured correctly or some other error occurs and the email message cannot be sent, the SendMailError function is called. A message is displayed to the user. In addition, an event is logged to the Windows Application event log with the assumption that an event source named MySamplesSite already exists. See the code example below to create the specified event source. For more information about creating an event source, see Server Event Handling in ASP.NET Web Forms Pages. The Handled property of the SendMailErrorEventArgs object is set to true to indicate that the error has been handled.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void MySendingMail(object sender, MailMessageEventArgs e)
  {
    Message1.Text = "Sent mail to you to confirm the password change.";
  }

  void MySendMailError(object sender, SendMailErrorEventArgs e)
  {
    Message1.Text = "Could not send email to confirm password change.";

    // The MySamplesSite event source has already been created by an administrator.
    System.Diagnostics.EventLog myLog = new System.Diagnostics.EventLog();
    myLog.Log = "Application";
    myLog.Source = "MySamplesSite";
    myLog.WriteEntry(
        "Sending mail via SMTP failed with the following error: " + 
        e.Exception.Message.ToString(), 
        System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntryType.Error);

    e.Handled = true;
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
  <title>ChangePassword including a SendMailError Event</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
  <div style="text-align:center">

    <h1>ChangePassword</h1>
    
    <asp:LoginView ID="LoginView1" Runat="server" 
      Visible="true">
      <LoggedInTemplate>
        <asp:LoginName ID="LoginName1" Runat="server" FormatString="You are logged in as {0}." />
        <br />
      </LoggedInTemplate>
      <AnonymousTemplate>
        You are not logged in
      </AnonymousTemplate>
    </asp:LoginView><br />
    
    <asp:ChangePassword ID="ChangePassword1" Runat="server"
      BorderStyle="Solid" 
      BorderWidth="1" 
      CancelDestinationPageUrl="~/Default.aspx" 
      DisplayUserName="true"
      OnSendingMail="MySendingMail" 
      OnSendMailError="MySendMailError" 
      ContinueDestinationPageUrl="~/Default.aspx" >
      <MailDefinition 
        BodyFileName="~\MailFiles\ChangePasswordMail.htm" 
        Subject="Activity information for you">
        <EmbeddedObjects>
          <asp:EmbeddedMailObject Name="LoginGif" Path="~\MailFiles\Login.gif" />
          <asp:EmbeddedMailObject Name="PrivacyNoticeTxt" Path="~\MailFiles\PrivacyNotice.txt" />
        </EmbeddedObjects>
      </MailDefinition>
    </asp:ChangePassword><br />
  
    <asp:Label ID="Message1" Runat="server" ForeColor="Red" /><br />

    <asp:HyperLink ID="HyperLink1" Runat="server" 
      NavigateUrl="~/Default.aspx">
      Home
    </asp:HyperLink>
    
  </div>
  </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  Public Sub MySendingMail(ByVal Sender As Object, ByVal e As MailMessageEventArgs)
    Message1.Text = "Sent mail to you to confirm the password change."
  End Sub

  Public Sub MySendMailError(ByVal Sender As Object, ByVal e As SendMailErrorEventArgs)
    Message1.Text = "Could not send mail to confirm the password change."
    
    ' The MySamplesSite event source has already been created by an administrator.
    Dim myLog As System.Diagnostics.EventLog
    myLog = new System.Diagnostics.EventLog
    myLog.Log = "Application"
    myLog.Source = "MySamplesSite"
    myLog.WriteEntry("Sending mail via SMTP failed with the following error: " & e.Exception.Message.ToString(), System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntryType.Error)

    e.Handled = True
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
  <title>ChangePassword including a SendMailError Event</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
  <div style="text-align:center">

    <h1>ChangePassword</h1>
    
    <asp:LoginView ID="LoginView1" Runat="server" 
      Visible="true">
      <LoggedInTemplate>
        <asp:LoginName ID="LoginName1" Runat="server" FormatString="You are logged in as {0}." />
        <br />
      </LoggedInTemplate>
      <AnonymousTemplate>
        You are not logged in
      </AnonymousTemplate>
    </asp:LoginView><br />
    
    <asp:ChangePassword ID="ChangePassword1" Runat="server"
      BorderStyle="Solid" 
      BorderWidth="1" 
      CancelDestinationPageUrl="~/Default.aspx" 
      DisplayUserName="true"
      OnSendingMail="MySendingMail" 
      OnSendMailError="MySendMailError" 
      ContinueDestinationPageUrl="~/Default.aspx" >
      <MailDefinition 
        BodyFileName="~\MailFiles\ChangePasswordMail.htm" 
        Subject="Activity information for you">
        <EmbeddedObjects>
          <asp:EmbeddedMailObject Name="LoginGif" Path="~\MailFiles\Login.gif" />
          <asp:EmbeddedMailObject Name="PrivacyNoticeTxt" Path="~\MailFiles\PrivacyNotice.txt" />
        </EmbeddedObjects>
      </MailDefinition>
    </asp:ChangePassword><br />
  
    <asp:Label ID="Message1" Runat="server" ForeColor="Red" /><br />

    <asp:HyperLink ID="HyperLink1" Runat="server" 
      NavigateUrl="~/Default.aspx">
      Home
    </asp:HyperLink>
    
  </div>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

Use the following code example if you need to programmatically add the event source named MySamplesSite to your Application log. This event source must exist in order for the first code example to work correctly. The following code example requires Administrator privileges.

#region Using directives

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Diagnostics;

#endregion

namespace CreateEventSource
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            try
            {
                // Create the source, if it does not already exist.
                if (!EventLog.SourceExists("MySamplesSite"))
                {
                    EventLog.CreateEventSource("MySamplesSite", "Application");
                    Console.WriteLine("Creating Event Source");
                }

                // Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
                EventLog myLog = new EventLog();
                myLog.Source = "MySamplesSite";

                // Write an informational entry to the event log.    
                myLog.WriteEntry("Testing writing to event log.");

                Console.WriteLine("Message written to event log.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception:");
                Console.WriteLine("{0}", e.ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Diagnostics


Namespace CreateEventSource
  Class Program
    Sub Main()

        Try
            ' Create the source, if it does not already exist.
            If Not (EventLog.SourceExists("MySamplesSite")) Then
                EventLog.CreateEventSource("MySamplesSite", "Application")
                Console.WriteLine("Creating Event Source")
            End If

            ' Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
            Dim myLog As New EventLog
            myLog.Source = "MySamplesSite"

            ' Write an informational entry to the event log.
            myLog.WriteEntry("Testing writing to event log.")

            Console.WriteLine("Message written to event log.")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception:")
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString)
        End Try

    End Sub
  End Class
End Namespace

The following example code can be used as the ChangePasswordMail.htm file for the preceding example code.

Important

Sending user account names or passwords in email is a potential security threat. Email messages are typically sent in plain text and can be read by special network "sniffing" applications. To improve security, use the mitigations that are described in Securing Login Controls.

<html>  
<head><title></title></head>  
<body>  
<form>  

  <h1>Your password for the account named &quot;<%Username%>&quot; has changed.</h1>  

  <p>  
  If you did not initiate this change, please call 1-206-555-0100.  
  </p>  

  <p>  
  <a href="http://www.contoso.com/login.aspx">  
    <img src="cid:LoginGif" alt="Log In" />  
  </a>   
  </p>  

  <p>  
  Please read our attached Privacy Notice.  
  </p>  

</form>  
</body>  
</html>  

Remarks

The EmbeddedMailObject represents an item to embed in a mail message. These embedded items can be image files such as company logos. Each embedded item is specified by an identifier and a path.

To ensure that an embedded object is displayed correctly within the email message file, the following conditions must be met:

  • The mail message is in HTML format.

  • The item is an image file (.jpg, .gif, .bmp, and so on).

  • The HTML-formatted body file specified in the BodyFileName property contains a reference to the image file using the following syntax:

    <img src="cid:identifier" alt="Alternate Text" />.  
    

If an EmbeddedMailObject is added to a mail message and does not fulfill all of the requirements specified previously, it will most likely be displayed as an attachment in the mail message. If an item is referenced by an identifier in the mail message but not included as an embedded item, it will appear as a broken attachment when the mail is viewed.

The EmbeddedMailObjectsCollection stores a collection of EmbeddedMailObject objects for a single mail message. The EmbeddedMailObjectsCollection is used by the EmbeddedObjects property of the MailDefinition object to create the mail message.

Mail messages that allow embedded objects are configurable in the following Web controls by setting their MailDefinition properties declaratively:

Note

The values in the EmbeddedMailObject and EmbeddedMailObjectsCollection objects are not stored in view state. This protects against malicious users discovering path information for your server.

Constructors

EmbeddedMailObject() EmbeddedMailObject() EmbeddedMailObject() EmbeddedMailObject()

Initializes a new instance of the EmbeddedMailObject class.

EmbeddedMailObject(String, String) EmbeddedMailObject(String, String) EmbeddedMailObject(String, String) EmbeddedMailObject(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the EmbeddedMailObject class, using the specified identifier name and path to populate the object.

Properties

Name Name Name Name

Gets or sets the name that is used as the identifier of the item to be embedded in a mail message constructed with the MailDefinition class.

Path Path Path Path

Gets or sets the path that is used to retrieve an item to embed in a mail message constructed with the MailDefinition class.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

See also