GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated Event

Definizione

Si verifica quando viene creata una riga in un controllo GridView.Occurs when a row is created in a GridView control.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewRowEventHandler ^ RowCreated;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler RowCreated;
member this.RowCreated : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowCreated As GridViewRowEventHandler 

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come utilizzare l' RowCreated evento per archiviare l'indice della riga creata CommandArgument nella proprietà di un LinkButton controllo contenuto nella riga.The following example demonstrates how to use the RowCreated event to store the index of the row being created in the CommandArgument property of a LinkButton control contained in the row. Questo consente di determinare l'indice della riga che contiene il LinkButton controllo quando l'utente ha fatto clic sul pulsante.This enables you to determine the index of the row that contains the LinkButton control when the user clicked the button.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ProductsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[1].Text);

      // If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }

  void ProductsGridView_RowCreated(Object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
  {

    // The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    // property that indicates which row's command button was
    // clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    // the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    // row's index.
    if(e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
    {
      // Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      LinkButton addButton = (LinkButton)e.Row.FindControl("AddButton");

      // Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      // row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString();
    }

  }

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)

      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row As GridViewRow = ProductsGridView.Rows(index)

      ' Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      Dim item As New ListItem()
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(1).Text)

      ' If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      ' object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      If Not ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then

        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item)

      End If

    End If

  End Sub

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCreated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewRowEventArgs)

    ' The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    ' property that indicates which row's command button was
    ' clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    ' the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    ' row's index.
    If e.Row.RowType = DataControlRowType.DataRow Then

      ' Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      Dim addButton As LinkButton = CType(e.Row.FindControl("AddButton"), LinkButton)

      ' Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      ' row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString()

    End If

  End Sub

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Commenti

Prima di GridView poter eseguire il rendering del controllo GridViewRow , è necessario creare un oggetto per ogni riga nel controllo.Before the GridView control can be rendered, a GridViewRow object must be created for each row in the control. L' RowCreated evento viene generato quando viene creata ogni riga GridView del controllo.The RowCreated event is raised when each row in the GridView control is created. Questo consente di fornire un metodo di gestione degli eventi che esegue una routine personalizzata, ad esempio l'aggiunta di contenuto personalizzato a una riga, ogni volta che si verifica questo evento.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as adding custom content to a row, whenever this event occurs.

Un GridViewRowEventArgs oggetto viene passato al metodo di gestione degli eventi, che consente di accedere alle proprietà della riga creata.A GridViewRowEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to access the properties of the row being created. Per accedere a una cella specifica nella riga, utilizzare la Cells proprietà GridViewRowEventArgs dell'oggetto.To access a specific cell in the row, use the Cells property of the GridViewRowEventArgs object. È possibile determinare il tipo di riga (riga di intestazione, riga di dati e così via) da creare utilizzando la RowType proprietà.You can determine which row type (header row, data row, and so on) is being created by using the RowType property.

Per altre informazioni su come gestire gli eventi, vedere la gestione e generazione di eventi.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

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