GridView.SelectedDataKey Proprietà

Definizione

Ottiene l'oggetto DataKey contenente il valore della chiave dati della riga selezionata in un controllo GridView.Gets the DataKey object that contains the data key value for the selected row in a GridView control.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataKey ^ SelectedDataKey { System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataKey ^ get(); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataKey SelectedDataKey { get; }
member this.SelectedDataKey : System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataKey
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property SelectedDataKey As DataKey

Valore della proprietà

L'oggetto DataKey della riga selezionata in un controllo GridView.The DataKey for the selected row in a GridView control. Il valore predefinito è null, a indicare che attualmente non è selezionata alcuna riga.The default is null, which indicates that no row is currently selected.

Implementazioni

Attributi

Eccezioni

Nessuna chiave dati è specificata nella proprietà DataKeyNames.No data keys are specified in the DataKeyNames property.

Esempio

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come utilizzare la proprietà SelectedDataKey per determinare il valore della chiave di dati della riga selezionata in un controllo GridView.The following example demonstrates how to use the SelectedDataKey property to determine the data key value of the selected row in a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)  
  {
        
    // Display the primary key value of the selected row.
    Message.Text = "The primary key value of the selected row is " +
      CustomersGridView.SelectedDataKey.Value.ToString() + ".";
    
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView SelectedDataKey Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView SelectedDataKey Example</h3>
            
      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/><br/>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        allowpaging="true"
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateselectbutton="true"    
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"   
        runat="server">
                
        <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightBlue"
          forecolor="DarkBlue"/> 
               
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        
    ' Display the primary key value of the selected row.
    Message.Text = "The primary key value of the selected row is " & _
      CustomersGridView.SelectedDataKey.Value.ToString() & "."
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView SelectedDataKey Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView SelectedDataKey Example</h3>
            
      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/><br/>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        allowpaging="true"
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateselectbutton="true"    
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"   
        runat="server">
                
        <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightBlue"
          forecolor="DarkBlue"/> 
               
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come utilizzare il secondo campo chiave come parametro in uno scenario Master-Details.The following example demonstrates how to use the second key field as a parameter in a master/detail scenario. Un controllo GridView viene utilizzato per visualizzare i record della tabella Order Details del database Northwind.A GridView control is used to display records from the Order Details table of the Northwind database. Quando un record viene selezionato nel controllo GridView, i dettagli del prodotto della tabella Products vengono visualizzati in un controllo DetailsView.When a record is selected in the GridView control, the details of the product from the Products table are displayed in a DetailsView control. ProductID è il secondo nome della chiave nel controllo GridView.ProductID is the second key name in the GridView control. Per accedere alla seconda chiave, viene usato il valore di GridView1. SelectedDataKey [1] come PropertyName per l'oggetto ControlParameter del controllo SqlDataSource del controllo DetailsView.To access the second key, the value of GridView1.SelectedDataKey[1] is used as the PropertyName for the ControlParameter object of the SqlDataSource control of the DetailsView control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
  <title>Selecting Data Key Values</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
  <div>
    <asp:SqlDataSource 
      ID="SqlDataSource1" 
      runat="server" 
      ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
      ProviderName="System.Data.SqlClient" 
      SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM [Order Details]">
    </asp:SqlDataSource>

    <asp:SqlDataSource 
      ID="SqlDataSource2" 
      runat="server" 
      ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
      ProviderName="System.Data.SqlClient" 
      SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM [Products]WHERE [ProductID] = @productid">
      <SelectParameters>
        <asp:ControlParameter 
          Name="productid" 
          ControlID="GridView1" 
          PropertyName="SelectedDataKey[1]" />
      </SelectParameters>
    </asp:SqlDataSource>
    
  </div>

  <asp:GridView 
    ID="GridView1" 
    runat="server" 
    AllowPaging="True" 
    AutoGenerateColumns="False"
    DataKeyNames="OrderID,ProductID" DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
    <Columns>
      <asp:CommandField ShowSelectButton="True" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="OrderID" HeaderText="OrderID" ReadOnly="True"/>
      <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductID" HeaderText="ProductID" ReadOnly="True" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitPrice" HeaderText="UnitPrice" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="Quantity" HeaderText="Quantity" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="Discount" HeaderText="Discount" />
      </Columns>
    </asp:GridView>
    <br />
    <asp:DetailsView 
      ID="DetailsView1" 
      runat="server" 
      AutoGenerateRows="False" 
      DataKeyNames="ProductID"
      DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2" 
      Height="50px" Width="125px">
      <Fields>
        <asp:BoundField 
          DataField="ProductID" 
          HeaderText="ProductID" 
          InsertVisible="False"
          ReadOnly="True" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductName" HeaderText="ProductName"/>
        <asp:BoundField DataField="SupplierID" HeaderText="SupplierID"/>
        <asp:BoundField DataField="CategoryID" HeaderText="CategoryID" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="QuantityPerUnit" HeaderText="QuantityPerUnit" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitPrice" HeaderText="UnitPrice" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitsInStock" HeaderText="UnitsInStock" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitsOnOrder" HeaderText="UnitsOnOrder" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="ReorderLevel" HeaderText="ReorderLevel" />
        <asp:CheckBoxField DataField="Discontinued" HeaderText="Discontinued" />
      </Fields>
    </asp:DetailsView>
  </form>
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
  <title>Selecting Data Key Values</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
  <div>
    <asp:SqlDataSource 
      ID="SqlDataSource1" 
      runat="server" 
      ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
      ProviderName="System.Data.SqlClient" 
      SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM [Order Details]">
    </asp:SqlDataSource>

    <asp:SqlDataSource 
      ID="SqlDataSource2" 
      runat="server" 
      ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
      ProviderName="System.Data.SqlClient" 
      SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM [Products]WHERE [ProductID] = @productid">
      <SelectParameters>
        <asp:ControlParameter 
          Name="productid" 
          ControlID="GridView1" 
          PropertyName="SelectedDataKey[1]" />
      </SelectParameters>
    </asp:SqlDataSource>
    
  </div>

  <asp:GridView 
    ID="GridView1" 
    runat="server" 
    AllowPaging="True" 
    AutoGenerateColumns="False"
    DataKeyNames="OrderID,ProductID" DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
    <Columns>
      <asp:CommandField ShowSelectButton="True" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="OrderID" HeaderText="OrderID" ReadOnly="True"/>
      <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductID" HeaderText="ProductID" ReadOnly="True" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitPrice" HeaderText="UnitPrice" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="Quantity" HeaderText="Quantity" />
      <asp:BoundField DataField="Discount" HeaderText="Discount" />
      </Columns>
    </asp:GridView>
    <br />
    <asp:DetailsView 
      ID="DetailsView1" 
      runat="server" 
      AutoGenerateRows="False" 
      DataKeyNames="ProductID"
      DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2" 
      Height="50px" Width="125px">
      <Fields>
        <asp:BoundField 
          DataField="ProductID" 
          HeaderText="ProductID" 
          InsertVisible="False"
          ReadOnly="True" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductName" HeaderText="ProductName"/>
        <asp:BoundField DataField="SupplierID" HeaderText="SupplierID"/>
        <asp:BoundField DataField="CategoryID" HeaderText="CategoryID" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="QuantityPerUnit" HeaderText="QuantityPerUnit" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitPrice" HeaderText="UnitPrice" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitsInStock" HeaderText="UnitsInStock" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitsOnOrder" HeaderText="UnitsOnOrder" />
        <asp:BoundField DataField="ReorderLevel" HeaderText="ReorderLevel" />
        <asp:CheckBoxField DataField="Discontinued" HeaderText="Discontinued" />
      </Fields>
    </asp:DetailsView>
  </form>
</body>
</html>


Commenti

Quando viene impostata la proprietà DataKeyNames, il controllo GridView crea automaticamente un oggetto DataKey per ogni riga nel controllo usando il valore o i valori del campo o dei campi specificati.When the DataKeyNames property is set, the GridView control automatically creates a DataKey object for each row in the control using the value or values of the specified field or fields. Gli oggetti DataKey vengono quindi aggiunti alla raccolta di DataKeys del controllo.The DataKey objects are then added to the control's DataKeys collection. In genere, la proprietà DataKeys viene utilizzata per recuperare l'oggetto DataKey per una riga di dati specifica nel controllo GridView.Normally, the DataKeys property is used to retrieve the DataKey object for a specific data row in the GridView control. Tuttavia, se è necessario recuperare solo l'oggetto DataKey della riga attualmente selezionata, è possibile utilizzare semplicemente la proprietà SelectedDataKey come collegamento.However, if you just need to retrieve the DataKey object of the currently selected row, you can simply use the SelectedDataKey property as a shortcut.

Nota

Equivale a recuperare l'oggetto DataKey in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato dalla proprietà SelectedIndex della raccolta DataKeys.This is the same as retrieving the DataKey object at the index specified by the SelectedIndex property from the DataKeys collection. È anche possibile usare la proprietà SelectedValue per recuperare direttamente il valore della chiave di dati per la riga attualmente selezionata.You can also use the SelectedValue property to retrieve the data key value for the currently selected row directly.

Se si sta creando un oggetto ControlParameter e si desidera accedere a un campo chiave diverso dal primo, utilizzare la proprietà SelectedDataKey indicizzata nella proprietà PropertyName dell'oggetto ControlParameter.If you are creating a ControlParameter object and want to access a key field other than the first field, use the indexed SelectedDataKey property in the PropertyName property of the ControlParameter object. Di seguito è illustrato un esempio.An example is shown below.

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