ObjectDataSource.Update Metodo

Definizione

Esegue un'operazione di aggiornamento chiamando il metodo identificato dalla proprietà UpdateMethod e dai parametri contenuti nell'insieme UpdateParameters.Performs an update operation by calling the method that is identified by the UpdateMethod property and any parameters that are in the UpdateParameters collection.

public:
 int Update();
public int Update ();
member this.Update : unit -> int
Public Function Update () As Integer

Restituisce

Valore che rappresenta il numero di righe aggiornate nell'archivio dati sottostante.A value that represents the number of rows updated in the underlying data storage.

Esempi

In questa sezione sono riportati due esempi di codice.This section contains two code examples. Il primo esempio di codice illustra come usare un DropDownList controllo, TextBox i controlli e diversi ObjectDataSource oggetti per aggiornare i dati.The first code example demonstrates how to use a DropDownList control, TextBox controls, and several ObjectDataSource objects to update data. Nel secondo esempio di codice viene EmployeeLogic illustrata la classe utilizzata nel primo esempio di codice.The second code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the first code example.

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato DropDownList come utilizzare TextBox un controllo, controlli ObjectDataSource e diversi controlli per aggiornare i dati.The following code example demonstrates how to use a DropDownList control, TextBox controls, and several ObjectDataSource controls to update data. Consente di visualizzare il nome di un dipendente Northwind, mentre TextBox i controlli vengono utilizzati per immettere e aggiornare le informazioni sull'indirizzo. DropDownListThe DropDownList displays the name of a Northwind employee, while the TextBox controls are used to enter and update address information. Poiché la UpdateParameters raccolta contiene un ControlParameter oggetto associato al valore selezionato di DropDownList, il pulsante che genera l' Update operazione viene abilitato solo dopo la selezione di un dipendente.Because the UpdateParameters collection contains a ControlParameter object that is bound to the selected value of the DropDownList, the button that raises the Update operation is enabled only after an employee is selected.

Importante

L'esempio include una casella di testo che accetta l'input dell'utente e rappresenta quindi una potenziale minaccia alla sicurezza.This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. Per impostazione predefinita, le pagine Web ASP.NET verificano che l'input dell'utente non includa script o elementi HTML.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Per altre informazioni, vedere Cenni preliminari sugli attacchi tramite script.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

// Add parameters and initialize the user interface
// only if an employee is selected.
private void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
  // Be sure the text boxes are initialized with
  // data from the currently selected employee.
  NorthwindEmployee selectedEmployee = EmployeeLogic.GetEmployee(DropDownList1.SelectedValue);
  if (selectedEmployee != null) {
    AddressBox.Text    = selectedEmployee.Address;
    CityBox.Text       = selectedEmployee.City;
    PostalCodeBox.Text = selectedEmployee.PostalCode;

    Button1.Enabled = true;
  }
  else {
    Button1.Enabled = false;
  }
}

// Press the button to update.
private void Btn_UpdateEmployee (object sender, CommandEventArgs e) {
  ObjectDataSource2.Update();
}
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <!-- The DropDownList is bound to the first ObjectDataSource. -->
        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic" />

        <p><asp:dropdownlist
          id="DropDownList1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          datatextfield="FullName"
          datavaluefield="EmpID"
          autopostback="True" /></p>

        <!-- The second ObjectDataSource performs the Update. This
             preserves the state of the DropDownList, which otherwise
             would rebind when the DataSourceChanged event is
             raised as a result of an Update operation. -->

        <!-- Security Note: The ObjectDataSource uses a FormParameter,
             Security Note: which does not perform validation of input from the client.
             Security Note: To validate the value of the FormParameter,
             Security Note: handle the Updating event. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource2"
          runat="server"
          updatemethod="UpdateEmployeeWrapper"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic">
          <updateparameters>
            <asp:controlparameter name="anID" controlid="DropDownList1" propertyname="SelectedValue" />
            <asp:formparameter name="anAddress" formfield="AddressBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aCity" formfield="CityBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aPostalCode" formfield="PostalCodeBox" />
          </updateparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="AddressBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="CityBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="PostalCodeBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <asp:button
          id="Button1"
          runat="server"
          text="Update Employee"
          oncommand="Btn_UpdateEmployee" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

' Add parameters and initialize the user interface
' only if an employee is selected.
Private Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

  ' Be sure the text boxes are initialized with
  ' data from the currently selected employee.
  Dim selectedEmployee As NorthwindEmployee
  selectedEmployee = EmployeeLogic.GetEmployee(DropDownList1.SelectedValue)

  If Not selectedEmployee Is Nothing Then
    AddressBox.Text    = selectedEmployee.Address
    CityBox.Text       = selectedEmployee.City
    PostalCodeBox.Text = selectedEmployee.PostalCode

    Button1.Enabled = True
  Else
    Button1.Enabled = False
  End If
End Sub ' Page_Load

' Press the button to update.
Private Sub Btn_UpdateEmployee (sender As Object, e As CommandEventArgs )
  ObjectDataSource2.Update()
End Sub ' Btn_UpdateEmployee

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <!-- The DropDownList is bound to the first ObjectDataSource. -->
        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic" />

        <p><asp:dropdownlist
          id="DropDownList1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          datatextfield="FullName"
          datavaluefield="EmpID"
          autopostback="True" /></p>

        <!-- The second ObjectDataSource performs the Update. This
             preserves the state of the DropDownList, which otherwise
             would rebind when the DataSourceChanged event is
             raised as a result of an Update operation. -->

        <!-- Security Note: The ObjectDataSource uses a FormParameter,
             Security Note: which does not perform validation of input from the client.
             Security Note: To validate the value of the FormParameter,
             Security Note: handle the Updating event. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource2"
          runat="server"
          updatemethod="UpdateEmployeeWrapper"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic">
          <updateparameters>
            <asp:controlparameter name="anID" controlid="DropDownList1" propertyname="SelectedValue" />
            <asp:formparameter name="anAddress" formfield="AddressBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aCity" formfield="CityBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aPostalCode" formfield="PostalCodeBox" />
          </updateparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="AddressBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="CityBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="PostalCodeBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <asp:button
          id="Button1"
          runat="server"
          text="Update Employee"
          oncommand="Btn_UpdateEmployee" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di EmployeeLogic seguito viene illustrata la classe utilizzata nell'esempio di codice precedente.The following code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the preceding code example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations one can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      // Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      // ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      ArrayList al = GetAllEmployees() as ArrayList;
      IEnumerator enumerator = al.GetEnumerator();
      while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
        // The IEnumerable contains initialized NorthwindEmployee objects.
        NorthwindEmployee ne = enumerator.Current as NorthwindEmployee;
        if (ne.EmpID.Equals(anID.ToString())) {
          return ne;
        }
      }
      return null;
    }
    public static void UpdateEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Update();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("Employee update failed."); }
    }

    // This method is added as a conveniece wrapper on the original
    // implementation.
    public static void UpdateEmployeeWrapper(string anID,
                                             string anAddress,
                                             string aCity,
                                             string aPostalCode) {
      NorthwindEmployee ne = new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
      ne.Address = anAddress;
      ne.City = aCity;
      ne.PostalCode = aPostalCode;
      UpdateEmployee(ne);
    }

    // And so on...
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];
      SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection (cts.ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Address,City,PostalCode " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName       = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName        = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
          this.address         = sdr["Address"].ToString();
          this.city            = sdr["City"].ToString();
          this.postalCode      = sdr["PostalCode"].ToString();
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public object EmpID {
      get { return ID; }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }

    public string FullName {
      get { return firstName + " " + lastName; }
    }

    private string address;
    public string Address {
      get { return address; }
      set { address = value;  }
    }

    private string city;
    public string City {
      get { return city; }
      set { city = value;  }
    }

    private string postalCode;
    public string PostalCode {
      get { return postalCode; }
      set { postalCode = value;  }
    }

    public bool Update () {

      // Implement Update logic.

      return true;
    }
  }

  internal class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB
'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations one can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
'
Public Class EmployeeLogic

   ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection
      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      ' Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      ' ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, _
                                  "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")
      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator()
         While enumerator.MoveNext()
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Dim row As DataRowView = CType(enumerator.Current,DataRowView)
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         End While
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees


   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      Dim al As ArrayList = CType(GetAllEmployees(), ArrayList)
      Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = al.GetEnumerator()
      While enumerator.MoveNext()
         ' The IEnumerable contains initialized NorthwindEmployee objects.
         Dim ne As NorthwindEmployee = CType(enumerator.Current,NorthwindEmployee)
         If ne.EmpID.Equals(anID.ToString()) Then
            Return ne
         End If
      End While
      Return Nothing
   End Function 'GetEmployee

   Public Shared Sub UpdateEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Update()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("Employee update failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   ' This method is added as a conveniece wrapper on the original
   ' implementation.
   Public Shared Sub UpdateEmployeeWrapper(anID As String, _
                                           anAddress As String, _
                                           aCity As String, _
                                           aPostalCode As String)
      Dim ne As New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
      ne.Address = anAddress
      ne.City = aCity
      ne.PostalCode = aPostalCode
      UpdateEmployee(ne)
   End Sub
   ' And so on...

End Class

Public Class NorthwindEmployee

   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)
      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Address,City,PostalCode " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)

      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
            Me.aAddress = sdr("Address").ToString()
            Me.aCity = sdr("City").ToString()
            Me.aPostalCode = sdr("PostalCode").ToString()
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub

   Private ID As Object
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As Object
      Get
         Return ID
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aLastName As String
   Public WriteOnly Property LastName() As String
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public WriteOnly Property FirstName() As String
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public ReadOnly Property FullName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName & " " & aLastName
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aAddress As String
   Public Property Address() As String
      Get
         Return aAddress
      End Get
      Set
         aAddress = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aCity As String
   Public Property City() As String
      Get
         Return aCity
      End Get
      Set
         aCity = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aPostalCode As String
   Public Property PostalCode() As String
      Get
         Return aPostalCode
      End Get
      Set
         aPostalCode = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Update() As Boolean

      ' Implement Update logic.
      Return True

   End Function 'Update

End Class

Friend Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub

End Class
End Namespace

Commenti

Si presuppone che l'oggetto business aggiorni i dati di un record alla volta, anziché in un batch.The business object is assumed to update data one record at a time, rather than in a batch.

Prima di Update eseguire l'operazione, viene OnUpdating chiamato il metodo per generare l' Updating evento.Before the Update operation is performed, the OnUpdating method is called to raise the Updating event. È possibile gestire l' Updating evento per esaminare i valori dei parametri e per eseguire qualsiasi pre-elaborazione prima di un' Update operazione.You can handle the Updating event to examine the values of the parameters and to perform any preprocessing before an Update operation. Per eseguire un'operazione di aggiornamento, ObjectDataSourceView l'oggetto utilizza la reflection per creare un'istanza dell'oggetto identificato TypeName dalla proprietà.To perform an update operation, the ObjectDataSourceView object uses reflection to create an instance of the object that is identified by the TypeName property. Viene quindi chiamato il metodo identificato dalla UpdateMethod proprietà, utilizzando le proprietà associate. UpdateParametersIt then calls the method that is identified by the UpdateMethod property, using any associated UpdateParameters properties. Al termine Update dell'operazione, viene chiamato OnUpdated il metodo per generare l' Updated evento.After the Update operation completes, the OnUpdated method is called to raise the Updated event. È possibile gestire l' Updated evento per esaminare i valori restituiti, i parametri di output e le eccezioni e per eseguire qualsiasi post-elaborazione.You can handle the Updated event to examine any return values, output parameters, and exceptions, and to perform any post-processing.

Il Update metodo delega Update al metodo dell' ObjectDataSourceView oggetto associato ObjectDataSource al controllo.The Update method delegates to the Update method of the ObjectDataSourceView that is associated with the ObjectDataSource control.

Per ulteriori informazioni sull'Unione di parametri, sulla durata degli oggetti e sulla risoluzione UpdateMethoddei metodi, vedere.For more information about parameter merging, object lifetime, and method resolution, see UpdateMethod.

Importante

È necessario convalidare qualsiasi valore di parametro ricevuto dal client.You should validate any parameter value that you receive from the client. Il runtime sostituisce semplicemente il valore del parametro nella UpdateMethod proprietà.The runtime simply substitutes the parameter value into the UpdateMethod property.

Controlli con associazione a datiData-Bound Controls

Quando il ObjectDataSource controllo è associato a un controllo con associazione a dati, ad esempio GridView il controllo, non è necessario chiamare il Update metodo dal codice della pagina.When the ObjectDataSource control is associated with a data-bound control, such as the GridView control, it is not necessary to call the Update method from page code. Il Update metodo viene invece richiamato direttamente dal controllo con associazione a dati.The Update method is invoked directly by the data-bound control instead.

Si applica a

Vedi anche