AccessibleObject Classe

Definizione

Fornisce le informazioni usate dalle applicazioni di accessibilità per modificare l'interfaccia utente di un'applicazione in base alle necessità degli utenti diversamente abili.Provides information that accessibility applications use to adjust an application's user interface (UI) for users with impairments.

public ref class AccessibleObject : System::Runtime::InteropServices::StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility::IAccessible, System::Reflection::IReflect
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class AccessibleObject : System.Runtime.InteropServices.StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility.IAccessible, System.Reflection.IReflect
type AccessibleObject = class
    inherit StandardOleMarshalObject
    interface IReflect
    interface IAccessible
Public Class AccessibleObject
Inherits StandardOleMarshalObject
Implements IAccessible, IReflect
Ereditarietà
AccessibleObject
Derivato
Attributi
Implementazioni

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrata la creazione di un controllo Chart in grado di riconoscere l'accessibilità utilizzando le classi AccessibleObject e Control.ControlAccessibleObject per esporre le informazioni accessibili.The following code example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. Il controllo traccia due curve insieme a una legenda.The control plots two curves along with a legend. La classe ChartControlAccessibleObject, che deriva da ControlAccessibleObject, viene utilizzata nel metodo CreateAccessibilityInstance per fornire informazioni personalizzate accessibili per il controllo Chart.The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Poiché la legenda del grafico non è un controllo effettivo in base Control, ma viene invece disegnato dal controllo Chart, non dispone di alcuna informazione accessibile incorporata.Because the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not have any built-in accessible information. Per questo motivo, la classe ChartControlAccessibleObject esegue l'override del metodo GetChild per restituire il CurveLegendAccessibleObject che rappresenta le informazioni accessibili per ogni parte della legenda.Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. Quando un'applicazione in grado di riconoscere accessibilità utilizza questo controllo, il controllo può fornire le informazioni accessibili necessarie.When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

#using <Accessibility.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

// Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
public ref class ChartControl: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
public:
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject;

   // forward declaration
   // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
   ref class CurveLegend
   {

      // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information
      // associated with the CurveLegend object.
   public:
      ref class CurveLegendAccessibleObject: public AccessibleObject
      {
      private:
         CurveLegend^ curveLegend;

      public:
         CurveLegendAccessibleObject( CurveLegend^ curveLegend )
            : AccessibleObject()
         {
            this->curveLegend = curveLegend;
         }


      private:

         property ChartControlAccessibleObject^ ChartControl 
         {

            // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
            ChartControlAccessibleObject^ get()
            {
               return dynamic_cast<ChartControlAccessibleObject^>(Parent);
            }

         }

      internal:

         property int ID 
         {

            // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
            int get()
            {
               for ( int i = 0; i < ChartControl->GetChildCount(); i++ )
               {
                  if ( ChartControl->GetChild( i ) == this )
                  {
                     return i;
                  }

               }
               return  -1;
            }

         }

      public:

         property Rectangle Bounds 
         {

            // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual Rectangle get() override
            {
               
               // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
               Point loc = curveLegend->Location;
               return Rectangle(curveLegend->chart->PointToScreen( loc ),curveLegend->Size);
            }

         }

         property String^ Name 
         {

            // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual String^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->Name;
            }

            virtual void set( String^ value ) override
            {
               curveLegend->Name = value;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleObject^ Parent 
         {

            // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleObject^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->chart->AccessibilityObject;
            }

         }

         property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
         {

            // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
            {
               return ::AccessibleRole::StaticText;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleStates State 
         {

            // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleStates get() override
            {
               AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates::Selectable;
               if ( curveLegend->Selected )
               {
                  state = static_cast<AccessibleStates>(state | AccessibleStates::Selected);
               }

               return state;
            }

         }

         // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleObject^ Navigate( AccessibleNavigation navdir ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            return ChartControl->NavigateFromChild( this, navdir );
         }


         // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual void Select( AccessibleSelection selection ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            ChartControl->SelectChild( this, selection );
         }

      };


   private:

      // class CurveLgendAccessibleObject
      String^ name;
      ChartControl^ chart;
      CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ accObj;
      bool selected;
      Point location;

   public:
      CurveLegend( ChartControl^ chart, String^ name )
      {
         this->chart = chart;
         this->name = name;
         selected = true;
      }


      property AccessibleObject^ AccessibilityObject 
      {

         // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
         AccessibleObject^ get()
         {
            if ( accObj == nullptr )
            {
               accObj = gcnew CurveLegendAccessibleObject( this );
            }

            return accObj;
         }

      }

      property Rectangle Bounds 
      {

         // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
         Rectangle get()
         {
            return Rectangle(Location,Size);
         }

      }

      property Point Location 
      {

         // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
         Point get()
         {
            return location;
         }

         void set( Point value )
         {
            location = value;
            chart->Invalidate();
            
            // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
            // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::LocationChange
            // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
            chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::LocationChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
         }

      }

      property String^ Name 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
         String^ get()
         {
            return name;
         }

         void set( String^ value )
         {
            if ( name != value )
            {
               name = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::NameChange
               // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::NameChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property bool Selected 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
         bool get()
         {
            return selected;
         }

         void set( bool value )
         {
            if ( selected != value )
            {
               selected = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
               // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd) or
               // false (AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove).
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( selected ? AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property System::Drawing::Size Size 
      {

         // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
         System::Drawing::Size get()
         {
            int legendHeight = chart->Font->Height + 4;
            Graphics^ g = chart->CreateGraphics();
            int legendWidth = (int)g->MeasureString( Name, chart->Font ).Width + 4;
            return System::Drawing::Size( legendWidth, legendHeight );
         }

      }

   };


private:

   // class CurveLegend
   CurveLegend^ legend1;
   CurveLegend^ legend2;

public:
   ChartControl()
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::ResizeRedraw, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::DoubleBuffer, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::AllPaintingInWmPaint, true );
      this->BackColor = System::Drawing::Color::White;
      this->Name = "ChartControl";
      this->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_Click );
      this->QueryAccessibilityHelp += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp );
      
      // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
      // represents the parts of the legend.
      legend1 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"A" );
      legend1->Location = Point(20,30);
      legend2 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"B" );
      legend2->Location = Point(20,50);
   }



protected:
   // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject
   // for the entire chart.
   virtual AccessibleObject^ CreateAccessibilityInstance() override
   {
      return gcnew ChartControlAccessibleObject( this );
   }

   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      System::Windows::Forms::UserControl::OnPaint( e );
      Rectangle bounds = this->ClientRectangle;
      int border = 5;
      
      // Draws the legends first.
      StringFormat^ format = gcnew StringFormat;
      format->Alignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      format->LineAlignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      if ( legend1 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend1->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Blue ), legend1->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, legend1->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend1->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend1->Bounds, format );
      }

      if ( legend2 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend2->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Red ), legend2->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Red, legend2->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend2->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend2->Bounds, format );
      }

      
      // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
      bounds.Inflate(  -border,  -border );
      array<Point>^ temp1 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top)};
      array<Point>^curve1 = temp1;
      array<Point>^ temp2 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};
      array<Point>^curve2 = temp2;
      
      // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
      if ( legend1->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Blue, curve1 );

      if ( legend2->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Red, curve2 );

      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, bounds );
   }

   // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
   void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs^ e )
   {
      e->HelpString = "Displays chart data";
   }

   // Handles the Click event for the chart.
   // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
   void ChartControl_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      Point pt = this->PointToClient( Control::MousePosition );
      if ( legend1->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend1->Selected =  !legend1->Selected;
      }
      else
      if ( legend2->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend2->Selected =  !legend2->Selected;
      }
   }


public:

   property array<CurveLegend^>^ Legends 
   {

      // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
      array<CurveLegend^>^ get()
      {
         array<CurveLegend^>^temp3 = {legend1,legend2};
         return temp3;
      }

   }

   // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
   // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject: public ControlAccessibleObject
   {
   private:
      ChartControl^ chartControl;

   public:
      ChartControlAccessibleObject( ChartControl^ ctrl )
         : ControlAccessibleObject( ctrl )
      {
         chartControl = ctrl;
      }


      property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
      {

         // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
         {
            return ::AccessibleRole::Chart;
         }

      }

      property AccessibleStates State 
      {

         // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleStates get() override
         {
            return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
         }

      }

      // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
      // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
      virtual int GetChildCount() override
      {
         return chartControl->Legends->Length;
      }


      // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
      virtual AccessibleObject^ GetChild( int index ) override
      {
         if ( index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length )
         {
            return chartControl->Legends[ index ]->AccessibilityObject;
         }

         return nullptr;
      }


   internal:

      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
      // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
      AccessibleObject^ NavigateFromChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleNavigation navdir )
      {
         switch ( navdir )
         {
            case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
               return GetChild( child->ID + 1 );

            case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
               return GetChild( child->ID - 1 );
         }
         return nullptr;
      }


      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
      // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
      void SelectChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleSelection selection )
      {
         int childID = child->ID;
         
         // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
         // AccessibleSelection value.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            for ( int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++ )
            {
               if ( i == childID )
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = true;
               }
               else
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = false;
               }

            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = true;
            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = false;
            }
         }
      }

   };

   // class ChartControlAccessibleObject
};


// class ChartControl
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:

   // Test out the Chart Control.
   ChartControl^ chart1;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      
      // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
      this->chart1 = gcnew ChartControl;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 920, 566 );
      this->chart1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 47, 16 );
      this->chart1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 600, 400 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->chart1 );
   }

};


// class Form1

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ChartControl
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        // Test out the Chart Control.
        private ChartControl chart1;

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1() {
            // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            this.chart1 = new ChartControl();
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(920, 566);

            this.chart1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(47, 16);
            this.chart1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(600, 400);

            this.Controls.Add(this.chart1);
        }
    }

    // Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
    public class ChartControl : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    {
        private CurveLegend legend1;
        private CurveLegend legend2; 

        public ChartControl()
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, true);

            this.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White;
            this.Name = "ChartControl";

            this.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.ChartControl_Click);
            this.QueryAccessibilityHelp += 
                new System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler(
                                        this.ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp);

            // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            // represents the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = new CurveLegend(this, "A");
            legend1.Location = new Point(20, 30);
            legend2 = new CurveLegend(this, "B");        
            legend2.Location = new Point(20, 50);
        }

        // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        // for the entire chart.
        protected override AccessibleObject CreateAccessibilityInstance() 
        {            
            return new ChartControlAccessibleObject(this);
        }

        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e) 
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            base.OnPaint(e);

            Rectangle bounds = this.ClientRectangle;
            int border = 5;

            // Draws the legends first.
            StringFormat format = new StringFormat();
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            
            if (legend1 != null) {
                if (legend1.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds);
                }

                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend1.Bounds, format);                
            }
            if (legend2 != null) {
                if (legend2.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds);
                }
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend2.Bounds, format);
            }            

            // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border);
            Point[] curve1 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)};

            Point[] curve2 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};

            // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
            if (legend1.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1);
            if (legend2.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2);

            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds);            
        }

        // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        private void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(object sender, 
                                    System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs e)
        {            
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data";
        }          

        // Handles the Click event for the chart. 
        // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
        private void ChartControl_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Point pt = this.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition);
            if (legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend1.Selected = !legend1.Selected;

            } else if (legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend2.Selected = !legend2.Selected;
            }
        }

        // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        public CurveLegend[] Legends
        {   
            get {                
                return new CurveLegend[] { legend1, legend2 };
            }            
        }                

        // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
        // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
        {
            ChartControl chartControl;

            public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
            {
                chartControl = ctrl;
            }

            // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleRole Role
            {  
                get {
                    return AccessibleRole.Chart;
                }
            }

            // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleStates State
            {  
                get {                    
                    return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
                }
            }

            // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
            public override int GetChildCount()
            {  
                return chartControl.Legends.Length;
            }

            // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
            {  
                if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
                    return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
                }                
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                        AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
            {  
                switch(navdir) {
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                        return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                        
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                        return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
                }
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
            // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
            internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
            {   
                int childID = child.ID;

                // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                // AccessibleSelection value.
                if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
                    for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                        if (i == childID) {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                        } else {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                        }
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
                    }
                }            
            }
        }

        // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        public class CurveLegend 
        {
            private string name;
            private ChartControl chart;
            private CurveLegendAccessibleObject accObj;
            private bool selected = true;
            private Point location;

            public CurveLegend(ChartControl chart, string name) 
            {
                this.chart = chart;
                this.name = name;
            }

            // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
            public AccessibleObject AccessibilityObject
            {
                get
                {
                    accObj ??= new CurveLegendAccessibleObject(this);
                    return accObj;
                }
            }
            
            // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
            public Rectangle Bounds
            {   
                get
                {
                    return new Rectangle(Location, Size);
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
            public Point Location
            {   
                get {
                    return location;
                }
                set {
                    location = value;
                    chart.Invalidate();

                    // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                    chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, 
                        ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                }
            }            
        
            // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
            public string Name
            {   
                get {
                    return name;
                }
                set {
                    if (name != value) 
                    {
                        name = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
            public bool Selected
            {   
                get {
                    return selected;
                }
                set {
                    if (selected != value) 
                    {
                        selected = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
                        // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        // false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove).
                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(
                            selected ? AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
            public Size Size
            {   
                get {                    
                    int legendHeight = chart.Font.Height + 4;
                    Graphics g = chart.CreateGraphics();
                    int legendWidth = (int)g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width + 4;            

                    return new Size(legendWidth, legendHeight);
                }
            }
    
            // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            // associated with the CurveLegend object.
            public class CurveLegendAccessibleObject : AccessibleObject
            {
                private CurveLegend curveLegend;

                public CurveLegendAccessibleObject(CurveLegend curveLegend) : base() 
                {
                    this.curveLegend = curveLegend;                    
                }                

                // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
                private ChartControlAccessibleObject ChartControl
                {   
                    get {
                        return Parent as ChartControlAccessibleObject;
                    }
                }

                // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
                internal int ID
                {
                    get {
                        for(int i = 0; i < ChartControl.GetChildCount(); i++) {
                            if (ChartControl.GetChild(i) == this) {
                                return i;
                            }
                        }
                        return -1;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override Rectangle Bounds
                {
                    get {                        
                        // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Point loc = curveLegend.Location;
                        return new Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size);
                    }
                }

                // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override string Name
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.Name;
                    }
                    set {
                        curveLegend.Name = value;                        
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Parent
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleRole Role 
                {
                    get {
                        return AccessibleRole.StaticText;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleStates State 
                {
                    get {
                        AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates.Selectable;
                        if (curveLegend.Selected) 
                        {
                            state |= AccessibleStates.Selected;
                        }
                        return state;
                    }
                }

                // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Navigate(AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(this, navdir);
                }

                // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override void Select(AccessibleSelection selection) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(this, selection);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Option Explicit

Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace ChartControlNameSpace
    
    Public Class Form1 
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Test out the Chart Control.
        Private chart1 As ChartControl

        <System.STAThread()> _
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub

        Public Sub New() 
            ' Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            Me.chart1 = New ChartControl()
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(920, 566)

            Me.chart1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(47, 16)
            Me.chart1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(600, 400)

            Me.Controls.Add(Me.chart1)
        End Sub
    End Class

    ' Declares a chart control that demonstrates Accessibility in Windows Forms.
    Public Class ChartControl
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl

        Private legend1 As CurveLegend
        Private legend2 As CurveLegend
        
        Public Sub New()
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, True)
            
            Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White
            Me.Name = "ChartControl"

            ' The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            ' represent the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = New CurveLegend(Me, "A")
            legend1.Location = New Point(20, 30)
            legend2 = New CurveLegend(Me, "B")
            legend2.Location = New Point(20, 50)
        End Sub
              
        ' Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        ' for the entire chart.
        Protected Overrides Function CreateAccessibilityInstance() As AccessibleObject
            Return New ChartControlAccessibleObject(Me)
        End Function 

        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(e As PaintEventArgs)
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            MyBase.OnPaint(e)
            
            Dim bounds As Rectangle = Me.ClientRectangle
            Dim border As Integer = 5
            
            ' Draw the legends first.
            Dim format As New StringFormat()
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
            
            If (legend1 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend1.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend1.Bounds), format)
            End If
            If (legend2 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend2.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend2.Bounds), format)
            End If
            
            ' Chart out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border)
            Dim curve1() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)}

            Dim curve2() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)}
            
            ' Draw the actual curve only if it is selected.
            If legend1.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1)
            End If
            If legend2.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2)
            End If 
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds)
        End Sub
        
        ' Handle the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        Private Sub ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(sender As Object, _
                           e As System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs) Handles MyBase.QueryAccessibilityHelp
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data"
        End Sub 

        ' Handle the Click event for the chart. 
        ' Toggle the selection of whatever legend was clicked.     
        Private Sub ChartControl_Click(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Click

            Dim pt As Point = Me.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition)
            If legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                legend1.Selected = Not legend1.Selected
            Else
                If legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                    legend2.Selected = Not legend2.Selected
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        ' Get an array of the CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        Public ReadOnly Property Legends() As CurveLegend()
            Get
                Return New CurveLegend() {legend1, legend2}
            End Get
        End Property
        
        Protected Sub ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(ByVal accEvent As AccessibleEvents, ByVal childID As Integer)
            AccessibilityNotifyClients(accEvent, childID) 
        End Sub

        ' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
        ' associated with the ChartControl.
        ' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
            Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

            Private chartControl As ChartControl
            
            Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
                MyBase.New(ctrl)
                chartControl = ctrl
            End Sub
            
            ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                Get
                    Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                Get
                    Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
                End Get
            End Property                        
            
            ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
            Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
                Return chartControl.Legends.Length
            End Function 
            
            ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
                If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
                    Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
                End If
                Return Nothing
            End Function 
            
            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                            navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                Select Case navdir
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                            Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
                    
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                            Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
                End Select
                Return Nothing
            End Function            

            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
            ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
            Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
                Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
                
                ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                ' AccessibleSelection value.
                If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
                    Dim i As Integer
                    For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                        If i = childID Then
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                        Else
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                        End If
                    Next i
                    
                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
                    End If

                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
                    End If
                End If
            End Sub
        End Class

        ' Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        Public Class CurveLegend
            Private m_name As String
            Private chart As ChartControl
            Private accObj As CurveLegendAccessibleObject
            Private m_selected As Boolean = True
            Private m_location As Point
            
            Public Sub New(chart As ChartControl, name As String)
                Me.chart = chart
                Me.m_name = name
            End Sub

            ' Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property AccessibilityObject() As AccessibleObject
                Get
                    If accObj Is Nothing Then
                        accObj = New CurveLegendAccessibleObject(Me)
                    End If
                    Return accObj
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the bounds for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                Get
                    Return New Rectangle(Location, Size)
                End Get
            End Property

            ' Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Location() As Point
                Get
                    Return m_location
                End Get
                Set
                    m_location = value
                    chart.Invalidate()

                    ' Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    ' tells the chart the reason for the notification.
                    chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, _
                            CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Name() As String
                Get
                    Return m_name
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_name <> value Then
                        m_name = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        ' tells the chart the reason for the notification. 
                        chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, _
                                CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Selected() As Boolean
                Get
                    Return m_selected
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_selected <> value Then
                        m_selected = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value varies
                        ' on whether the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        ' false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove). 
                        If m_selected Then
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        Else
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        End If
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the Size for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Size() As Size
                Get
                    Dim legendHeight As Integer = chart.Font.Height + 4
                    Dim g As Graphics = chart.CreateGraphics()
                    Dim legendWidth As Integer = CInt(g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width) + 4
                    
                    Return New Size(legendWidth, legendHeight)
                End Get
            End Property
            
            
            ' Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            ' associated with the CurveLegend object.
            Public Class CurveLegendAccessibleObject
                Inherits AccessibleObject

                Private curveLegend As CurveLegend
                
                Public Sub New(curveLegend As CurveLegend)
                    Me.curveLegend = curveLegend
                End Sub
                
                ' Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.                
                Private ReadOnly Property ChartControl() As ChartControlAccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return CType(Parent, ChartControlAccessibleObject)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Friend helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.                
                Friend ReadOnly Property ID() As Integer
                    Get
                        Dim i As Integer
                        For i = 0 To (ChartControl.GetChildCount()) - 1
                            If ChartControl.GetChild(i) Is Me Then
                                Return i
                            End If
                        Next i
                        Return - 1
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                    Get
                        ' The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Dim loc As Point = curveLegend.Location
                        Return New Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Property Name() As String
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.Name
                    End Get
                    Set
                        curveLegend.Name = value
                    End Set
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Parent() As AccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                    Get
                        Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.StaticText
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                    Get
                        Dim stateTemp As AccessibleStates = AccessibleStates.Selectable
                        If curveLegend.Selected Then
                            stateTemp = stateTemp Or AccessibleStates.Selected
                        End If
                        Return stateTemp
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Function Navigate(navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                    ' Use the Friend NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    Return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(Me, navdir)
                End Function
                
                ' Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides Sub [Select](selection As AccessibleSelection)

                    ' Use the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(Me, selection)
                End Sub

            End Class

        End Class

    End Class

End Namespace 'ChartControlNameSpace

Commenti

Le applicazioni di accessibilità possono adattare le funzionalità dell'applicazione per migliorare l'usabilità per gli utenti con particolari esigenze.Accessibility applications can adjust features of the application to improve usability for users with disabilities.

Per gli utenti con problemi visivi, è possibile modificare le funzionalità del software e del sistema operativo per soddisfare le proprie esigenze.For users who are visually impaired, you can adjust software and operating system features to comply with their needs. Ad esempio, è possibile ingrandire testo e immagini ed eseguirne il rendering con un contrasto.For example, you can enlarge text and images and render them with a contrast. Inoltre, è possibile adattare il colore alla cecità con l'uso appropriato dei colori.In addition, you can accommodate color-blindness with the appropriate use of colors. Per gli utenti che si trovano a un forte impatto visivo, i computer sono accessibili con gli strumenti per la revisione dello schermo che convertono il testo su schermo o la visualizzazione braille dinamica, aggiornabile.For users who are severely visually impaired, computers are accessible with screen review aids that translate on-screen text to speech or to a dynamic, refreshable, Braille display.

Per gli utenti con problemi di udito, è possibile progettare programmi che usano segnali visivi, ad esempio una barra degli strumenti lampeggiante; in alternativa, è possibile visualizzare i messaggi vocali come testo.For users who are hard of hearing, you can design programs that use visual cues, such as a flashing toolbar; or you can display spoken messages as text. Ad esempio, quando l'opzione è attivata, la funzionalità SoundSentry, un'opzione di accessibilità nel pannello di controllo, fornisce un avviso visivo ogni volta che il sistema emette un segnale acustico.For example, when turned on, the SoundSentry feature, an accessibility option in Control Panel, provides a visual warning whenever the system makes an alarm sound.

Per gli utenti con disabilità del movimento, è possibile progettare controlli che ridefiniscono o eliminano l'utilizzo della tastiera e del mouse, migliorando così l'accessibilità dei computer.For users with motion disabilities, you can design controls that refine or eliminate keyboard and mouse use, thereby improving computer accessibility. Il pannello di controllo offre assistenza.Control Panel offers assistance. Ad esempio, un'alternativa consiste nell'usare il tastierino numerico anziché il mouse per la navigazione.For example, one alternative is to use the numeric keypad instead of the mouse for navigation. Un'altra opzione, denominata StickyKeys, consente agli utenti che non possono tenere premuto due o più tasti alla volta, ad esempio CTRL + P, di ottenere lo stesso risultato digitando una chiave alla volta.Another option, called StickyKeys, enables users who cannot hold down two or more keys at a time (such as CTRL+P) to get the same result by typing one key at a time.

Per gli utenti con disabilità cognitive e linguistiche, è possibile progettare programmi software per soddisfare al meglio le proprie esigenze.For users with cognitive and language disabilities, you can design software programs to better accommodate their needs. Se, ad esempio, si usa la sequenziazione cospicua o prelevata, i display non complicati, il numero di parole e un livello di lettura destinati agli standard della scuola elementare possono trarre vantaggio da tali utenti.For example, using conspicuous or cued sequencing, uncomplicated displays, fewer words, and a reading level targeted to elementary school standards can benefit these users.

Per gli utenti con problemi di epilessia, è possibile progettare programmi software per eliminare i modelli che provocano convulsioni.For users with seizure disorders, you can design software programs to eliminate seizure provoking patterns.

Per ulteriori informazioni sull'accessibilità, incluse informazioni sulle applicazioni di accessibilità, vedere la documentazione relativa a Microsoft Accessibility in MSDN Library o sul sito Web Microsoft.For more information about accessibility, including information about accessibility applications, see the documentation for Microsoft Accessibility in the MSDN library or at the Microsoft Web site.

Nota

Per usare il AccessibleObject, è necessario aggiungere un riferimento all'assembly Accessibility installato con il .NET Framework.NET Framework.To use the AccessibleObject, you must add a reference to the Accessibility assembly installed with the .NET Framework.NET Framework. Windows Forms supporta solo Active Accessibility 2,0.Windows Forms only supports Active Accessibility 2.0.

Note per gli eredi

Quando si eredita da questa classe, è possibile eseguire l'override di tutti i membri.When you inherit from this class, you can override all the members.

Costruttori

AccessibleObject()

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe AccessibleObject.Initializes a new instance of the AccessibleObject class.

Proprietà

Bounds

Ottiene la posizione e le dimensioni dell'oggetto accessibile.Gets the location and size of the accessible object.

DefaultAction

Ottiene una stringa che descrive l'azione predefinita dell'oggetto.Gets a string that describes the default action of the object. Non a tutti gli oggetti è associata un'azione predefinita.Not all objects have a default action.

Description

Ottiene una stringa che descrive l'aspetto visivo dell'oggetto specificato.Gets a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified object. Non a tutti gli oggetti è associata una descrizione.Not all objects have a description.

Help

Ottiene una descrizione della funzione dell'oggetto o della relativa modalità di utilizzo.Gets a description of what the object does or how the object is used.

KeyboardShortcut

Ottiene il tasto di scelta rapida o il tasto di scelta dell'oggetto accessibile.Gets the shortcut key or access key for the accessible object.

Name

Ottiene o imposta il nome dell'oggetto.Gets or sets the object name.

Parent

Ottiene l'oggetto padre di un oggetto accessibile.Gets the parent of an accessible object.

Role

Ottiene il ruolo di questo oggetto accessibile.Gets the role of this accessible object.

State

Ottiene lo stato di questo oggetto accessibile.Gets the state of this accessible object.

Value

Ottiene o imposta il valore di un oggetto accessibile.Gets or sets the value of an accessible object.

Metodi

CreateObjRef(Type)

Consente di creare un oggetto che contiene tutte le informazioni rilevanti necessarie per la generazione del proxy utilizzato per effettuare la comunicazione con un oggetto remoto.Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Ereditato da MarshalByRefObject)
DoDefaultAction()

Esegue l'azione predefinita associata a questo oggetto accessibile.Performs the default action associated with this accessible object.

Equals(Object)

Determina se l'oggetto specificato è uguale all'oggetto corrente.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Ereditato da Object)
GetChild(Int32)

Recupera l'oggetto figlio accessibile corrispondente all'indice specificato.Retrieves the accessible child corresponding to the specified index.

GetChildCount()

Recupera il numero di oggetti figlio che appartengono a un oggetto accessibile.Retrieves the number of children belonging to an accessible object.

GetFocused()

Recupera l'oggetto con lo stato attivo.Retrieves the object that has the keyboard focus.

GetHashCode()

Funge da funzione hash predefinita.Serves as the default hash function.

(Ereditato da Object)
GetHelpTopic(String)

Ottiene un identificatore per un argomento della Guida e il percorso del file della Guida associato a questo oggetto accessibile.Gets an identifier for a Help topic identifier and the path to the Help file associated with this accessible object.

GetLifetimeService()

Consente di recuperare l'oggetto servizio di durata corrente per controllare i criteri di durata per l'istanza.Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Ereditato da MarshalByRefObject)
GetSelected()

Recupera l'oggetto figlio attualmente selezionato.Retrieves the currently selected child.

GetType()

Ottiene l'oggetto Type dell'istanza corrente.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Ereditato da Object)
HitTest(Int32, Int32)

Restituisce l'oggetto figlio in corrispondenza delle coordinate dello schermo specificate.Retrieves the child object at the specified screen coordinates.

InitializeLifetimeService()

Ottiene un oggetto servizio di durata per controllare i criteri di durata per questa istanza.Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Ereditato da MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficiale dell'oggetto Object corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Ereditato da Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Crea una copia dei riferimenti dell'oggetto MarshalByRefObject corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Ereditato da MarshalByRefObject)
Navigate(AccessibleNavigation)

Passa a un altro oggetto accessibile.Navigates to another accessible object.

RaiseAutomationNotification(AutomationNotificationKind, AutomationNotificationProcessing, String)

Genera l'evento di notifica di automazione dell'interfaccia utente.Raises the UI automation notification event.

RaiseLiveRegionChanged()

Genera l'evento di automazione interfaccia utente LiveRegionChanged.Raises the LiveRegionChanged UI automation event.

Select(AccessibleSelection)

Modifica la selezione o sposta lo stato attivo dell'oggetto accessibile.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object.

ToString()

Restituisce una stringa che rappresenta l'oggetto corrente.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Ereditato da Object)
UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr)

Associa un oggetto a un'istanza di AccessibleObject in base all'handle dell'oggetto.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle of the object.

UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr, Int32)

Associa un oggetto a un'istanza di AccessibleObject in base all'handle e all'ID dell'oggetto.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle and the object id of the object.

Implementazioni dell'interfaccia esplicita

IAccessible.accChildCount

Ottiene il numero di interfacce figlio che appartengono all'oggetto corrente.Gets the number of child interfaces that belong to this object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accChildCount.For a description of this member, see accChildCount.

IAccessible.accDoDefaultAction(Object)

Esegue l'azione predefinita dell'oggetto specificato.Performs the specified object's default action. Non a tutti gli oggetti è associata un'azione predefinita.Not all objects have a default action. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accDoDefaultAction(Object).For a description of this member, see accDoDefaultAction(Object).

IAccessible.accFocus

Ottiene l'oggetto con lo stato attivo.Gets the object that has the keyboard focus. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accFocus.For a description of this member, see accFocus.

IAccessible.accHitTest(Int32, Int32)

Ottiene l'oggetto figlio in corrispondenza delle coordinate dello schermo specificate.Gets the child object at the specified screen coordinates. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accHitTest(Int32, Int32).For a description of this member, see accHitTest(Int32, Int32).

IAccessible.accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object)

Ottiene la posizione corrente dell'oggetto.Gets the object's current screen location. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accNavigate(Int32, Object)

Si sposta in un oggetto accessibile a partire dall'oggetto corrente.Navigates to an accessible object relative to the current object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accNavigate(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accNavigate(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accParent

Ottiene l'oggetto accessibile padre dell'oggetto corrente.Gets the parent accessible object of this object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accParent.For a description of this member, see accParent.

IAccessible.accSelect(Int32, Object)

Modifica la selezione o sposta lo stato attivo dell'oggetto accessibile.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accSelect(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accSelect(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accSelection

Ottiene gli oggetti figlio selezionati di un oggetto accessibile.Gets the selected child objects of an accessible object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere accSelection.For a description of this member, see accSelection.

IAccessible.get_accChild(Object)

Recupera un oggetto figlio specificato.Retrieves a specified child object.

IAccessible.get_accDefaultAction(Object)

Restituisce una stringa che indica l'azione predefinita dell'oggetto specificato.Returns a string that indicates the specified object's default action.

IAccessible.get_accDescription(Object)

Ottiene una stringa che descrive l'aspetto visivo dell'oggetto accessibile specificato.Returns a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelp(Object)

Recupera il percorso completo del file WinHelp associato all'oggetto accessibile specificato.Retrieves the full path of the WinHelp file that is associated with the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelpTopic(String, Object)

Recupera il percorso completo di un file WinHelp associato all'oggetto specificato con l'identificatore di un argomento specifico nel file.Retrieves the full path of a WinHelp file that is associated with the specified object along with the identifier of a specific topic in the file.

IAccessible.get_accKeyboardShortcut(Object)

Recupera il tasto di scelta rapida o il tasto di scelta dell'oggetto specificato.Retrieves the specified object's keyboard shortcut or access key.

IAccessible.get_accName(Object)

Recupera il nome dell'oggetto specificato.Retrieves the name of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accRole(Object)

Recupera informazioni che descrivono il ruolo dell'oggetto specificato.Retrieves information that describes the role of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accState(Object)

Recupera lo stato corrente dell'oggetto accessibile specificato.Retrieves the current state of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accValue(Object)

Recupera il valore dell'oggetto accessibile specificato.Retrieves the value of the specified accessible object. Non tutti gli oggetti hanno un valore.Not all objects have a value.

IAccessible.set_accName(Object, String)

Assegna un nuovo nome accessibile all'elemento specificato.Assigns a new accessible name to the specified element.

IAccessible.set_accValue(Object, String)

Assegna un nuovo valore all'elemento specificato.Assigns a new value to the specified element.

IReflect.GetField(String, BindingFlags)

Ottiene l'oggetto FieldInfo corrispondente al campo e al flag di associazione specificati.Gets the FieldInfo object corresponding to the specified field and binding flag. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetField(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetField(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetFields(BindingFlags)

Ottiene una matrice di oggetti FieldInfo corrispondenti a tutti i campi della classe corrente.Gets an array of FieldInfo objects corresponding to all fields of the current class. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetFields(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetFields(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMember(String, BindingFlags)

Ottiene una matrice di oggetti MemberInfo corrispondenti a tutti i membri pubblici o a tutti i membri che corrispondono a un nome specificato.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding to all public members or to all members that match a specified name. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetMember(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMember(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMembers(BindingFlags)

Ottiene una matrice di oggetti MemberInfo corrispondenti a tutti i membri pubblici o a tutti i membri della classe corrente.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding either to all public members or to all members of the current class. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetMembers(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMembers(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags)

Ottiene un oggetto MethodInfo corrispondente a un metodo specificato in base ai vincoli di ricerca specificati.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method under specified search constraints. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Ottiene un oggetto MethodInfo corrispondente a un metodo specificato, utilizzando una matrice Type per scegliere uno dei metodi di overload.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method, using a Type array to choose from among overloaded methods. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.GetMethods(BindingFlags)

Ottiene una matrice di oggetti MethodInfo con tutti i metodi pubblici o tutti i metodi della classe corrente.Gets an array of MethodInfo objects with all public methods or all methods of the current class. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetMethods(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethods(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperties(BindingFlags)

Ottiene una matrice di oggetti PropertyInfo corrispondenti a tutte le proprietà pubbliche o a tutte le proprietà della classe corrente.Gets an array of PropertyInfo objects corresponding to all public properties or to all properties of the current class. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetProperties(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperties(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags)

Ottiene un oggetto PropertyInfo corrispondente a una determinata proprietà in base ai vincoli di ricerca specificati.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property under specified search constraints. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Ottiene un oggetto PropertyInfo corrispondente a una determinata proprietà in base ai vincoli di ricerca specificati.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property with specified search constraints. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[])

Richiama un membro specificato.Invokes a specified member. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).For a description of this member, see InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).

IReflect.UnderlyingSystemType

Ottiene il tipo sottostante che rappresenta l'oggetto IReflect.Gets the underlying type that represents the IReflect object. Per una descrizione di questo membro, vedere UnderlyingSystemType.For a description of this member, see UnderlyingSystemType.

Si applica a