DataGridView.RowsDefaultCellStyle 속성

정의

DataGridView의 행 셀에 적용된 기본 스타일을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the default style applied to the row cells of the DataGridView.

public:
 property System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ RowsDefaultCellStyle { System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ value); };
public System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle RowsDefaultCellStyle { get; set; }
member this.RowsDefaultCellStyle : System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle with get, set
Public Property RowsDefaultCellStyle As DataGridViewCellStyle

속성 값

DataGridViewCellStyle

DataGridViewCellStyle의 행 셀에 적용할 DataGridView입니다.The DataGridViewCellStyle to apply to the row cells of the DataGridView.

예제

다음 코드 예제에서는이 속성을 사용 하 여 DataGridView 컨트롤에 원장 효과를 만드는 방법을 보여 줍니다.The following code example illustrates how to use this property to create a ledger effect in a DataGridView control. 이 예제는에서 사용할 수 있는 보다 큰 예제의 일부는 DataGridViewCellStyle 클래스 개요입니다.This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewCellStyle class overview.

// Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
private void InitializeDataGridView()
{
    // Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D;

    // Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    // limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = true;
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = true;
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = false;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = false;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing;

    // Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black;

    // Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    // value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty;

    // Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    // The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray;

    // Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;

    // Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    // the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns["Last Prepared"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y";

    // Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    using (Font font = new Font(
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold))
    {
        dataGridView1.Columns["Rating"].DefaultCellStyle.Font = font;
    }

    // Attach a handler to the CellFormatting event.
    dataGridView1.CellFormatting += new
        DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellFormatting);
}
' Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
Private Sub InitializeDataGridView()

    ' Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D

    ' Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    ' limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = True
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = True
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = False
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = False
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = False
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing

    ' Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black

    ' Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    ' value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty

    ' Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    ' The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray

    ' Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black

    ' Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    ' the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns("Last Prepared").DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y"

    ' Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    Dim font As New Font( _
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold)
    Try
        dataGridView1.Columns("Rating").DefaultCellStyle.Font = font
    Finally
        font.Dispose()
    End Try

End Sub

설명

DataGridView 컨트롤은 DataGridViewCellStyle형식의 다른 속성에서 스타일을 상속 하는 셀 InheritedStyle 속성으로 표시 되는 스타일을 사용 하 여 셀을 표시 합니다.The DataGridView control displays its cells using the styles indicated by the cell InheritedStyle property, which inherits styles from other properties of type DataGridViewCellStyle. 머리글 셀을 제외 하 고 모든 행의 셀에 대해 RowsDefaultCellStyle 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일은 DefaultCellStyleDataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일을 재정의 하며 AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewRow.DefaultCellStyleDataGridViewCell.Style 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일에 의해 재정의 됩니다.For cells in all rows, excluding header cells, the styles specified through the RowsDefaultCellStyle property override the styles specified through the DefaultCellStyle and DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle properties, and are overridden by the styles specified through the AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewRow.DefaultCellStyle, and DataGridViewCell.Style properties.

자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 셀 스타일을 참조 하세요.For more information, see Cell Styles in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

이 속성을 가져올 때 속성에 아직 액세스 하지 않은 경우 기본값이 있는 DataGridViewCellStyle 생성 됩니다.When getting this property, a DataGridViewCellStyle with default values will be created if the property has not already been accessed. 여러 행에 대 한이 속성을 가져올 때 성능에 주는 영향이 발생할 수 있습니다.This can cause a performance impact when getting this property for many rows. 가능 하면 단일 DataGridViewCellStyle를 사용 하 여 여러 행에 대해이 속성을 설정 합니다.Whenever possible, use a single DataGridViewCellStyle to set this property for multiple rows. 자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 크기를 조정하는 최선의 방법을 참조하세요.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

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