DataGridViewRow.DefaultCellStyle 속성

정의

스타일이 재정의되지 않는 경우 행의 셀을 렌더링하는 데 사용되는 행의 기본 스타일을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the default styles for the row, which are used to render cells in the row unless the styles are overridden.

public:
 virtual property System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ DefaultCellStyle { System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(true)]
public override System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle DefaultCellStyle { get; set; }
member this.DefaultCellStyle : System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle with get, set
Public Overrides Property DefaultCellStyle As DataGridViewCellStyle

속성 값

기본 스타일로 적용할 DataGridViewCellStyle입니다.The DataGridViewCellStyle to be applied as the default style.

특성

예외

이 속성을 설정할 때 행이 DataGridView 컨트롤 안에 있고 공유 행인 경우When setting this property, the row is in a DataGridView control and is a shared row.

예제

다음 코드 예제에서는 기본적으로 표시 하기 위해 사용 되는 DataGridView 컨트롤에서이 속성을 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.The following code example illustrates how to use this property in a DataGridView control intended primarily for display. 이 예제에서는 컨트롤의 시각적 모양이 여러 가지 방법으로 사용자 지정 되 고 컨트롤이 제한 된 대화형 작업을 위해 구성 됩니다.In this example, the visual appearance of the control is customized in several ways and the control is configured for limited interactivity. 이 예제는에서 사용할 수 있는 보다 큰 예제의 일부는 DataGridViewCellStyle 클래스 개요입니다.This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewCellStyle class overview.

// Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
private void InitializeDataGridView()
{
    // Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D;

    // Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    // limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = true;
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = true;
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = false;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = false;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing;

    // Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black;

    // Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    // value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty;

    // Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    // The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray;

    // Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;

    // Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    // the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns["Last Prepared"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y";

    // Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    using (Font font = new Font(
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold))
    {
        dataGridView1.Columns["Rating"].DefaultCellStyle.Font = font;
    }

    // Attach a handler to the CellFormatting event.
    dataGridView1.CellFormatting += new
        DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellFormatting);
}
' Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
Private Sub InitializeDataGridView()

    ' Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D

    ' Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    ' limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = True
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = True
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = False
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = False
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = False
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing

    ' Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black

    ' Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    ' value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty

    ' Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    ' The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray

    ' Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black

    ' Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    ' the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns("Last Prepared").DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y"

    ' Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    Dim font As New Font( _
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold)
    Try
        dataGridView1.Columns("Rating").DefaultCellStyle.Font = font
    Finally
        font.Dispose()
    End Try

End Sub

설명

DataGridView 컨트롤은 DataGridViewCellStyle형식의 다른 속성에서 스타일을 상속 하는 셀 InheritedStyle 속성으로 표시 되는 스타일을 사용 하 여 셀을 표시 합니다.The DataGridView control displays its cells using the styles indicated by the cell InheritedStyle property, which inherits styles from other properties of type DataGridViewCellStyle. 이 행에 있는 셀의 경우 DefaultCellStyle 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일은 DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridView.RowsDefaultCellStyleDataGridView.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일을 재정의 하지만 DataGridViewCell.Style 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일에 의해 재정의 됩니다.For cells in this row, the styles specified through the DefaultCellStyle property override the styles specified through the DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle, DataGridView.RowsDefaultCellStyle, and DataGridView.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle properties, but are overridden by the styles specified through the DataGridViewCell.Style property.

자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 셀 스타일을 참조 하세요.For more information, see Cell Styles in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

이 속성을 가져올 때 속성에 아직 액세스 하지 않은 경우 기본값이 있는 DataGridViewCellStyle이 생성 됩니다.When getting this property, a DataGridViewCellStyle with default values will be created if the property has not already been accessed. 이로 인해 많은 행에 대해이 속성을 가져올 때 성능에 영향을 줄 수 있습니다.This can cause a performance impact when getting this property for many rows. 가능 하면 단일 DataGridViewCellStyle을 사용 하 여 여러 행에 대해이 속성을 설정 합니다.Whenever possible, use a single DataGridViewCellStyle to set this property for multiple rows. 자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 크기 조정에 대 한 모범 사례합니다.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

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