SortedList.ContainsKey(Object) Metoda

Definicja

Określa, czy obiekt SortedList zawiera określony klucz.Determines whether a SortedList object contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool ContainsKey(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool ContainsKey (object key);
abstract member ContainsKey : obj -> bool
override this.ContainsKey : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function ContainsKey (key As Object) As Boolean

Parametry

key
Object

Klucz do zlokalizowania w obiekcie SortedList.The key to locate in the SortedList object.

Zwraca

Boolean

true, jeśli obiekt SortedList zawiera element z określonym key; w przeciwnym razie false.true if the SortedList object contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Wyjątki

Parametr key ma wartość null.key is null.

Funkcja porównująca zgłasza wyjątek.The comparer throws an exception.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu pokazuje, jak ustalić, czy obiekt SortedList zawiera określony element.The following code example shows how to determine whether a SortedList object contains a specific element.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( 2, "two" );
   mySL->Add( 4, "four" );
   mySL->Add( 1, "one" );
   mySL->Add( 3, "three" );
   mySL->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   
   // Displays the values of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myValue =  "nine";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    0       zero
        [1]:    1       one
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    3       three
        [4]:    4       four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( 2, "two" );
      mySL.Add( 4, "four" );
      mySL.Add( 1, "one" );
      mySL.Add( 3, "three" );
      mySL.Add( 0, "zero" );

      // Displays the values of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList myList )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i) );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
    -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    [0]:    0    zero
    [1]:    1    one
    [2]:    2    two
    [3]:    3    three
    [4]:    4    four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add(2, "two")
        mySL.Add(4, "four")
        mySL.Add(1, "one")
        mySL.Add(3, "three")
        mySL.Add(0, "zero")
        
        ' Displays the values of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("The SortedList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Dim msg As String
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)
        myKey = 6
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)        
        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
        myValue = "nine"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
    End Sub   
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "-INDEX-" & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "-KEY-" & ControlChars.Tab & "-VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "[{0}]:" & ControlChars.Tab & _
               "{1}" & ControlChars.Tab & "{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), _
               myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The SortedList contains the following values:
'     -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     [0]:    0    zero
'     [1]:    1    one
'     [2]:    2    two
'     [3]:    3    three
'     [4]:    4    four
' 
' The key "2" is in the SortedList.
' The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
' The value "three" is in the SortedList.
' The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList. 

Uwagi

Elementy SortedList obiektu są sortowane według kluczy zgodnie z określoną implementacją IComparer określoną podczas tworzenia SortedList lub zgodnie z implementacją IComparableą podaną przez same klucze.The elements of a SortedList object are sorted by the keys either according to a specific IComparer implementation specified when the SortedList is created or according to the IComparable implementation provided by the keys themselves.

Ta metoda zachowuje się dokładnie jako metoda Contains.This method behaves exactly as the Contains method.

Ta metoda używa algorytmu wyszukiwania binarnego; w związku z tym ta metoda jest operacją O(log n), gdzie n jest Count.This method uses a binary search algorithm; therefore, this method is an O(log n) operation, where n is Count.

Począwszy od .NET Framework 2,0, ta metoda używa item metody Equals i CompareTo obiektów kolekcji, aby określić, czy element istnieje.Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. We wcześniejszych wersjach .NET Framework to oznaczanie zostało wykonane przy użyciu metod Equals i CompareTo parametru item na obiektach w kolekcji.In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

Dotyczy

Zobacz też