Console.SetBufferSize(Int32, Int32) 方法

定义

将屏幕缓冲区的高度和宽度设置为指定值。Sets the height and width of the screen buffer area to the specified values.

public:
 static void SetBufferSize(int width, int height);
public static void SetBufferSize (int width, int height);
static member SetBufferSize : int * int -> unit
Public Shared Sub SetBufferSize (width As Integer, height As Integer)

参数

width
Int32

缓冲区的宽度,以列为单位。The width of the buffer area measured in columns.

height
Int32

缓冲区的高度,以行为单位。The height of the buffer area measured in rows.

异常

heightwidth 小于或等于零。height or width is less than or equal to zero.

- 或 --or- heightwidth 大于或等于 MaxValueheight or width is greater than or equal to MaxValue.

- 或 --or- width 小于 WindowLeft + WindowWidthwidth is less than WindowLeft + WindowWidth.

- 或 --or- height 小于 WindowTop + WindowHeightheight is less than WindowTop + WindowHeight.

用户没有执行此操作的权限。The user does not have permission to perform this action.

出现 I/O 错误。An I/O error occurred.

当前操作系统不是 Windows。The current operating system is not Windows.

示例

下面的示例演示 WindowLeftWindowTopWindowWidthWindowHeightBufferWidthBufferHeightCursorVisible 属性;和 SetWindowPositionSetBufferSizeReadKey 方法。The following example demonstrates the WindowLeft, WindowTop, WindowWidth, WindowHeight, BufferWidth, BufferHeight, and CursorVisible properties; and the SetWindowPosition, SetBufferSize, and ReadKey methods. 该示例基于屏幕缓冲区宽度在屏幕缓冲区中绘制网格模式。The example draws a grid pattern in the screen buffer based on the screen buffer width. 然后,该示例将移动控制台窗口,以响应按下的向上键、向下键、向左键或向右键的控制台键。Then the example moves the console window in response to which of the UP ARROW, DOWN ARROW, LEFT ARROW, or RIGHT ARROW console keys is pressed. 网格模式可帮助您查看控制台窗口相对于屏幕缓冲区的移动。The grid pattern helps you see the movement of the console window relative to the screen buffer.

// This example demonstrates the Console.WindowLeft and
//                               Console.WindowTop properties.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;

//
int saveBufferWidth;
int saveBufferHeight;
int saveWindowHeight;
int saveWindowWidth;
bool saveCursorVisible;

//
int main()
{
   String^ m1 = "1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.\n"
   "2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...\n"
   "3) Press the Escape key to quit.";
   String^ g1 = "+----";
   String^ g2 = "|    ";
   String^ grid1;
   String^ grid2;
   StringBuilder^ sbG1 = gcnew StringBuilder;
   StringBuilder^ sbG2 = gcnew StringBuilder;
   ConsoleKeyInfo cki;
   int y;
   
   //
   try
   {
      saveBufferWidth = Console::BufferWidth;
      saveBufferHeight = Console::BufferHeight;
      saveWindowHeight = Console::WindowHeight;
      saveWindowWidth = Console::WindowWidth;
      saveCursorVisible = Console::CursorVisible;
      
      //
      Console::Clear();
      Console::WriteLine( m1 );
      Console::ReadKey( true );
      
      // Set the smallest possible window size before setting the buffer size.
      Console::SetWindowSize( 1, 1 );
      Console::SetBufferSize( 80, 80 );
      Console::SetWindowSize( 40, 20 );
      
      // Create grid lines to fit the buffer. (The buffer width is 80, but
      // this same technique could be used with an arbitrary buffer width.)
      for ( y = 0; y < Console::BufferWidth / g1->Length; y++ )
      {
         sbG1->Append( g1 );
         sbG2->Append( g2 );

      }
      sbG1->Append( g1, 0, Console::BufferWidth % g1->Length );
      sbG2->Append( g2, 0, Console::BufferWidth % g2->Length );
      grid1 = sbG1->ToString();
      grid2 = sbG2->ToString();
      Console::CursorVisible = false;
      Console::Clear();
      for ( y = 0; y < Console::BufferHeight - 1; y++ )
      {
         if ( y % 3 == 0 )
                  Console::Write( grid1 );
         else
                  Console::Write( grid2 );

      }
      Console::SetWindowPosition( 0, 0 );
      do
      {
         cki = Console::ReadKey( true );
         switch ( cki.Key )
         {
            case ConsoleKey::LeftArrow:
               if ( Console::WindowLeft > 0 )
                              Console::SetWindowPosition( Console::WindowLeft - 1, Console::WindowTop );
               break;

            case ConsoleKey::UpArrow:
               if ( Console::WindowTop > 0 )
                              Console::SetWindowPosition( Console::WindowLeft, Console::WindowTop - 1 );
               break;

            case ConsoleKey::RightArrow:
               if ( Console::WindowLeft < (Console::BufferWidth - Console::WindowWidth) )
                              Console::SetWindowPosition( Console::WindowLeft + 1, Console::WindowTop );
               break;

            case ConsoleKey::DownArrow:
               if ( Console::WindowTop < (Console::BufferHeight - Console::WindowHeight) )
                              Console::SetWindowPosition( Console::WindowLeft, Console::WindowTop + 1 );
               break;
         }
      }
      while ( cki.Key != ConsoleKey::Escape );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {
      Console::Clear();
      Console::SetWindowSize( 1, 1 );
      Console::SetBufferSize( saveBufferWidth, saveBufferHeight );
      Console::SetWindowSize( saveWindowWidth, saveWindowHeight );
      Console::CursorVisible = saveCursorVisible;
   }

} // end Main


/*
This example produces results similar to the following:

1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.
2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...
3) Press the Escape key to quit.

...

+----+----+----+-
|    |    |    |
|    |    |    |
+----+----+----+-
|    |    |    |
|    |    |    |
+----+----+----+-

*/
// This example demonstrates the Console.WindowLeft and
//                               Console.WindowTop properties.
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
//
class Sample 
{
    public static int saveBufferWidth;
    public static int saveBufferHeight;
    public static int saveWindowHeight;
    public static int saveWindowWidth;
    public static bool saveCursorVisible;
//
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string m1 = "1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.\n" +
                "2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...\n" +
                "3) Press the Escape key to quit.";
    string g1 = "+----";
    string g2 = "|    ";
    string grid1;
    string grid2;
    StringBuilder sbG1 = new StringBuilder();
    StringBuilder sbG2 = new StringBuilder();
    ConsoleKeyInfo cki;
    int y;
//
    try 
    {
    saveBufferWidth  = Console.BufferWidth;
    saveBufferHeight = Console.BufferHeight;
    saveWindowHeight = Console.WindowHeight;
    saveWindowWidth  = Console.WindowWidth;
    saveCursorVisible = Console.CursorVisible;
//
    Console.Clear();
    Console.WriteLine(m1);
    Console.ReadKey(true);

// Set the smallest possible window size before setting the buffer size.
    Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1);
    Console.SetBufferSize(80, 80);
    Console.SetWindowSize(40, 20);

// Create grid lines to fit the buffer. (The buffer width is 80, but
// this same technique could be used with an arbitrary buffer width.)
    for (y = 0; y < Console.BufferWidth/g1.Length; y++)
        {
        sbG1.Append(g1);
        sbG2.Append(g2);
        }
    sbG1.Append(g1, 0, Console.BufferWidth%g1.Length);
    sbG2.Append(g2, 0, Console.BufferWidth%g2.Length);
    grid1 = sbG1.ToString();
    grid2 = sbG2.ToString();

    Console.CursorVisible = false;
    Console.Clear();
    for (y = 0; y < Console.BufferHeight-1; y++)
        {
        if (y%3 == 0)
            Console.Write(grid1);
        else
            Console.Write(grid2);
        }

    Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0);
    do
        {
        cki = Console.ReadKey(true);
        switch (cki.Key) 
            {
            case ConsoleKey.LeftArrow:
                if (Console.WindowLeft > 0) 
                    Console.SetWindowPosition(
                            Console.WindowLeft-1, Console.WindowTop);
                break;
            case ConsoleKey.UpArrow:
                if (Console.WindowTop > 0) 
                    Console.SetWindowPosition(
                            Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop-1);
                break;
            case ConsoleKey.RightArrow:
                if (Console.WindowLeft < (Console.BufferWidth-Console.WindowWidth)) 
                    Console.SetWindowPosition(
                            Console.WindowLeft+1, Console.WindowTop);
                break;
            case ConsoleKey.DownArrow:
                if (Console.WindowTop < (Console.BufferHeight-Console.WindowHeight)) 
                    Console.SetWindowPosition(
                            Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop+1);
                break;
            }
        } 
    while (cki.Key != ConsoleKey.Escape);  // end do-while
    } // end try
    catch (IOException e) 
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    finally 
        {
        Console.Clear();
        Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1);
        Console.SetBufferSize(saveBufferWidth, saveBufferHeight);
        Console.SetWindowSize(saveWindowWidth, saveWindowHeight);
        Console.CursorVisible = saveCursorVisible;
        }
    } // end Main
} // end Sample
/*
This example produces results similar to the following:

1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.
2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...
3) Press the Escape key to quit.

...

+----+----+----+-
|    |    |    |
|    |    |    |
+----+----+----+-
|    |    |    |
|    |    |    |
+----+----+----+-

*/
' This example demonstrates the Console.WindowLeft and
'                               Console.WindowTop properties.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared saveBufferWidth As Integer
   Public Shared saveBufferHeight As Integer
   Public Shared saveWindowHeight As Integer
   Public Shared saveWindowWidth As Integer
   Public Shared saveCursorVisible As Boolean
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim m1 As String = _
          "1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window." & vbCrlf & _
          "2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished..."   & vbCrlf & _
          "3) Press the Escape key to quit."
      Dim g1 As String = "+----"
      Dim g2 As String = "|    "
      Dim grid1 As String
      Dim grid2 As String
      Dim sbG1 As New StringBuilder()
      Dim sbG2 As New StringBuilder()
      Dim cki As ConsoleKeyInfo
      Dim y As Integer
      '
      Try
         saveBufferWidth = Console.BufferWidth
         saveBufferHeight = Console.BufferHeight
         saveWindowHeight = Console.WindowHeight
         saveWindowWidth = Console.WindowWidth
         saveCursorVisible = Console.CursorVisible
         '
         Console.Clear()
         Console.WriteLine(m1)
         Console.ReadKey(True)
         
         ' Set the smallest possible window size before setting the buffer size.
         Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1)
         Console.SetBufferSize(80, 80)
         Console.SetWindowSize(40, 20)
         
         ' Create grid lines to fit the buffer. (The buffer width is 80, but
         ' this same technique could be used with an arbitrary buffer width.)
         For y = 0 To (Console.BufferWidth / g1.Length) - 1
            sbG1.Append(g1)
            sbG2.Append(g2)
         Next y
         sbG1.Append(g1, 0, Console.BufferWidth Mod g1.Length)
         sbG2.Append(g2, 0, Console.BufferWidth Mod g2.Length)
         grid1 = sbG1.ToString()
         grid2 = sbG2.ToString()
         
         Console.CursorVisible = False
         Console.Clear()
         For y = 0 To (Console.BufferHeight - 2)
            If y Mod 3 = 0 Then
               Console.Write(grid1)
            Else
               Console.Write(grid2)
            End If
         Next y 
         '
         Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0)
         Do
            cki = Console.ReadKey(True)
            Select Case cki.Key
               Case ConsoleKey.LeftArrow
                  If Console.WindowLeft > 0 Then
                     Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft - 1, Console.WindowTop)
                  End If
               Case ConsoleKey.UpArrow
                  If Console.WindowTop > 0 Then
                     Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop - 1)
                  End If
               Case ConsoleKey.RightArrow
                  If Console.WindowLeft < Console.BufferWidth - Console.WindowWidth Then
                     Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft + 1, Console.WindowTop)
                  End If
               Case ConsoleKey.DownArrow
                  If Console.WindowTop < Console.BufferHeight - Console.WindowHeight Then
                     Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop + 1)
                  End If
            End Select
         Loop While cki.Key <> ConsoleKey.Escape
      ' end do-while
      ' end try
      Catch e As IOException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      Finally
         Console.Clear()
         Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1)
         Console.SetBufferSize(saveBufferWidth, saveBufferHeight)
         Console.SetWindowSize(saveWindowWidth, saveWindowHeight)
         Console.CursorVisible = saveCursorVisible
      End Try
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces results similar to the following:
'
'1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.
'2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...
'3) Press the Escape key to quit.
'
'...
'
'+----+----+----+-
'|    |    |    |
'|    |    |    |
'+----+----+----+-
'|    |    |    |
'|    |    |    |
'+----+----+----+-
'
// This example demonstrates the Console.WindowLeft and
//                               Console.WindowTop properties.
open System
open System.Text
open System.IO

[<EntryPoint>]
let main argv =
    let m1 = 
        "1) Press the cursor keys to move the console window.\n" + 
        "2) Press any key to begin. When you're finished...\n" + 
        "3) Press the Escape key to quit."
    let g1 = "+----";
    let g2 = "|    ";
    let sbG1 = StringBuilder()
    let sbG2 = StringBuilder()


    let saveBufferWidth = Console.BufferWidth
    let saveBufferHeight = Console.BufferHeight
    let saveWindowHeight = Console.WindowHeight
    let saveWindowWidth = Console.WindowWidth
    let saveCursorVisible = Console.CursorVisible

    try
        try
            Console.Clear()
            Console.WriteLine(m1)
            Console.ReadKey(true) |> ignore

            // Set the smallest possible window size before setting the buffer size.
            Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1)
            Console.SetBufferSize(80, 80)
            Console.SetWindowSize(40, 20)

            // Create grid lines to fit the buffer. (The buffer width is 80, but
            // this same technique could be used with an arbitrary buffer width.)
            // for y = 0 to (Console.BufferWidth / g1.Length - 1)
            for _ in 1..(Console.BufferWidth / g1.Length) do
                (sbG1.Append(g1)) |> ignore
                (sbG2.Append(g2)) |> ignore

            sbG1.Append(g1, 0, Console.BufferWidth % g1.Length) |> ignore
            sbG2.Append(g2, 0, Console.BufferWidth % g2.Length) |> ignore
            let grid1 = sbG1.ToString()
            let grid2 = sbG2.ToString()

            Console.CursorVisible <- false
            Console.Clear()
            for y in 0..(Console.BufferHeight - 1) do
                if (y % 3 = 0) then
                    Console.Write(grid1)
                else
                    Console.Write(grid2)

            Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0)

            let interactiveKeySequence = 
                Seq.initInfinite (fun _ -> (Console.ReadKey(true)).Key)
                |> Seq.takeWhile (fun key -> key <> ConsoleKey.Escape)

            for key in interactiveKeySequence do
                match key with
                | ConsoleKey.LeftArrow ->
                    if Console.WindowLeft > 0
                    then Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft - 1, Console.WindowTop)
                | ConsoleKey.UpArrow ->
                    if Console.WindowTop > 0
                    then Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop - 1)
                | ConsoleKey.RightArrow ->
                    if Console.WindowLeft < (Console.BufferWidth - Console.WindowWidth)
                    then Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft + 1, Console.WindowTop)
                | ConsoleKey.DownArrow ->
                    if Console.WindowTop < (Console.BufferHeight - Console.WindowHeight)
                    then Console.SetWindowPosition(Console.WindowLeft, Console.WindowTop + 1)
                | _ -> 
                    ()
            0
        with 
        | :? IOException as ex -> printf "%s" ex.Message; 1
    finally
        Console.Clear()
        Console.SetWindowSize(1, 1)
        Console.SetBufferSize(saveBufferWidth, saveBufferHeight)
        Console.SetWindowSize(saveWindowWidth, saveWindowHeight)
        Console.CursorVisible <- saveCursorVisible

安全性

UIPermission
用于修改安全顶级窗口和子窗口。for modifying safe top-level windows and subwindows. 关联的枚举: SafeTopLevelWindowsAssociated enumeration: SafeTopLevelWindows

适用于