DetailsView.ItemCommand 事件

定义

在单击 DetailsView 控件中的某个按钮时发生。Occurs when a button within a DetailsView control is clicked.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::DetailsViewCommandEventHandler ^ ItemCommand;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.DetailsViewCommandEventHandler ItemCommand;
member this.ItemCommand : System.Web.UI.WebControls.DetailsViewCommandEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemCommand As DetailsViewCommandEventHandler 

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用ItemCommand事件来处理DetailsView控件中的按钮单击操作。The following code example demonstrates how to use the ItemCommand event to handle a button click in a DetailsView control. 当用户单击 "添加联系人" 按钮时, 该项将添加到ListBox控件中。When the user clicks the Add Contact button, the item is added to a ListBox control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand(Object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
    {

        // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        // was clicked. 
        if (e.CommandName == "Add")
        {

            // Add the current store to the contact list. 

            // Get the row that contains the store name. In this
            // example, the store name is in the second row (index 1)  
            // of the DetailsView control.
            DetailsViewRow row = CustomerDetailView.Rows[1];

            // Get the store's name from the appropriate cell.
            // In this example, the store name is in the second cell  
            // (index 1) of the row.
            String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

            // Create a ListItem object with the store's name.
            ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

            // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            // item doesn't already exist.
            if (!ContactListBox.Items.Contains(item))
            {
                ContactListBox.Items.Add(item);
            }

        }

    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailView" 
            DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource"
            AutoGenerateRows="false" 
            DataKeyNames="CustomerID" 
            AllowPaging="true" 
            OnItemCommand="CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand"
            runat="server">
            
            <FieldHeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
            
            <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" HeaderText="Store ID" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="Store Name" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" />
                <asp:ButtonField CommandName="Add" Text="Add Contact" />
            </Fields>
        </asp:DetailsView>
        
        <hr />
        
        Contacts:<br />
        <asp:ListBox ID="ContactListBox" runat="server" />
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewCommandEventArgs)
    
        ' Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        ' was clicked. 
        If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

            ' Add the current store to the contact list. 
     
            ' Get the row that contains the store name. In this
            ' example, the store name is in the second row (index 1)  
            ' of the DetailsView control.
            Dim row As DetailsViewRow = CustomerDetailView.Rows(1)
      
            ' Get the store's name from the appropriate cell.
            ' In this example, the store name is in the second cell  
            ' (index 1) of the row.
            Dim name As String = row.Cells(1).Text

            ' Create a ListItem object with the store's name.
            Dim item As New ListItem(name)

            ' Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            ' item doesn't already exist.
            If Not ContactListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then
      
                ContactListBox.Items.Add(item)
      
            End If
        
        End If
    
    End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailView" 
            DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource"
            AutoGenerateRows="false" 
            DataKeyNames="CustomerID" 
            AllowPaging="true" 
            OnItemCommand="CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand"
            runat="server">
            
            <FieldHeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
            
            <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" HeaderText="Store ID" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="Store Name" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" />
                <asp:ButtonField CommandName="Add" Text="Add Contact" />
            </Fields>
        </asp:DetailsView>
        
        <hr />
        
        Contacts:<br />
        <asp:ListBox ID="ContactListBox" runat="server" />
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

注解

单击ItemCommand 控件DetailsView中的按钮时, 将引发事件。The ItemCommand event is raised when a button within the DetailsView control is clicked. 这使你可以提供一个事件处理程序, 该事件处理程序将在每次发生此事件时执行自定义例程。This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs.

DetailsViewCommandEventArgs对象传递到事件处理程序, 该处理程序允许您确定所单击按钮的命令名和命令参数。A DetailsViewCommandEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which allows you to determine the command name and command argument of the button clicked. 若要确定当前记录的索引, 请使用PageIndex属性。To determine the index of the current record, use the PageIndex property.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅