FormViewUpdatedEventArgs 类

定义

ItemUpdated 事件提供数据。Provides data for the ItemUpdated event.

public ref class FormViewUpdatedEventArgs : EventArgs
public class FormViewUpdatedEventArgs : EventArgs
type FormViewUpdatedEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class FormViewUpdatedEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
继承
FormViewUpdatedEventArgs

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用FormViewUpdatedEventArgs传递给ItemUpdated事件的事件处理方法的对象来确定是否在更新操作过程中发生了异常。The following example demonstrates how to use the FormViewUpdatedEventArgs object passed to the event-handling method for the ItemUpdated event to determine whether an exception occurred during an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, FormViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the update operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Sometimes an error might occur that does not raise an 
      // exception, but prevents the update operation from 
      // completing. Use the AffectedRows property to determine 
      // whether the record was actually updated. 
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        // Use the Keys property to get the value of the key field.
        String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["EmployeeID"].ToString();

        // Display a confirmation message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue +
          " updated successfully. ";

        // Display the new and original values.
        DisplayValues((OrderedDictionary)e.NewValues, (OrderedDictionary)e.OldValues);
      }
      else
      {
        // Display an error message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the update operation.";

        // When an error occurs, keep the FormView
        // control in edit mode.
        e.KeepInEditMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(OrderedDictionary newValues, OrderedDictionary oldValues)
  {

    MessageLabel.Text += "<br/></br>";

    // Iterate through the new and old values. Display the
    // values on the page.
    for (int i = 0; i < oldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text += "Old Value=" + oldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + newValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    MessageLabel.Text += "</br>";

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        onitemupdated="EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated"   
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Hire Date:</b>                 
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("HireDate","{0:d}") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  accesskey="n" tabindex="1" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  accesskey="l" tabindex="2" runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  accesskey="t" tabindex="3" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="HireDateUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Hire Date" />:</b>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  accesskey="h" tabindex="4" runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="AddressUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Address" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  accesskey="a" tabindex="5" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  accesskey="c" tabindex="6" runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  accesskey="r" tabindex="7" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  accesskey="p" tabindex="8" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  accesskey="u" tabindex="9" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update" tabindex="10" 
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel" tabindex="11" 
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewUpdatedEventArgs) Handles EmployeeFormView.ItemUpdated

    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the update operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Sometimes an error might occur that does not raise an 
      ' exception, but prevents the update operation from 
      ' completing. Use the AffectedRows property to determine 
      ' whether the record was actually updated. 
      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
      
        ' Use the Keys property to get the value of the key field.
        Dim keyFieldValue As String = e.Keys("EmployeeID").ToString()

        ' Display a confirmation message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record " & keyFieldValue & _
          " updated successfully. "

        ' Display the new and original values.
        DisplayValues(CType(e.NewValues, OrderedDictionary), CType(e.OldValues, OrderedDictionary))
      
      Else
      
        ' Display an error message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the update operation."

        ' When an error occurs, keep the FormView
        ' control in edit mode.
        e.KeepInEditMode = True
        
      End If
    
    Else
          
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message

      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True

      e.KeepInEditMode = True
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub DisplayValues(ByVal newValues As OrderedDictionary, ByVal oldValues As OrderedDictionary)

    MessageLabel.Text &= "<br/></br>"

    ' Iterate through the new and old values. Display the
    ' values on the page.
    Dim i As Integer
    For i = 0 To oldValues.Count - 1
    
      MessageLabel.Text &= "Old Value=" & oldValues(i).ToString() & _
        ", New Value=" & newValues(i).ToString() & "<br/>"
    Next

    MessageLabel.Text &= "</br>"

  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Hire Date:</b>                 
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("HireDate","{0:d}") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  accesskey="n" tabindex="1" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  accesskey="l" tabindex="2" runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  accesskey="t" tabindex="3" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="HireDateUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Hire Date" />:</b>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  accesskey="h" tabindex="4" runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="AddressUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Address" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  accesskey="a" tabindex="5" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  accesskey="c" tabindex="6" runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  accesskey="r" tabindex="7" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  accesskey="p" tabindex="8" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  accesskey="u" tabindex="9" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update" tabindex="10" 
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel" tabindex="11" 
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

当单击控件中ItemUpdated的 "更新" 按钮 (其CommandName属性设置为 "Update") 时, FormView控件将引发事件, 但在控件更新记录后。 FormViewThe FormView control raises the ItemUpdated event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but after the FormView control updates the record. 这使你可以提供一种事件处理方法, 该方法执行自定义例程, 如在此事件发生时检查更新操作的结果。This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as checking the results of an update operation, whenever this event occurs.

FormViewUpdatedEventArgs对象将传递到事件处理方法, 该方法允许你确定受影响的记录数以及可能已发生的任何异常。A FormViewUpdatedEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the number of records affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. 若要确定受更新操作影响的记录数, 请使用AffectedRows属性。To determine the number of records affected by the update operation, use the AffectedRows property. Exception使用属性可确定是否发生了异常。Use the Exception property to determine whether any exceptions occurred. 还可以通过设置ExceptionHandled属性, 指示是否已在事件处理方法中处理异常。You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event-handling method by setting the ExceptionHandled property. 如果需要访问已更新记录的原始键字段值, 请使用Keys属性。If you need to access the original key field values for the updated record, use the Keys property. 使用OldValues属性可以访问原始的非键字段值。The original non-key field values can be accessed by using the OldValues property. 如果你允许用户编辑关键字字段, 则更新的值 (包括更新的密钥字段值) 将使用NewValues属性进行访问。Updated values (which include updated key field values, if you allow the user to edit key fields) are accessed using the NewValues property.

默认情况下, FormView该控件返回到更新操作后DefaultMode由属性指定的模式。By default, the FormView control returns to the mode specified by the DefaultMode property after an update operation. 当处理在更新操作过程中发生的异常时, 可以通过FormView KeepInEditMode将属性设置为true, 使控件处于编辑模式。When handling an exception that occurred during the update operation, you can keep the FormView control in edit mode by setting the KeepInEditMode property to true.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

有关 FormViewUpdatedEventArgs 类的实例的初始属性值列表,请参见 FormViewUpdatedEventArgs 构造函数。For a list of initial property values for an instance of the FormViewUpdatedEventArgs class, see the FormViewUpdatedEventArgs constructor.

构造函数

FormViewUpdatedEventArgs(Int32, Exception)

初始化 FormViewUpdatedEventArgs 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the FormViewUpdatedEventArgs class.

属性

AffectedRows

获取受更新操作影响的行数。Gets the number of rows affected by the update operation.

Exception

获取更新操作过程中引发的异常(如果有)。Gets the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation.

ExceptionHandled

获取或设置一个值,该值指示在更新操作过程中所引发的异常是否已在事件处理程序中得到处理。Gets or sets a value indicating whether an exception that was raised during the update operation was handled in the event handler.

KeepInEditMode

获取或设置一个值,该值指示在更新操作完成后 FormView 控件是否仍保持在编辑模式下。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the FormView control should remain in edit mode after an update operation.

Keys

获取一个字典,该字典包含已更新记录的原始键字段的名称/值对。Gets a dictionary that contains the original key field name/value pairs for the updated record.

NewValues

获取一个字典,该字典包含已更新记录的新字段的名称/值对。Gets a dictionary that contains the new field name/value pairs for the updated record.

OldValues

获取一个字典,该字典包含已更新记录的原始非键字段的名称/值对。Gets a dictionary that contains the original non-key field name/value pairs for the updated record.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅