了解企业版Microsoft 365订阅和许可证Understand subscriptions and licenses in Microsoft 365 for business

购买适用于Microsoft 365订阅时,需要注册一组按月或按年付费的应用和服务。When you buy a subscription to Microsoft 365 for business, you sign up for a set of apps and services that you pay for on either a monthly or an annual basis. 作为订阅的一部分收到的应用程序和服务取决于您购买的产品,例如Microsoft 365 商业应用版或Microsoft 365 商业标准版。The applications and services that you receive as part of your subscription depend on which product you purchased, such as Microsoft 365 Apps for business or Microsoft 365 Business Standard. 您可以在适用于中小型企业的 Microsoft 365 页面上查看每个产品随附的内容You can see what comes with each product on the Microsoft 365 for small and medium-sized businesses page.

购买订阅时,根据组织中的人数指定所需的许可证数。When you buy a subscription, you specify the number of licenses that you need, based on how many people you have in your organization. 购买订阅后,为组织成员创建帐户,然后为每个人分配许可证。After you buy a subscription, you create accounts for people in your organization, and then assign a license to each person. 随着组织需求的变化,你可以购买更多许可证来容纳新人,或在某人离开组织时将许可证重新分配给其他用户。As your organizational needs change, you can buy more licenses to accommodate new people, or reassign licenses to other users when someone leaves your organization.

如果有一个以上的订阅,则可以针对每个订阅将许可证分配给不同人员。If you have more than one subscription, you can assign licenses to different people for each subscription. 例如,您可以将所有用户分配给所有 Microsoft 365 应用程序和服务,作为订阅的一Microsoft 365 商业标准版部分。For example, you can assign all of your users to all Microsoft 365 applications and services as part of a Microsoft 365 Business Standard subscription. 您还可以通过单独的订阅将一部分Visio分配给 Visio Online。You can also assign a subset of users to Visio Online through a separate Visio subscription.

可以在多少台设备上安装 Office?How many devices can people install Office on?

如果你的订阅包括以下任一产品,则每个人Office五台电脑或 Mac、五台平板电脑和五部手机上进行安装。If your subscription includes any of the following products, each person can install Office on up to five PCs or Mac, five tablets, and five phones.

- Microsoft 365 商业应用版 - Microsoft 365 企业应用版 - Microsoft 365 商业标准版 - Microsoft 365 商业高级版 - Microsoft 365 A3 - Microsoft 365 A5- Microsoft 365 Apps for business - Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise - Microsoft 365 Business Standard - Microsoft 365 Business Premium - Microsoft 365 A3 - Microsoft 365 A5

- Microsoft 365 E3 - Microsoft 365 E5 - Office 365 A1 Plus - Office 365 A3 - Office 365 A5 - Office 365 E3 - Office 365 E5- Microsoft 365 E3 - Microsoft 365 E5 - Office 365 A1 Plus - Office 365 A3 - Office 365 A5 - Office 365 E3 - Office 365 E5

将许可证分配给某人时会发生什么情况?What happens when you assign a license to someone?

下表列出了在为某人分配许可证时会自动发生的情况:The following table lists what automatically happens when you assign a license to someone:

如果订阅中有此服务If the subscription has this service 将会自动发生该情况This automatically happens
Exchange OnlineExchange Online
将为该人员创建一个邮箱。A mailbox is created for that person.
若要了解有关要完成此任务的 SLA,请参阅"设置..."。管理Microsoft 365中的邮件To learn about the SLA for this task to be completed, see "Setting up..." messages in the Microsoft 365 admin center.
SharePoint OnlineSharePoint Online
将为该人员分配默认 SharePoint Online 团队网站的编辑权限。Edit permissions to the default SharePoint Online team site are assigned to that person.
Skype for Business OnlineSkype for Business Online
用户有权访问与许可证关联的功能。The person has access to the features associated with the license.
Microsoft 365 企业应用版Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise
用户可以在最多Office台 Mac 或 PC、五台平板电脑和五台智能手机上下载这些应用。The person can download Office apps on up to five Macs or PCs, five tablets, and five smartphones.

了解非用户邮箱的许可证Understand licenses for non-user mailboxes

不需要为资源邮箱、会议室邮箱和共享邮箱分配许可证,除非这些邮箱超过了其 50 千兆字节 (GB) 的存储配额。有关非用户邮箱的详细信息,请参阅以下文章:You don't need to assign licenses to resource mailboxes, room mailboxes, and shared mailboxes, except when they are over their storage quota of 50 gigabytes (GB). For more about non-user mailboxes, see the following articles:

Who分配许可证?Who can assign licenses?

不同类型的管理员可以根据其角色以不同方式处理许可证。下表列出了最常见的选项。有关管理员角色和特权的完整列表,请参阅关于管理员角色Different types of admins can work with licenses in different ways, depending on their roles. The following table lists the most common options. For a complete list of admin roles and privileges, see About admin roles.

管理员角色Admin role 分配许可证Assign a license 取消分配许可证Unassign a license 购买更多许可证Buy more licenses 删除帐户Delete an account
帐务管理员Billing admin
No
No
Yes
No
全局管理员Global admin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
许可证管理员License admin
Yes
Yes
No
No
服务支持管理员Service Support admin
No
No
No
No
用户管理员User admin
Yes
Yes
No
Yes

购买或删除商业版订阅的许可证 (文章) Buy or remove licenses for your business subscription (article)
向用户分配许可证Assign licenses to users (article)</span> 取消向用户分配许可证(文章)Unassign licenses from users (article)
从共享邮箱中删除许可证 ( 文章) Remove a license from a shared mailbox (article)