向用户分配许可证Assign licenses to users

可在“活动用户”页面或“许可证”页面上向用户分配许可证。You can assign licenses to users on either the Active users page, or on the Licenses page. 所使用的方法取决于是要向特定用户分配产品许可证还是向特定产品分配用户许可证。The method you use depends on whether you want to assign product licenses to specific users or assign users licenses to a specific product.

备注

作为管理员,你不能为组织中用户购买的自助购买订阅分配或取消分配许可证。As an admin, you can't assign or unassign licenses for a self-service purchase subscription bought by a user in your organization. 你可以 接管自助购买订阅,然后分配或取消分配许可证。You can take over a self-service purchase subscription, and then assign or unassign licenses.

了解如何同时添加用户帐户和分配许可证Learn how to add a user and assign a license at the same time.

准备工作Before you begin

使用“许可证”页面向用户分配许可证Use the Licenses page to assign licenses to users

使用“许可证”页面分配许可证时,最多可向 20 名用户分配特定产品的许可证。When you use the Licenses page to assign licenses, you assign licenses for a specific product to up to 20 users. 在“许可证”页面上,你将看到你所订阅的所有产品的列表。On the Licenses page, you see a list of all the products that you have subscriptions for. 你还将看到每个产品的许可证总数、分配的许可证数以及可用的许可证数量。You also see the total number of licenses for each product, how many licenses are assigned, and how many are available.

  1. 在管理中心,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 选择产品。Select a product.
  2. 在产品详细信息页面上,选择“分配许可证”。On the product details page, select Assign licenses.
  3. 在“向用户分配许可证”窗格中,开始键入名称,然后从结果中将其选中,将其添加到列表中。In the Assign licenses to users pane, begin typing a name, and then choose it from the results to add it to the list. 一次最多可添加 20 名用户。You can add up to 20 users at a time.
  4. 选择“打开或关闭应用和服务”,向特定项目分配访问权限或删除其访问权限。Select Turn apps and services on or off to assign or remove access to specific items.
  5. 完成后,选择“分配”,然后选择“关闭”。When you're finished, select Assign, then select Close.

如果出现冲突,则将显示一则消息,指出问题是什么以及如何修复它。If there's a conflict, a message displays, tells you what the problem is, and tells you how to fix it. 例如,如果选择包含冲突服务的许可证,错误消息将指示审阅随每个许可证包含的服务并重试。For example, if you selected licenses that contain conflicting services, the error message says to review the services included with each license and try again.

更改用户有权访问的应用和服务Change the apps and services a user has access to

  1. 在管理中心,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“许可证”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Licenses page.
  1. 在“许可证”页面上,选择特定用户所对应的行。On the Licenses page, select the row for a specific user.
  2. 在右侧窗格中,选择或取消选择要授予或取消访问权限的应用和服务。In the right pane, select or deselect the apps and services that you want to give access to or remove access from.
  3. 完成后,选择“保存”,然后选择“关闭”。When you're finished, select Save, then select Close.

使用“活动用户”页面分配许可证Use the Active users page to assign licenses

使用“活动用户”页面分配许可证时,将向产品分配用户许可证。When you use the Active users page to assign licenses, you assign users licenses to products.

向多个用户分配许可证Assign licenses to multiple users

  1. 在管理中心,转到“用户”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Users > Active users page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Active users page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Active users page.
  1. 选中要向其分配许可证的用户姓名旁边的圆圈。Select the circles next to the names of the users that you want to assign licenses to.
  2. 在顶部选择“更多选项(...)”,然后选择“管理产品许可证”。At the top, select More options (...), then select Manage product licenses.
  3. 在“管理产品许可证”窗格中,选择“添加到现有产品许可证分配”>“下一步”。In the Manage product licenses pane, select Add to existing product license assignments > Next.
  4. 在“添加到现有产品”窗格中,将希望所选用户具备的许可证的开关切换到“”位置。In the Add to existing products pane, switch the toggle to the On position for the license that you want the selected users to have.
    默认情况下,与这些许可证关联的所有服务都将自动分配给该用户。By default, all services associated with those licenses are automatically assigned to the users. 可限制能提供给用户的具体服务。You can limit which services are available to the users. 将不希望所选用户具备的服务的开关切换到“”。Switch the toggles to the Off position for the services that you don't want the users to have.
  5. 在窗格底部,选择“添加”>“关闭”。At the bottom of the pane, select Add > Close.

备注

如果要为大量用户分配许可证,请使用"按 Active Directory 中的组成员身份为用户分配许可证If you want to assign licenses for a large number of users, use Assign licenses to users by group membership in Azure Active Directory

向一个用户分配许可证Assign licenses to one user

  1. 在管理中心,转到“用户”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Users > Active users page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Active users page.
  1. 管理中心 内,转到“计费”>“活动用户”页面。In the admin center, go to the Billing > Active users page.
  1. 选择要向其分配许可证的用户所对应的行。Select the row of the user that you want to assign a license to.
  2. 在右侧窗格,选择“许可证和应用”。In the right pane, select Licenses and Apps.
  3. 展开“许可证”部分,选择要分配的许可证的框,然后选择“保存更改”。Expand the Licenses section, select the boxes for the licenses that you want to assign, then select Save changes.

向来宾用户分配许可证Assign a license to a guest user

可在 Azure Active directory 管理中心中邀请来宾用户与你的组织进行协作。You can invite guest users to collaborate with your organization in the Azure Active Directory admin center. 若要了解有关来宾用户的信息,请参阅 Azure Active Directory B2B 中的来宾用户访问是什么?To learn about guest users, see What is guest user access in Azure Active Directory B2B?. 如果你没有任何来宾用户,请参阅快速入门:在 Azure 门户中将来宾用户添加到你的目录If you don't have any guest users, see Quickstart: Add guest users to your directory in the Azure portal.

重要

必须是全局管理员才能执行这些步骤。You must be a Global admin to do these steps.

  1. 转到 Azure Active Directory 管理中心Go to the Azure Active Directory admin center
  2. 在导航窗格中,选择“用户”。In the navigation pane, select Users.
  3. 在“用户 | 所有用户(预览)”页面上,选择“添加筛选器”。On the Users | All Users (Preview) page, select Add filters.
  4. 在“选择字段”菜单中,选择“用户类型”,然后选择“应用”。In the Pick a field menu, choose User type, then select Apply.
  5. 在下一个菜单中,选择“来宾”。In the next menu, select Guest.
  6. 在结果列表中,选择需要许可证的用户。In the list of results, select the user who needs a license.
  7. 在“管理”下,选择“许可证”。Under Manage, select Licenses.
  8. 选择“分配”。Select Assignments.
  9. 在“更新许可证分配”页面上,选择要为其分配许可证的产品。On the Update license assignments page, select the product you want to assign a license for.
  10. 在右侧,清除不希望来宾用户拥有访问权限的任何服务所对应的复选框。On the right, clear the check boxes for any services you don't want the guest user to have access to.
  11. 选择“保存”。Select Save.

后续步骤Next steps

如果用户尚未安装 Office 应用,你可以与其共享员工快速入门指南以进行各项设置,如如何在电脑或 Mac 上下载并安装 Microsoft 365 或 Office 2019以及如何在移动设备上设置 Office 应用和电子邮件If your users don't yet have the Office apps installed, you can share the Employee quick start guide with your users to set up things, like how to download and install Microsoft 365 or Office 2019 on a PC or Mac and how to set up Office apps and email on a mobile device.

了解订阅和许可证(文章)Understand subscriptions and licenses (article)
取消向用户分配许可证(文章)Unassign licenses from users (article)
购买或删除订阅的许可证(文章)Buy or remove licenses for your subscription (article)