TextFileFixedColumnWidths 属性 (Excel)QueryTable.TextFileFixedColumnWidths property (Excel)

返回或设置一个整数数组, 该整数与要导入查询表的文本文件中的列 (以字符为单位) 的宽度相对应。Returns or sets an array of integers that correspond to the widths of the columns (in characters) in the text file that you are importing into a query table. 有效的宽度为 1 到 32767 个字符。Valid widths are from 1 through 32767 characters. 读/写 VariantRead/write Variant.



_表达式_一个代表查询表对象**** 的变量。expression A variable that represents a QueryTable object.


仅当查询表基于文本文件中的数据 ( QueryType 属性设置为xlTextImport), 且仅当**并且 textfileparsetype** 属性的值为xlFixedWidth时, 才使用此属性。Use this property only when your query table is based on data from a text file (with the QueryType property set to xlTextImport), and only if the value of the TextFileParseType property is xlFixedWidth.

必须指定一个有效的非负值列宽。You must specify a valid, nonnegative column width. 如果指定的列超出了文本文件的宽度,则会忽略那些值。If you specify columns that exceed the width of the text file, those values are ignored. 如果文本文件的宽度大于您指定的列的总宽度, 则文本文件的余额将导入到其他列中。If the width of the text file is greater than the total width of columns that you specify, the balance of the text file is imported into an additional column.

如果使用用户界面导入数据, 则会将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为一个查询表**** 对象导入, 而将所有其他外部数据作为**ListObject** 对象导入。If you import data by using the user interface, data from a web query or a text query is imported as a QueryTable object, while all other external data is imported as a ListObject object.

如果使用对象模型导入数据, 则必须将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为查询表导入****, 而所有其他外部数据均可作为ListObject或查询表导入。 ****If you import data by using the object model, data from a web query or a text query must be imported as a QueryTable, while all other external data can be imported as either a ListObject or a QueryTable.

TextFileFixedColumnWidths 属性仅适用于 QueryTable 对象。The TextFileFixedColumnWidths property applies only to QueryTable objects.


本示例向第一个工作簿中第一张工作表上的新查询表中导入一个固定宽度的文本文件。This example imports a fixed-width text file into a new query table on the first worksheet in the first workbook. 该文本文件的第一列为五个字符宽度,作为文本导入。The first column in the text file is five characters wide and is imported as text. 第二列为四个字符宽度,被跳过。The second column is four characters wide and is skipped. 该文本文件的剩余部分被导入第三列,并对其应用常规格式。The remainder of the text file is imported into the third column and has the General format applied to it.

Set shFirstQtr = Workbooks(1).Worksheets(1) 
Set qtQtrResults = shFirstQtr.QueryTables _ 
 .Add(Connection := "TEXT;C:\My Documents\19980331.txt", _ 
 Destination := shFirstQtr.Cells(1, 1)) 
With qtQtrResults 
 .TextFileParseType = xlFixedWidth 
 .TextFileFixedColumnWidths = Array(5, 4) 
 .TextFileColumnDataTypes = _ 
 Array(xlTextFormat, xlSkipColumn, xlGeneralFormat) 
End With

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