SharePoint Server 中的網站與網站集合概觀Overview of sites and site collections in SharePoint Server

摘要:了解 SharePoint Server 2016 和 SharePoint 2013 中的網站集合、網站及網站範本。Summary: Learn about site collections, sites, and site templates in SharePoint Server 2016 and SharePoint 2013.

網站集合由一個最上層網站及其所有下層網站組成。如下圖所示,它是 SharePoint Server Web 應用程式中的最上層組織。單一 Web 應用程式中可以擁有的網站集合數目由您的伺服器基礎結構容量決定。如需 SharePoint Server 界限的詳細資訊,請參閱<SharePoint Server 2016 的軟體界限及限制>。A site collection is made up of one top-level site and all sites below it. As shown in the following figure, it is the top level of organization in a SharePoint Server web application. The number of site collections you can have in a single web application depends on the capacity of your server infrastructure. For more information about SharePoint Server boundaries, see Software boundaries and limits for SharePoint Server 2016.

圖:SharePoint Server 2016 中的網站集合結構Figure: Structure of a site collection in SharePoint Server 2016

Diagram of a site collection

下列方針顯示 SharePoint Server 網站和網站集合與內容資料庫之間的關係:The following guidelines show the relationship between SharePoint Server sites and site collections, and content databases:

  • 網站集合中的所有內容都必須儲存在單一內容資料庫中。您無法跨多個內容資料庫來儲存網站集合的內容。All content in a site collection must be stored in a single content database. You can't store a site collection's content across multiple content databases.

  • 您可以擴充支援網站集合的內容資料庫。您也可以在 Web 應用程式層級向外延展內容資料庫,以支援額外的網站集合。You can scale up content databases that support a site collection. You can also scale-out a content database at the web application level to support additional site collections.

  • 網站集合只能存在於一個內容資料庫中,但一個內容資料庫可以代管多個網站集合的內容。A site collection can exist in only one content database, but one content database can host the content for multiple site collections.

  • 網站不能存在於網站集合外部,而且只能存在於一個網站集合中,但一個網站集合可以代管許多網站。A site can't exist outside of a site collection and can only exist in one site collection but a site collection can host many sites.

SharePoint 網站集合概觀Overview of SharePoint site collections

您可以建立網站集合來代管擁有共同事物的網站。例如,網站位於相同的管理界限內或者共用相同的品牌。您可以建立網站集合,以容納某個業務單位的所有網站與內容。單一網站集合也可能變得太大而不易管理,此時便需要分割成較小的網站集合。最後,有些網站集合需要個別建立來代管特定 SharePoint Server 功能 (例如企業搜尋中心) 或者代管「我的網站」。網站集合是一種依據共同用途來組織網站的方法。You create a site collection to host sites that have something in common. For example, the sites might be in a common administrative boundary or share common branding. The site collection might be created to house all the sites and content for a business unit. Or, a single site collection might have become too large to manage, and it must be split into smaller ones. Lastly, some site collections are created exclusively to host specific SharePoint Server functionality, such as Enterprise Search Center or to host My Sites. Site collections are a way of organizing sites for a common purpose.

SharePoint Server 支援兩種類型的網站集合:已指定主機的網站集合與路徑型網站集合。在路徑型網站集合中,網站集合中的所有子網站將共用根或父項 URL (DNS 名稱)。例如,假設小組 A 在 http://contoso.com/sites/teamA 有一個網站集合,小組 B 在 http://contoso/sites/teamB 有一個網站集合。兩個網站集合內的所有網站將具有 http://contoso.com/sites/teamA 或 /teamB 根。讓其具有不同 URL 根的唯一方法是建立不同的 Web 應用程式。SharePoint Server supports two types of site collections: host-named site collections and path-based site collections. In a path-based site collection, all the subsites in the site collection will share a root or parent URL (DNS name). For example, Team A could have a site collection at http://contoso.com/sites/teamA, and Team B would have a site collection at http://contoso/sites/teamB. All sites in either site collection would have the http://contoso.com/sites/teamA or /teamB root. The only way to have a different URL root is to create a different web application.

若要更貼近 SharePoint Online 最佳作法,您應該使用已指定主機的網站集合。已指定主機的網站集合允許您為 Web 應用程式中建立的每個網站集合指派自訂名稱。例如,您可以在同一個 Web 應用程式中擁有兩個網站集合,網址如下:http://TeamA.contoso.comhttp://TeamB.contoso.com。此方法更具有擴充性而且已經在 SharePoint Online 下經過嚴格測試。To better align with SharePoint Online best practices, you should use host-named site collections. Host-named site collections allow you to assign custom names to each site collection that you create in a web application. For example, you can have two site collections in the same web application addressed like this: http://TeamA.contoso.com and http://TeamB.contoso.com. This is much more scalable and has been heavily tested in SharePoint Online.

由於網站集合與網站是以父子關係方式而存在,因此有許多控制與功能的層面可以在網站集合層級設定以及在網站層級運用。以下是其優點:Because site collections and sites exist in a parent-child relationship, there are aspects of control and functionality that can be configured at the site collection level and used at the site level. This provides many benefits as follows:

  • 對網站設計人員而言,網站集合的圖庫與檔案庫 (例如主版頁面圖庫或網站集合影像庫) 可提供方法在網站集合的所有網站建立統一且有品牌感的使用者經驗。For site designers, a site collection's galleries and libraries (such as the Master Page Gallery or the Site Collection Images library) provide a means for creating a unified, branded user experience across all sites in the site collection.

  • 對網站集合管理員而言,網站集合提供統一的管理機制與範圍。例如,安全、原則與功能可以從整個網站集合角度進行管理;網站集合 Web Analytics 報告、稽核記錄報告及其他資料則可以協助管理員追蹤網站集合安全及效能。For site collection administrators, a site collection provides a unified mechanism and scope for administration. For example, security, policies, and features can be managed for a whole site collection; Site Collection Web Analytics Reports, audit log reports, and other data can help administrators track site collection security and performance.

  • 對伺服器陣列管理員而言,網站集合可以在內容資料庫之間移動。伺服器陣列管理員可以藉此管理內容資料庫的大小。For farm administrators, site collections can be moved between content databases. By doing this, farm administrators can manage the size of their content databases.

  • 對網站作者而言,共用的網站欄、內容類型、網頁組件、寫作資源、工作流程以及其他網站集合功能可以提供一致的撰寫環境。For site authors, shared site columns, content types, Web Parts, authoring resources, workflows, and other site collection features provide a consistent authoring environment.

  • 對網站使用者而言,網站集合統一的導覽、品牌及搜尋工具能夠提供統一的網站經驗。For site users, a site collection's unified navigation, branding, and search tools provide a unified website experience.

每個網站集合都是以單一、最上層的網站開始。它是一個網站,因此它的結構與功能是以網站範本為基礎。SharePoint Server 提供許多網站範本,而且您也可以視個人需求建立及使用範本。下表描述 SharePoint Server 2016 中提供的網站集合範本。Every site collection starts as a single, top-level site. Because it is a site, its structure and functionality is based on a site template. SharePoint Server provides many site templates, plus you can also create and use your own as needed. The following tables describe the site collection templates that are available in SharePoint Server 2016.

表格:SharePoint Server 2016 中的網站範本Table: Site templates in SharePoint Server 2016

類型Type 名稱Name 描述Description 可用性Availability
CollaborationCollaboration
小組網站Team Site
可讓一組人員一起工作的場所。A place to work together with a group of people.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
CollaborationCollaboration
部落格Blog
可讓個人或小組發表構想、觀察及專業知識,以及網站訪客發表意見的網站。A site for a person or team to post ideas, observations, and expertise that site visitors can comment on.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
CollaborationCollaboration
開發人員網站Developer Site
可讓開發人員建立、測試與發佈 Office 應用程式的網站。A site for developers to build, test, and publish apps for Office.
僅網站集合Site collection only
CollaborationCollaboration
專案網站Project Site
專案管理及專案共同作業專用的網站。此網站範本可將專案相關的所有狀態、通訊及成品集中到一個位置。A site for managing and collaborating on a project. This site template brings all status, communication, and artifacts relevant to the project into one place.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
CollaborationCollaboration
社群網站Community Site
社群成員可以討論共同興趣主題的場所。成員可以透過探索主題類別、排序討論、依熱門程度或僅查閱具有最佳回覆的文章來瀏覽或尋找相關內容。成員可以透過開始或回覆討論主題、表示喜歡某些文章以及指定最佳回覆等參與社群活動而獲得聲望點數。A place where community members discuss topics of common interest. Members can browse and discover relevant content by exploring categories, sorting discussions, by popularity or by viewing only posts that have a best reply. Members gain reputation points by participating in the community, such as starting discussions and replying to them, liking posts, and specifying best replies.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
文件中心Document Center
用於集中管理您企業文件的網站。A site to centrally manage documents in your enterprise.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
就地保留原則中心In-Place Hold Policy Center
可管理原則以保留特定時間量的內容的網站。A site to manage policies to preserve content for specific amounts of time.
僅網站集合Site collection only
EnterpriseEnterprise
eDiscovery 中心eDiscovery Center
用於管理保留、搜尋和匯出法律相關事項與調查內容的網站。A site to manage the preservation, search, and export of content for legal matters and investigations.
僅網站集合Site collection only
EnterpriseEnterprise
記錄中心Records Center
此範本可建立專為記錄管理而設計的網站。記錄管理員可以設定路由表,將內送檔案導向至特定位置。此網站還可讓您管理是否允許刪除或修改已新增至存放庫的記錄。This template creates a site designed for records management. Records managers can configure the routing table to direct incoming files to specific locations. The site also lets you manage whether records can be deleted or modified after they are added to the repository.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
商務智慧中心Business Intelligence Center
用於呈現商務智慧內容的網站。A site for presenting Business Intelligence content.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
合規性原則中心Compliance Policy Center
可管理原則並在指定時間之後刪除文件的網站。A site to manage policies and delete documents after specified times.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
企業搜尋中心Enterprise Search Center
專注於提供整體企業搜尋經驗的網站。A site focused on delivering an enterprise-wide search experience.
Note:Note:
搜尋中心應該是個別的網站集合,因為它們能夠在公司入口網站或部門搜尋資訊。如果您以子網站建立搜尋中心,您可能要建立一些因應措施來達成完整自訂。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 MSDN Library 的<自訂搜尋中心>。 Search Centers should be separate site collections because they search for information across a company portal or division. If you create a Search Center as a subsite, you might have to create some workarounds for a full customization. For more information, see Customizing the Search Center.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
我的網站主機My Site Host
用於主控個人網站 (我的網站) 及公用的 [人員設定檔] 頁面的網站。A site used for hosting personal sites (My Sites) and the public People Profile page.
僅網站集合Site collection only
EnterpriseEnterprise
社群入口網站Community Portal
用於探索社群的網站。A site for discovering communities.
僅網站集合Site collection only
EnterpriseEnterprise
基本搜尋中心Basic Search Center
專注於提供基本搜尋經驗的網站。此網站包含一個歡迎頁面,內含可將使用者連到搜尋結果頁面及進階搜尋頁面的搜尋方塊。此搜尋中心不會出現在導覽中。 A site focused on delivering a basic search experience. It includes a welcome page with a search box that connects users to a search results page and an advanced search page. This Search Center will not appear in navigation.
Note:Note:
搜尋中心應該是個別的網站集合,因為它們能夠在公司入口網站或部門搜尋資訊。如果您以子網站建立搜尋中心,您可能要建立一些因應措施來達成完整自訂。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 MSDN Library 的<自訂搜尋中心>。 Search Centers should be separate site collections because they search for information across a company portal or division. If you create a Search Center as a subsite, you might have to create some workarounds for a full customization. For more information, see Customizing the Search Center.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
EnterpriseEnterprise
Visio 程序存放庫Visio Process Repository
用於檢視、共用與儲存 Visio 流程圖的網站。此網站含有一個已建立版本的文件庫,以及基本流程圖、交互功能流程圖和 BPMN 圖的範本。 A site for viewing, sharing, and storing Visio process diagrams. It includes a versioned document library and templates for Basic Flowcharts, Cross-functional Flowcharts, and BPMN diagrams.
Note:Note:
Visio 程序存放庫網站範本將會從下一版 SharePoint Server 移除。The Visio Process Repository site template will be removed in the next version of SharePoint Server.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
PublishingPublishing
發佈入口網站Publishing Portal
適用於網際網路對向網站或大型內部網路入口網站適用的入門階層。此網站易於自訂有特色的品牌。此網站的讀取者通常多於參與者,並且可以使用核准的工作流程來發佈網頁。A starter hierarchy for an Internet-facing site or a large intranet portal. This site can be customized easily with distinctive branding. Typically, this site has many more readers than contributors and it is used to publish web pages with approval workflows.
僅網站集合Site collection only
PublishingPublishing
企業 WikiEnterprise Wiki
用於發佈您所擷取到且希望在整個企業分享之知識的網站。A site for publishing knowledge that you capture and want to share across the enterprise.
網站集合和網站Site collection and site
PublishingPublishing
產品型錄Product Catalog
用於管理產品型錄資料的網站,這些資料則可透過搜尋發佈至網際網路對向網站。A site for managing product catalog data that can be published to an Internet-facing site through search.
僅網站集合Site collection only
CustomCustom
<稍後選取範本...><Select template later…>
建立空白網站並在之後挑選網站的範本。Create an empty site and pick a template for the site at a later time.
僅網站集合Site collection only

下表說明 SharePoint 2013 提供的 2013 體驗版網站範本。The following table describes the 2013 experience version site templates that are available in SharePoint 2013.

表格:SharePoint 2013 中的 2013 體驗版網站範本Table: 2013 experience version site templates in SharePoint 2013

類型Type 名稱Name 描述Description 可用性Availability
CollaborationCollaboration
小組網站Team Site
可讓一組人員一起工作的場所。A place to work together with a group of people.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
BlogBlog
可讓個人或小組發表構想、觀察及專業知識,以及網站訪客發表意見的網站。A site for a person or team to post ideas, observations, and expertise that site visitors can comment on.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
Develop SiteDevelop Site
可讓開發人員建立、測試與發佈 Office 應用程式的網站。A site for developers to build, test, and publish apps for Office.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
Project SiteProject Site
專案管理及專案共同作業專用的網站。此網站範本可將專案相關的所有狀態、通訊及成品集中到一個位置。A site for managing and collaborating on a project. This site template brings all status, communication, and artifacts relevant to the project into one place.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
Community SiteCommunity Site
社群成員可以討論共同興趣主題的場所。成員可以透過探索主題類別、排序討論、依熱門程度或僅查閱具有最佳回覆的文章來瀏覽或尋找相關內容。成員可以透過開始或回覆討論主題、表示喜歡某些文章以及指定最佳回覆等參與社群活動而獲得聲望點數。A place where community members discuss topics of common interest. Members can browse and discover relevant content by exploring categories, sorting discussions, by popularity or by viewing only posts that have a best reply. Members gain reputation points by participating in the community, such as starting discussions and replying to them, liking posts, and specifying best replies.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
EnterpriseEnterprise
文件中心Document Center
用於集中管理您企業文件的網站。A site to centrally manage documents in your enterprise.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
eDiscovery CentereDiscovery Center
用於管理保留、搜尋和匯出法律相關事項與調查內容的網站。A site to manage the preservation, search, and export of content for legal matters and investigations.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
Records CenterRecords Center
此範本可建立專為記錄管理而設計的網站。記錄管理員可以設定路由表,將內送檔案導向至特定位置。此網站還可讓您管理是否允許刪除或修改已新增至存放庫的記錄。This template creates a site designed for records management. Records managers can configure the routing table to direct incoming files to specific locations. The site also lets you manage whether records can be deleted or modified after they are added to the repository.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
Business Intelligence CenterBusiness Intelligence Center
用於呈現商務智慧內容的網站。A site for presenting Business Intelligence content.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
Enterprise Search CenterEnterprise Search Center
專注於提供整體企業搜尋經驗的網站。A site focused on delivering an enterprise-wide search experience.
Note:Note:
搜尋中心應該是個別的網站集合,因為它們能夠在公司入口網站或部門搜尋資訊。如果您將搜尋中心建立為子網站,您可能要建立一些因應措施來達成完整自訂。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 MSDN Library 的<自訂搜尋中心>。 Search Centers should be separate site collections because they search for information across a company portal or division. If you create a Search Center as a subsite, you might have to create some workarounds for a full customization. For more information, see Customizing the Search Center in the MSDN Library.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
My Site HostMy Site Host
用於主控個人網站 (我的網站) 及公用的 [人員設定檔] 頁面的網站。A site used for hosting personal sites (My Sites) and the public People Profile page.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
Community PortalCommunity Portal
用於探索社群的網站。A site for discovering communities.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
Basic Search CenterBasic Search Center
專注於提供基本搜尋經驗的網站。此網站包含一個歡迎頁面,內含可將使用者連到搜尋結果頁面及進階搜尋頁面的搜尋方塊。此搜尋中心不會出現在導覽中。 A site focused on delivering a basic search experience. It includes a welcome page with a search box that connects users to a search results page and an advanced search page. This Search Center will not appear in navigation.
Note:Note:
搜尋中心應該是個別的網站集合,因為它們能夠在公司入口網站或部門搜尋資訊。如果您將搜尋中心建立為子網站,您可能要建立一些因應措施來達成完整自訂。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 MSDN Library 的<自訂搜尋中心>。 Search Centers should be separate site collections because they search for information across a company portal or division. If you create a Search Center as a subsite, you might have to create some workarounds for a full customization. For more information, see Customizing the Search Center in the MSDN Library.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
Visio Process RepositoryVisio Process Repository
用於檢視、共用與儲存 Visio 流程圖的網站。此網站含有一個已建立版本的文件庫,以及基本流程圖、交互功能流程圖和 BPMN 圖的範本。 A site for viewing, sharing, and storing Visio process diagrams. It includes a versioned document library and templates for Basic Flowcharts, Cross-functional Flowcharts, and BPMN diagrams.
Note:Note:
Visio 程序存放庫網站範本將會從下一版 SharePoint Server 移除。The Visio Process Repository site template will be removed in the next version of SharePoint Server.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
PublishingPublishing
發佈入口網站Publishing Portal
適用於網際網路對向網站或大型內部網路入口網站適用的入門階層。此網站易於自訂有特色的品牌。此網站的讀取者通常多於參與者,並且可以使用核准的工作流程來發佈網頁。A starter hierarchy for an Internet-facing site or a large intranet portal. This site can be customized easily with distinctive branding. Typically, this site has many more readers than contributors and it is used to publish web pages with approval workflows.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
Enterprise WikiEnterprise Wiki
用於發佈您所擷取到且希望在整個企業分享之知識的網站。A site for publishing knowledge that you capture and want to share across the enterprise.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
Product CatalogProduct Catalog
用於管理產品型錄資料的網站,這些資料則可透過搜尋發佈至網際網路對向網站。A site for managing product catalog data that can be published to an Internet-facing site through search.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
BlankBlank
發佈網站Publishing site
可讓您擴充網站及快速發佈網頁的空白網站。參與者可以投入於網頁起草工作以及向讀者發佈網頁。 此網站包含文件庫及影像庫以儲存 Web 發佈資產。A blank site for expanding your website and quickly publishing web pages. Contributors can work on draft versions of pages and publish them to make them visible to readers. The site includes document and image libraries for storing web publishing assets.
僅限網站,僅限伺服器Site only, Server only
具有工作流程功能的發佈網站Publishing Site with workflow
可使用核准工作流程以定期發佈網頁的網站。此網站包含文件庫及圖像庫以儲存 Web 發佈資產。根據預設,只有採用此範本的網站才能夠建立在此網站之下。A site for publishing web pages on a schedule by using approval workflows. It includes document and image libraries for storing web publishing assets. By default, only sites with this template can be created under this site.
僅限網站,僅限伺服器Site only, Server only
CustomCustom
<稍後選取範本...><Select template later…>
建立空白網站並在之後挑選網站的範本。Create an empty site and pick a template for the site at a later time.
僅限網站集合,伺服器與基礎Site collection only, Server and Foundation

下表說明 SharePoint 2013 提供的 2010 體驗版網站範本。The following table describes the 2010 experience version site templates that are available in SharePoint 2013.

表格:SharePoint 2013 中的 2010 體驗版網站範本Table: 2010 experience version site templates in SharePoint 2013

類型Type 名稱Name 描述Description 可用性Availability
共同作業Collaboration
小組網站Team Site
功能和 2013 小組網站相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Team site.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
空白網站Blank Site
可讓您依據需求自訂的空白網站。A blank site for you to customize based on your requirements.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
文件工作區Document Workspace
可讓同事一起操作文件的網站。此網站提供文件庫以儲存主要文件及支援的檔案。A site for colleagues to work together on a document. It provides a document library for storing the primary document and supporting files.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
部落格Blog
功能和 2013 部落格網站相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Blog site.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
群組工作網站Group Work Site
此範本提供群組軟體解決方案,可讓小組建立、組織及分享資訊。其中包括群組行事曆、資訊流通、電話備忘錄、文件庫及其他基本清單。This template provides a groupware solution that enables teams to create, organize, and share information. It includes a Group Calendar, Circulation, Phone-Call Memo, a document library, and other basic lists.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
Visio 程序存放庫Visio Process Repository
功能和 2013 Visio 程序存放庫相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Visio Process Repository.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
會議Meetings
基本會議工作區Basic Meeting Workspace
可規劃、組織及擷取會議結果的網站。此網站提供一些清單以管理議程、與會人員及文件。A site to plan, organize, and capture the results of a meeting. It provides lists for managing the agenda, meeting attendees, and documents.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
空白會議工作區Blank Meeting Workspace
可讓您根據需求自訂的空白會議網站。A blank meeting site for you to customize based on your requirements.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
決策會議工作區Decision Meeting Workspace
與追蹤狀態或制定決策相關之會議專用的網站。此網站提供一些清單,用來建立工作、儲存文件及記錄決策。A site for meetings that track status or make decisions. It provides lists for creating tasks, storing documents, and recording decisions.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
社交會議工作區Social Meeting Workspace
用來規劃社交活動的網站。此網站提供一些清單,用來追蹤參與者、提供指引以及儲存活動相片。A site to plan social occasions. It provides lists for tracking attendees, providing directions, and storing pictures of the event.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
多重頁面會議工作區Multipage Meeting Workspace
用於規劃、組織及擷取會議結果的網站。此網站提供一些清單,用來管理議程及與會人員;另外還有兩個空白頁面供您依需要求自訂。A site to plan, organize, and capture the results of a meeting. It provides lists for managing the agenda and meeting attendees in addition to two blank pages for you to customize based on your requirements.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
企業Enterprise
文件中心Document Center
用於集中管理您企業文件的網站。A site to centrally manage documents in your enterprise.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
記錄中心Records Center
此範本可建立專為記錄管理而設計的網站。記錄管理員可以設定路由表,將內送檔案導向至特定位置。This template creates a site designed for records management. Records managers can configure the routing table to direct incoming files to specific locations.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
商務智慧中心Business Intelligence Center
功能和 2013 商務智慧網站相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Business Intelligence site.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
企業搜尋中心Enterprise Search Center
用於提供搜尋經驗的網站。此網站包含可指定範圍的搜尋方塊,可用於一般搜尋及人員搜尋。您可以新增及自訂索引標籤,以專用於其他搜尋範圍或結果類型。A site for delivering the search experience. It includes a search box with scopes for general searches and for people searches. You can add and customize tabs to focus on other search scopes or result types.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
我的網站主機My Site Host
功能和 2013 我的網站主機網站功能。Same functionality as the 2013 My Site Host site.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
基本搜尋中心Basic Search Center
用於提供搜尋經驗的網站。此網站包含搜尋結果與進階搜尋專用的頁面。A site for delivering the search experience. The site includes pages for search results and advanced searches.
網站集合與網站,伺服器與基礎Site collection and site, Server and Foundation
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
FAST 搜尋中心FAST Search Center
用於提供 FAST 搜尋經驗的網站。A site for delivering the FAST search experience.
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
網站集合與網站,僅限伺服器Site collection and site, Server only
發佈Publishing
發佈入口網站Publishing Portal
功能和 2013 發佈入口網站網站相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Publishing Portal site.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
企業 WikiEnterprise Wiki
功能和 2013 企業 Wiki 網站相同。Same functionality as the 2013 Enterprise Wiki site.
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
具有工作流程功能的發佈網站Publishing Site with Workflow
功能和具有工作流程功能的 2013 發佈網站相同Same functionality as the 2013 Publishing Site with Workflow site.
僅限 2010 網站,僅限伺服器2010 site only, Server only
僅限網站集合,僅限伺服器Site collection only, Server only
自訂Custom
<稍後選取範本...><Select template later…>
功能和 2013 <稍後選取範本...> 選項相同。Same functionality as the 2013 <Select template later…> option.
僅限網站集合,伺服器與基礎Site collection only, Server and Foundation
Web 資料庫Web Databases
資產 Web 資料庫Assets Web Database
建立資產資料庫以追蹤資產,包括資產明細及擁有者。Create an assets database to keep track of assets, including asset details and owners.
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
慈善捐款 Web 資料庫Charitable Contributions Web Database
建立資料庫以追蹤和募款活動相關的資訊,包括參與者捐款、與推廣相關的活動及尚未完成的工作。Create a database to track information about fundraising campaigns including donations made by contributors, campaign-related events, and pending tasks.
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
連絡人 Web 資料庫Contacts Web Database
建立連絡人資料庫以管理與小組作業相關的人員,例如客戶與合作夥伴。Create a contacts database to manage information about people that your team works with, such as customer and partner.
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
問題 Web 資料庫Issues Web Database
建立問題資料庫以管理一組問題。您可以指派、設定優先順序,以及追蹤問題從開始到完成的進度。Create an issues database to manage a set of issues or problems. You can assign, prioritize, and follow the progress of issues from start to finish.
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
專案 Web 資料庫Projects Web Database
建立專案追蹤資料庫以追蹤多個專案以及將工作指派給不同的人員。Create a project tracking database to track multiple projects and assign tasks to different people.
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only
僅限 2010 網站2010 site only

注意

[!附註] SharePoint 2013 的 2013 體驗網站已不再提供 SharePoint 2013 的 2010 體驗網站提供的 Web 資料庫網站範本。在 SharePoint Server 2016,您可以透過建立新的應用程式 (而不是建立網站) 來建立 Access 資料庫。The Web Databases site templates that are available through the 2010 experience sites in SharePoint 2013 are no longer available in the 2013 experience sites in SharePoint 2013. In SharePoint Server 2016, you create an Access database by creating a new app, instead of creating a site.

重要

[!重要事項] 部分已經過時的「SharePoint 2010 產品」網站範本 (例如「文件工作區網站」範本) 在 SharePoint 2013 亦不再以選項方式提供。使用這些過時網站範本建立並升級的現有網站仍可以在 SharePoint 2013 下繼續運作。過時的網站範本將從下一版 SharePoint 完全移除。Some SharePoint 2010 Products site templates, such as the Document Workspace Site templates, were deprecated and are not available as an option in SharePoint 2013. Existing sites that were created by using these deprecated site templates and then upgraded will continue to operate in SharePoint 2013. The deprecated site templates will be removed completely from the next version of SharePoint.

以下範例列出採用網站集合實作解決方案的優點:Examples of solutions that benefit from being implemented as site collections are as follows:

  • 小組共同作業網站 支援撰寫與共同作業工作的網站集合。此網站通常包含僅供內部使用 (不對外發佈) 的共同作業內容。例如,在小組共同作業網站集合中,組織中的每一個小組可以有一個網站,用來規劃專案、協調工作、保留會議記錄及儲存小組文件。Team collaboration site A site collection to support authoring and collaboration tasks. Often, this kind of site includes collaborative content that is not published but only used internally. For example, a team collaboration site collection might contain a site for each team in your organization to use to plan projects, coordinate tasks, record meeting notes, and store team documents.

  • 已發佈的網際網路網站 可向網際網路匿名讀者發佈內容的網站集合。少數作者可以為廣大讀者建立和發佈內容。例如,您可以利用已發佈的網際網路網站將公司產品或服務相關資訊提供給客戶。您可以在單一網站集合中實作發佈網站,並使用同一個網站進行撰寫與發佈工作。您也可以使用兩個或更多網站集合來實作發佈網站,以因應各個撰寫與發佈階段。內容可以在一或多個撰寫網站集合上建立,然後使用 SharePoint Server 的 [跨網站集合發佈] 功能顯示在一或多個發佈網站集合上。如需如何決定使用發佈方法的資訊,請參閱< 規劃 SharePoint Server 的網際網路、內部網路及外部網路發佈網站>。如需跨網站發佈的資訊,請參閱<規劃 SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈>。Published Internet site A site collection for publishing content to anonymous Internet readers. A small number of authors create and publish content for many readers. For example, you might use a published Internet site to provide information about company products or services to customers. You can implement publishing sites in a single site collection, where authoring and publishing tasks are performed on the same site. You can also implement publishing sites as two or more site collections that separate the stages of authoring and publishing. Content is created on one or more authoring site collections, and is displayed on one or more publishing site collections by using the Cross-Site Collection Publishing feature in SharePoint Server. For information about how to decide which publishing method to use, see Plan for Internet, intranet, and extranet publishing sites in SharePoint Server. For information about cross-site publishing, see Plan for cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server.

SharePoint 網站概觀Overview of SharePoint sites

您在可以網站集合內建立多個網站以分隔內容,以便更細微地控制內容的外觀與權限。您可以賦予網站集合中的每個網站不同的功能。您可以使用網站範本及其預設設定,也可以透過網站管理變更網站預設設定,然後將網站儲存成新範本。如需詳細資訊,請參閱<建立與使用網站範本>。You create sites in your site collection to partition your content so that you can have finer control of the appearance and the permission to the content. You can also have different features available on the various sites in your site collection. You can use a site template with its default configuration, or you can change the site's default settings through site administration, and then save the site as a new template. For more information, see Create and use site templates.

注意

您無法儲存在 SharePoint 發佈網站集合或網站為範本。如果您啟用非發佈網站集合上的 SharePoint Server 發佈基礎結構功能時,[另存網站為範本] 連結已從 [網站動作] 區段的 [網站設定] 頁面上。You cannot save a SharePoint publishing site collection or site as a template. If you activate the SharePoint Server Publishing Infrastructure feature on a non-publishing site collection, the Save site as template link is removed from the Site Actions section on the Site Settings page.

您可以針對網站設定以下項目:You can configure the following items for a site:

  • 範本 網站集合中的網站可以各自使用不同的範本。Templates Sites in a site collection can each use different templates.

  • 語言 如果 Web 伺服器上已經安裝語言套件,您可以選取建立新網站時要和網站範本搭配使用的特定語言。網站的使用者介面會以建立網站時選取的語言顯示。使用者建立的內容及其他項目則是以建立時使用的語言顯示,如需詳細資訊,請參閱< 在 SharePoint Server 中規劃多語系網站>及<安裝或解除安裝 SharePoint 2016 的語言套件>。Language If language packs were installed on the web server, you can select a specific language to use together with the site template when you create a new site. The user interface that appears on the site is displayed in the language that was selected when the site was created. Content and other items created by users are displayed in the language in which they are created. For more information, see Plan for multilingual sites in SharePoint Server and Install or uninstall language packs for SharePoint Server 2016.

  • 安全性 您可以為每個網站定義唯一的使用者群組與權限。Security You can define unique user groups and permissions for each site.

  • 瀏覽 您可以在網站階層的各個部分設定獨特的導覽連結,來微調網站的導覽經驗。網站導覽通常反映網站集合內各個網站之間的關係。因此,規劃導覽與規劃網站結構兩者是關係密切的活動。如需詳細資訊,請參閱< SharePoint Server 中的網站導覽概觀>。Navigation You can fine-tune your site's navigation experience by configuring unique navigation links in each part of your site's hierarchy. Site navigation often reflects the relationships among the sites in a site collection. Therefore, planning navigation and planning sites structures are closely related activities. For more information, see Overview of site navigation in SharePoint Server.

    在 SharePoint Server 發佈網站中,您可以使用受管理導覽來建立衍生自嚴格管理分類的網站導覽。如需詳細資訊,請參閱<SharePoint Server 中受管理導覽的概觀>。In SharePoint Server publishing sites, you can use managed navigation to create a site navigation that is derived from a tightly managed taxonomy. For more information, see Overview of managed navigation in SharePoint Server.

  • 網頁 每個網站可以擁有獨特的歡迎頁面及其他頁面。Web pages Each site can have a unique welcome page and other pages.

  • 網站版面配置 每個網站可以擁有獨特的版面配置或主版頁面。Site layouts Each site can have a unique layout or master pages.

  • 佈景主題 您可以變更網站的色彩與字型。如需詳細資訊,請參閱< SharePoint Server 中的佈景主題概觀>。Themes You can change colors and fonts on a site. For more information, see Overview of themes in SharePoint Server.

  • 地區設定 每個網站可以自訂地區設定,例如地區設定、時區、排序順序、時間格式及行事曆類型。Regional settings Each site can have custom regional settings, such as locale, time zone, sort order, time format, and calendar type.

  • 搜尋 每個網站可以自訂搜尋設定。例如,您可以指定某個特定網站一律不會出現在搜尋結果中。Search Each site can have custom search settings. For example, you can specify that a particular site never appears in search results.

  • 內容類型 每個網站可以擁有獨特的內容類型及網站欄目。Content types Each site can have unique content types and site columns.

  • 工作流程 您可以設定每個網站各自擁有不同的工作流程。Workflows You can make each site have unique workflows.

  • 應用程式 您可以安裝 SharePoint 應用程式,將特定的資訊或功能提供給 SharePoint 網站。SharePoint 相關應用程式是一個小型的獨立應用程式,用法十分簡單,可滿足特殊使用者或商務的需求。Apps You can install apps for SharePoint to deliver specific information or functionality to a SharePoint site. An app for SharePoint is a small, easy-to-use, stand-alone application that solves a specific end-user or business need.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

在 SharePoint Server 中規劃網站和網站集合Plan sites and site collections in SharePoint Server

SharePoint Server 中的網站導覽概觀Overview of site navigation in SharePoint Server

SharePoint Server 的網站原則概觀Overview of site policies in SharePoint Server