ICollection<T> 介面

定義

定義管理泛型集合的方法。Defines methods to manipulate generic collections.

generic <typename T>
public interface class ICollection : System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T>
public interface ICollection<T> : System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>
type ICollection<'T> = interface
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
Public Interface ICollection(Of T)
Implements IEnumerable(Of T)

類型參數

T

集合裡元素的類型。The type of the elements in the collection.

衍生
實作

範例

下列範例會執行 ICollection<T> 介面,以建立名為的自訂 Box 物件集合 BoxCollectionThe following example implements the ICollection<T> interface to create a collection of custom Box objects named BoxCollection. 每個都 Box 有 height、length 和 width 屬性,可用來定義相等。Each Box has height, length, and width properties, which are used to define equality. 相等可以定義為所有維度相同,或磁片區相同。Equality can be defined as all dimensions being the same or the volume being the same. 類別會執行 Box IEquatable<T> 介面,以定義與維度相同的預設相等。The Box class implements the IEquatable<T> interface to define the default equality as the dimensions being the same.

BoxCollection類別 Contains 會執行方法,以使用預設的相等判斷值是否 Box 在集合中。The BoxCollection class implements the Contains method to use the default equality to determine whether a Box is in the collection. 方法會使用這個方法, Add 讓每個 Box 加入至集合的每一個都有一組唯一的維度。This method is used by the Add method so that each Box added to the collection has a unique set of dimensions. BoxCollection類別也會提供方法的多載 Contains ,此方法會採用指定的 EqualityComparer<T> 物件, BoxSameDimensions 例如 BoxSameVol 範例中的和類別。The BoxCollection class also provides an overload of the Contains method that takes a specified EqualityComparer<T> object, such as BoxSameDimensions and BoxSameVol classes in the example.

這個範例也會實作為 IEnumerator<T> 類別的介面, BoxCollection 以便列舉集合。This example also implements an IEnumerator<T> interface for the BoxCollection class so that the collection can be enumerated.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        BoxCollection bxList = new BoxCollection();

        bxList.Add(new Box(10, 4, 6));
        bxList.Add(new Box(4, 6, 10));
        bxList.Add(new Box(6, 10, 4));
        bxList.Add(new Box(12, 8, 10));

        // Same dimensions. Cannot be added:
        bxList.Add(new Box(10, 4, 6));

        // Test the Remove method.
        Display(bxList);
        Console.WriteLine("Removing 6x10x4");
        bxList.Remove(new Box(6, 10, 4));
        Display(bxList);

        // Test the Contains method.
        Box BoxCheck = new Box(8, 12, 10);
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by dimensions: {3}",
            BoxCheck.Height.ToString(), BoxCheck.Length.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck).ToString());

        // Test the Contains method overload with a specified equality comparer.
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by volume: {3}",
            BoxCheck.Height.ToString(), BoxCheck.Length.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck,
            new BoxSameVol()).ToString());
    }
    public static void Display(BoxCollection bxList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\nHeight\tLength\tWidth\tHash Code");
        foreach (Box bx in bxList)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2}\t{3}",
                bx.Height.ToString(), bx.Length.ToString(),
                bx.Width.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode().ToString());
        }

        // Results by manipulating the enumerator directly:

        //IEnumerator enumerator = bxList.GetEnumerator();
        //Console.WriteLine("\nHeight\tLength\tWidth\tHash Code");
        //while (enumerator.MoveNext())
        //{
        //    Box b = (Box)enumerator.Current;
        //    Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2}\t{3}",
        //    b.Height.ToString(), b.Length.ToString(),
        //    b.Width.ToString(), b.GetHashCode().ToString());
        //}

        Console.WriteLine();
    }

}

public class Box : IEquatable<Box>
{

    public Box(int h, int l, int w)
    {
        this.Height = h;
        this.Length = l;
        this.Width = w;
    }
    public int Height { get; set; }
    public int Length { get; set; }
    public int Width { get; set; }

    // Defines equality using the
    // BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    public bool Equals(Box other)
    {
        if (new BoxSameDimensions().Equals(this, other))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override bool Equals(object obj)
    {
        return base.Equals(obj);
    }

    public override int GetHashCode()
    {
        return base.GetHashCode();
    }
}

public class BoxCollection : ICollection<Box>
{
    // The generic enumerator obtained from IEnumerator<Box>
    // by GetEnumerator can also be used with the non-generic IEnumerator.
    // To avoid a naming conflict, the non-generic IEnumerable method
    // is explicitly implemented.

    public IEnumerator<Box> GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new BoxEnumerator(this);
    }
    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new BoxEnumerator(this);
    }

    // The inner collection to store objects.
    private List<Box> innerCol;

    public BoxCollection()
    {
        innerCol = new List<Box>();
    }

    // Adds an index to the collection.
    public Box this[int index]
    {
        get { return (Box)innerCol[index]; }
        set { innerCol[index] = value; }
    }

    // Determines if an item is in the collection
    // by using the BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    public bool Contains(Box item)
    {
        bool found = false;

        foreach (Box bx in innerCol)
        {
            // Equality defined by the Box
            // class's implmentation of IEquatable<T>.
            if (bx.Equals(item))
            {
                found = true;
            }
        }

        return found;
    }

    // Determines if an item is in the
    // collection by using a specified equality comparer.
    public bool Contains(Box item, EqualityComparer<Box> comp)
    {
        bool found = false;

        foreach (Box bx in innerCol)
        {
            if (comp.Equals(bx, item))
            {
                found = true;
            }
        }

        return found;
    }

    // Adds an item if it is not already in the collection
    // as determined by calling the Contains method.
    public void Add(Box item)
    {

        if (!Contains(item))
        {
            innerCol.Add(item);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A box with {0}x{1}x{2} dimensions was already added to the collection.",
                item.Height.ToString(), item.Length.ToString(), item.Width.ToString());
        }
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        innerCol.Clear();
    }

    public void CopyTo(Box[] array, int arrayIndex)
    {
        if (array == null)
           throw new ArgumentNullException("The array cannot be null.");
        if (arrayIndex < 0)
           throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("The starting array index cannot be negative.");
        if (Count > array.Length - arrayIndex + 1)
           throw new ArgumentException("The destination array has fewer elements than the collection.");

        for (int i = 0; i < innerCol.Count; i++) {
            array[i + arrayIndex] = innerCol[i];
        }
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return innerCol.Count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get { return false; }
    }

    public bool Remove(Box item)
    {
        bool result = false;

        // Iterate the inner collection to
        // find the box to be removed.
        for (int i = 0; i < innerCol.Count; i++)
        {

            Box curBox = (Box)innerCol[i];

            if (new BoxSameDimensions().Equals(curBox, item))
            {
                innerCol.RemoveAt(i);
                result = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
}


// Defines the enumerator for the Boxes collection.
// (Some prefer this class nested in the collection class.)
public class BoxEnumerator : IEnumerator<Box>
{
    private BoxCollection _collection;
    private int curIndex;
    private Box curBox;

    public BoxEnumerator(BoxCollection collection)
    {
        _collection = collection;
        curIndex = -1;
        curBox = default(Box);
    }

    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        //Avoids going beyond the end of the collection.
        if (++curIndex >= _collection.Count)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            // Set current box to next item in collection.
            curBox = _collection[curIndex];
        }
        return true;
    }

    public void Reset() { curIndex = -1; }

    void IDisposable.Dispose() { }

    public Box Current
    {
        get { return curBox; }
    }

    object IEnumerator.Current
    {
        get { return Current; }
    }
}

// Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same dimensions.
public class BoxSameDimensions : EqualityComparer<Box>
{

    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if (b1.Height == b2.Height && b1.Length == b2.Length
                            && b1.Width == b2.Width)
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}

// Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same volume.
public class BoxSameVol : EqualityComparer<Box>
{

    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if ((b1.Height * b1.Length * b1.Width) ==
                (b2.Height * b2.Length * b2.Width))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        Console.WriteLine("HC: {0}", hCode.GetHashCode());
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}


/*
This code example displays the following output:
================================================

A box with 10x4x6 dimensions was already added to the collection.

Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
10      4       6       46104728
4       6       10      12289376
6       10      4       43495525
12      8       10      55915408

Removing 6x10x4

Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
10      4       6       46104728
4       6       10      12289376
12      8       10      55915408

Contains 8x12x10 by dimensions: False
Contains 8x12x10 by volume: True
 */
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Class Program
    Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        Dim bxList As BoxCollection = New BoxCollection()

        bxList.Add(New Box(10, 4, 6))
        bxList.Add(New Box(4, 6, 10))
        bxList.Add(New Box(6, 10, 4))
        bxList.Add(New Box(12, 8, 10))

        ' Same dimensions. Cannot be added:
        bxList.Add(New Box(10, 4, 6))

        ' Test the Remove method.
        Display(bxList)
        Console.WriteLine("Removing 6x10x4")
        bxList.Remove(New Box(6, 10, 4))
        Display(bxList)

        ' Test the Contains method
        Dim BoxCheck As Box = New Box(8, 12, 10)
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by dimensions: {3}", BoxCheck.Height.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck).ToString())

        ' Test the Contains method overload with a specified equality comparer.
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by volume: {3}", BoxCheck.Height.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), BoxCheck.Width.ToString(),
            bxList.Contains(BoxCheck, New BoxSameVol()).ToString())

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal bxList As BoxCollection)
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Height" & vbTab & "Length" & vbTab & "Width" & vbTab & "Hash Code")
        For Each bx As Box In bxList
            Console.WriteLine("{0}" & vbTab & "{1}" & vbTab & "{2}" & vbTab & "{3}", bx.Height.ToString(), bx.Length.ToString(), bx.Width.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode().ToString())
        Next
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class Box : Implements IEquatable(Of Box)
    Public Sub New(ByVal h As Integer, ByVal l As Integer, ByVal w As Integer)
        Me.Height = h
        Me.Length = l
        Me.Width = w
    End Sub

    Private _Height As Integer
    Public Property Height() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Height
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Height = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Length As Integer
    Public Property Length() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Length
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Length = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Width As Integer
    Public Property Width() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Width
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Width = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Overloads Function Equals(ByVal other As Box) As Boolean Implements IEquatable(Of Box).Equals
        Dim BoxSameDim = New BoxSameDimensions()
        If BoxSameDim.Equals(Me, other) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal obj As Object) As Boolean
        Return MyBase.Equals(obj)
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode() As Integer
        Return MyBase.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class

Public Class BoxCollection : Implements ICollection(Of Box)
    ' The generic enumerator obtained from IEnumerator<Box> by GetEnumerator can also
    ' be used with the non-generic IEnumerator. To avoid a naming conflict, 
    ' the non-generic IEnumerable method is explicitly implemented.

    Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator(Of Box) _
        Implements IEnumerable(Of Box).GetEnumerator

        Return New BoxEnumerator(Me)
    End Function

    Private Function GetEnumerator1() As IEnumerator _
        Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator

        Return Me.GetEnumerator()
    End Function

    ' The inner collection to store objects.
    Private innerCol As List(Of Box)

    Public Sub New()
        innerCol = New List(Of Box)
    End Sub

    ' Adds an index to the collection.
    Default Public Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As Box
        Get
            'If index <> -1 Then
            Return CType(innerCol(index), Box)
            'End If
            'Return Nothing
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Box)
            innerCol(index) = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    ' Determines if an item is in the collection
    ' by using the BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    Public Function Contains(ByVal item As Box) As Boolean _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Contains
        Dim found As Boolean = False

        Dim bx As Box
        For Each bx In innerCol
            If New BoxSameDimensions().Equals(bx, item) Then
                found = True
            End If
        Next

        Return found
    End Function

    ' Determines if an item is in the 
    ' collection by using a specified equality comparer.
    Public Function Contains(ByVal item As Box, _
        ByVal comp As EqualityComparer(Of Box)) As Boolean
        Dim found As Boolean = False

        Dim bx As Box
        For Each bx In innerCol
            If comp.Equals(bx, item) Then
                found = True
            End If
        Next

        Return found
    End Function

    ' Adds an item if it is not already in the collection
    ' as determined by calling the Contains method.
    Public Sub Add(ByVal item As Box) _
        Implements ICollection(Of Box).Add

        If Not Me.Contains(item) Then
            innerCol.Add(item)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("A box with {0}x{1}x{2} dimensions was already added to the collection.",
                item.Height.ToString(), item.Length.ToString(), item.Width.ToString())
        End If
    End Sub

    Public Sub Clear() Implements ICollection(Of Box).Clear
        innerCol.Clear()
    End Sub

    Public Sub CopyTo(array As Box(), arrayIndex As Integer) _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).CopyTo
        If array Is Nothing Then
           Throw New ArgumentNullException("The array cannot be null.")
        Else If arrayIndex < 0 Then
           Throw New ArgumentOutOfRangeException("The starting array index cannot be negative.")
        Else If Count > array.Length - arrayIndex + 1 Then
           Throw New ArgumentException("The destination array has fewer elements than the collection.")
        End If
        
        For i As Integer = 0 To innerCol.Count - 1
            array(i + arrayIndex) = innerCol(i)
        Next
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Count() As Integer _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Count
        Get
            Return innerCol.Count
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsReadOnly() As Boolean _
           Implements ICollection(Of Box).IsReadOnly
        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Function Remove(ByVal item As Box) As Boolean _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Remove
        Dim result As Boolean = False

        ' Iterate the inner collection to 
        ' find the box to be removed.

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To innerCol.Count - 1

            Dim curBox As Box = CType(innerCol(i), Box)

            If New BoxSameDimensions().Equals(curBox, item) Then
                innerCol.RemoveAt(i)
                result = True
                Exit For
            End If
        Next
        Return result
    End Function
End Class

' Defines the enumerator for the Boxes collection.
' (Some prefer this class nested in the collection class.)
Public Class BoxEnumerator
    Implements IEnumerator(Of Box)
    Private _collection As BoxCollection
    Private curIndex As Integer
    Private curBox As Box


    Public Sub New(ByVal collection As BoxCollection)
        MyBase.New()
        _collection = collection
        curIndex = -1
        curBox = Nothing

    End Sub

    Private Property Box As Box
    Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).MoveNext
        curIndex = curIndex + 1
        If curIndex = _collection.Count Then
            ' Avoids going beyond the end of the collection.
            Return False
        Else
            'Set current box to next item in collection.
            curBox = _collection(curIndex)
        End If
        Return True
    End Function

    Public Sub Reset() _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Reset
        curIndex = -1
    End Sub

    Public Sub Dispose() _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Dispose

    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Current() As Box _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Current

        Get
            If curBox Is Nothing Then
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End If

            Return curBox
        End Get
    End Property

    Private ReadOnly Property Current1() As Object _
        Implements IEnumerator.Current

        Get
            Return Me.Current
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

' Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same dimensions.
Public Class BoxSameDimensions
    Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If b1.Height = b2.Height And b1.Length = b2.Length And b1.Width = b2.Width Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class

' Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same volume.
Public Class BoxSameVol
    Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If (b1.Height * b1.Length * b1.Width) _
            = (b2.Height * b2.Length * b2.Width) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width
        Console.WriteLine("HC: {0}", hCode.GetHashCode())
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class


'  This code example displays the following output:
'  ================================================
'
'  A box with 10x4x6 dimensions was already added to the collection.
'
'  Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
'  10      4       6       46104728
'  4       6       10      12289376
'  6       10      4       43495525
'  12      8       10      55915408
'
'  Removing 6x10x4
'
'  Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
'  10      4       6       46104728
'  4       6       10      12289376
'  12      8       10      55915408
'
'  Contains 8x12x10 by dimensions: False
'  Contains 8x12x10 by volume: True
'

備註

ICollection<T>介面是命名空間中類別的基底介面 System.Collections.GenericThe ICollection<T> interface is the base interface for classes in the System.Collections.Generic namespace.

ICollection<T>介面可延伸 IEnumerable<T>IDictionary<TKey,TValue> 而且 IList<T> 是更專門擴充的介面 ICollection<T>The ICollection<T> interface extends IEnumerable<T>; IDictionary<TKey,TValue> and IList<T> are more specialized interfaces that extend ICollection<T>. 實作為索引 IDictionary<TKey,TValue> 鍵/值組的集合,例如 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 類別。A IDictionary<TKey,TValue> implementation is a collection of key/value pairs, like the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class. IList<T>實值是值的集合,而其成員可以依索引存取,就像類別一樣 List<T>A IList<T> implementation is a collection of values, and its members can be accessed by index, like the List<T> class.

如果 IDictionary<TKey,TValue> 介面和介面都不 IList<T> 符合所需集合的需求,請改為從介面衍生新的集合類別, ICollection<T> 以獲得更大的彈性。If neither the IDictionary<TKey,TValue> interface nor the IList<T> interface meet the requirements of the required collection, derive the new collection class from the ICollection<T> interface instead for more flexibility.

屬性

Count

取得 ICollection<T> 中所包含的項目數。Gets the number of elements contained in the ICollection<T>.

IsReadOnly

取得值,指出 ICollection<T> 是否唯讀。Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.

方法

Add(T)

將項目加入至 ICollection<T>Adds an item to the ICollection<T>.

Clear()

ICollection<T> 中移除所有項目。Removes all items from the ICollection<T>.

Contains(T)

判斷 ICollection<T> 是否包含特定值。Determines whether the ICollection<T> contains a specific value.

CopyTo(T[], Int32)

從特定的 ICollection<T> 索引開始,將 Array 的項目複製到 ArrayCopies the elements of the ICollection<T> to an Array, starting at a particular Array index.

GetEnumerator()

傳回逐一查看集合的列舉值。Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.

(繼承來源 IEnumerable)
Remove(T)

ICollection<T> 移除特定物件之第一個符合的元素。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the ICollection<T>.

擴充方法

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

從指定的集合建立不可變的陣列。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

從現有的項目集合建構不可變的字典,將轉換函式套用至來源索引鍵。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據序列的某些轉換來建構不可變的字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容之不可變雜湊集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容之不可變雜湊集,且針對集合類型使用指定的相等比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變清單。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變排序資料集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容的不可變排序資料集,並使用指定的比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

根據輸入 DataTable 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataRow) 傳回包含 IEnumerable<T> 物件複本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的初始值做為初始累加值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的值做為初始累加值,並使用指定的函式來選取結果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的所有項目是否全都符合條件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

判斷序列是否包含任何項目。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的任何項目是否符合條件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值附加在序列結尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回 IEnumerable<T> 類型的輸入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的項目轉換成指定的型別。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

串連兩個序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

使用預設的相等比較子 (Comparer) 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列中的項目數。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回數字,代表指定之序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設的相等比較子來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的項目。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的元素;如果索引超出範圍,則傳回預設值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個項目。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定條件的第一個元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的第一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式來群組序列的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的比較子來比較索引鍵。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的函式來投影每個群組的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列中的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 索引鍵是使用比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵是使用指定的比較子來進行比較。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵值是使用指定的比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目則都是利用指定的函式進行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個項目。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的最後一個元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的最後一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回代表序列中項目總數的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回 Int64,其代表序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根據指定的型別來篩選 IEnumerable 的項目。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值新增至序列的開頭。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反轉序列中項目的排序方向。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

將序列的每個元素規劃成一個新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

透過加入項目的索引,將序列的每個項目投影成新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的中繼投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用項目之型別的預設相等比較子來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個元素,如果序列中不是正好一個元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果有一個以上這類元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個項目,如果序列是空白,則為預設值,如果序列中有一個以上的項目,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果沒有這類元素,則為預設值,如果有一個以上的元素符合條件,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

略過序列中指定的項目數目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含已省略來源集合最後 count 元素的所有 source 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

從序列開頭傳回指定的連續項目數目。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含 source 的最後 count 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立陣列。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用比較金鑰的 comparerIEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較值來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 述詞函式的邏輯中使用各項目的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

從兩個指定序列中的元素產生一系列元組。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

將指定的函式套用至兩個序列的對應項目,產生結果的序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 轉換成 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

將泛型 IEnumerable<T> 轉換成泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的已篩選項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目之子代節點的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個項目和文件之子代項目的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回已篩選的項目集合,其中包含來源集合中每個項目和文件的子代項目。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的子項目集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的已篩選子項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中所有節點的節點集合,依據文件順序來排序。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目的子節點集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在來源集合中,從每一個節點的父節點移除這些節點。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

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