Message 建構函式

定義

初始化 Message 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class.

多載

Message()

初始化包含空主體之 Message 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class with an empty body.

Message(Object)

使用 Message 將指定物件序列化到訊息主體中,以初始化 XmlMessageFormatter 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class, using the XmlMessageFormatter to serialize the specified object into the body of the message.

Message(Object, IMessageFormatter)

使用指定的格式子將指定物件序列化至訊息主體,初始化 Message 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class using the specified formatter to serialize the specified object into the body of the message.

Message()

初始化包含空主體之 Message 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class with an empty body.

public:
 Message();
public Message ();
Public Sub New ()

範例

下列程式碼範例會將兩個不同優先權的訊息傳送至佇列,並在之後加以抓取。The following code example sends two messages of different priorities to the queue, and retrieves them subsequently.


#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
   //**************************************************
   // Sends a string message to a queue.
   //**************************************************
public:
   void SendMessage( MessagePriority priority, String^ messageBody )
   {
      // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Create a new message.
      Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message;
      if ( priority > MessagePriority::Normal )
      {
         myMessage->Body = "High Priority: {0}",messageBody;
      }
      else
      {
         myMessage->Body = messageBody;
      }

      // Set the priority of the message.
      myMessage->Priority = priority;

      // Send the Order to the queue.
      myQueue->Send( myMessage );

      return;
   }

   //**************************************************
   // Receives a message.
   //**************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
      // is not read.
      myQueue->MessageReadPropertyFilter->Priority = true;

      // Set the formatter to indicate body contains a String^.
      array<Type^>^ p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = String::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "Priority: {0}",
            myMessage->Priority );
         Console::WriteLine( "Body: {0}",
            myMessage->Body );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

      return;
   }
};

//**************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//		 
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//**************************************************
int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Send messages to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage( MessagePriority::Normal, "First Message Body." );
   myNewQueue->SendMessage( MessagePriority::Highest, "Second Message Body." );

   // Receive messages from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();

   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;

namespace MyProject
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Send messages to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Normal, "First Message Body.");
            myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Highest, "Second Message Body.");

            // Receive messages from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends a string message to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage(MessagePriority priority, string messageBody)
        {

            // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Create a new message.
            Message myMessage = new Message();

            if(priority > MessagePriority.Normal)
            {
                myMessage.Body = "High Priority: " + messageBody;
            }
            else
            {
                myMessage.Body = messageBody;
            }

            // Set the priority of the message.
            myMessage.Priority = priority;

            // Send the Order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage);

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
            // is not read.
            myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Priority = true;

            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains a string.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(string)});
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message.
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive();

                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("Priority: " +
                    myMessage.Priority.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Body: " +
                    myMessage.Body.ToString());
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging


'Provides a container class for the example.
Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      

      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.

      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Send messages to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Normal, "First Message Body.")
         myNewQueue.SendMessage(MessagePriority.Highest, "Second Message Body.")
         
         ' Receive messages from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      

      ' Sends a string message to a queue.

      Public Sub SendMessage(priority As MessagePriority, messageBody As String)
         
         ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Create a new message.
         Dim myMessage As New Message()
         
         If priority > MessagePriority.Normal Then
            myMessage.Body = "High Priority: " + messageBody
         Else
            myMessage.Body = messageBody
         End If 
         ' Set the priority of the message.
         myMessage.Priority = priority
         
         
         ' Send the Order to the queue.
         myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      

      ' Receives a message.

      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Set the queue to read the priority. By default, it
         ' is not read.
         myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Priority = True
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains a string.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(String)})
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine(("Priority: " + myMessage.Priority.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Body: " + myMessage.Body.ToString()))
         
         
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class

備註

您可以使用這個多載來建立類別的新實例,這個實例 Message 有空白主體。Use this overload to create a new instance of the Message class that has an empty body.

傳送 Body 物件之前,請先指定屬性或 BodyStream 屬性 MessageSpecify either the Body property or the BodyStream property before sending the Message object. Body屬性可以是任何可序列化的物件,例如文字字串、結構物件、類別實例或内嵌物件。The Body property can be any object that can be serialized, such as a text string, a structure object, a class instance, or an embedded object.

除非您將訊息的內容直接寫入 BodyStream 屬性,否則請 Formatter 先設定屬性,然後再傳送訊息。Unless you write the contents of the message directly to the BodyStream property, set the Formatter property before you send the message. Formatter Send 實例上呼叫方法時,會使用屬性的值序列化主體 MessageQueueThe body is serialized using the Formatter property's value at the time the Send method is called on the MessageQueue instance.

XmlMessageFormatter會鬆散結合,因此使用此格式時,傳送者和接收者上不需要有相同的物件類型。The XmlMessageFormatter is loosely coupled, so it is not necessary to have the same object type on the sender and receiver when using this format. ActiveXMessageFormatter並將 BinaryMessageFormatter 資料序列化為二進位標記法。The ActiveXMessageFormatter and BinaryMessageFormatter serialize the data into binary representation. 傳送 ActiveXMessageFormatter 或接收 COM 元件時,會使用。The ActiveXMessageFormatter is used when sending or receiving COM components.

下表顯示實例的初始屬性值 MessageThe following table shows initial property values for an instance of Message.

屬性Property 初始值Initial value
AcknowledgeType AcknowledgeType.None
AdministrationQueue null
AppSpecific 00
AttachSenderId true
AuthenticationProviderName Microsoft 基礎密碼編譯提供者版本1。0Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider version 1.0
AuthenticationProviderType CryptoProviderType.RSA_FULL
Body null
BodyStream Stream.null
BodyType 00
ConnectorType Guid.Empty
CorrelationId 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
DestinationSymmetricKey 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
DigitalSignature 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
EncryptionAlgorithm EncryptionAlgorithm.RC2
Extension 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
Formatter XmlMessageFormatter
HashAlgorithm HashAlgorithm.MD5
Label 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
Priority MessagePriority.Normal
Recoverable false
ResponseQueue null
SenderCertificate 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
TimeToBeReceived Message.InfiniteTimeout
TimeToReachQueue Message.InfiniteTimeout
TransactionStatusQueue null
UseAuthentication false
UseDeadLetterQueue false
UseEncryption false
UseJournalQueue false
UseTracing false

另請參閱

適用於

Message(Object)

使用 Message 將指定物件序列化到訊息主體中,以初始化 XmlMessageFormatter 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class, using the XmlMessageFormatter to serialize the specified object into the body of the message.

public:
 Message(System::Object ^ body);
public Message (object body);
new System.Messaging.Message : obj -> System.Messaging.Message
Public Sub New (body As Object)

參數

body
Object

要序列化到訊息主體中的物件。The object to be serialized into the body of the message.

範例

下列程式碼範例會建立新的佇列、將包含訂單的訊息傳送給它,然後加以抓取。The following code example creates a new queue, sends a message that contains an order to it, and then retrieves it.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;
ref class Order
{
public:
   int orderId;
   DateTime orderTime;
};

ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }

   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         // Create a new order and set values.
         Order^ sentOrder = gcnew Order;
         sentOrder->orderId = 3;
         sentOrder->orderTime = DateTime::Now;

         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

         // Create the new order.
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( sentOrder );

         // Send the order to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }

   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
      array<Type^>^p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = Order::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Order^ myOrder = dynamic_cast<Order^>(myMessage->Body);

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "Order ID: {0}", myOrder->orderId );
         Console::WriteLine( "Sent: {0}", myOrder->orderTime );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }
};

int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();

   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{

    // The following example
    // sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
    public class Order
    {
        public int orderId;
        public DateTime orderTime;
    };	

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an Order to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try
            {

                // Create a new order and set values.
                Order sentOrder = new Order();
                sentOrder.orderId = 3;
                sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now;

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

                // Create the new order.
                Message myMessage = new Message(sentOrder);

                // Send the order to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an order.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(MyProject.Order)});
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message.
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive();
                Order myOrder = (Order)myMessage.Body;

                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("Order ID: " +
                    myOrder.orderId.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Sent: " +
                    myOrder.orderTime.ToString());
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

                // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO



   
' The following example 
' sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
Public Class Order
      Public orderId As Integer
      Public orderTime As DateTime
End Class

   
  
' Provides a container class for the example.

Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      

   ' Provides an entry point into the application.
   '		 
   ' This example sends and receives a message from
   ' a queue.

   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Create a new instance of the class.
      Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
        
      ' Create a queue on the local computer.
      CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
      ' Send a message to a queue.
      myNewQueue.SendMessage()
       
      ' Receive a message from a queue.
      myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      

      ' Creates a new queue.
   Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
      Try
         If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
            MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
         End If
      Catch e As MessageQueueException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub
       
      

      ' Sends an Order to a queue.

   Public Sub SendMessage()
      Try
            
            ' Create a new order and set values.
            Dim sentOrder As New Order()
            sentOrder.orderId = 3
            sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            
            
            ' Create the new order.
            Dim myMessage As New Message(sentOrder)
            
            ' Send the order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
      Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try 
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      
      
 
      ' Receives a message containing an order.
 
   Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(Order)})
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myOrder As Order = CType(myMessage.Body, Order)
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine(("Order ID: " + myOrder.orderId.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Sent: " + myOrder.orderTime.ToString()))
         
  
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
   End Sub
End Class

備註

您可以使用這個多載來建立類別的新實例,這個實例 Message 包含 Body 參數所指定的 bodyUse this overload to create a new instance of the Message class that contains the Body specified by the body parameter. body參數可以是任何可序列化的物件,例如文字字串、結構物件、類別實例或内嵌物件。The body parameter can be any object that can be serialized, such as a text string, a structure object, a class instance, or an embedded object. XmlMessageFormatter除非您在傳送之前變更屬性,否則會使用將主體序列化 Formatter MessageThe body is serialized using the XmlMessageFormatter unless you change the Formatter property before the Message is sent. 如果您 Body Formatter 在呼叫之前隨時變更或屬性 Send ,則會根據新的屬性值來序列化訊息。If you change the Body or Formatter property at any time before calling Send, the message will be serialized according to the new property value.

XmlMessageFormatter會鬆散結合,因此使用此格式時,傳送者和接收者上不需要有相同的物件類型。The XmlMessageFormatter is loosely coupled, so it is not necessary to have the same object type on the sender and receiver when using this format. ActiveXMessageFormatter並將 BinaryMessageFormatter 資料序列化為二進位標記法。The ActiveXMessageFormatter and BinaryMessageFormatter serialize the data into binary representation. 傳送 ActiveXMessageFormatter 或接收 COM 元件時,會使用。The ActiveXMessageFormatter is used when sending or receiving COM components.

下表顯示實例的初始屬性值 MessageThe following table shows initial property values for an instance of Message.

屬性Property 初始值Initial value
AcknowledgeType AcknowledgeType.None
AdministrationQueue null
AppSpecific 00
AttachSenderId true
AuthenticationProviderName Microsoft 基礎密碼編譯提供者版本1。0Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider version 1.0
AuthenticationProviderType CryptoProviderType.RSA_FULL
Body body 參數。The body parameter.
BodyStream Stream.null
BodyType 00
ConnectorType Guid.Empty
CorrelationId 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
DestinationSymmetricKey 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
DigitalSignature 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
EncryptionAlgorithm EncryptionAlgorithm.RC2
Extension 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
Formatter XmlMessageFormatter
HashAlgorithm HashAlgorithm.MD5
Label 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
Priority MessagePriority.Normal
Recoverable false
ResponseQueue null
SenderCertificate 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
TimeToBeReceived Message.InfiniteTimeout
TimeToReachQueue Message.InfiniteTimeout
TransactionStatusQueue null
UseAuthentication false
UseDeadLetterQueue false
UseEncryption false
UseJournalQueue false
UseTracing false

另請參閱

適用於

Message(Object, IMessageFormatter)

使用指定的格式子將指定物件序列化至訊息主體,初始化 Message 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Message class using the specified formatter to serialize the specified object into the body of the message.

public:
 Message(System::Object ^ body, System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ formatter);
public Message (object body, System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter formatter);
new System.Messaging.Message : obj * System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter -> System.Messaging.Message
Public Sub New (body As Object, formatter As IMessageFormatter)

參數

body
Object

要序列化到訊息主體中的物件。The object to be serialized into the body of the message.

formatter
IMessageFormatter

IMessageFormatter,指定用於序列化訊息主體的格式子。A IMessageFormatter that specifies the formatter with which to serialize the message body.

範例

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:

   //*************************************************
   // Creates a new queue.
   //*************************************************
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }


   //*************************************************
   // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
   //*************************************************
   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create a new bitmap.
         // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
         // you must give a full path to its location.
         Image^ myImage = Bitmap::FromFile( "SentImage::bmp" );
         
         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( myImage,gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter );
         
         // Send the image to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }


   //*************************************************
   // Receives a message containing an image.
   //*************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         
         // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue->Formatter = gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter;
         
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Bitmap^ myImage = static_cast<Bitmap^>(myMessage->Body);
         
         // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
         myImage->Save( "ReceivedImage::bmp", System::Drawing::Imaging::ImageFormat::Bmp );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }
      catch ( IOException^ e ) 
      {
         
         // Handle file access exceptions.
      }

      
      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }

};


//*************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//         
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//*************************************************
int main()
{
   
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;
   
   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
   
   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();
   
   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try{

                // Create a new bitmap.
                // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
                // you must give a full path to its location.
                Image myImage = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp");

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");
                
                Message myMessage = new Message(myImage, new BinaryMessageFormatter());

                // Send the image to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an image.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
                        
            try
            {

                // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

                // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
                myQueue.Formatter = new BinaryMessageFormatter();

                // Receive and format the message.
                System.Messaging.Message myMessage = myQueue.Receive();
                Bitmap myImage = (Bitmap)myMessage.Body;
                
                // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
                myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp",System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp);
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            catch (IOException e)
            {
                // Handle file access exceptions.
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO


Namespace MyProj
    _
   
   
   Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Create a queue on the local computer.
         CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Send a message to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage()
         
         ' Receive a message from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Creates a new queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
         Try
            If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
               MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
            End If
         Catch e As MessageQueueException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
      End Sub
       
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub SendMessage()
         Try
            
            ' Create a new bitmap.
            ' The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
            ' you must give a full path to its location.
            Dim myImage As Image = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp")
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            Dim myMessage As New Message(myImage, New BinaryMessageFormatter())
            
            ' Send the image to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try 
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Receives a message containing an image.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         
         Try
            
            ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = New BinaryMessageFormatter()
            
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As System.Messaging.Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myImage As Bitmap = CType(myMessage.Body, Bitmap)
            
            ' This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
            myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp", System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp)
         
         
         
         'Catch
         ' Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         
         Catch e As IOException
         End Try
         ' Handle file access exceptions.
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace 'MyProj

備註

您可以使用這個多載來建立類別的新實例,這個實例 Message 包含參數所指定的, Body body 並使用任何有效的格式器來序列化主體。Use this overload to create a new instance of the Message class that contains the Body specified by the body parameter and that uses any valid formatter to serialize the body. body參數是可序列化的任何物件,例如文字字串、結構物件、類別實例或内嵌物件。The body parameter is any object that can be serialized, such as a text string, a structure object, a class instance, or an embedded object. 如果您 Body Formatter 在呼叫之前隨時變更或屬性 Send ,則會根據新的屬性值來序列化訊息。If you change the Body or Formatter property at any time before calling Send, the message will be serialized according to the new property value.

XmlMessageFormatter會鬆散結合,因此使用此格式時,傳送者和接收者上不需要有相同的物件類型。The XmlMessageFormatter is loosely coupled, so it is not necessary to have the same object type on the sender and receiver when using this format. ActiveXMessageFormatter並將 BinaryMessageFormatter 資料序列化為二進位標記法。The ActiveXMessageFormatter and BinaryMessageFormatter serialize the data into binary representation. 傳送 ActiveXMessageFormatter 或接收 COM 元件時,會使用。The ActiveXMessageFormatter is used when sending or receiving COM components.

下表顯示實例的初始屬性值 MessageThe following table shows initial property values for an instance of Message.

屬性Property 初始值Initial value
AcknowledgeType AcknowledgeType.None
AdministrationQueue null
AppSpecific 00
AttachSenderId true
AuthenticationProviderName Microsoft 基礎密碼編譯提供者版本1。0Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider version 1.0
AuthenticationProviderType CryptoProviderType.RSA_FULL
Body body 參數。The body parameter.
BodyStream Stream.null
BodyType 00
ConnectorType Guid.Empty
CorrelationId 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
DestinationSymmetricKey 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
DigitalSignature 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
EncryptionAlgorithm EncryptionAlgorithm.RC2
Extension 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
Formatter formatter 參數。The formatter parameter.
HashAlgorithm HashAlgorithm.MD5
Label 空白字串 ( "" ) An empty string ("")
Priority MessagePriority.Normal
Recoverable false
ResponseQueue null
SenderCertificate 零長度的位元組陣列A zero-length array of bytes
TimeToBeReceived Message.InfiniteTimeout
TimeToReachQueue Message.InfiniteTimeout
TransactionStatusQueue null
UseAuthentication false
UseDeadLetterQueue false
UseEncryption false
UseJournalQueue false
UseTracing false

另請參閱

適用於