使用 Operations Manager 中的 [系統管理] 工作區Using the Administration workspace in Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

System Center - Operations Manager Operations 主控台中,[系統管理] 工作區是系統管理員的主要工作區。In the System Center - Operations Manager Operations console, the Administration workspace is the primary workspace for administrators. 您可以使用 [系統管理] 工作區來設定管理群組。You use the Administration workspace to configure a management group.

在您第一次開啟 [系統管理] 工作區或是在瀏覽窗格中按一下 [系統管理] 時,[系統管理概觀] 將會開啟,並顯示尚未完成的任何必要或選用設定步驟的工作連結。When you first open the Administration workspace or when you click Administration in the navigation pane, the Administration Overview opens, which displays task links for any required or optional configuration steps that have not been completed yet.

下列各節說明 [系統管理] 工作區中的不同選項,並連結到指南中的特定章節,以提供更多有關該項工作或選項的詳細資訊。The sections below describe the different options in the Administration workspace and link to more detailed information about the task or option.

已連線的管理群組Connected Management Groups

您可以連線管理群組,以啟用從已連線的管理群組轉寄警示和其他監視資料到本機管理群組的功能。You can connect management groups to enable the forwarding of alerts and other monitoring data from a connected management group to the local management group. 您可以從本機管理群組啟動工作,並於已連線之管理群組的受管理物件上執行。Tasks can be initiated from a local management group to run on managed objects of a connected management group.

請使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [已連線的管理群組] ,連線到管理群組或編輯已連線管理群組的內容。Use Connected Management Groups in the Administration workspace to connect a management group or to edit the properties of a connected management group.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 Operations Manager 中連線管理群組For more information, see Connecting Management Groups in Operations Manager.

裝置管理Device Management

您可以使用 [裝置管理] ,來執行特定管理伺服器、代理程式管理的電腦、無代理程式管理的電腦、UNIX 伺服器和 Linux 伺服器的設定。You can use Device Management to perform configuration of specific management servers, agent-managed computers, agentless-managed computers, UNIX servers, and Linux servers. 下表摘要說明 [裝置管理] 中各個項目的用途,並提供更多詳細資訊的連結。The following table summarizes the uses of the items in Device Management and provides links to more detailed information.

項目Item 請使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [已連線的管理群組]Use 詳細資訊For more information
代理程式管理Agent Managed 修改代理程式管理之電腦的設定,例如:To modify the configuration of agent-managed computers, such as:

- 針對代理程式管理的電腦變更主要管理伺服器。- Change the primary management server for agent-managed computers.
- 修復代理程式安裝。- Repair the agent installation.
- 解除安裝代理程式。- Uninstall an agent.
- 覆寫特定代理程式上的管理群組代理程式活動訊號設定。- Override the management group agent heartbeat settings on a specific agent. 活動訊號是來自代理程式至其管理伺服器的週期性脈衝。A heartbeat is a periodic pulse from an agent to its management server.
- 將代理程式管理的電腦設定為無代理程式管理的電腦的 Proxy。- Configure an agent-managed computer as a proxy for agentless-managed computers.
- 設定 Windows 電腦上的代理程式- Configure agent on Windows computers
- 升級和解除安裝 Windows 代理程式- Upgrade and uninstall Windows agent
- 升級和解除安裝 UNIX/Linux 代理程式- Upgrade and uninstall UNIX/Linux agent
- Operations Manager 中的無代理程式監視- Agentless Monitoring in Operations Manager
無代理程式管理Agentless Managed 變更無代理程式管理的電腦的 Proxy 代理程式。To change the proxy agent for an agentless-managed computer. Proxy 代理程式可以是管理群組中設定為 Proxy 的任何代理程式管理的電腦。The proxy agent can be any agent-managed computer in the management group configured to be a proxy. Operations Manager 中的無代理程式監視Agentless Monitoring in Operations Manager
管理伺服器Management Servers 修改管理伺服器的設定,例如:To modify the configuration of management servers, such as:

- 覆寫管理群組活動訊號失敗設定,以及設定管理伺服器允許代理程式在將各自電腦的狀態變更為重大之前遺失的活動訊號數目。- Override the management group heartbeat failure setting and configure the number of missed heartbeats a management server will allow for an agent before it changes the state of the respective computer to critical.
- 覆寫 [管理群組手動安裝代理程式] 設定,並將管理伺服器設定為拒絕以 MOMAgent.msi 安裝的代理程式或將其置於 [擱置管理] 中。- Override the Management Group Manual Agent Installs setting and configure a management server to reject or put in Pending Management agents installed with MOMAgent.msi.
- 將管理伺服器設定為無代理程式管理的電腦的 Proxy。- Configure a management server as a proxy for agentless managed computers.
- 設定管理伺服器的網際網路 Proxy 設定。- Configure the Internet proxy settings for a management server.
- 活動訊號在 Operations Manager 中的運作方式- How Heartbeats Work in Operations Manager
- 管理手動代理程式安裝- Manage manual agent installs
- Operations Manager 中的無代理程式監視- Agentless Monitoring in Operations Manager
- 如何設定管理伺服器的網際網路 Proxy 設定- How to Configure the Internet Proxy Settings for a Management server
擱置管理Pending Management 核准或拒絕使用 MOMagent.msi 安裝的代理程式 (如果代理程式的管理群組設定為 [檢閱擱置管理檢視中,新增的手動代理程式安裝] ,而非 [自動核准新手動安裝的代理程式] )。To approve or reject an agent that was installed with MOMagent.msi if the management group for the agent is configured to Review new manual agent installations in pending management view but not Auto-approve new manually installed agents. 這個項目會顯示遭到擱置核准的代理程式。Agents pending approval are displayed for this item. 處理手動代理程式安裝Process Manual Agent Installations
UNIX/Linux 伺服器UNIX/Linux Servers 修改代理程式管理之 UNIX 和 Linux 伺服器的設定。To modify the configuration of agent-managed UNIX and Linux servers. - 代理程式的部署規劃- Agent deployment planning
- 在 UNIX 和 Linux 上探索和安裝代理程式- Discover and install agent on UNIX/Linux

管理組件Management Packs

在 [系統管理] 工作區的 [管理組件] 節點下方,您可以對匯入管理群組中的管理組件執行數項管理相關工作。Under the Management Packs node in the Administration workspace, you can perform several tasks related to the management of the management packs imported into your management group. 下表摘要出 [管理組件] 下的項目使用方式,並提供更多詳細資訊的連結。The following table summarizes the uses of the items under Management Packs and provides links to more detailed information.

項目Item 請使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [已連線的管理群組]Use 詳細資訊For more information
已安裝的管理組件Installed Management Packs 列出所有匯入管理群組中的管理組件。Lists all management packs imported into your management group. 如何匯入、匯出和移除管理組件How to import, export, remove management packs
調整管理組件Tune Management Packs 強調管理組件,及其中可能產生大量警示的工作流程。Highlight the management packs and its workflows which generate a high volume of alerts. 資料驅動警示管理Data driven alert management
更新與建議Updates and Recommendations 識別未受 Operations Manager 監視,或未使用最新版管理組件監視的新技術或工作負載。Identify new technologies or workloads that are not monitored by Operations Manager or not monitored with the latest version of a management pack. MP 更新與建議MP Updates and Recommendations

如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理組件概觀For more information, see Management pack overview.

網路管理Network Management

您可以使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [網路管理] 來探索網路裝置及管理探索到的網路裝置。You can use Network Management in the Administration workspace to discover network devices and managed discovered network devices. 下表摘要說明 [網路管理] 中各個項目的用途,並提供更多詳細資訊的連結。The following table summarizes the uses of the items in Network Management and provides links to more detailed information.

項目Item 請使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [已連線的管理群組]Use 詳細資訊For more information
探索規則Discovery Rules - 建立探索網路裝置的規則- To create rules for discovering network devices
- 修改現有的探索規則- To modify existing discovery rules
如何在 Operations Manager 中探索網路裝置How to Discover Network Devices in Operations Manager
網路裝置Network Devices 檢視探索到的網路裝置的內容To view properties of discovered network devices 使用 Operations Manager 監視網路Monitoring Networks by Using Operations Manager
網路裝置擱置管理Network Devices Pending Management 重試或拒絕處於擱置管理狀態的探索到的網路裝置To retry or reject discovered network devices that are pending management 如何在 Operations Manager 中探索網路裝置How to Discover Network Devices in Operations Manager

通知Notifications

通知會在受監視系統產生警示時自動產生訊息或執行命令。Notifications generate messages or run commands automatically when an alert is raised on a monitored system. 依預設,系統並未設定警示通知。By default, notifications for alerts are not configured. 為了讓 Operations Manager 使用者在產生警示時立即收到通知,您必須設定通知通道、新增訂閱者,然後建立通知訂閱。For Operations Manager users to be notified immediately when an alert is generated, you need to configure a channel for notifications, add subscribers, and then create a notification.

在 [系統管理] 工作區的 [通知] 中,您可以建立通道、訂閱者和訂閱,以及修改您建立的通道、訂閱者和訂閱。In Notifications in the Administration workspace, you can create channels, subscribers, subscriptions, and modify the channels, subscribers, and subscriptions that you create. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱訂閱警示通知For more information, see Subscribing to Alert Notifications.

產品連接器Product Connectors

產品連接器會用於與其他管理系統 (例如監視非 -Windows 電腦或建立疑難-票證的系統) 進行 Operations Manager 資料的同步處理。Product connectors are used to synchronize Operations Manager data with other management systems such as those that monitor non-Windows computers or create trouble-tickets. 產品連接器可將 Operations Manager 的部署整合至另一個管理平台,或是將其他管理系統連線至完整的 Operations Manager 管理解決方案。Product connectors can integrate a deployment of Operations Manager into another management platform or connect other management systems into a full Operations Manager management solution. 任何與 Operations Manager 整合的產品連接器都會顯示在 [系統管理] 工作區的這個區段中。Any product connectors that you integrate with Operations Manager will be displayed in this section of the Administration workspace.

安裝 Operations Manager 時,系統會安裝兩個內部產品連接器,When you install Operations Manager, two internal product connectors are installed. 供 Operations Manager 使用。These are used by Operations Manager.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱將 Operations Manager 與其他管理系統連接For more information, see Connecting Operations Manager With Other Management Systems.

執行身分設定Run As Configuration

您可以使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [執行身分設定] 來管理執行身分帳戶和設定檔。You can use Run As Configuration in the Administration workspace to manage Run As accounts and profiles. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理 Operations Manager 中的執行身分帳戶For more information, see Managing Run As accounts in Operations Manager.

安全性Security

在 Operations Manager 中,解決警示、執行工作、覆寫監視器、檢視警示、檢視事件等這類作業都已經分組為使用者角色,而每個使用者角色各代表一個特定職責。In Operations Manager, operations such as resolving alerts, running tasks, overriding monitors, viewing alerts, viewing events, and so on have been grouped into user roles, with each user role representing a particular job function. 角色型安全性可讓您限制使用者對 Operations Manager 各個方面具有的權限。Role-based security allows you to limit privileges that users have for various aspects of Operations Manager. 在 [系統管理] 工作區的 [安全性] 中,您可以對特定使用者角色新增及移除使用者。In Security in the Administration workspace, you can add and remove users to specific user roles. 您也可以修改您所建立之使用者角色的內容。You can also modify the properties of user roles that you create.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱實作使用者角色For more information, see Implementing User Roles.

設定Settings

下表摘要說明您可以在 [系統管理] 工作區的 [設定] 中管理的設定。The following table summarizes the settings you can manage in Settings in the Administration workspace.

項目Item 請使用 [系統管理] 工作區中的 [已連線的管理群組]Use 詳細資訊For more information
代理程式活動訊號Agent Heartbeat 代理程式會按照特定間隔產生活動訊號,以確保代理程式能夠正常運作。Agents generate a heartbeat at specific intervals to ensure they are operating properly. 您可以調整這個間隔。You can adjust the interval. 活動訊號在 Operations Manager 中的運作方式How Heartbeats Work in Operations Manager
頁面Alerts - 設定警示解決狀態。- To configure alert resolution states.
- 設定自動解決警示。- To configure automatic alert resolution.
- 如何設定警示解決狀態- How to Set Alert Resolution States
- 如何設定自動解決警示- How to Configure Automatic Alert Resolution
資料庫清理Database Grooming 設定不同資料類型應保留在操作資料庫的時間長度。To configure how long different types of data should be retained in the operational database. 維護 Operations ManagerMaintenance of Operations Manager
隱私權Privacy 修改下列程式的設定:To modify the settings for the following programs:

- 客戶經驗改進計畫 (CEIP)- Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP)
- 操作資料報表- Operational Data Reporting
- 錯誤報表- Error Reporting
部署指南中的Sending Data to Microsoft (將資料傳送至 Microsoft)Sending Data to Microsoft in the Deployment Guide
報告Reporting 設定報表伺服器的路徑。Configure the path for the reporting server. 使用 Operations Manager 中的報表工作區Using the Reporting Workspace in Operations Manager
網址Web Addresses 指定 Web 主控台和線上公司知識的網址。Designate web addresses for the Web console and online company knowledge. 如何連線到 Web 主控台How to Connect to the Web Console
伺服器活動訊號Server Heartbeat 設定在管理伺服器偵測代理程式管理的電腦之前,遺失的活動訊號數目。Configure the number of missed heartbeats before the management server pings the agent-managed computer. 活動訊號在 Operations Manager 中的運作方式How Heartbeats Work in Operations Manager
伺服器安全性Server Security 指定管理伺服器應該如何處理手動安裝的代理程式。Specify how the management server should handle manually-installed agents. 處理手動代理程式安裝Process Manual Agent Installations