System Center Virtual Machine Manager 的新功能What's new in System Center Virtual Machine Manager

本文詳細說明 System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支援的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 2019 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM). 另外也詳細說明 VMM 2019 UR1 與 2019 UR2 中的新功能。Also details the new features in VMM 2019 UR1 and 2019 UR2.

VMM 2019 的新功能New features in VMM 2019

下列各節介紹 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 2019 的新功能。The following sections introduce the new features in Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 2019.

運算Compute

S2D 叢集的叢集輪流升級Cluster rolling upgrade for S2D clusters

System Center 2019 Virtual Machine Manager 支援儲存空間直接存取 (S2D) 主機叢集輪流從 Windows Server 2016 升級到 Windows Server 2019。System Center 2019 Virtual Machine Manager supports a rolling upgrade of a Storage Spaces Direct (S2D) host cluster from Windows Server 2016 to Windows Server 2019. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱執行輪流升級For more information, see Perform a rolling upgrade.

支援 ReFS 磁碟區的重複資料刪除Support for deduplication for ReFS volume

VMM 2019 支援 Windows Server 2019 超融合式叢集和向外延展檔案伺服器上 ReFS 磁碟區的重複資料刪除。VMM 2019 supports deduplication for ReFS volume on the Windows Server 2019 hyper-converged cluster and Scale-Out File Server. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱將儲存體新增至 Hyper-V 主機與叢集For more information, see Add storage to Hyper-V hosts and clusters.

存放裝置Storage

儲存體動態最佳化Storage dynamic optimization

這項功能有助於防止叢集共用儲存體 (CSV 與檔案共用) 由於擴充或在叢集共用儲存體上放置新的虛擬硬碟 (VHD) 而變滿。This feature helps to prevent cluster shared storage (CSV and file shares) from becoming full due to expansion or new virtual hard discs (VHDs) being placed on the cluster shared storage. 您現在可以設定閾值,以在叢集共用儲存體的可用儲存空間低於閾值時觸發警告。You can now set a threshold value to trigger a warning when free storage space in the cluster shared storage falls below the threshold. 這種情況可能會在放置新磁片時發生。This situation might occur during a new disk placement. 當 VHD 自動移轉至叢集的其他共用儲存體時,也可能會發生此問題。It also might occur when VHDs are automigrated to other shared storage in the cluster. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱動態最佳化For more information, see Dynamic optimization.

支援儲存體健全狀況監視Support for storage health monitoring

儲存體健全狀況監視,可協助監視 VMM 光纖中儲存集區、LUN 及實體磁碟的健全狀況和運作狀態。Storage health monitoring helps you to monitor the health and operational status of storage pools, LUNs, and physical disks in the VMM fabric.

您可以在 VMM 主控台的 [光纖] 頁面中監視儲存體健全狀況。You can monitor the storage health on the Fabric page of the VMM console. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定 VMM 存放光纖For more information, see Set up the VMM storage fabric.

網路功能Networking

透過 VMM 服務範本設定 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中軟體定義網路 (SDN) 可以利用軟體負載平衡 (SLB) 將網路流量平均分配給受服務提供者和租用戶管理的工作負載。Software-defined networks (SDNs) in Windows 2016 can use software load balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service providers and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支援使用 Power Shell 部署 SLB 虛擬 IP (VIP)。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB virtual IPs (VIPs) by using PowerShell.

使用 VMM 2019,VMM 支援在使用服務範本部署多層式應用程式時設定 SLB VIP。With VMM 2019, VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs while deploying multitier applications by using the service templates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱透過 VMM 服務範本設定 SLB VIPFor more information, see Configure SLB VIPs through VMM service templates.

透過 VMM 設定加密的 VM 網路Configuration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 2019 支援加密 VM 網路。VMM 2019 supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密網路功能,即可使用網路控制站輕鬆地在 VM 網路設定端對端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the network controller. 此加密可防止相同網路和子網路中兩部 VM 之間的流量遭到讀取和操控。This encryption prevents the traffic between two VMs on the same network and the same subnet from being read and manipulated.

加密控制屬於子網路層級。The control of encryption is at the subnet level. VM 網路的每個子網路,都可以啟用或停用加密。Encryption can be enabled or disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用 VMM 在 SDN 中設定加密的網路For more information, see Configure encrypted networks in SDN using VMM.

支援使用 VMM 主控台設定第 3 層轉寄閘道Support for configuring a Layer 3 forwarding gateway by using the VMM console

第 3 層 (L3) 轉寄能在資料中心實體基礎結構與 Hyper-V 網路虛擬雲端虛擬基礎結構之間建立連線。Layer 3 (L3) forwarding enables connectivity between the physical infrastructure in the datacenter and the virtualized infrastructure in the Hyper-V network virtualization cloud. 舊版 VMM 透過 PowerShell 支援第 3 層閘道設定。Earlier versions of VMM supported the Layer 3 gateway configuration through PowerShell.

在 VMM 2019 中,您可以使用 VMM 主控台來設定第 3 層轉寄閘道。In VMM 2019, you can configure a Layer 3 forwarding gateway by using the VMM console. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定 L3 轉寄For more information, see Configure L3 forwarding.

部署在 VMM 雲端的 VM 支援靜態 MAC 位址Support for a static MAC address on VMs deployed on a VMM cloud

這項功能可讓您在部署於雲端的 VM 上,設定靜態 MAC 位址。With this feature, you can set a static MAC address on VMs deployed on a cloud. 在已經部署的 VM 中,您可以將 MAC 位址從靜態變更為動態,反之亦然。You can also change the MAC address from static to dynamic and vice versa for the already-deployed VMs. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 光纖中佈建虛擬機器For more information, see Provision virtual machines in the VMM fabric.

Azure 整合Azure integration

VM 使用 Azure 自動化訂用帳戶以透過 VMM 更新管理VM update management through VMM by using an Azure automation subscription

VMM 2019 藉由整合 VMM 與 Azure 自動化訂用帳戶,引進修補和更新內部部署 VM (由 VMM 管理) 的可能性。VMM 2019 introduces the possibility of patching and updating on-premises VMs (managed by VMM) by integrating VMM with an Azure automation subscription. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理 VMFor more information, see Manage VMs.

Azure RBAC 角色:虛擬機器系統管理員New RBAC role: Virtual Machine Administrator

在企業想要建立使用者角色以進行疑難排解的案例中,使用者需要存取所有 VM。In a scenario where enterprises want to create a user role for troubleshooting, the user needs access to all the VMs. 如此一來,使用者就可以在 VM 上進行任何必要的變更,以解決問題。In this way, the user can make any required changes on the VMs to resolve a problem. 此外,使用者還需要有權存取光纖,才能找出問題的根本原因。There's also a need for the user to have access to the fabric to identify the root cause for a problem. 不過,基於安全性理由,此使用者不該有權對光纖進行任何變更,例如新增儲存體或主機等。For security reasons, this user shouldn't be given privileges to make any changes on the fabric like adding storage or hosts.

VMM 中目前角色型存取控制 (RBAC) 沒有針對此角色定義的角色。The current role-based access control (RBAC) in VMM doesn't have a role defined for this persona. 現有委派系統管理員和光纖系統管理員角色的權限不是太少,無法執行疑難排解,就是超過了必要權限。The existing roles of Delegated Admin and Fabric Admin have too little or more than necessary permissions to perform troubleshooting.

為了解決此問題,VMM 2019 支援稱為 [虛擬機器系統管理員] 的新角色。To address this issue, VMM 2019 supports a new role called Virtual Machine Administrator. 此角色的使用者具有所有 VM 的讀取和寫入存取權限,但只有光纖的唯讀存取權。The user of this role has Read and Write access to all VMs but Read-only access to the fabric. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 中設定使用者角色For more information, see Set up user roles in VMM.

支援以群組受控服務帳戶作為 VMM 服務帳戶Support for group Managed Service Account as a VMM service account

群組受控服務帳戶 (gMSA) 有利於改善安全性狀態。The group Managed Service Account (gMSA) helps improve the security posture. 其透過自動密碼管理、簡化的服務主體名稱管理,以及將管理委派給其他系統員管理的能力,使作業更便利。It provides convenience through automatic password management, simplified service principle name management, and the ability to delegate the management to other administrators.

VMM 2019 支援將 gMSA 用於管理伺服器服務帳戶。VMM 2019 supports the use of gMSA for Management server service account. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱安裝 VMMFor more information, see Install VMM.

注意

VMM 2019 包含了在 VMM 1807 中引進的下列功能或功能更新。The following features or feature updates were introduced in VMM 1807 and are included in VMM 2019.

VMM 2019 包含的功能 - 在 VMM 1807 中引進Features included in VMM 2019 - introduced in VMM 1807

存放裝置Storage

支援選取用來放置新 VHD 的 CSVSupports selection of CSV for placing a new VHD

透過 VMM,即可選取叢集共用磁碟區 (CSV) 來放置新的 VHD。With VMM, you can select cluster shared volumes (CSVs) for placing a new VHD.

在舊版 VMM 中,根據預設,VM 上新 VHD 會和與此 VM 建立關聯的舊 VHD 放置在相同 CSV 中。In earlier versions of VMM, by default a new VHD on a VM is placed on the same CSV where the earlier VHDs associated with the VM are placed. 沒有選擇其他 CSV/資料夾的選項。There was no option to choose a different CSV/ folder. 如果發生任何與此 CSV 相關的問題,例如儲存體已滿或超過承諾用量,使用者就必須移轉此 VHD,但只能在部署 VHD 後進行。In case of any problems related to the CSV, such as storage that's full or over commitment, users had to migrate the VHD, but only after they deployed the VHD.

使用 VMM 1807,您現在可以選擇任何位置來放置新磁碟。您可以根據 CSV 的存放裝置可用性,輕鬆管理此磁碟。With VMM 1807, you can now choose any location to place the new disc. You can manage this disc easily, based on the storage availability of CSVs. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何將虛擬硬碟新增至虛擬機器For more information, see Add a virtual hard disk to a virtual machine.

網路功能Networking

顯示網路裝置的 LLDP 資訊Display of LLDP information for networking devices

VMM 支援連結層探索通訊協定 (LLDP)。VMM supports the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). 您現在可以從 VMM 檢視網路裝置屬性和主機的功能資訊。You can now view network device properties and capabilities information of the hosts from VMM. 主機作業系統必須是 Windows 2016 或更新版本。The host operating system must be Windows 2016 or higher.

DataCenterBridging 和 DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools 功能已在主機上啟用來擷取 LLDP 屬性。DataCenterBridging and DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools features have been enabled on hosts to fetch the LLDP properties. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定 VMM 光纖的 Hyper-V 主機和叢集網路For more information, see Set up networking for Hyper-V hosts and clusters in the VMM fabric.

將 SET 交換器轉換為邏輯交換器Convert a SET switch to a logical switch

您可以使用 VMM 主控台,將交換器內嵌小組 (SET) 交換器轉換為邏輯交換器。You can convert a switch embedded teaming (SET) switch to a logical switch by using the VMM console. 在舊版中,只能透過 PowerShell 指令碼支援此功能。In earlier versions, this feature was supported only through PowerShell script. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱建立邏輯交換器For more information, see Create logical switches.

VMware主機管理VMware host management

VMM 支援 VMM 網狀架構中的 VMware ESXi v6.5 伺服器。VMM supports VMware ESXi v6.5 servers in VMM fabric. 此支援讓系統管理員能夠更靈活地管理使用中的多個 Hypervisor。This support gives administrators additional flexibility in managing multiple hypervisors in use. 如需有關支援的 VMware 伺服器版本的詳細資訊,請參閱系統需求For more information about supported VMware server versions, see System requirements.

支援 S2D 叢集更新Support for S2D cluster update

VMM 支援更新 S2D 主機或叢集。VMM supports the update of an S2D host or a cluster. 您可以根據 Windows Server Update Services 中所設定基準來更新個別的 S2D 主機或叢集。You can update individual S2D hosts or clusters against the baselines configured in Windows Server Update Services. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱更新 Hyper-V 主機與叢集For more information, see Update Hyper-V hosts and clusters.

其他功能Others

支援 SQL Server 2017Support for SQL Server 2017

VMM 支援 SQL Server 2017。VMM supports SQL Server 2017. 您可以將 SQL Server 2016 升級至 SQL Server 2017。You can upgrade SQL Server 2016 to SQL Server 2017.

注意

VMM 2019 包含了在 VMM 1801 中引進的下列功能或功能更新。The following features or feature updates were introduced in VMM 1801 and are included in VMM 2019.

VMM 2019 包含的功能 - 在 VMM 1801 中引進Features included in VMM 2019 - introduced in VMM 1801

運算Compute

巢狀虛擬化Nested virtualization

VMM 支援巢狀虛擬化功能,其可供在 Hyper-V 虛擬機器內執行 Hyper-V。VMM supports a nested virtualization feature that you can use to run Hyper-V inside a Hyper-V virtual machine. 換句話說,透過巢狀虛擬化,便能將 Hyper-V 主機本身虛擬化。In other words, with nested virtualization, a Hyper-V host itself can be virtualized. 藉由使用 PowerShell 和 Hyper-V 主機設定,可於頻外啟用巢狀虛擬化。Nested virtualization can be enabled out-of-band by using PowerShell and Hyper-V host configuration.

您可以利用此功能來降低開發、測試、示範及訓練案例的基礎結構費用。You can use this functionality to reduce your infrastructure expense for development, test, demo, and training scenarios. 此功能也可讓您使用協力廠商的虛擬化管理產品搭配 Hyper-V。With this feature, you can also use third-party virtualization management products with Hyper-V.

您可以使用 VMM 來啟用或停用巢狀虛擬化功能。You can enable or disable the nested virtualization feature by using VMM. 您可以在 VMM 中將 VM 設定為主機,並在此 VM 上從 VMM 執行主機操作。You can configure the VM as a host in VMM and perform host operations from VMM on this VM. 例如,VMM 動態最佳化會考慮將巢狀 VM 主機用於放置上。For example, VMM dynamic optimization considers a nested VM host for placement. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱將巢狀 VM 設定為主機For more information, see Configure a nested VM as a host.

VMware VM (EFI 韌體型 VM) 移轉至 Hyper-V VMMigration of VMware VM (EFI firmware-based VM) to Hyper-V VM

VMware VM 對 Hyper-V 目前的 VMM 移轉僅支援移轉 BIOS 型 VM。The current VMM migration for VMware VMs to Hyper-V only supports migration of BIOS-based VMs.

VMM 能夠將 EFI 型 VMware VM 移轉至 Hyper-V 第 2 代 VM。VMM enables migration of EFI-based VMware VMs to Hyper-V generation 2 VMs. 您移轉至 Microsoft Hyper-V 平台的 VMware VM 可以使用 Hyper-V 第 2 代功能。VMware VMs that you migrate to Microsoft Hyper-V platform can take advantage of the Hyper-V generation 2 features.

在此版本中,[轉換虛擬機器精靈] 會根據韌體類型 (BIOS 或 EFI) 啟用 VM 移轉。As part of this release, the Convert Virtual Machine wizard enables the VM migration based on the firmware type (BIOS or EFI). 其會選取 Hyper-V VM 世代並適當地將其設為預設值。It selects and defaults the Hyper-V VM generation appropriately. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 光纖中將 VMware VM 轉換成 Hyper-VFor more information, see Convert a VMware VM to Hyper-V in the VMM fabric. 例如:For example:

  • BIOS 型 VM 會移轉至 Hyper-V VM 第 1 代。BIOS-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 1.
  • EFI 型 VM 會移轉至 Hyper-V VM 第 2 代。EFI-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 2.

我們也改善了 VMWare VM 轉換程序,使其速度最多可加快 50%。We've also made improvements in the VMWare VM conversion process that makes the conversion up to 50% faster.

主機重新整理程式的效能改進Performance improvement in host refresher

VMM 主機重新整理程式已經過特定的效能改善更新。VMM host refresher has undergone certain updates for performance improvement.

有了這些更新,當組織管理具有檢查點的大量主機與 VM 時,您會觀察到工作效能的顯著改善。With these updates, in scenarios where an organization manages a large number of hosts and VMs with checkpoints, you can observe significant and noticeable improvements in the performance of the job.

我們的實驗室使用 VMM 執行個體來管理 20 部主機,且每部主機管理 45 到 100 部 VM,經測量其效能提升高達 10 倍。In our lab with VMM instances managing 20 hosts, and each host managing 45 to 100 VMs, we've measured up to 10 times performance improvement.

VMM 中加強的主控台工作階段Enhanced console session in VMM

VMM 中主控台連線功能提供透過遠端桌面連線至 VM 的替代方式。The console connect capability in VMM provides an alternative way to connect to the VM via remote desktop. 當 VM 沒有任何網路連線,或當您想要變更可能造成網路連線中斷的網路設定時,這種方式最實用。This method is most useful when the VM doesn't have any network connectivity or when you want to change to a network configuration that could break the network connectivity. 目前,VMM 中的主控台連線功能僅支援基本工作階段,即只能使用 [鍵入剪貼簿文字] 功能表選項來貼上剪貼簿文字。Currently, the console connect capability in VMM supports only a basic session where clipboard text can be pasted only by using the Type Clipboard Text menu option.

VMM 支援增強的主控台工作階段,對剪貼簿上可用的 ANSI 文字和檔案啟用 [剪下] (Ctrl + X) 、[複製] (Ctrl + C) 及 [貼上] (Ctrl + V) 操作。VMM supports an enhanced console session that enables Cut (Ctrl + X), Copy (Ctrl + C), and Paste (Ctrl + V) operations on the ANSI text and files available on the clipboard. 如此,即可在 VM 中對文字和檔案執行 [複製] 和 [貼上] 命令。As a result, Copy and Paste commands for text and files are possible from and to the VM. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 中啟用增強的主控台工作階段For more information, see Enable enhanced console session in VMM.

存放裝置Storage

VMM 存放裝置 QoS 的改進Improvement in VMM storage QoS

存放裝置服務品質 (SQoS) 可使用 Hyper-V 與向外延展檔案伺服器角色,提供集中監視和管理虛擬機器儲存體效能的方法。Storage Quality of Service (QoS) provides a way to centrally monitor and manage storage performance for virtual machines by using Hyper-V and the Scale-Out File Server roles. 此功能使用相同叢集來自動改善多個 VM 間儲存體資源的公平性。The feature automatically improves storage resource fairness between multiple VMs by using the same cluster. 其也允許以原則為基礎的效能目標。It also allows policy-based performance goals.

VMM 支援下列儲存體 QoS 的改善:VMM supports the following improvements in storage QoS:

  • 超越 S2D 的儲存體 QoS 支援延伸模組: 您現在可以將儲存體 QoS 原則指派給存放區域網路 (SAN)。Extension of storage QoS support beyond S2D: You can now assign storage QoS policies to storage area networks (SANs). 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理叢集的儲存體 QoSFor more information, see Manage storage QoS for clusters.
  • 支援 VMM 私人雲端: VMM 雲端租用戶現在可供儲存體 QoS 原則取用。Support for VMM private clouds: Storage QoS policies can now be consumed by the VMM cloud tenants. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱建立私人雲端For more information, see Create a private cloud.
  • 提供儲存體 QoS 原則範本: 您可以透過 VM 範本來設定儲存體 QoS 原則。Availability of storage QoS policies as templates: You can set storage QoS policies through VM templates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何將驅動程式檔案新增至 VMM 程式庫For more information, see Add VM templates to the VMM library.

網路功能Networking

透過 VMM 設定 SDN 中的客體叢集設定Configuration of guest clusters in SDN through VMM

隨著軟體定義的網路問世,Windows Server 2016 與 System Center 2016 中的客體叢集設定已歷經一些變更。With the advent of the software-defined network in Windows Server 2016 and System Center 2016, the configuration of guest clusters has undergone some change.

由於引進 SDN 之故,使用 SDN 連線到虛擬網路的 VM,只能使用網路控制站所指派的 IP 位址來進行通訊。With the introduction of the SDN, VMs that are connected to the virtual network by using SDN are only permitted to use the IP address that the network controller assigns for communication. SDN 設計受到 Azure 網路設計的啟發,透過如 Azure 網路的軟體負載平衡器 (SLB) 來支援浮動 IP 功能。The SDN design is inspired by Azure networking design and supports the floating IP functionality through the software load balancer (SLB) like Azure networking.

VMM 在 SDN 案例中也透過 SLB 來支援浮動 IP 功能。VMM also supports the floating IP functionality through the SLB in the SDN scenarios. VMM 1801 透過內部負載平衡器 (ILB) VIP 來支援客體叢集。VMM 1801 supports guest clustering through an internal load balancer (ILB) VIP. ILB 會使用在客體叢集 VM 上建立的探查連接埠,以識別作用中節點。The ILB uses probe ports, which are created on the guest cluster VMs to identify the active node. 在任何指定的時間,只有使用中節點的探查連接埠會回應 ILB。At any given time, the probe port of only the active node responds to the ILB. 然後,所有導向至 VIP 的流量都會路由到使用中的節點。Then all the traffic directed to the VIP is routed to the active node. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱透過 VMM 在 SDN 中設定客體叢集For more information, see Configure guest clusters in SDN through VMM.

透過 VMM 服務範本設定 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中 SDN 可以使用 SLB 將網路流量平均分配給受服務提供者和租用戶管理的工作負載。SDN in Windows 2016 can use SLB to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service provider and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支援使用 Power Shell 來部署 SLB VIP。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB VIPs by using PowerShell.

VMM 支援在使用服務範本部署多層式應用程式時設定 SLB VIP。VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs when you deploy multitier applications by using the service templates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱透過 VMM 服務範本設定 SLB VIPFor more information, see Configure SLB VIPs through VMM service templates.

透過 VMM 設定加密的 VM 網路Configuration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 支援加密 VM 網路。VMM supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密網路功能,即可使用網路控制站輕鬆地在 VM 網路設定端對端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the network controller. 此加密可防止相同網路和子網路中兩部 VM 之間的流量遭到讀取和操控。This encryption prevents traffic between two VMs on the same network and same subnet from being read and manipulated.

加密控制屬於子網路層級。The control of encryption is at the subnet level. VM 網路的每個子網路,都可以啟用或停用加密。Encryption can be enabled or disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用 VMM 在 SDN 中設定加密的網路For more information, see Configure encrypted networks in SDN using VMM.

安全性Security

支援 Linux 的受防護 VMSupport to Linux shielded VMs

Windows Server 2016 為 Windows OS 型的 VM 導入受防護的 VM 概念。Windows Server 2016 introduced the concept of a shielded VM for Windows OS-based VMs. 受防護 VM 會防止惡意的系統管理員動作。Shielded VMs protect against malicious administrator actions. 其會在 VM 的資料為待用,或在 Hyper-V 主機上執行不受信任的軟體時,提供保護。They provide protection when the VM's data is at rest or when untrusted software runs on Hyper-V hosts.

使用 Windows Server 1709,Hyper-V 引進對佈建 Linux 受防護 VM 的支援。With Windows Server 1709, Hyper-V introduces support for provisioning Linux shielded VMs. 相同的支援現已擴充至 VMM。The same support is now extended to VMM. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱建立 Linux 的受防護 VM 範本磁片 (機器翻譯)。For more information, see Create a Linux shielded VM template disk.

後援 HGS 的設定Configuration of fallback HGS

主機守護者服務 (HGS) 提供證明和金鑰保護服務,以在 Hyper-V 主機上執行受防護的 VM。The host guardian service (HGS) provides attestation and key protection services to run shielded VMs on Hyper-V hosts. 其即使在發生嚴重損壞的情況下也應該會運作。It should operate even in situations of disaster. Windows Server 1709 已新增對後援 HGS 的支援。Windows Server 1709 added support for fallback HGS.

使用 VMM,可以透過一對主要和次要的 HGS URLS (證明與金鑰保護 URI),來設定受防護主機。Using VMM, a guarded host can be configured with a primary and a secondary pair of HGS URLS (an attestation and key protection URI). 此功能的使用案例,包括以災害復原為目的而跨兩個資料中心部署的受防護光纖,以及讓 HGS 執行為受防護的 VM。This capability enables scenarios such as guarded fabric deployments that span two datacenters for disaster recovery purposes and HGS running as shielded VMs.

主要 HGS URL 一律優先次要 HGS URL 使用。The primary HGS URLs are always used in favor of the secondary HGS URLs. 如果主要 HGS 在經過適當的逾時和重試計數之後仍無法回應,才會在次要 HGS 重新嘗試該作業。If the primary HGS fails to respond after the appropriate timeout and retry count, the operation is reattempted against the secondary HGS. 但後續作業仍一律以主要 HGS 為優先。Subsequent operations always favor the primary. 只有當主要 HGS 失敗時,才會使用次要 HGS。The secondary is used only when the primary fails. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 中設定 HGS 後援 URLFor more information, see Configure HGS fallback URLs in VMM.

Azure 整合Azure integration

管理 Azure Resource Manager 型與區域專屬的 Azure 訂用帳戶Management of Azure Resource Manager-based and region-specific Azure subscriptions

目前,VMM Azure 外掛程式僅支援傳統 VM 和全球 Azure 區域。Currently, the VMM Azure plug-in supports only classic VMs and global Azure regions.

VMM 1801 支援下列各項的管理:VMM 1801 supports management of:

  • 以 Azure Resource Manager 為基礎的 VM。Azure Resource Manager-based VMs.
  • 使用新 Azure 入口網站建立的 Azure Active Directory 型驗證。Azure Active Directory-based authentication that's created by using the new Azure portal.
  • 區域特定的 Azure 訂用帳戶,即德國、中國和美國政府 Azure 區域。Region-specific Azure subscriptions, namely, Germany, China, and US Government Azure regions.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理 VMFor more information, see Manage VMs.

VMM 2019 UR1 中的新功能New features in VMM 2019 UR1

下列各節會介紹 VMM 2019 更新彙總套件 1 (UR1) 支援的新功能或功能更新。The following sections introduce the new features or feature updates supported in VMM 2019 Update Rollup 1 (UR1).

如需了解 UR1 中修正的問題及 UR1 的安裝指示,請參閱知識庫文章For problems fixed in UR1, and the installation instructions for UR1, see the KB article.

運算Compute

支援管理複寫的程式庫共用Support for management of replicated library shares

大型企業通常會部署多站台資料中心,以滿足全球眾多辦公室的需求。Large enterprises usually have multisite datacenter deployments to cater to various offices across the globe. 這些企業通常會在當地提供程式庫伺服器,以存取 VM 部署的檔案,而不是從遠端位置存取程式庫共用。These enterprises typically have a locally available library server to access files for VM deployment rather than accessing the library shares from a remote location. 這種安排可避免使用者可能遇到的任何網路相關問題。This arrangement is to avoid any network-related problems users might experience. 不過,程式庫檔案在所有資料中心都必須保持一致,才能確保一致的 VM 部署。But library files must be consistent across all the datacenters to ensure uniform VM deployments. 為了維持程式庫內容的一致性,組織會使用複寫技術。To maintain uniformity of library contents, organizations use replication technologies.

VMM 現在支援管理已複寫的程式庫伺服器。VMM now supports the management of library servers, which are replicated. 您可以使用任何複寫技術 (例如 DFSR),並透過 VMM 來管理複寫的共用。You can use any replication technologies, such as DFSR, and manage the replicated shares through VMM. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理已複寫的程式庫共用For more information, see Manage replicated library shares.

存放裝置Storage

設定 S2D 叢集上的 DCB 設定Configuration of DCB settings on S2D clusters

遠端直接記憶體存取 (RDMA) 搭配資料中心橋接 (DCB) 有助於在乙太網路中達成相當於光纖通道網路的效能等級與不失真。Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) and data center bridging (DCB) help to achieve a similar level of performance and losslessness in an Ethernet network as in fiber channel networks.

VMM 2019 UR1 支援在 S2D 叢集上設定 DCB。VMM 2019 UR1 supports configuration of DCB on S2D clusters.

注意

您必須在所有主機與網狀架構網路 (交換器) 上一致地設定 DCB 設定。You must configure the DCB settings consistently across all the hosts and the fabric network (switches). 在任一主機或光纖裝置上錯誤設定 DCB 設定,將會對 S2D 效能造成損害。A misconfigured DCB setting in any one of the host or fabric devices is detrimental to the S2D performance. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 S2D 叢集上設定 DCB 設定For more information, see Configure DCB settings on the S2D cluster.

Network (網路)Network

邏輯網路中的使用者體驗改善User experience improvements in logical networks

在 VMM 2019 UR1 中,已增強邏輯網路建立程序的使用者體驗。In VMM 2019 UR1, the user experience is enhanced for the process of creating logical networks. 邏輯網路現在會根據使用案例,按產品描述分組。Logical networks are now grouped by product description based on use cases. 此外,也會提供每個邏輯網路類型圖與相依性關係圖。Also, an illustration for each logical network type and a dependency graph are provided. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 2019 UR1 光纖中設定邏輯網路For more information, see Set up logical networks in the VMM 2019 UR1 fabric.

啟用巢狀虛擬化的其他選項Additional options to enable nested virtualization

您現在可以在透過 VM 範本與服務範本建立新 VM 和部署 VM 時,啟用巢狀虛擬化。You can now enable nested virtualization while you create a new VM and deploy VMs through VM templates and service templates. 在較舊版本中,只有在已部署的 VM 上才支援巢狀虛擬化。In earlier releases, nested virtualization is supported only on deployed VMs. 深入了解啟用巢狀虛擬化Learn more about enabling nested virtualization.

PowerShell Cmdlet 更新Updates to PowerShell cmdlets

VMM 2019 UR1 包含下列各項功能的 Cmdlet 更新:VMM 2019 UR1 includes the following cmdlet updates for the respective features:

  1. 設定 S2D 叢集上的 DCB 設定Configuration of DCB settings on S2D clusters

    • 新的 Cmdlet New-SCDCBSettings - 可在受 VMM 管理的 S2D 叢集中進行 DCB 設定。New cmdlet New-SCDCBSettings - configures DCB settings in the S2D cluster managed by VMM.

    • 新參數 [-DCBSettings] - 可指定在叢集上設定的 DCB 設定,並包含在 Install-SCVMHostClusterSet-SCVMHostClusterSet-SCStorageFileServer Cmdlet 中。New parameter [-DCBSettings] - specifies the DCB settings configured on the cluster, and is included in Install-SCVMHostCluster, Set-SCVMHostCluster and Set-SCStorageFileServer cmdlets.

  2. 啟用巢狀虛擬化的其他選項Additional options to enable nested virtualization

    • 新參數 [-EnableNestedVirtualization] - 可啟用巢狀虛擬化,並包含在 Set-SCComputerTierTemplate Cmdlet 中。New parameter [-EnableNestedVirtualization] - enables the nested virtualization, and is included in Set-SCComputerTierTemplate cmdlet.

如需這些更新的詳細資訊,請參閱 VMM PowerShell 文章For more information about these updates, see VMM PowerShell articles.

VMM 2019 UR2 中的新功能New features in VMM 2019 UR2

下列各節會介紹 VMM 2019 更新彙總套件 2 (UR2) 支援的新功能或功能更新。The following sections introduce the new features and feature updates supported in VMM 2019 Update Rollup 2 (UR2).

如需了解 VMM 2019 UR2 中修正的問題及 UR2 的安裝指示,請參閱知識庫文章For problems fixed in VMM 2019 UR2, and installation instructions for UR2, see the KB article.

計算Compute

Windows Server 2012 R2 主機的支援Support for Windows Server 2012 R2 hosts

VMM 2019 UR2 支援 Windows Server 2012 R2 主機。VMM 2019 UR2 supports windows server 2012 R2 hosts. 如需有關支援主機的詳細資訊,請參閱系統需求For more information about the supported hosts, see System requirements.

ESXi 6.7 主機支援Support for ESXi 6.7 hosts

VMM 2019 UR2 支援 VMM 網狀架構中的 VMware ESXi v6.7 伺服器。VMM 2019 UR2 supports VMware ESXi v6.7 servers in VMM fabric. 此支援讓管理員能夠更靈活地管理使用中的多個 Hypervisor。This support gives additional flexibility to the administrators in managing multiple hypervisors in use. 如需有關支援的 VMware 伺服器版本的詳細資訊,請參閱系統需求For more information about supported VMware server versions, see System requirements.

網路功能Networking

建立邏輯交換器的使用者體驗改善User experience improvements in creating logical switches

在 VMM 2019 UR2 中,已增強邏輯交換器建立程序的使用者體驗。With VMM 2019 UR2, the user experience is enhanced for the process of creating logical switches. 2019 UR2 包含智慧型預設值、提供各種選項的純文字說明以及視覺表示,以及邏輯交換器的拓撲圖表。2019 UR2 includes smart defaults, provides clear text explanation for various options along with visual representations, and a topology diagram for logical switch. 深入了解Learn more.

支援 IPv6Support for IPv6

VMM 2019 UR2 支援 IPv6 SDN 部署。VMM 2019 UR2 supports IPv6 SDN deployment. 深入了解Learn more.

佈建以設定虛擬網路介面卡與實體介面卡之間的親和性Provision to set affinity between virtual network adapters and physical adapters

VMM 2019 UR2 支援 vNIC 與 pNIC 之間的親和性。VMM 2019 UR2 supports affinity between vNICs and pNICs. 虛擬網路介面卡和實體介面卡之間的親和性提供了跨組合 pNIC 路由網路流量的彈性。Affinity between virtual network adapters and physical adapters brings in flexibility to route network traffic across teamed pNICs. 有了這項功能,您可以藉由對應支援 RDMA 的實體介面卡搭配啟用 RDMA 設定的 vNIC,來增加輸送量。With this feature, you can increase throughput by mapping RDMA capable physical adapter with a RDMA settings enabled vNIC. 此外,您也可以將特定類型的流量 (例如即時移轉) 路由至較高頻寬的實體介面卡。Also, you can route specific type of traffic (e.g. live migration) to a higher-bandwidth physical adapter. 在 HCI 部署案例中,藉由指定親和性,您可以利用 SMB 多重通道來符合 SMB 流量的高輸送量。In HCI deployment scenarios, by specifying affinity, you can leverage SMB multichannel to meet high throughput for SMB traffic. 深入了解Learn more.

其他Others

SQL Server 2019 支援Support for SQL Server 2019

VMM 2019 RTM 和更新版本現在支援 SQL Server 2019。VMM 2019 RTM and later now supports SQL Server 2019.

Linux 作業系統支援Support for Linux Operating system

VMM 2019 UR2 支援 Red Hat 8.0、CentOS 8、Debian 10、Ubuntu 20.04 Linux 作業系統。VMM 2019 UR2 supports Red Hat 8.0, CentOS 8, Debian 10, Ubuntu 20.04 Linux Operating systems.

PowerShell Cmdlet 更新Updates to PowerShell cmdlets

VMM 2019 UR2 包含下列各項功能的 Cmdlet 更新:VMM 2019 UR2 includes the following cmdlet updates for the respective features:

  1. 更新 VMM 憑證Update VMM certificate

    • 新的 Cmdlet Update-SCVMMCertificate - 會更新 VMM 伺服器上的 VMM 憑證。New cmdlet Update-SCVMMCertificate - updates the VMM certificate on the VMM server.
  2. 設定虛擬網路介面卡與實體介面卡之間的親和性Set affinity between virtual network adapters and physical adapters

    • 新參數 [-PhysicalNetworkAdapterName] - 可指定實體網路介面卡的名稱,並包含在 New-SCVirtualNetworkAdapterSet-SCVirtualNetworkAdapter Cmdlet 中。New parameter [-PhysicalNetworkAdapterName] - specifies the name of the physical network adapter, and is included in New-SCVirtualNetworkAdapter and Set-SCVirtualNetworkAdapter cmdlets.
  3. 支援 IPv6Support for IPv6

    • 新參數 [-IPv6Subnet] - 可指定 IPv6 子網路,並包含在 Add-SCFabricRoleResource Cmdlet 中。New parameter [-IPv6Subnet] - specifies an IPv6 subnet, and is included in Add-SCFabricRoleResource cmdlet.

    • 更新現有 Cmdlet 中的參數:Updates to parameters in existing cmdlets:

      • 以 ‘;’ 分隔的 IPv4 和 IPv6 位址可以傳遞至 Add-SCVMNetworkGateway Cmdlet 中的 [-RoutingIPSubnet] 參數。IPv4 and IPv6 address separated by ‘;’ can be passed to [-RoutingIPSubnet] parameter in Add-SCVMNetworkGateway cmdlet.
      • IPv6 位址也可以新增至 New-SCGatewayRoleConfiguration Cmdlet 中的 [-PublicIPAddresses] 參數。IPv6 addresses can also be added to [-PublicIPAddresses] parameter in New-SCGatewayRoleConfiguration cmdlet.

如需這些更新的詳細資訊,請參閱 VMM PowerShell 文章For more information about these updates, see VMM PowerShell articles.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM),建議升級至 VMM 2019This version of Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to VMM 2019.

此文章詳細說明 System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支援的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager 的新功能What's new in System Center 1807 - Virtual Machine Manager

如需 VMM 1807 中支援之新功能的相關資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for information about the new features supported in VMM 1807.

注意

若要檢視 VMM 1807 的已修正錯誤 (Big) 與安裝指示,請參閱 KB 文章 4135364 (機器翻譯)。To view the bugs fixed and the installation instructions for VMM 1807, see KB article 4135364.

存放裝置Storage

支援選取用來放置新 VHD 的 CSVSupports selection of CSV for placing a new VHD

VMM 1807 可讓您選取用來放置新虛擬硬碟 (VHD) 的叢集共用磁碟區 (CSV)。VMM 1807 allows you to select a cluster shared volumes (CSV) for placing a new virtual hard disc (VHD).

在舊版 VMM 中,虛擬機器 (VM) 上的新 VHD 預設會放置於與先前關聯至該 VM 之 VHD 放置位置相同的 CSV 中,沒有任何選項可用來選擇不同的 CSV/資料夾。In earlier versions of VMM, a new VHD on a virtual machine (VM), by default, is placed on the same CSV where the earlier VHDs associated with the VM are placed, there was no option to choose a different CSV/ folder. 如果有任何與 CSV 相關的問題 (例如儲存空間已滿或超過承諾用量),使用者就必須遷移 VHD (只能在部署 VHD 之後進行)。In case of any issues related to the CSV, such as storage full or over commitment, users had to migrate the VHD, only after deploying the VHD.

使用 VMM 1807,您現在可以選擇任何位置來放置新磁碟。您可以根據 CSV 的存放裝置可用性,輕鬆管理此磁碟。With VMM 1807, you can now choose any location to place the new disc. You can manage this disc easily, based on the storage availability of CSVs. 深入了解Learn more.

網路功能Networking

顯示網路裝置的 LLDP 資訊Display of LLDP information for networking devices

VMM 1807 支援連結層探索通訊協定 (LLDP)。VMM 1807 supports Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). 您現在可以從 VMM 檢視網路裝置屬性和主機的功能資訊。You can now view network device properties and capabilities information of the hosts from VMM. 主機作業系統必須是 Windows 2016 或更新版本。Host operating system must be Windows 2016 or higher.

DataCenterBridging 和 DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools 功能已在主機上啟用來擷取 LLDP 屬性。DataCenterBridging and DataCenterBridging-LLDP-Tools features have been enabled on hosts to fetch the LLDP properties. 深入了解Learn more.

將 SET 交換器轉換為邏輯交換器Convert SET switch to logical switch

VMM 1807 可讓您使用 VMM 主控台,將交換器內嵌小組 (SET) 交換器轉換為邏輯交換器。VMM 1807 allows you to convert a switch embedded teaming (SET) switch to logical switch by using the VMM console. 在舊版中,只能透過 PowerShell 指令碼支援此功能。In earlier versions, this feature was supported only through PowerShell script. 深入了解Learn more.

VMware主機管理VMware host management

VMM 1807 支援 VMM 網狀架構中的 VMware ESXi v6.5 伺服器。VMM 1807 supports VMware ESXi v6.5 servers in VMM fabric. 此支援讓系統管理員能夠有更多彈性來管理使用中的多個 Hypervisor。This support facilitates the administrators with additional flexibility in managing multiple hypervisors in use. 深入了解支援之 VMware 伺服器版本的其他詳細資訊。Learn more about the additional details of supported vmware server versions.

支援 S2D 叢集更新Support for S2D cluster update

VMM 1807 支援 S2D 主機或叢集的更新。VMM 1807 supports update of an S2D host or a cluster. 您可以針對 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 中設定的基準來更新個別的 S2D 主機或叢集。You can update individual S2D hosts or clusters against the baselines configured in windows server update services (WSUS). 深入了解Learn more.

其他功能Others

支援 SQL 2017Support for SQL 2017

VMM 1807 支援 SQL 2017。VMM 1807 supports SQL 2017. 您可以將 SQL 2016 升級到 2017。You can upgrade SQL 2016 to 2017.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM),建議升級至 VMM 2019This version of Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to VMM 2019.

本文詳細說明 System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支援的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

本文詳細說明 System Center 2016 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 中支援的新功能。This article details the new features supported in System Center 2016 - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).

System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager 的新功能What's new in System Center 1801 - Virtual Machine Manager

如需 VMM 1801 中支援之新功能的詳細資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features supported in VMM 1801.

運算Compute

巢狀虛擬化Nested virtualization

VMM 支援巢狀虛擬化功能,讓您在 Hyper-V 虛擬機器內執行 Hyper-V。VMM supports Nested Virtualization feature that allows you to run Hyper-V inside a Hyper-V virtual machine. 換言之,使用巢狀虛擬化,Hyper-V 主機本身也能虛擬化。In other words, with nested virtualization, a Hyper-V host itself can be virtualized. 藉由使用 PowerShell 和 Hyper-V 主機設定,可於頻外啟用巢狀虛擬化。Nested virtualization can be enabled out-of-band by using PowerShell and Hyper-V host configuration.

您可以利用此功能降低開發、測試、示範及訓練案例的基礎結構費用。You can leverage this functionality to reduce your infrastructure expense for development, test, demo, and training scenarios. 此功能也可讓您搭配協力廠商虛擬化管理產品與 Microsoft Hypervisor 一起使用。This feature also allows you to use third- party virtualization management products with Microsoft hypervisor.

您可以使用 SCVMM 1801 來啟用或停用巢狀虛擬化功能。You can enable or disable the nested virtualization feature using SCVMM 1801. 您可以在 VMM 中將 VM 設定為主機,並在此 VM 上從 VMM 執行主機操作。You can configure the VM as a Host in VMM and perform host operations from VMM on this VM. 例如,VMM 動態最佳化會考慮將巢狀 VM 主機用於放置上。For example, VMM dynamic optimization considers a nested VM host for placement. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

VMware VM (EFI 韌體型 VM) 移轉至 Hyper-V VMMigration of VMware VM (EFI firmware-based VM) to Hyper-V VM

VMware VM 對 Hyper-V 目前的 VMM 移轉僅支援移轉 BIOS 型 VM。The current VMM migration for VMware VMs to Hyper-V only supports migration of BIOS-based VMs.

VMM 1801 版本能夠將 EFI 型 VMware VM 移轉至 Hyper-V 第 2 代 VM。VMM 1801 release enables migration of EFI based VMware VMs to Hyper-V generation 2 VMs. 您移轉至 Microsoft Hyper-V 平台的 VMware VM 可以使用 Hyper-V 第 2 代功能。VMware VMs that you migrate to Microsoft Hyper-V platform can take advantage of the Hyper-V generation 2 features.

做為此版本推出的功能,[轉換虛擬機器] 精靈會根據韌體類型 (BIOS 或 EFI) 來啟用 VM 移轉功能,並適當地選取和設定 Hyper-V VM 世代的預設值:進一步了解As part of this release, the Convert Virtual machine wizard enables the VM migration based on the firmware type (BIOS or EFI), selects and defaults the Hyper-V VM generation appropriately: Learn more.

  1. BIOS 型 VM 會移轉至 Hyper-V VM 第 1 代。BIOS-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 1.
  2. EFI 型 VM 會移轉至 Hyper-V VM 第 2 代。EFI-based VMs are migrated to Hyper-V VM generation 2.

我們也改善 VMWare VM 轉換程序,讓轉換速度最多可加快 50%。We have also made improvements in the VMWare VM conversion process that makes the conversion up to 50% faster.

主機重新整理程式的效能改進Performance improvement in host refresher

VMM 1801 主機重新整理程式已經過特定的效能改善更新。The VMM 1801 host refresher has undergone certain updates for performance improvement.

有了這些更新,當組織管理大量具有檢查點的主機與 VM 時,您會觀察到工作效能有顯著改進。With these updates, in scenarios where the organization is managing large number of hosts and VMs with checkpoints – you would be able to observe significant and noticeable improvements in the performance of the job.

我們的實驗室中使用管理 20 個主機的 VMM 執行個體,每個主機均管理 45-100 個 VM,而我們測量到效能改進高達 10 倍。In our lab with VMM instances managing 20 hosts - each host managing 45-100 VMs, we have measured up to 10X performance improvement.

VMM 中加強的主控台工作階段Enhanced console session in VMM

VMM 中的主控台連線提供從遠端桌面連線至 VM 的替代方式。Console connect in VMM provides an alternative way to remote desktop to connect to the VM. 當 VM 沒有任何網路連線,或想要變更會造成網路連線中斷的網路設定時,這種方式最實用。This is most useful when the VM does not have any network connectivity or want to change network configuration that could break the network connectivity. 目前,VMM 中目前的主控台連線僅支援基本工作階段,只能透過 [輸入剪貼簿文字] 功能表選項貼上剪貼簿文字。Currently, the current console connect in VMM supports only basic session where clipboard text can only be pasted through Type Clipboard Text menu option.

VMM 1801 支援增強的工作階段,可針對剪貼簿上可用的 ANSI 文字和檔案啟用剪下 (Ctrl + X)複製 (Ctrl + C)貼上 (Ctrl + V) 操作,如此即可執行從 VM 複製文字和檔案並貼上 VM 的命令。VMM 1801 supports enhanced console session that enables Cut (Ctrl + X), Copy (Ctrl + C) and Paste (Ctrl + V) operations on the ANSI text and files available on the clipboard, thereby copy/paste commands for text and files are possible from and to the VM. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

存放裝置Storage

VMM 存放裝置 QoS 的改進Improvement in VMM storage QoS

存放裝置服務品質 (SQoS) 可使用 Hyper-V 與向外延展檔案伺服器 (SOFS) 角色,集中地監視和管理虛擬機器的存放裝置效能。Storage Quality of Service (SQoS) provides a way to centrally monitor and manage storage performance for virtual machines using Hyper-V and the Scale-Out File Server (SOFS) roles. 此功能使用相同的叢集並允許原則式的效能目標,自動改善多個 VM 之間的存放裝置資源公平性。The feature automatically improves storage resource fairness between multiple VMs using the same cluster and allows policy-based performance goals.

VMM 1801 支援下列 SQoS 的改善:VMM 1801 supports the following improvements in SQoS:

  • SQoS 擴充功能不僅可支援 S2D:您現在可以將存放裝置 QoS 原則指派給存放區域網路 (SAN)。Extension of SQoS support beyond S2D - You can now assign storage QoS policies to storage area networks (SAN). 進一步瞭解Learn more.
  • 支援 VMM 私人雲端:VMM 雲端租用戶現在可供存放裝置 QoS 原則使用。Support for VMM private cloud - storage QoS policies can now be consumed by the VMM cloud tenants. 進一步瞭解Learn more.
  • 存放裝置 QoS 原則可作為範本使用:您可以透過 VM 範本來設定存放裝置 QoS 原則。Availability of storage QoS policies as templates - You can set storage QoS policies through VM templates. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

網路Networking

透過 VMM 設定 SDN 中的客體叢集設定Configuration of guest clusters in SDN through VMM

隨著軟體定義網路 (SDN) 問世,Windows Server 2016 與 System Center 2016 中的客體叢集設定已歷經一些變更。With the advent of the software defined network (SDN), in Windows Server 2016 and System Center 2016, the configuration of guest clusters has undergone some change.

由於導入 SDN 之故,使用 SDN 連線到虛擬網路的 VM,只允許使用網路控制站所指派的 IP 位址進行通訊。With the introduction of the SDN, VMs which are connected to the virtual network using SDN are only permitted to use the IP address that the network controller assigns for communication. SDN 設計受到 Azure 網路設計的啟發,透過如 Azure 網路的軟體負載平衡器 (SLB) 支援浮動 IP 功能。The SDN design is inspired by Azure networking design, supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB), like Azure networking.

VMM 1801 版本在 SDN 案例中也透過軟體負載平衡器 (SLB) 支援浮動 IP 功能。VMM 1801 release also supports the floating IP functionality through the Software Load Balancer (SLB) in the SDN scenarios. VMM 1801 透過內部負載平衡器 (ILB) VIP 支援客體叢集。VMM 1801 supports guest clustering through an Internal Load Balancer (ILB) VIP. ILB 會使用在客體叢集 VM 上建立的探查連接埠,以識別作用中節點。The ILB uses probe ports, which are created on the guest cluster VMs to identify the active node. 在任何時候,只有作用中節點的探查連接埠會回應 ILB,而所有針對 VIP 的流量都會路由至作用中節點。At any given time, the probe port of only the active node responds to the ILB and all the traffic directed to the VIP is routed to the active node. . 進一步瞭解Learn more.

透過 VMM 服務範本設定 SLB VIPConfiguration of SLB VIPs through VMM service templates

Windows 2016 中的 SDN 可以使用軟體負載平衡器 (SLB) 將網路流量平均分配給受服務提供者和租用戶管理的工作負載。SDN in Windows 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute network traffic among workloads managed by service provider and tenants. VMM 2016 目前支援使用 Power Shell 來部署 SLB 虛擬 IP (VIP)。VMM 2016 currently supports deployment of SLB Virtual IPs (VIPs) using power shell.

使用 VMM 1801,VMM 支援在使用服務範本部署多層式應用程式時設定 SLB VIP。With VMM 1801, VMM supports configuration of SLB VIPs while deploying multi-tier application by using the service templates. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

透過 VMM 設定加密的 VM 網路Configuration of encrypted VM networks through VMM

VMM 1801 支援加密 VM 網路。VMM 1801 supports encryption of VM networks. 使用新的加密網路功能,可以使用網路控制站 (NC) 輕鬆地在 VM 網路設定端對端加密。Using the new encrypted networks feature, end-to-end encryption can be easily configured on VM networks by using the Network Controller (NC). 此加密可防止相同網路和相同子網路上兩個 VM 之間的流量遭到讀取和操控。This encryption prevents traffic between two VMs on the same network and same subnet, from being read and manipulated.

加密的控制位於子網路層級,並可以針對 VM 網路的每個子網路啟用/停用加密。The control of encryption is at the subnet level and encryption can be enabled/disabled for each subnet of the VM network. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

安全性Security

支援 Linux 受防護的 VMSupport to Linux shielded VM

Windows Server 2016 為 Windows OS 型的 VM 導入受防護的 VM 概念。Windows Server 2016 introduced the concept of a shielded VM for Windows OS-based VMs. 受防護的 VM 可以在 VM 的資料處於待用或不受信任的軟體在 Hyper-V 主機上執行時,防止進行惡意的系統管理員動作。Shielded VMs provide protection against malicious administrator actions both when VM’s data is at rest or an untrusted software is running on Hyper-V hosts.

使用 Windows Server 1709,Hyper-V 導入對佈建 Linux 受防護 VM 的支援,而相同的功能已擴充至 VMM 1801。With Windows Server 1709, Hyper-V introduces support for provisioning Linux shielded VMs and the same has been extended to VMM 1801. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

後援 HGS 的設定Configuration of fallback HGS

主機守護者服務 (HGS) 是提供證明與金鑰保護服務,以在 Hyper-V 主機上執行受防護 VM 的核心,因此即使在發生災害的情況下,它仍應該要能夠持續運作。Being at the heart of providing attestation and key protection services to run shielded VMs on Hyper-V hosts, the host guardian service (HGS) should operate even in situations of disaster. Windows Server 1709 已新增對後援 HGS 的支援。Windows Server 1709 added support for fallback HGS.

使用 VMM 1801,可以透過一對主要和次要的 HGS URLS (證明與金鑰保護 URI),來設定受防護主機。Using VMM 1801, a guarded host can be configured with a primary and a secondary pair of HGS URLS (an attestation and key protection URI). 此功能啟用針對災害復原目的而跨越兩個資料中心部署受防護網狀架構、作為受防護 VM 執行的 HGS 之類的案例。This capability enables scenarios such as guarded fabric deployments spanning two data centers for disaster recovery purposes, HGS running as shielded VMs etc.

系統一律會優先使用主要 HGS URL。The primary HGS URLs will always be used in favor of the secondary. 如果主要 HGS 在經過適當的逾時和重試計數之後仍無法回應,系統將會針對次要 HGS 重新嘗試該作業。If the primary HGS fails to respond after the appropriate timeout and retry count, the operation will be reattempted against the secondary. 後續作業仍一律會優先使用主要 HGS URL。只有在主要 HGS URL 失敗時,才使用次要的 HGS URL。Subsequent operations will always favor the primary; the secondary will only be used when the primary fails. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

Azure 整合Azure Integration

管理 Azure Resource Manager 型與區域專屬的 Azure 訂用帳戶Management of Azure Resource Manager-based and region-specific Azure subscriptions

目前,VMM Azure 外掛程式僅支援傳統的虛擬機器 (VM) 和公用 Azure 區域。Currently, the VMM Azure plugin supports only classic virtual machines (VMs) and public Azure regions.

VMM 1801 支援管理使用新的 Azure 入口網站和區域特定的 Azure 訂用帳戶 (亦即,德國、中國、US Government Azure 區域) 建立的 Azure Resource Manager 型 VM、Azure Active Directory (AD) 型驗證。VMM 1801 supports management of Azure Resource Manager based VMs, Azure Active Directory (AD) based authentication that is created by using the new Azure portal and region-specific Azure subscriptions (namely, Germany, China, US Government Azure regions). 進一步瞭解Learn more.

VMM 2016 的新功能What's new in VMM 2016

如需 VMM 2016 中支援之新功能的詳細資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features supported in VMM 2016.

運算Compute

Nano 伺服器型主機和 VM 的完整生命週期管理Full lifecycle management of Nano Server-based hosts and VMs

您可以在 VMM 網狀架構中佈建和管理 Nano 伺服器主機和虛擬機器。You can provision and manage Nano Server-based hosts and virtual machines in the VMM fabric. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

輪流升級 Windows Server 2012 R2 主機叢集Rolling upgrade of a Windows Server 2012 R2 host clusters

您現在可以將 VMM 網狀架構中的 HYPER-V 與向外延展檔案伺服器 (SOFS) 叢集,從 Windows Server 2012 R2 升級到 Windows Server 2016,而不會導致主機工作負載的停機時間。You can now upgrade Hyper-V and scale-out file server (SOFS) clusters in the VMM fabric from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016, with no downtime for the host workloads. VMM 會協調整個工作流程。VMM orchestrates the entire workflow. 它會清空節點、從叢集中移除節點、重新安裝作業系統,然後將節點新增回叢集。It drains the node, removes it from the cluster, reinstalls the operating system, and adds it back into the cluster. 深入了解輪流升級 HYPER-V 叢集SOFS 叢集Learn more about performing rolling upgrades for Hyper-V clusters, and SOFS clusters.

建立 HYPER-V 和 SOFS 叢集Creating Hyper-V & SOFS clusters

建立 Hyper-V 和 SOFS 叢集的簡化工作流程如下:There's a streamlined workflow for creating Hyper-V and SOFS clusters:

  • 裸機部署 Hyper-V 主機叢集:從裸機電腦部署 Hyper-V 主機叢集現在只要單一步驟。Bare metal deployment of Hyper-V host clusters: Deploying a Hyper-V host cluster from bare metal machines is now a single step. 深入了解Learn more

  • 將裸機節點新增到現有的 Hyper-V 主機叢集或 SOFS 叢集︰您現在可以將裸機電腦直接新增到現有的 Hyper-VSOFS 叢集。Adding a bare-metal node to an existing Hyper-V host cluster or an SOFS Cluster: You can now directly add a bare-metal computer to an existing Hyper-V or SOFS cluster.

適用於執行中 VM 的新作業New operations for running VMs

您現在可以針對執行中的虛擬機器,增加/減少靜態記憶體,以及新增/移除虛擬網路介面卡。You can now increase/decrease static memory and add/remove virtual network adapter for virtual machines that are running. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

生產檢查點Production checkpoints

您現在可以為 VM 建立實際執行檢查點。You can now create production checkpoints for VMs. 這些檢查點都是以磁碟區陰影複製服務 (VSS) 為基礎且會讓應用程式保持一致 (相較之下,以儲存狀態技術為基礎的標準檢查點則不會保持一致)。These checkpoints are based on Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) and are application-consistent (compared to standard checkpoints based on saved state technology that aren't. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

Server App-VServer App-V

在 VMM 2016 中,已不再使用服務範本的 Server App-V 應用程式。The Server App-V application in service templates is no longer available in VMM 2016. 您無法使用 Server App-V 應用程式來建立新的範本或部署新的服務。You can't create new templates or deploy new services with the Server App-V app. 如果您從 VMM 2012 R2 升級並有 Server App-V 應用程式的服務,則現有的部署將會繼續運作。If you upgrade from VMM 2012 R2 and have a service with the Server App-V application, the existing deployment will continue to work. 然而升級之後,您便無法使用 Server App-V 應用程式,將該階層向外延展。However, after the upgrade you can't scale out the tier with Server App-V application. 您可以向外延展其他階層。You can scale out other tiers.

注意

下列功能從 2016 UR9 起開始提供。The following feature is available from 2016 UR9.

VMM 中加強的主控台工作階段Enhanced console session in VMM

VMM 中主控台連線功能提供透過遠端桌面連線至 VM 的替代方式。The console connect capability in VMM provides an alternative way to connect to the VM via remote desktop. 當 VM 沒有任何網路連線,或當您想要變更可能造成網路連線中斷的網路設定時,這種方式最實用。This method is most useful when the VM doesn't have any network connectivity or when you want to change to a network configuration that could break the network connectivity. 目前,VMM 中的主控台連線功能僅支援基本工作階段,即只能使用 [鍵入剪貼簿文字] 功能表選項來貼上剪貼簿文字。Currently, the console connect capability in VMM supports only a basic session where clipboard text can be pasted only by using the Type Clipboard Text menu option.

VMM 支援增強的主控台工作階段,對剪貼簿上可用的 ANSI 文字和檔案啟用 [剪下] (Ctrl + X) 、[複製] (Ctrl + C) 及 [貼上] (Ctrl + V) 操作。VMM supports an enhanced console session that enables Cut (Ctrl + X), Copy (Ctrl + C), and Paste (Ctrl + V) operations on the ANSI text and files available on the clipboard. 如此,即可在 VM 中對文字和檔案執行 [複製] 和 [貼上] 命令。As a result, Copy and Paste commands for text and files are possible from and to the VM. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 VMM 中啟用增強的主控台工作階段For more information, see Enable enhanced console session in VMM.

存放裝置Storage

使用儲存空間直接存取 (S2D) 部署和管理存放裝置叢集Deploy and manage storage clusters with Storage Spaces Direct (S2D)

Windows Server 2016 中的儲存空間直接存取可讓您在 Windows Server 上建立高可用性儲存區系統。Storage Spaces Direct in Windows Server 2016 enables you to build highly available storage systems on Windows Server. 您可以使用 VMM 來建立執行 Windows Server 2016 的向外延展檔案伺服器,並使用儲存空間直接存取設定它。You can use VMM to create a Scale-Out File Server running Windows Server 2016, and configure it with Storage Spaces Direct. 設定之後,您可以在其上建立存放集區和檔案共用。After it's configure you can create storage pools and file shares on it. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

儲存體複本Storage Replica

您可以在 VMM 2016 中,使用 Windows 儲存體複本保護磁碟區中的資料,方法是在主要和次要 (復原) 磁碟區之間進行同步複寫。In VMM 2016 you can use Windows Storage Replica to protect data in a volume by synchronously replicating it between primary and secondary (recovery) volumes. 您可以將主要和次要磁碟區部署到單一叢集、兩個不同的叢集或兩部獨立伺服器。You can deploy the primary and secondary volumes to a single cluster, to two different clusters, or to two standalone servers. 您可以使用 PowerShell 來設定儲存體複本並執行容錯移轉。You use PowerShell to set up Storage Replica and run failover. 深入了解Learn more

存放裝置服務品質 (QoS)Storage Quality of Service (QoS)

您可以設定存放裝置的 QoS,以確保當主機和存放裝置在處理大量負載時,磁碟、VM、應用程式及租用戶不會低於特定資源品質。You can configure QoS for storage to ensure that disks, VMs, apps, and tenants don't drop below a certain resource quality when hosts and storage are handling heavy loads. 您可以在 VMM 網狀架構中設定存放裝置的 QoS。You can configure QoS for storage in the VMM fabric.

網路Networking

軟體定義網路 (SDN)Software Defined Networking (SDN)

在 VMM 2016 中,您可以使用 VMM 服務範本來部署整個 SDN 堆疊。In VMM 2016 you can deploy the entire SDN stack using VMM service templates.

  • 您可以在子網路中部署和管理多節點網路控制站。You can deploy and manage a multi-node Network Controller in a subnet. 當您部署網路控制站並加以上架之後,就能指定應使用 SDN 管理網狀架構元件,以提供與租用戶 VM 的連線能力並定義原則。After you deploy and onboard the Network Controller, you can specify that fabric components should be managed with SDN, to provide connectivity to tenant VMs and to define policies.
  • 您可以部署和設定軟體負載平衡器,在網路控制站所管理的網路內分散流量。You can deploy and configure a software load balancer, to distribute traffic within networks managed by Network Controller. 軟體負載平衡器可用於輸入和輸出 NAT。The software load balancer can be used for inbound and outbound NAT.
  • 您可以部署和設定含有 M+N 備援的 Windows Server 閘道集區。You can deploy and configure a Windows Server Gateway pool with M+N redundancy. 部署閘道之後,您可以使用 S2S GRE、S2S IPSec 或 L3,將租用戶網路連線到主機服務提供者網路,或連線到自己的遠端資料中心網路。After you deploy the gateway, you connect a tenant network to a hosting provider network, or to your own remote data center network using S2S GRE, S2S IPSec, or L3.

網路流量隔離和篩選Network traffic isolation and filtering

您可以使用網路控制站與 PowerShell,在 VM 網路、虛擬子網路、網路介面或整個 VMM 戳記上指定連接埠 ACL,藉以限制並隔離網路流量。You can limit and segregate network traffic by specifying port ACLs on VM networks, virtual subnets, network interfaces, or on an entire VMM stamp using Network Controller and PowerShell. 進一步瞭解Learn more.

虛擬網路介面卡命名Virtual network adapter naming

當您部署虛擬機器時,您可能要在客體作業系統上執行部署後指令碼,以設定虛擬網路介面卡。When you deploy a virtual machine, you might want to run a post-deployment script on the guest operating system to configure virtual network adapters. 這在以前非常困難,因為要在部署期間分辨不同的虛擬網路介面卡並非易事。Previously, this was difficult because there wasn't an easy way to distinguish different virtual network adapters during deployment. 現在,針對在執行 Windows Server 2016 的 Hyper-V 主機上部署的第 2 代虛擬機器,您可以在虛擬網路範本中為虛擬機器介面卡命名。Now, for generation 2 virtual machines deployed on Hyper-V hosts running Windows Server 2016, you can name the virtual network adapter in a virtual machine template. 這類似針對實體網路介面卡使用一致裝置命名 (CDN)。This is similar to using consistent device naming (CDN) for a physical network adapter.

使用 Windows Azure Pack (WAP) 的 SDN 自助式管理Self-service SDN management using Windows Azure Pack (WAP)

您可以為網路控制站管理的網狀架構提供自助式功能。You can provide self-service capabilities for fabric managed by Network Controller. 其中包括建立和管理 VM 網路、設定 S2S IPSec 連線,以及在資料中心設定租用戶和基礎結構 VM 的 NAT 選項。These include creating and managing VM networks, configuring S2S IPSec connections, and configuring NAT options for tenant and infrastructure VMs in your data center.

主機間的邏輯交換器部署Logical switch deployment across hosts

  • 建立邏輯交換器的介面已經過簡化,方便您選取設定。The interface for creating a logical switch has been streamlined to make it easier to select settings.
  • 您可以直接使用 Hyper-V,在受管理的主機上設定標準虛擬交換器,然後使用 VMM,將該標準虛擬交換器轉換為 VMM 邏輯交換器,稍後再套用到其他主機。You can directly use Hyper-v to configure a standard virtual switch on a managed host, and then use VMM to convert the standard virtual switch to a VMM logical switch, which you later apply on additional hosts.
  • 將邏輯切換器套用到特定主機時,如果整個作業不成功,則會還原作業並讓主機設定保持不變。When apply a logical switch to a particular host, if the entire operation doesn't succeed, the operation is reverted and host settings are left unchanged. 改進的記錄功能可讓您更輕鬆地診斷失敗。Improved logging makes it easier to diagnose failures.

安全性Security

受防護的主機部署Guarded host deployment

您可以在 VMM 網狀架構中佈建和管理受防護主機與受防護 VM,有助於針對惡意主機系統管理員和惡意程式碼提供保護。You can provision and manage guarded hosts and shielded VMs in the VMM fabric, to help provide protection against malicious host administrators and malware.

  • 您可以在 VMM 運算網狀架構中管理受防護的主機。You can manage guarded hosts in the VMM compute fabric. 您能夠設定受防護的主機以與 HGS 伺服器進行通訊,還可以指定程式碼完整性原則,以限制可在主機上核心模式中執行的軟體。You configure guarded hosts to communicate with HGS servers, and you can specify code integrity policies that restrict software that can run in kernel mode on the host.
  • 您可以將現有的 VM 轉換為受防護的 VM,以及部署新的受防護 VM。You can convert existing VMs to shielded VMs, and deploy new shielded VMs.

後續步驟Next steps