ExpressRoute workflows for circuit provisioning and circuit states

This article walks you through service provisioning and routing configuration workflows at a high level. The following sections outline the tasks to provision an ExpressRoute circuit end-to-end.

Workflow steps

1. Prerequisites

Ensure that the prerequisites are met. For a full list, see Prerequisites and checklist.

  • An Azure subscription has been created.
  • Physical connectivity has been established with the ExpressRoute partner or configured via ExpressRoute Direct. Review location, see Locations and partners to view ExpressRoute partner and ExpressRoute Direct connectivity across peering locations.

2. Order connectivity or configure ExpressRoute Direct

Order connectivity from the service provider or configure ExpressRoute Direct.

ExpressRoute partner model

Order connectivity from the service provider. This process varies. Contact your connectivity provider for more details about how to order connectivity.

  • Select the ExpressRoute partner
  • Select the peering location
  • Select the bandwidth
  • Select the billing model
  • Select standard or premium add-on

ExpressRoute Direct model

  • View available ExpressRoute Direct capacity across peering locations.
  • Reserve ports by creating the ExpressRoute Direct resource in your Azure subscription.
  • Request and receive the Letter of Authorization and order the physical cross connections from the peering location provider.
  • Enable admin state and view light levels and physical link using Azure Monitor.

3. Create an ExpressRoute circuit

ExpressRoute partner model

Verify that the ExpressRoute partner is ready to provision connectivity. Your ExpressRoute circuit is billed from the moment a service key is issued. Use the instructions in Create an ExpressRoute circuit to create your circuit.

ExpressRoute Direct model

Ensure that the physical link and admin state are enabled across both links. Refer to How to configure ExpressRoute Direct for guidance. Your ExpressRoute circuit is billed from the moment a service key is issued. Use the instructions in Create an ExpressRoute circuit to create your circuit.

4. Service provider provisions connectivity

This section only pertains to the ExpressRoute partner connectivity model:

  • Provide the service key (s-key) to the connectivity provider.
  • Provide additional information needed by the connectivity provider (for example, VPN ID).
  • If the provider manages the routing configuration, provide the necessary details.

You can ensure that the circuit has been provisioned successfully by verifying the ExpressRoute circuit provisioning state using PowerShell, the Azure portal or, CLI.

5. Configure routing domains

Configure routing domains. If your connectivity provider manages Layer 3 configuration, they will configure routing for your circuit. If your connectivity provider only offers Layer 2 services or if you are using ExpressRoute Direct, you must configure routing per the guidelines described in the Routing requirements and Routing configuration articles.

For Azure private peering

Enable private peering to connect to VMs and cloud services deployed within the Azure virtual network.

  • Peering subnet for path 1 (/30)
  • Peering subnet for path 2 (/30)
  • VLAN ID for peering
  • ASN for peering
  • ExpressRoute ASN = 12076
  • MD5 Hash (Optional)

For Microsoft peering

Enable this to access Microsoft online services, such as Microsoft 365. Additionally, all Azure PaaS services are accessible through Microsoft peering. You must ensure that you use a separate proxy/edge to connect to Microsoft than the one you use for the Internet. Using the same edge for both ExpressRoute and the Internet will cause asymmetric routing and cause connectivity outages for your network.

  • Peering subnet for path 1 (/30) - must be public IP
  • Peering subnet for path 2 (/30) - must be public IP
  • VLAN ID for peering
  • ASN for peering
  • Advertised prefixes - must be public IP prefixes
  • Customer ASN (optional if different from peering ASN)
  • RIR / IRR for IP and ASN validation
  • ExpressRoute ASN = 12076
  • MD5 Hash (Optional)

6. Start using the ExpressRoute circuit

  • You can link Azure virtual networks to your ExpressRoute circuit to enable connectivity from on-premises to the Azure virtual network. Refer to the Link a VNet to a circuit article for guidance. These VNets can either be in the same Azure subscription as the ExpressRoute circuit, or can be in a different subscription.
  • Connect to Azure services and Microsoft cloud services through Microsoft peering.

ExpressRoute partner circuit provisioning states

The following section outlines the different ExpressRoute circuit states for the ExpressRoute partner connectivity model. Each ExpressRoute partner circuit has two states:

  • ServiceProviderProvisioningState represents the state on the connectivity provider's side. It can either be NotProvisioned, Provisioning, or Provisioned. The ExpressRoute circuit must be in a Provisioned state in order to configure peering. This state only pertains to ExpressRoute partner circuits and is not displayed in the properties of an ExpressRoute Direct circuit.

  • Status represents Microsoft's provisioning state. This property is set to Enabled when you create an ExpressRoute circuit

Possible states of an ExpressRoute circuit

This section outlines the possible states of an ExpressRoute circuit created under the ExpressRoute partner connectivity model.

At creation time

The ExpressRoute circuit will report the following states at resource creation.

ServiceProviderProvisioningState : NotProvisioned
Status                           : Enabled

When the connectivity provider is in the process of provisioning the circuit

The ExpressRoute circuit will report the following states while the connectivity provider is working to provision the circuit.

ServiceProviderProvisioningState : Provisioning
Status                           : Enabled

When the connectivity provider has completed the provisioning process

The ExpressRoute circuit will report the following states once the connectivity provider has successfully provisioned the circuit.

ServiceProviderProvisioningState : Provisioned
Status                           : Enabled

When the connectivity provider is deprovisioning the circuit

If the ExpressRoute circuit needs to be deprovisioned, the circuit will report the following states once the service provider has completed the deprovisioning process.

ServiceProviderProvisioningState : NotProvisioned
Status                           : Enabled

You can choose to re-enable it if needed, or run PowerShell cmdlets to delete the circuit.

Important

A circuit cannot be deleted when the ServiceProviderProvisioningState is Provisioning or Provisioned. The connectivity provider needs to deprovision the circuit before it can be deleted. Microsoft will continue to bill the circuit until the ExpressRoute circuit resource is deleted in Azure.

Routing session configuration state

The BGP provisioning state reports if the BGP session has been enabled on the Microsoft edge. The state must be enabled to use private or Microsoft peering.

It is important to check the BGP session state especially for Microsoft peering. In addition to the BGP provisioning state, there is another state called advertised public prefixes state. The advertised public prefixes state must be in the configured state, both for the BGP session to be up and for your routing to work end-to-end.

If the advertised public prefix state is set to a validation needed state, the BGP session is not enabled, as the advertised prefixes did not match the AS number in any of the routing registries.

Important

If the advertised public prefixes state is in manual validation state, you need to open a support ticket with Microsoft support and provide evidence that you own the IP addresses advertised along with the associated Autonomous System number.

Next steps