Enable-PSRemoting

Configures the computer to receive remote commands.

Syntax

Enable-PSRemoting
      [-Force]
      [-SkipNetworkProfileCheck]
      [-WhatIf]
      [-Confirm]
      [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Enable-PSRemoting cmdlet configures the computer to receive PowerShell remote commands that are sent by using the WS-Management technology. WS-Management based PowerShell remoting is currently supported only on Windows platform.

PowerShell remoting is enabled by default on Windows Server platforms. You can use Enable-PSRemoting to enable PowerShell remoting on other supported versions of Windows and to re-enable remoting if it becomes disabled.

You have to run this command only one time on each computer that will receive commands. You do not have to run it on computers that only send commands. Because the configuration starts listeners to accept remote connections, it is prudent to run it only where it is needed.

Enabling PowerShell remoting on client versions of Windows when the computer is on a public network is normally disallowed, but you can skip this restriction by using the SkipNetworkProfileCheck parameter. For more information, see the description of the SkipNetworkProfileCheck parameter.

Multiple PowerShell installations can exist side-by-side on a single computer. Running Enable-PSRemoting will configure a remoting endpoint for the specific installation version that you are running the cmdlet in. So if you run Enable-PSRemoting while running PowerShell 6.2, a remoting endpoint will be configured that runs PowerShell 6.2. If you run Enable-PSRemoting while running PowerShell 7-preview, a remoting endpoint will be configured that runs PowerShell 7-preview.

Enable-PSRemoting creates two remoting endpoint configurations as needed. If the endpoint configurations already exist, then they are simply ensured to be enabled. The created configurations are identical but have different names. One will have a simple name corresponding to the PowerShell version that hosts the session. The other configuration name contains more detailed information about the PowerShell version which hosts the session. For example, when running Enable-PSRemoting in PowerShell 6.2, you will get two configured endpoints named PowerShell.6, PowerShell.6.2.2. This allows you to create a connection to the latest PowerShell 6 host version by using the simple name PowerShell.6. Or you can connect to a specific PowerShell host version by using the longer name PowerShell.6.2.2.

To use the newly enabled remoting endpoints, you must specify them by name with the ConfigurationName parameter when creating a remote connection using the Invoke-Command,New-PSSession,Enter-PSSession cmdlets. For more information, see Example 4.

The Enable-PSRemoting cmdlet performs the following operations:

  • Runs the Set-WSManQuickConfig cmdlet, which performs the following tasks:
    • Starts the WinRM service.
    • Sets the startup type on the WinRM service to Automatic.
    • Creates a listener to accept requests on any IP address.
    • Enables a firewall exception for WS-Management communications.
    • Creates the simple and long name session endpoint configurations if needed.
    • Enables all session configurations.
    • Changes the security descriptor of all session configurations to allow remote access.
  • Restarts the WinRM service to make the preceding changes effective.

To run this cmdlet on the Windows platform, start PowerShell by using the Run as administrator option. This cmdlet is not available on Linux or MacOS versions of PowerShell.

Caution

This cmdlet does not affect remote endpoint configurations created by Windows PowerShell. It only affects endpoints created with PowerShell version 6 and greater. To enable and disable PowerShell remoting endpoints that are hosted by Windows PowerShell, run the Enable-PSRemoting cmdlet from within a Windows PowerShell session.

Examples

Example 1: Configure a computer to receive remote commands

This command configures the computer to receive remote commands.

Enable-PSRemoting

WARNING: PowerShell remoting has been enabled only for PowerShell Core configurations and does not
affect Windows PowerShell remoting configurations. Run this cmdlet in Windows PowerShell to affect
all PowerShell remoting configurations.

Example 2: Configure a computer to receive remote commands without a confirmation prompt

This command configures the computer to receive remote commands. The Force parameter suppresses the user prompts.

Enable-PSRemoting -Force

WARNING: PowerShell remoting has been enabled only for PowerShell Core configurations and does not
affect Windows PowerShell remoting configurations. Run this cmdlet in Windows PowerShell to affect
all PowerShell remoting configurations.

Example 3: Allow remote access on clients

This example shows how to allow remote access from public networks on client versions of the Windows operating system. The name of the firewall rule can be different for different versions of Windows. Use Get-NetFirewallRule to see a list of rules. Before enabling the firewall rule, view the security settings in the rule to verify that the configuration is appropriate for your environment.

Get-NetFirewallRule -Name 'WINRM*' | Select-Object Name

Name
----
WINRM-HTTP-In-TCP-NoScope
WINRM-HTTP-In-TCP
WINRM-HTTP-Compat-In-TCP-NoScope
WINRM-HTTP-Compat-In-TCP

Enable-PSRemoting -SkipNetworkProfileCheck -Force
Set-NetFirewallRule -Name 'WINRM-HTTP-In-TCP' -RemoteAddress Any

By default, Enable-PSRemoting creates network rules that allow remote access from private and domain networks. The command uses the SkipNetworkProfileCheck parameter to allow remote access from public networks in the same local subnet. The command specifies the Force parameter to suppress confirmation messages.

The SkipNetworkProfileCheck parameter does not affect server versions of the Windows operating system, which allow remote access from public networks in the same local subnet by default.

The Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet in the NetSecurity module adds a firewall rule that allows remote access from public networks from any remote location. This includes locations in different subnets.

Example 4: Create a remote session to the newly enabled endpoint configuration

This example shows how to enable PowerShell remoting on a computer, find the configured endpoint names, and create a remote session to one of the endpoints.

The first command enables PowerShell remoting on the computer.

The second command lists the endpoint configurations.

The third command creates a remote PowerShell session to the same machine, specifying the PowerShell.6 endpoint by name. The remote session will be hosted with the latest PowerShell 6 version (6.2.2).

The last command accesses the $PSVersionTable variable in the remote session to display the PowerShell version that is hosting the session.

Enable-PSRemoting -Force

Get-PSSessionConfiguration

$session = New-PSSession -ComputerName localhost -ConfigurationName PowerShell.6

Invoke-Command -Session $session -ScriptBlock { $PSVersionTable }

WARNING: PowerShell remoting has been enabled only for PowerShell Core configurations and does not
affect Windows PowerShell remoting configurations. Run this cmdlet in Windows PowerShell to affect
all PowerShell remoting configurations.

Name          : PowerShell.6
PSVersion     : 6.2
StartupScript :
RunAsUser     :
Permission    : NT AUTHORITY\INTERACTIVE AccessAllowed, BUILTIN\Administrators AccessAllowed,
                BUILTIN\Remote Management Users AccessAllowed

Name          : PowerShell.6.2.2
PSVersion     : 6.2
StartupScript :
RunAsUser     :
Permission    : NT AUTHORITY\INTERACTIVE AccessAllowed, BUILTIN\Administrators AccessAllowed,
                BUILTIN\Remote Management Users AccessAllowed

Name                           Value
----                           -----
PSCompatibleVersions           {1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0…}
PSEdition                      Core
PSRemotingProtocolVersion      2.3
Platform                       Win32NT
SerializationVersion           1.1.0.1
GitCommitId                    6.2.2
WSManStackVersion              3.0
PSVersion                      6.2.2
OS                             Microsoft Windows 10.0.18363

Note

The name of the firewall rule can be different depending on the version of Windows. Use the Get-NetFirewallRule cmdlet to list the names of the rules on your system.

Parameters

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Force

Forces the command to run without asking for user confirmation.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SkipNetworkProfileCheck

Indicates that this cmdlet enables remoting on client versions of the Windows operating system when the computer is on a public network. This parameter enables a firewall rule for public networks that allows remote access only from computers in the same local subnet.

This parameter does not affect server versions of the Windows operating system, which, by default, have a local subnet firewall rule for public networks. If the local subnet firewall rule is disabled on a server version, Enable-PSRemoting re-enables it, regardless of the value of this parameter.

To remove the local subnet restriction and enable remote access from all locations on public networks, use the Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet in the NetSecurity module.

This parameter was introduced in PowerShell 3.0.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None

You cannot pipe input to this cmdlet.

Outputs

String

This cmdlet returns strings that describe its results.

Notes

On server versions of the Windows operating system, Enable-PSRemoting creates firewall rules for private and domain networks that allow remote access, and creates a firewall rule for public networks that allows remote access only from computers in the same local subnet.

On client versions of the Windows operating system, Enable-PSRemoting creates firewall rules for private and domain networks that allow unrestricted remote access. To create a firewall rule for public networks that allows remote access from the same local subnet, use the SkipNetworkProfileCheck parameter.

On client or server versions of the Windows operating system, to create a firewall rule for public networks that removes the local subnet restriction and allows remote access , use the Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet in the NetSecurity module to run the following command: Set-NetFirewallRule -Name "WINRM-HTTP-In-TCP-PUBLIC" -RemoteAddress Any

Enable-PSRemoting enables all session configurations by setting the value of the Enabled property of all session configurations to $True.

Enable-PSRemoting removes the Deny_All and Network_Deny_All settings. This provides remote access to session configurations that were reserved for local use.