ConvertTo-Json

Converts an object to a JSON-formatted string.

Syntax

ConvertTo-Json
         [-InputObject] <Object>
         [-Depth <Int32>]
         [-Compress]
         [-EnumsAsStrings]
         [-AsArray]
         [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The ConvertTo-Json cmdlet converts any object to a string in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format. The properties are converted to field names, the field values are converted to property values, and the methods are removed.

You can then use the ConvertFrom-Json cmdlet to convert a JSON-formatted string to a JSON object, which is easily managed in PowerShell.

Many web sites use JSON instead of XML to serialize data for communication between servers and web-based apps.

This cmdlet was introduced in Windows PowerShell 3.0.

Examples

Example 1

PS C:\> (Get-UICulture).Calendar | ConvertTo-Json

{
  "MinSupportedDateTime": "0001-01-01T00:00:00",
  "MaxSupportedDateTime": "9999-12-31T23:59:59.9999999",
  "AlgorithmType": 1,
  "CalendarType": 1,
  "Eras": [
    1
  ],
  "TwoDigitYearMax": 2029,
  "IsReadOnly": true
}

This command uses the ConvertTo-Json cmdlet to convert a GregorianCalendar object to a JSON-formatted string.

Example 2

PS C:\> Get-Date | ConvertTo-Json; Get-Date | ConvertTo-Json -AsArray

{
  "value": "2018-10-12T23:07:18.8450248-05:00",
  "DisplayHint": 2,
  "DateTime": "October 12, 2018 11:07:18 PM"
}
[
  {
    "value": "2018-10-12T23:07:18.8480668-05:00",
    "DisplayHint": 2,
    "DateTime": "October 12, 2018 11:07:18 PM"
  }
]

This example shows the output from ConvertTo-Json cmdlet with and without the -AsArray switch parameter. You can see the second portion of the output is wrapped in array brackets.

Example 3

PS C:\> @{Account="User01";Domain="Domain01";Admin="True"} | ConvertTo-Json -Compress

{"Domain":"Domain01","Account":"User01","Admin":"True"}

This command shows the effect of using the -Compress parameter of ConvertTo-Json. The compression affects only the appearance of the string, not its validity.

Example 4

PS C:\> Get-Date | Select-Object -Property * | ConvertTo-Json

{
  "DisplayHint": 2,
  "DateTime": "October 12, 2018 10:55:32 PM",
  "Date": "2018-10-12T00:00:00-05:00",
  "Day": 12,
  "DayOfWeek": 5,
  "DayOfYear": 285,
  "Hour": 22,
  "Kind": 2,
  "Millisecond": 639,
  "Minute": 55,
  "Month": 10,
  "Second": 32,
  "Ticks": 636749817326397744,
  "TimeOfDay": {
    "Ticks": 825326397744,
    "Days": 0,
    "Hours": 22,
    "Milliseconds": 639,
    "Minutes": 55,
    "Seconds": 32,
    "TotalDays": 0.95523888627777775,
    "TotalHours": 22.925733270666665,
    "TotalMilliseconds": 82532639.774400011,
    "TotalMinutes": 1375.54399624,
    "TotalSeconds": 82532.6397744
  },
  "Year": 2018
}

This example uses the ConvertTo-Json cmdlet to convert a System.DateTime object from the Get-Date cmdlet to a JSON-formatted string. The command uses the Select-Object cmdlet to get all (*) of the properties of the DateTime object. The output shows the JSON string that ConvertTo-Json returned.

Example 5

PS C:\> Get-Date | Select-Object -Property * | ConvertTo-Json | ConvertFrom-Json

DisplayHint : 2
DateTime    : October 12, 2018 10:55:52 PM
Date        : 2018-10-12 12:00:00 AM
Day         : 12
DayOfWeek   : 5
DayOfYear   : 285
Hour        : 22
Kind        : 2
Millisecond : 768
Minute      : 55
Month       : 10
Second      : 52
Ticks       : 636749817527683372
TimeOfDay   : @{Ticks=825527683372; Days=0; Hours=22; Milliseconds=768; Minutes=55; Seconds=52;
              TotalDays=0.95547185575463; TotalHours=22.9313245381111; TotalMilliseconds=82552768.3372;
              TotalMinutes=1375.87947228667; TotalSeconds=82552.7683372}
Year        : 2018

This example shows how to use the ConvertTo-Json and ConvertFrom-Json cmdlets to convert an object to a JSON string and a JSON object.

Required Parameters

-InputObject

Specifies the objects to convert to JSON format. Enter a variable that contains the objects, or type a command or expression that gets the objects. You can also pipe an object to ConvertTo-Json.

The InputObject parameter is required, but its value can be null ($null) or an empty string. When the input object is $null, ConvertTo-Json does not generate any output. When the input object is an empty string, ConvertTo-Json returns an empty string.

Type:Object
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-AsArray

Outputs the object in array brackets, even if the input is a single object.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Compress

Omits white space and indented formatting in the output string.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Depth

Specifies how many levels of contained objects are included in the JSON representation. The default value is 2.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:2
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EnumsAsStrings

Provides an alternative serialization option that converts all enumerations to their string representation.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

System.Object

You can pipe any object to ConvertTo-Json.

Outputs

System.String

Notes