UIElement3D.OnUpdateModel Metodo

Definizione

Partecipa alle operazioni di rendering quando viene sottoposto a override in una classe derivata.Participates in rendering operations when overridden in a derived class.

protected:
 virtual void OnUpdateModel();
protected virtual void OnUpdateModel ();
abstract member OnUpdateModel : unit -> unit
override this.OnUpdateModel : unit -> unit
Protected Overridable Sub OnUpdateModel ()

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come derivare dalla classe UIElement3D per creare una classe Sphere:The following example shows how to derive from the UIElement3D class to create a Sphere class:

public class Sphere : UIElement3D
{
    // OnUpdateModel is called in response to InvalidateModel and provides
    // a place to set the Visual3DModel property.
    // 
    // Setting Visual3DModel does not provide parenting information, which
    // is needed for data binding, styling, and other features. Similarly, creating render data
    // in 2-D does not provide the connections either.
    // 
    // To get around this, we create a Model dependency property which
    // sets this value.  The Model DP then causes the correct connections to occur
    // and the above features to work correctly.
    // 
    // In this update model we retessellate the sphere based on the current
    // dependency property values, and then set it as the model.  The brush
    // color is blue by default, but the code can easily be updated to let
    // this be set by the user.

    protected override void OnUpdateModel()
    {
        GeometryModel3D model = new GeometryModel3D();

        model.Geometry = Tessellate(ThetaDiv, PhiDiv, Radius);
        model.Material = new DiffuseMaterial(System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Blue);

        Model = model;
    }

    // The Model property for the sphere
    private static readonly DependencyProperty ModelProperty =
        DependencyProperty.Register("Model",
                                    typeof(Model3D),
                                    typeof(Sphere),
                                    new PropertyMetadata(ModelPropertyChanged));

    private static void ModelPropertyChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Sphere s = (Sphere)d;
        s.Visual3DModel = s.Model;
    }

    private Model3D Model
    {
        get
        {
            return (Model3D)GetValue(ModelProperty);
        }

        set
        {
            SetValue(ModelProperty, value);
        }
    }

    // The number of divisions to make in the theta direction on the sphere
    public static readonly DependencyProperty ThetaDivProperty =
        DependencyProperty.Register("ThetaDiv",
                                    typeof(int),
                                    typeof(Sphere),
                                    new PropertyMetadata(15, ThetaDivPropertyChanged));

    private static void ThetaDivPropertyChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Sphere s = (Sphere)d;
        s.InvalidateModel();
    }

    public int ThetaDiv
    {
        get
        {
            return (int)GetValue(ThetaDivProperty);
        }

        set
        {
            SetValue(ThetaDivProperty, value);
        }
    }

    // The number of divisions to make in the phi direction on the sphere
    public static readonly DependencyProperty PhiDivProperty =
        DependencyProperty.Register("PhiDiv",
                                    typeof(int),
                                    typeof(Sphere),
                                    new PropertyMetadata(15, PhiDivPropertyChanged));

    private static void PhiDivPropertyChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Sphere s = (Sphere)d;
        s.InvalidateModel();
    }

    public int PhiDiv
    {
        get
        {
            return (int)GetValue(PhiDivProperty);
        }

        set
        {
            SetValue(PhiDivProperty, value);
        }
    }

    // The radius of the sphere
    public static readonly DependencyProperty RadiusProperty =
        DependencyProperty.Register("Radius",
                                    typeof(double),
                                    typeof(Sphere),
                                    new PropertyMetadata(1.0, RadiusPropertyChanged));

    private static void RadiusPropertyChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        Sphere s = (Sphere)d;
        s.InvalidateModel();
    }

    public double Radius
    {
        get
        {
            return (double)GetValue(RadiusProperty);
        }

        set
        {
            SetValue(RadiusProperty, value);
        }
    }

    // Private helper methods
    private static Point3D GetPosition(double theta, double phi, double radius)
    {
        double x = radius * Math.Sin(theta) * Math.Sin(phi);
        double y = radius * Math.Cos(phi);
        double z = radius * Math.Cos(theta) * Math.Sin(phi);

        return new Point3D(x, y, z);
    }

    private static Vector3D GetNormal(double theta, double phi)
    {
        return (Vector3D)GetPosition(theta, phi, 1.0);
    }

    private static double DegToRad(double degrees)
    {
        return (degrees / 180.0) * Math.PI;
    }

    private static System.Windows.Point GetTextureCoordinate(double theta, double phi)
    {
        System.Windows.Point p = new System.Windows.Point(theta / (2 * Math.PI),
                            phi / (Math.PI));

        return p;
    }

    // Tesselates the sphere and returns a MeshGeometry3D representing the 
    // tessellation based on the given parameters
    internal static MeshGeometry3D Tessellate(int tDiv, int pDiv, double radius)
    {            
        double dt = DegToRad(360.0) / tDiv;
        double dp = DegToRad(180.0) / pDiv;

        MeshGeometry3D mesh = new MeshGeometry3D();

        for (int pi = 0; pi <= pDiv; pi++)
        {
            double phi = pi * dp;

            for (int ti = 0; ti <= tDiv; ti++)
            {
                // we want to start the mesh on the x axis
                double theta = ti * dt;

                mesh.Positions.Add(GetPosition(theta, phi, radius));
                mesh.Normals.Add(GetNormal(theta, phi));
                mesh.TextureCoordinates.Add(GetTextureCoordinate(theta, phi));
            }
        }

        for (int pi = 0; pi < pDiv; pi++)
        {
            for (int ti = 0; ti < tDiv; ti++)
            {
                int x0 = ti;
                int x1 = (ti + 1);
                int y0 = pi * (tDiv + 1);
                int y1 = (pi + 1) * (tDiv + 1);

                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y0);
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y1);
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y0);

                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y0);
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y1);
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y1);
            }
        }

        mesh.Freeze();
        return mesh;
    }
}
Public Class Sphere
    Inherits UIElement3D
    ' OnUpdateModel is called in response to InvalidateModel and provides
    ' a place to set the Visual3DModel property.
    ' 
    ' Setting Visual3DModel does not provide parenting information, which
    ' is needed for data binding, styling, and other features. Similarly, creating render data
    ' in 2-D does not provide the connections either.
    ' 
    ' To get around this, we create a Model dependency property which
    ' sets this value.  The Model DP then causes the correct connections to occur
    ' and the above features to work correctly.
    ' 
    ' In this update model we retessellate the sphere based on the current
    ' dependency property values, and then set it as the model.  The brush
    ' color is blue by default, but the code can easily be updated to let
    ' this be set by the user.

    Protected Overrides Sub OnUpdateModel()
        Dim model As New GeometryModel3D()

        model.Geometry = Tessellate(ThetaDiv, PhiDiv, Radius)
        model.Material = New DiffuseMaterial(System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Blue)

        Me.Model = model
    End Sub

    ' The Model property for the sphere
    Private Shared ReadOnly ModelProperty As DependencyProperty = DependencyProperty.Register("Model", GetType(Model3D), GetType(Sphere), New PropertyMetadata(AddressOf ModelPropertyChanged))

    Private Shared Sub ModelPropertyChanged(ByVal d As DependencyObject, ByVal e As DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)
        Dim s As Sphere = CType(d, Sphere)
        s.Visual3DModel = s.Model
    End Sub

    Private Property Model() As Model3D
        Get
            Return CType(GetValue(ModelProperty), Model3D)
        End Get

        Set(ByVal value As Model3D)
            SetValue(ModelProperty, value)
        End Set
    End Property

    ' The number of divisions to make in the theta direction on the sphere
    Public Shared ReadOnly ThetaDivProperty As DependencyProperty = DependencyProperty.Register("ThetaDiv", GetType(Integer), GetType(Sphere), New PropertyMetadata(15, AddressOf ThetaDivPropertyChanged))

    Private Shared Sub ThetaDivPropertyChanged(ByVal d As DependencyObject, ByVal e As DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)
        Dim s As Sphere = CType(d, Sphere)
        s.InvalidateModel()
    End Sub

    Public Property ThetaDiv() As Integer
        Get
            Return CInt(GetValue(ThetaDivProperty))
        End Get

        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            SetValue(ThetaDivProperty, value)
        End Set
    End Property

    ' The number of divisions to make in the phi direction on the sphere
    Public Shared ReadOnly PhiDivProperty As DependencyProperty = DependencyProperty.Register("PhiDiv", GetType(Integer), GetType(Sphere), New PropertyMetadata(15, AddressOf PhiDivPropertyChanged))

    Private Shared Sub PhiDivPropertyChanged(ByVal d As DependencyObject, ByVal e As DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)
        Dim s As Sphere = CType(d, Sphere)
        s.InvalidateModel()
    End Sub

    Public Property PhiDiv() As Integer
        Get
            Return CInt(GetValue(PhiDivProperty))
        End Get

        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            SetValue(PhiDivProperty, value)
        End Set
    End Property

    ' The radius of the sphere
    Public Shared ReadOnly RadiusProperty As DependencyProperty = DependencyProperty.Register("Radius", GetType(Double), GetType(Sphere), New PropertyMetadata(1.0, AddressOf RadiusPropertyChanged))

    Private Shared Sub RadiusPropertyChanged(ByVal d As DependencyObject, ByVal e As DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)
        Dim s As Sphere = CType(d, Sphere)
        s.InvalidateModel()
    End Sub

    Public Property Radius() As Double
        Get
            Return CDbl(GetValue(RadiusProperty))
        End Get

        Set(ByVal value As Double)
            SetValue(RadiusProperty, value)
        End Set
    End Property

    ' Private helper methods
    Private Shared Function GetPosition(ByVal theta As Double, ByVal phi As Double, ByVal radius As Double) As Point3D
        Dim x As Double = radius * Math.Sin(theta) * Math.Sin(phi)
        Dim y As Double = radius * Math.Cos(phi)
        Dim z As Double = radius * Math.Cos(theta) * Math.Sin(phi)

        Return New Point3D(x, y, z)
    End Function

    Private Shared Function GetNormal(ByVal theta As Double, ByVal phi As Double) As Vector3D
        Return CType(GetPosition(theta, phi, 1.0), Vector3D)
    End Function

    Private Shared Function DegToRad(ByVal degrees As Double) As Double
        Return (degrees / 180.0) * Math.PI
    End Function

    Private Shared Function GetTextureCoordinate(ByVal theta As Double, ByVal phi As Double) As System.Windows.Point
        Dim p As New System.Windows.Point(theta / (2 * Math.PI), phi / (Math.PI))

        Return p
    End Function

    ' Tesselates the sphere and returns a MeshGeometry3D representing the 
    ' tessellation based on the given parameters
    Friend Shared Function Tessellate(ByVal tDiv As Integer, ByVal pDiv As Integer, ByVal radius As Double) As MeshGeometry3D
        Dim dt As Double = DegToRad(360.0) / tDiv
        Dim dp As Double = DegToRad(180.0) / pDiv

        Dim mesh As New MeshGeometry3D()

        For pi As Integer = 0 To pDiv
            Dim phi As Double = pi * dp

            For ti As Integer = 0 To tDiv
                ' we want to start the mesh on the x axis
                Dim theta As Double = ti * dt

                mesh.Positions.Add(GetPosition(theta, phi, radius))
                mesh.Normals.Add(GetNormal(theta, phi))
                mesh.TextureCoordinates.Add(GetTextureCoordinate(theta, phi))
            Next ti
        Next pi

        For pi As Integer = 0 To pDiv - 1
            For ti As Integer = 0 To tDiv - 1
                Dim x0 As Integer = ti
                Dim x1 As Integer = (ti + 1)
                Dim y0 As Integer = pi * (tDiv + 1)
                Dim y1 As Integer = (pi + 1) * (tDiv + 1)

                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y0)
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y1)
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y0)

                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y0)
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x0 + y1)
                mesh.TriangleIndices.Add(x1 + y1)
            Next ti
        Next pi

        mesh.Freeze()
        Return mesh
    End Function
End Class

Per l'esempio completo, vedere esempio di Sphere di UIElement3D.For the complete sample, see UIElement3D Sphere Sample.

Commenti

Quando si deriva una classe dalla classe UIElement3D, è possibile utilizzare questo metodo insieme al metodo InvalidateModel per aggiornare il modello dell'elemento.When you derive a class from the UIElement3D class, you can use this method together with the InvalidateModel method to refresh the model of the element.

È sufficiente chiamare questo metodo in scenari avanzati.You only need to call this method in advanced scenarios. Uno scenario di questo tipo è avanzato se la classe derivata dispone di più proprietà che influiscono sull'aspetto e si desidera aggiornare il modello sottostante una sola volta.One such advanced scenario is if the derived class has multiple properties that affect the appearance, and you want to update the underlying model only once. All'interno del metodo OnUpdateModel è possibile aggiornare la proprietà Visual3DModel della classe Visual3D.Within the OnUpdateModel method you could update the Visual3DModel property of the Visual3D class.

Questo metodo non ha un'implementazione predefinita nella classe UIElement3D.This method has no default implementation in the UIElement3D class.

OnUpdateModel è stato introdotto nella versione .NET Framework 3,5.OnUpdateModel is introduced in the .NET Framework version 3.5. Per altre informazioni, vedere Versioni e dipendenze.For more information, see Versions and Dependencies.

Si applica a