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组织一开始的遵循情况Initial organization alignment

任何云采用计划的最重要方面是使计划成为现实的人员的对齐方式。The most important aspect of any cloud adoption plan is the alignment of people who will make the plan a reality. 只有了解其与人员相关的方面,才能完成任何计划。No plan is complete until you understand its people-related aspects.

真正的组织协调会耗费时间。True organizational alignment takes time. 建立长期组织的协调就变得非常重要,尤其是在企业和 IT 文化中采用云采用规模。It will become important to establish long-term organizational alignment, especially as cloud adoption scales across the business and IT culture. 对齐非常重要,因为在云采用框架的 " 组织" 方法 中,已将整个部分专用于该部分。Alignment is so important that an entire section has been dedicated to it in the Organize methodology of the Cloud Adoption Framework.

完全组织的协调不是云采用计划的必需组件。Full organization alignment is not a required component of the cloud adoption plan. 但需要进行一些初始组织对齐。However, some initial organization alignment is needed. 本文概述了组织对齐的最佳实践起点。This article outlines a best-practice starting point for organizational alignment. 此处的指南可帮助完成你的计划,并使你的团队做好云采用准备。The guidance here can help complete your plan and get your teams ready for cloud adoption. 准备就绪后,可以使用 " 组织对齐 " 部分自定义此指导,以适合你的组织。When you're ready, you can use the organization alignment section to customize this guidance to fit your organization.

初始最佳实践结构Initial best-practice structure

若要在速度和控制之间创建平衡,我们建议在采用云的过程中,用户必须至少负责 云采用云监管To create a balance between speed and control, we recommend that during cloud adoption, at a minimum, you have people accountable for cloud adoption and cloud governance. 这可能是一组共享职责的人员,这些领域或 功能This might be a team of people sharing responsibilities for each of these areas, or capabilities. 它也可能是同时对工作结果负责的个人。It might also be individual people who are both accountable for the outcomes and responsible for the work. 在任一方案中,云采用和云监管都是两项功能,这些功能涉及快速移动和降低风险之间的自然摩擦。In either scenario, cloud adoption and cloud governance are two capabilities that involve natural friction between moving quickly and reducing risks. 这两个团队组合在一起:Here's how the two teams fit together:

云卓越的云采用

云采用任务需要人员执行这些任务非常直观。It's fairly intuitive that cloud adoption tasks require people to execute those tasks. 那么,很多人都很惊讶地认为云采用团队是必需的。So, few people are surprised that a cloud adoption team is a requirement. 但是,不熟悉云的用户可能不会完全感激云治理团队的重要性。However, those who are new to the cloud may not fully appreciate the importance of a cloud governance team. 此挑战通常在采用周期初期发生。This challenge often occurs early in adoption cycles. 云管理团队提供必要的检查和平衡,以确保云采用不会将业务暴露给任何新的风险。The cloud governance team provides the necessary checks and balances to ensure that cloud adoption doesn't expose the business to any new risks. 当必须采取风险时,此团队确保实施适当的流程和控制措施来缓解或控制这些风险。When risks must be taken, this team ensures that proper processes and controls are implemented to mitigate or govern those risks.

有关云采用、云监管和其他此类功能的详细信息,请参阅 了解所需云功能的简短部分。For more information about cloud adoption, cloud governance, and other such capabilities, see the brief section on understanding required cloud capabilities.

将用户映射到功能Map people to capabilities

假设建议的结构符合你的云采用计划,下一步是将特定用户映射到必需的功能。Assuming that the suggested structure aligns to your cloud adoption plan, the next step is to map specific people to the necessary capabilities. 为此,请回答以下问题:To do so, answer the following questions:

  • ) 将负责在云采用计划中完成技术任务的人员 (或用户组?What person (or group of people) will be responsible for completing technical tasks in the cloud adoption plan?
  • 谁将负责团队交付技术更改的能力?What person will be accountable for the team's ability to deliver technical changes?
  • ) 负责实施保护治理机制的人员 (或用户组?What person (or group of people) will be responsible for implementing protective governance mechanisms?
  • 谁将负责定义这些调控控制?What person will be accountable for the defining those governance controls?
  • 是否有其他功能或人员在云采用计划内有责任或责任?Are there other capabilities or people that will have accountability or responsibility within the cloud adoption plan?

在记录了这些问题的答案后,可以制定 计划 ,以定义计划,以便为即将完成的工作做好准备。After you've documented the answers to these questions, you can establish plans for skills readiness to define plans to prepare these people for forthcoming work.

后续步骤Next steps

了解如何规划云采用情况。Learn how to plan for cloud adoption.