Exchange Server 中的 exchange 系統管理中心Exchange admin center in Exchange Server

Exchange 系統管理中心 (EAC) 是 Exchange Server 中的 web 式管理主控台, 是針對內部部署、線上和混合 Exchange 部署優化的。The Exchange admin center (EAC) is the web-based management console in Exchange Server that's optimized for on-premises, online, and hybrid Exchange deployments. EAC 已在 Exchange Server 2013 中引入, 並取代了 Exchange 管理主控台 (EMC) 和 Exchange 控制台 (ECP), 這是 Exchange Server 2010 中的兩個管理介面。The EAC was introduced in Exchange Server 2013, and replaces the Exchange Management Console (EMC) and the Exchange Control Panel (ECP), which were the two management interfaces in Exchange Server 2010.

在尋找本主題的 Exchange Online 版本嗎?Looking for the Exchange Online version of this topic? 請參閱Exchange admin center in Exchange OnlineSee Exchange admin center in Exchange Online.

尋找本主題的 Exchange Online Protection 版本嗎?Looking for the Exchange Online Protection version of this topic? 請參閱Exchange 系統管理中心See Exchange admin center.

存取 EACAccessing the EAC

信箱伺服器上用戶端存取 (前端) 服務中的 網際網路資訊服務 (IIS) 虛擬目錄 (名為 ECP) 所控制之 EAC 的 URL。是,虛擬目錄名為 ECP,而不是 EAC。The URL of the EAC is controlled by the Internet Information Services (IIS) virtual directory named ECP in the Client Access (frontend) services on the Mailbox server. Yes, the virtual directory is named ECP, not EAC.

  • 內部 URL: 依預設, 這個值會包含 Exchange 伺服器的完整功能變數名稱 (FQDN), 其格式https://<ServerFQDN>/ecp為。Internal URL: By default, this value contains the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) of the Exchange server in the format https://<ServerFQDN>/ecp. 例如 https://mailbox01.contoso.com/ecpFor example, https://mailbox01.contoso.com/ecp. 若要在 Exchange 伺服器本身的網頁瀏覽器中存取 EAC, 您可以使用值https://localhost/ecpTo access the EAC in a web browser on the Exchange server itself, you can use the value https://localhost/ecp.

  • 外部 URL: 依預設, 此值是未配置的。External URL: By default, this value is unconfigured. 您必須先設定下列設定,才能從網際網路連線到 EAC:Before you can connect to the EAC from the Internet, you need to configure the following settings:

    • ECP 虛擬目錄上的外部 URL 值。The external URL value on the ECP virtual directory. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱「步驟 4: 設定外部 url , 以在Exchange 伺服器上設定郵件流程和用戶端存取」。For more information, see Step 4: Configure external URLs in Configure mail flow and client access on Exchange servers.

    • 您的公用 DNS 中的對應記錄。A corresponding record in your public DNS.

    • 包含或符合主機名稱專案的 TLS 憑證。A TLS certificate that contains or matches the host name entry. 這很可能是主體替代名稱 (SAN) 憑證或萬用字元憑證,因為大部分的用戶端服務都可在 Exchange 伺服器上的相同網站之下使用。Very likely, this will be a subject alternative name (SAN) certificate or a wildcard certificate, because most of the client services are all available under the same website on the Exchange server. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱<Exchange 服務的憑證需求>。For more information, see Certificate requirements for Exchange services.

      設定設定後, EAC 的通用外部 URL 值就會類似https://mail.contoso.com/ecpAfter you configure the settings, a common external URL value for the EAC would resemble https://mail.contoso.com/ecp.

      附注: 連線至網頁版 outlook (先前稱為 Outlook web App) 的外部使用者也需要存取 EAC, 才能存取自己的 [選項] 頁面。Note: External users who connect to Outlook on the web (formerly known as Outlook Web App) also need access to the EAC to access their own Options page. 您可以停用外部系統管理員對 EAC 的存取, 同時仍允許使用者存取其 [選項] 頁面中的 Outlook 網頁版。You can disable external administrator access to the EAC while still allowing users to access their Options page in Outlook on the web. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱<關閉 Exchange 系統管理中心存取>。For more information, see Turn off access to the Exchange admin center.

尋找 eac 的內部和外部 URL 值最簡單的方法 (不使用 EAC 本身中的伺服器 > 虛擬目錄) 是在 Exchange 管理命令介面中使用set-ecpvirtualdirectory 指令程式The easiest way to find the internal and external URL values for the EAC (without using Servers > Virtual directories in the EAC itself) is by using the Get-EcpVirtualDirectory cmdlet in the Exchange Management Shell. 若要了解如何在內部部署 Exchange 組織中開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面,請參閱 Open the Exchange Management ShellTo learn how to open the Exchange Management Shell in your on-premises Exchange organization, see Open the Exchange Management Shell.

這些範例顯示如何在您的組織中尋找 EAC 虛擬目錄的內部和外部 URL 值:These examples show you how to find the internal and external URL values for the EAC virtual directories in your organization:

  • 若要尋找組織中所有 Exchange 伺服器上的值,請執行下列命令:To find the values on all Exchange servers in your organization, run the following command:

    Get-EcpVirtualDirectory | Format-List Server,Name,*Url
    
  • 若要尋找名為 Mailbox01 的伺服器上的值,請執行下列命令:To find the values on the server named Mailbox01, run the following command:

    Get-EcpVirtualDirectory | Format-List Name,*Url
    
  • 若要在名為 Mailbox01 的伺服器上尋找名為 "ecp (Default Web Site)" 的虛擬目錄值,請執行下列命令。To find the value for the virtual directory named "ecp (Default Web Site)" on the server named Mailbox01, run the following command.

    Get-EcpVirtualDirectory -Identity "Mailbox01\ecp (Default Web Site)" | Format-List *Url
    

如需詳細資訊,請參閱<Get-EcpVirtualDirectory>。For more information, see Get-EcpVirtualDirectory.

在 Exchange 2016 中, 如果您是在 Exchange 2010 的共存環境中, 您的信箱位置會控制開啟 EAC 或 ECP 的預設行為:In Exchange 2016, if you're in a coexistence environment with Exchange 2010, the location of your mailbox controls the default behavior for opening the EAC or ECP:

  • 如果您的信箱位於 Exchange 2010 信箱伺服器上,您預設會取得 Exchange 2010 ECP。If your mailbox is located on the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server, you get the Exchange 2010 ECP by default. 將 Exchange 版本新增至 URL (Exchange 2013 和 Exchange 2016 兩者皆為 15),即可存取 EAC。You can access the EAC by adding the Exchange version to the URL (which is 15 for both Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016). 例如, 若要透過名為 Mailbox01 的信箱伺服器上的用戶端存取 (前端) 服務來存取 EAC, 請使用下列https://Mailbox01/ecp/?ExchClientVer=15URL:。For example, to access the EAC through the Client Access (frontend) services on the Mailbox server named Mailbox01, use the following URL: https://Mailbox01/ecp/?ExchClientVer=15.

  • 如果您的信箱位於 Exchange 2016 信箱伺服器上, 而您想要在名為 CAS01 的 Exchange 2010 Client Access server 上存取 ECP, 請使用下列 URL: https://CAS01/ecp/?ExchClientVer=14If your mailbox is located on an Exchange 2016 Mailbox server, and you want to access the ECP on the Exchange 2010 Client Access server named CAS01, use the following URL: https://CAS01/ecp/?ExchClientVer=14.

EAC 中常見的使用者介面元素Common user interface elements in the EAC

本節描述整個 EAC 中常見的使用者介面元素。The section describes the user interface elements that are common across the EAC.

Exchange 系統管理中心

1:跨單位導覽1: Cross-premises navigation

跨單位導覽可讓您在 Exchange Online 與內部部署 Exchange 部署之間輕鬆切換。The cross-premises navigation allows you to easily switch between your Exchange Online and on-premises Exchange deployments. 如果您沒有 Exchange Online 組織, office 365連結會帶您前往可比較 office 365 服務方案和價格的頁面。If you don't have an Exchange Online organization, the Office 365 link takes you to a page that compares plans and pricing for Office 365 services.

2:功能窗格2: Feature pane

功能窗格是您在 EAC 中執行大部分工作時的第一個導覽層級,依下列功能區域組織:The feature pane is the first level of navigation for most of the tasks that you'll perform in the EAC, and is organized by the following feature areas:

3:索引標籤3: Tabs

索引標籤是您的第二個導覽層級。The tabs are your second level of navigation. 每個功能窗格通常包含表示完整功能的多個索引標籤。Typically, each feature pane contains multiple tabs that represent complete features. 不過, [工具] 和 [混合] 窗格都只包含一個索引標籤: [檢查] 索引標籤可安裝和執行 Office 365 最佳做法分析程式, 或 [設定] 索引標籤, 可讓您執行混合式設定向導, 或修改您現有混合部署的設定。However, the Tools and Hybrid panes each contain only one tab: the Checks tab to install and run the Office 365 Best Practices Analyzer, or the Setup tab that allows you to run the Hybrid Configuration Wizard, or modify the settings of your existing hybrid deployment.

4:工具列4: Toolbar

按一下大部分的索引標籤時,您會看到一個工具列。工具列上的圖示會執行特定動作。下表說明最常見的圖示及其動作。若要查看與圖示關聯的動作 (圖示的標題),只要將游標置於圖示上方即可。When you click most tabs, you'll see a toolbar. The toolbar has icons that perform specific actions. The following table describes the most common icons and their actions. To see the action that's associated with an icon (the icon's title), simply hover over the icon.

圖示Icon 名稱Name ActionAction
[新增] 圖示 新增Add, New 建立新的物件。Create a new object.
這些圖示中有些擁有一個關聯的向下箭號,您可以按一下以顯示所能建立的其他物件。Some of these icons have an associated down arrow you can click to show additional objects you can create. 例如, 在 [ **** >收件者信箱] 中, 按一下向下箭號會將使用者信箱連結的信箱顯示為其他選項。For example, in Recipients > Mailboxes, clicking the down arrow displays User mailbox and Linked mailbox as additional options.
編輯圖示 編輯Edit 建立物件。Edit an object.
刪除圖示 刪除Delete 刪除物件。部分刪除圖示擁有一個向下箭號,您可以按一下以顯示額外選項。Delete an object. Some delete icons have a down arrow you can click to show additional options.
搜尋圖示 搜尋Search 開啟搜尋方塊,以便針對您想要在一長串物件清單中尋找的物件輸入文字。查看Advanced search以取得更多搜尋選項。 Open a search box so you can enter text for an object that you want to find you want to find in a long list of objects. Check out Advanced search for more search options.
[重新整理] 圖示 重新整理Refresh 重新整理清單檢視。Refresh the list view.
更多選項圖示 更多選項More options 檢視更多可對該索引標籤之物件執行的動作。View more actions you can perform for that tab's objects.
例如, 在 [ **** >收件者]信箱中按一下此圖示, 會顯示下列選項:用、新增/移除欄、將資料匯出至 CSV檔案、連線信箱高級搜尋.For example, in Recipients > Mailboxes clicking this icon shows the following options: Disable, Add/Remove columns, Export data to a CSV file, Connect a mailbox, and Advanced search.
向上箭號圖示
向下箭號圖示
向上鍵和向下鍵Up arrow and down arrow 如果順序很重要,請在清單中將物件上移或下移。Move an object up or down in the list, when the order is important.
例如, 在 [郵件流程 > ]電子郵件地址原則中, 按一下向上箭號將原則移至清單中的較高的位置, 這會增加原則的優先順序, 方法是指定要先套用的原則。For example, in Mail flow > Email address policies click the up arrow to move the policy higher in the list, which increases the priority of the policy by specifying which policy is applied first.
您也可以使用這些箭號來導覽公共資料夾階層,以及在清單檢視中向上或向下移動規則。You can also use these arrows to navigate the public folder hierarchy and to move rules up or down in the list view.
複製圖示 複製Copy 複製物件,以便在不變更原始物件的情況下改變其內容。Copy an object so you can make changes to it without changing the original object.
例如, 在 [許可權 >系統管理員角色] 中, 從清單視圖中選取一個角色, 然後按一下此圖示, 根據現有的角色群組來建立新的角色群組。For example, in Permissions > Admin roles, select a role from the list view, and then click this icon to create a new role group based on an existing one.
[移除] 圖示 移除Remove 移除清單中的項目。Remove an item from a list.
例如, 在 [公用資料夾許可權] 對話方塊中, 您可以選取使用者並按一下此圖示, 從允許存取公用資料夾的使用者清單中移除使用者。For example, in the Public Folder Permissions dialog box, you can remove users from the list of users allowed to access the public folder by selecting the user and clicking this icon.

5:清單檢視5: List view

包含許多物件的索引標籤可在清單檢視中顯示這些物件。Tabs that contain many objects display those objects in a list view. EAC 清單檢視中可檢視的限制約為 20,000 個物件。The viewable limit in the EAC list view is approximately 20,000 objects. 包括分頁功能,以便您跳到想要查看的結果。Paging is included so you can skip to the results that you want to see. 在 [ **** 收件者] 清單視圖中, 您也可以設定頁面大小, 並將資料匯出至 CSV 檔案。In the Recipients list view, you can also configure page size and export the data to a CSV file.

6:詳細資料窗格6: Details pane

當您從清單檢視中選取物件時,該物件的相關資訊就會顯示在詳細資料窗格中。When you select an object from the list view, more information about that object is displayed in the details pane. 對某些物件類型而言,詳細資料窗格包含快速管理工作。For some object types, the details pane includes quick management tasks. 例如, 如果您流覽至**** > [收件者]信箱, 並從清單視圖中選取信箱, 詳細資料窗格 (其他選項) 會顯示為該信箱啟用或停用封存的選項。For example, if you navigate to Recipients > Mailboxes and select a mailbox from the list view, the details pane (among other options) displays an option to enable or disable the archive for that mailbox.

某些物件類型也可讓您在詳細資料窗格中大量編輯多個物件。Some object types also allow you to bulk edit multiple objects in the details pane. 選取物件,按住 Shift 鍵,然後選取清單中後續的物件,或在您選取每個物件時按住 CTRL 鍵,即可選取清單檢視中的多個物件。You can select multiple objects in the list view by selecting an object, holding the Shift key, and selecting an object farther down in the list, or by holding down the CTRL key as you select each object. 如果大量編輯可用於您選取的物件類型,您會看到詳細資料窗格中可用的選項。If bulk edit is available for the object types that you selected, you'll see the available options in the details pane. 例如, 在收**** >件者信箱上, 當您選取相同類型的多個信箱時, 詳細資料窗格的標題會變更為 [大量編輯], 而且您可以更新連絡人和組織資訊、自訂屬性信箱配額、網頁上的 Outlook 設定等等。For example, at Recipients > Mailboxes, when you select multiple mailboxes of the same type, the title of the details pane changes to Bulk Edit, and you can update contact and organization information, custom attributes, mailbox quotas, Outlook on the web settings, and more.

在 EAC 中大量選取信箱

7:通知7: Notifications

EAC 包含可顯示以下相關資訊的通知檢視器:The EAC includes a notification viewer that displays information about:

  • 即將過期和已過期的憑證。Expiring and expired certificates.

  • 信箱移動和遷移 (也稱為信箱複寫服務任務或 MRS 工作) 的狀態。您也可以使用通知檢視器來選擇要收到這些工作的電子郵件通知。The status of mailbox moves and migrations (also known as Mailbox Replication Service tasks or MRS tasks). You can also use the notification viewer to opt-in to receive email notifications about these tasks.

  • 將信箱內容匯出至 .pst 檔案。Exporting mailbox content to .pst files.

若要顯示或隱藏通知檢視器, 請按一下圖示 (To show or hide the notification viewer, click the icon (通知圖示).

通知是傳送至名為FederatedEmail.4c1f4d8b-8179-4148-93bf-00a95fa1e042之仲裁信箱的警示。Notifications are alerts that are sent to the arbitration mailbox named FederatedEmail.4c1f4d8b-8179-4148-93bf-00a95fa1e042. EAC 會每隔 30 秒檢查此信箱中的警示。The EAC checks this mailbox for alerts every 30 seconds. 通知仍在仲裁信箱中,直到它們被傳送通知的元件所移除,或直到過期 (受管理的資料夾助理員應會在 30 天後移除它們) 為止。Notifications remain in the arbitration mailbox until they are removed by the component that sent them, or until they expire (they should be removed by the Managed Folder Assistant after 30 days).

您也可以在 Exchange 管理命令介面中使用取得通知指令程式, 以查看更多有關通知的詳細資料, 以及用來要求通知電子郵件進行未來提醒的設定通知指令程式。You can also use the Get-Notification cmdlet in the Exchange Management Shell to view more details about notifications, and the Set-Notification cmdlet to request notification emails for future alerts.

8:自有磚與說明8: Me tile and Help

[我的麻將牌] 可讓您按一下帳戶名稱旁邊的下拉式功能表, 登出 EAC, 然後以不同使用者的身分登入。The Me tile allows you to sign out of the EAC and sign in as a different user by clicking on the drop-down menu that's next to your account name.

按一下 [說明] 圖示 (Click the help icon (說明圖示) 來檢視您目前所在索引標籤的說明內容。如果您按一下說明圖示旁邊的下拉功能表,您可以執行下列額外的動作:) to view the help content for the tab that you're currently on. If you click on the drop-down menu that's next to the help icon, you can perform the following additional actions:

  • 用說明氣泡: 當您在 EAC 中建立或編輯物件時, 說明氣泡會顯示欄位的內容說明。Disable Help bubble: The Help bubble displays contextual help for fields when you create or edit objects in the EAC. 您可以從這裡全面關閉或開啟 EAC 中的所有欄位的說明泡泡圖。From here, you can globally turn off or turn on the Help bubble for all fields in the EAC.

  • 效能主控台: 效能主控台會顯示與 EAC 效能相關的許多計數器。Performance console: The Performance console displays many counters that relate to the performance of the EAC.

  • 版權隱私權: 按一下下列連結, 即可閱讀 Exchange Server 的版權和隱私權資訊。Copyright and Privacy: Click these links to read the copyright and privacy information for Exchange Server.

支援的瀏覽器Supported browsers

下表說明您可以用來存取 EAC 的作業系統和瀏覽器組合的支援等級。The levels of support for operating system and browser combinations that you can use to access the EAC are described in the following tables.

附註Notes:

  • EAC 的支援等級為︰The levels of support for the EAC are:

    • 支援:所有操作功能都受到支援且經過完整測試。Supported: All functionality and features are supported and have been fully tested.

    • 不支援:不支援瀏覽器與作業系統的組合未經過測試。Unsupported: The browser and operating system combination isn't supported, or hasn't been tested. 如需 Windows 上支援的 Internet Explorer 版本的詳細資訊, 請參閱Internet Explorer 支援宣告For more information about supported versions of Internet Explorer on Windows, see Internet Explorer Support Announcement.

    • 不適用:瀏覽器與作業系統的組合不可行。例如,較新作業系統上的較舊瀏覽器,或反之亦然。n/a: The browser and operating system combination isn't possible. For example, an older browser on a newer operating system, or vice-versa.

  • 未列出的作業系統與瀏覽器組合不受支援。包括 iOS、Android 及 Windows Phone。Operating system and browser combinations that aren't listed are unsupported. This includes iOS, Android, and Windows Phone.

  • 協力廠商外掛程式可能會導致與支援的瀏覽器 EAC 的問題。Third-party plug-ins might cause issues with the EAC for supported browsers.

用戶端作業系統Client operating systems


Web 瀏覽器Web browser Windows 7Windows 7 Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Windows 10Windows 10 Mac OS XMac OS X LinuxLinux
Internet Explorer 9Internet Explorer 9 不支援Unsupported n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a
Internet Explorer 10Internet Explorer 10 不支援Unsupported n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a
Internet Explorer 11Internet Explorer 11 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported n/an/a n/an/a
Microsoft EdgeMicrosoft Edge n/an/a n/an/a 支援Supported n/an/a n/an/a
Mozilla Firefox 最新版本或上一個版本Mozilla Firefox latest version or one previous 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported
Apple Safari 6 或更新版本Apple Safari 6 or later versions n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a 支援Supported n/an/a
Google Chrome 最新版本或上一版Google Chrome latest version or one previous 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported 支援Supported

Windows Server 作業系統Windows Server operating systems


Web 瀏覽器Web browser Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
Internet Explorer 9Internet Explorer 9 不支援Unsupported n/an/a n/an/a n/an/a
Internet Explorer 10Internet Explorer 10 不支援Unsupported 支援Supported n/an/a n/an/a
Internet Explorer 11Internet Explorer 11 支援Supported n/an/a 支援Supported 支援Supported