DataGridColumnCollection.AddAt(Int32, DataGridColumn) DataGridColumnCollection.AddAt(Int32, DataGridColumn) DataGridColumnCollection.AddAt(Int32, DataGridColumn) DataGridColumnCollection.AddAt(Int32, DataGridColumn) Method

Definition

Fügt ein von DataGridColumn abgeleitetes Spaltenobjekt am angegebenen Index in die DataGridColumnCollection-Auflistung ein.Inserts a DataGridColumn-derived column object in the DataGridColumnCollection collection at the specified index.

public:
 void AddAt(int index, System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataGridColumn ^ column);
public void AddAt (int index, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridColumn column);
member this.AddAt : int * System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridColumn -> unit
Public Sub AddAt (index As Integer, column As DataGridColumn)

Parameter

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Die Indexposition in der DataGridColumnCollection, an der die von DataGridColumn abgeleitete Spalte eingefügt wird.The index location in the DataGridColumnCollection at which to insert the DataGridColumn-derived column.

column
DataGridColumn DataGridColumn DataGridColumn DataGridColumn

Die von DataGridColumn abgeleitete Spalte, die in DataGridColumnCollection eingefügt werden soll.The DataGridColumn-derived column to insert in the DataGridColumnCollection.

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie mit der AddAt Methode, um dynamisch eine Spalte hinzufügen der DataGrid Steuerelement.The following code example demonstrates how to use the AddAt method to dynamically add a column to the DataGrid control. Beachten Sie, dass der Columns Eigenschaft der DataGrid Steuerelement ist eine Instanz der DataGridColumnCollection Auflistung.Note that the Columns property of the DataGrid control is an instance of the DataGridColumnCollection collection.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="C#" runat="server">
 
      DataTable Cart;
      DataView CartView;
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
   
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      } 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         if (Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] == null) 
         {
            Cart = new DataTable();
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(string)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(string)));
            Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] = Cart;
         }
         else 
         {
            Cart = (DataTable)Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"];
         }    
         CartView = new DataView(Cart);
         ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView;
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            // Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Page_Init(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Create a dynamic column to add to Columns collection.
         BoundColumn NumberColumn = new BoundColumn();
         NumberColumn.HeaderText="Item Number"; 
         NumberColumn.DataField="IntegerValue";

         // Add column to Columns collection.
         ItemsGrid.Columns.AddAt(2, NumberColumn);

      }
  
      void Grid_CartCommand(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) {
     
         DataRow dr = Cart.NewRow();
          
         // e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
         // For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
         TableCell itemCell = e.Item.Cells[2];
         TableCell priceCell = e.Item.Cells[3];
         string item = itemCell.Text;
         string price = priceCell.Text;
         
         if (((Button)e.CommandSource).CommandName == "AddToCart") 
         {
            dr[0] = item;
            dr[1] = price;
            Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
         else 
         { 

            //Remove from Cart.
         
            CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
            if (CartView.Count > 0) 
            {    
               CartView.Delete(0);
            }
            CartView.RowFilter = "";
         }
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
      }
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumnCollection AddAt Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumnCollection AddAt Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="VB" runat="server">
 
        Dim Cart As DataTable
        Dim CartView As DataView
 
        Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection
            Dim dt As New DataTable()
            Dim dr As DataRow
            
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
            
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To 8
                dr = dt.NewRow()
                
                dr(0) = i
                dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
                dr(2) = 1.23 *(i + 1)
                
                dt.Rows.Add(dr)
            Next i
            
            Dim dv As New DataView(dt)
            Return dv
        End Function 'CreateDataSource


        Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            
            If Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") Is Nothing Then
                Cart = New DataTable()
                Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
                Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Price", GetType(String)))
                Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") = Cart
            Else
                Cart = CType(Session("DG4_ShoppingCart"), DataTable)
            End If
            CartView = New DataView(Cart)
            ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView
            ShoppingCart.DataBind()
            
            If Not IsPostBack Then
                ' Load this data only once.
                ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
                ItemsGrid.DataBind()
            End If
        End Sub 'Page_Load
         

        Sub Page_Init(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            
            ' Create a dynamic column to add to Columns collection.
            Dim NumberColumn As New BoundColumn()
            NumberColumn.HeaderText = "Item Number"
            NumberColumn.DataField = "IntegerValue"
            
            ' Add column to Columns collection.
            ItemsGrid.Columns.AddAt(2, NumberColumn)
        End Sub 'Page_Init
         

        Sub Grid_CartCommand(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)
            
            Dim dr As DataRow = Cart.NewRow()
            
            ' e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
            ' For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
            Dim itemCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(2)
            Dim priceCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(3)
            Dim item As String = itemCell.Text
            Dim price As String = priceCell.Text
            
            If CType(e.CommandSource, Button).CommandName = "AddToCart" Then
                dr(0) = item
                dr(1) = price
                Cart.Rows.Add(dr)
            Else 'Remove from Cart.
                CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
                If CartView.Count > 0 Then
                    CartView.Delete(0)
                End If
                CartView.RowFilter = ""
            End If
            ShoppingCart.DataBind()
        End Sub 'Grid_CartCommand  
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumnCollection AddAt Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumnCollection AddAt Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Methode zum Einfügen einer DataGridColumn-abgeleitete Spaltenobjekt an der angegebenen Indexposition in die DataGridColumnCollection Auflistung.Use this method to insert a DataGridColumn-derived column object at the specified index location in the DataGridColumnCollection collection.

Die DataGrid Steuerelement speichert nicht den Inhalt der Columns Auflistung in das Feld Ansichtszustand.The DataGrid control does not store the contents of its Columns collection in the view state. Zum Hinzufügen oder entfernen dynamisch eine Spalte, müssen Sie programmgesteuert hinzufügen oder entfernen Sie die Spalte jedes Mal, wenn die Seite aktualisiert wird.To add or remove a column dynamically, you must programmatically add or remove the column each time the page is refreshed. Geben Sie einen Page_Init -Funktion, die hinzugefügt oder entfernt die Spalte vor der DataGrid Steuerelement seinen Zustand zu laden und neu erstellen, selbst kann.Provide a Page_Init function that adds or removes the column before the DataGrid control can reload its state and rebuild itself. Andernfalls die Änderungen an der Columns Auflistung werden nicht wiedergegeben, der DataGrid steuern, wenn er angezeigt wird.Otherwise, the changes to the Columns collection are not reflected in the DataGrid control when it is displayed.

Hinweis

Zwar programmgesteuert können Sie Spalten hinzufügen oder entfernen Sie Spalten aus der Columns Auflistung von der DataGrid -Steuerelement, es ist einfacher, führen Sie die Spalten statisch, und verwenden Sie dann die Visible Eigenschaft, um jede Spalte anzuzeigen oder auszublenden.Although you can programmatically add columns to or remove columns from the Columns collection of the DataGrid control, it is easier to list the columns statically and then use the Visible property to display or hide each column.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch