DataGridColumnCollection.RemoveAt(Int32) DataGridColumnCollection.RemoveAt(Int32) DataGridColumnCollection.RemoveAt(Int32) DataGridColumnCollection.RemoveAt(Int32) Method

Definition

Entfernt ein von DataGridColumn abgeleitetes Spaltenobjekt am angegebenen Index aus der DataGridColumnCollection-Auflistung.Removes a DataGridColumn-derived column object from the DataGridColumnCollection collection at the specified index.

public:
 void RemoveAt(int index);
public void RemoveAt (int index);
member this.RemoveAt : int -> unit
Public Sub RemoveAt (index As Integer)

Parameter

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Der Index der zu entfernenden, von DataGridColumn abgeleiteten Spalte in DataGridColumnCollection.The index of the DataGridColumn-derived column in the DataGridColumnCollection to remove.

Ausnahmen

index ist kleiner als 0 oder größer als Count.index is less than 0 or greater than Count.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie mit der RemoveAt Methode zum Entfernen einer Spalte aus der DataGridColumnCollection Auflistung.The following code example demonstrates how to use the RemoveAt method to remove a column from the DataGridColumnCollection collection. Beachten Sie, dass die Columns Eigenschaft der DataGrid Steuerelement ist die DataGridColumnCollection Auflistung.Note that the Columns property of the DataGrid control is the DataGridColumnCollection collection.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="C#" runat="server">
 
      DataTable Cart;
      DataView CartView;
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
   
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      } 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         if (Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] == null) 
         {
            Cart = new DataTable();
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(string)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(string)));
            Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] = Cart;
         }
         else 
         {
            Cart = (DataTable)Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"];
         }    
         CartView = new DataView(Cart);
         ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView;
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            // Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }
  
      void Grid_CartCommand(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) {
     
         DataRow dr = Cart.NewRow();
          
         // e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
         // For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
         TableCell itemCell = e.Item.Cells[2];
         TableCell priceCell = e.Item.Cells[3];
         string item = itemCell.Text;
         string price = priceCell.Text;
         
         if (((Button)e.CommandSource).CommandName == "AddToCart") 
         {
            dr[0] = item;
            dr[1] = price;
            Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
         else 
         { 

            //Remove from Cart.
         
            CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
            if (CartView.Count > 0) 
            {    
               CartView.Delete(0);
            }
            CartView.RowFilter = "";
         }
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
      }

       void Page_Init(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
         ItemsGrid.Columns.RemoveAt(2);
      }
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumnCollection RemoveAt Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumnCollection RemoveAt Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
                  
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item Number" 
                          DataField="IntegerValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="VB" runat="server">
 
        Dim Cart As DataTable
        Dim CartView As DataView
        
        Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection
            Dim dt As New DataTable()
            Dim dr As DataRow
            
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
            dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
            
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To 8
                dr = dt.NewRow()
                
                dr(0) = i
                dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
                dr(2) = 1.23 *(i + 1)
                
                dt.Rows.Add(dr)
            Next i
            
            Dim dv As New DataView(dt)
            Return dv
        End Function 'CreateDataSource


        Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            
            If Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") Is Nothing Then
                Cart = New DataTable()
                Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
                Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Price", GetType(String)))
                Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") = Cart
            Else
                Cart = CType(Session("DG4_ShoppingCart"), DataTable)
            End If
            CartView = New DataView(Cart)
            ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView
            ShoppingCart.DataBind()
            
            If Not IsPostBack Then

                ' Load this data only once
                ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
                ItemsGrid.DataBind()

            End If
        End Sub 'Page_Load
         

        Sub Grid_CartCommand(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)
            
            Dim dr As DataRow = Cart.NewRow()
            
            ' e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
            ' For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
            Dim itemCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(2)
            Dim priceCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(3)
            Dim item As String = itemCell.Text
            Dim price As String = priceCell.Text
            
            If CType(e.CommandSource, Button).CommandName = "AddToCart" Then
                dr(0) = item
                dr(1) = price
                Cart.Rows.Add(dr)
            Else 

                'Remove from Cart.
                CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
                If CartView.Count > 0 Then
                    CartView.Delete(0)
                End If
                CartView.RowFilter = ""

            End If
            ShoppingCart.DataBind()
        End Sub 'Grid_CartCommand
         

        Sub Page_Init(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            ItemsGrid.Columns.RemoveAt(2)
        End Sub 'Page_Init
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumnCollection RemoveAt Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumnCollection RemoveAt Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
                  
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item Number" 
                          DataField="IntegerValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Hinweise

Mit dieser Methode können Sie entfernen eine DataGridColumn-abgeleiteten Spaltenobjekts aus einem DataGridColumnCollection Auflistung am angegebenen Index.Use this method to remove a DataGridColumn-derived column object from a DataGridColumnCollection collection at the specified index.

Die DataGrid Steuerelement speichert nicht den Inhalt der Columns Auflistung in das Feld Ansichtszustand.The DataGrid control does not store the contents of its Columns collection in the view state. Zum Hinzufügen oder entfernen dynamisch eine Spalte, müssen Sie programmgesteuert hinzufügen oder entfernen Sie die Spalte jedes Mal, wenn die Seite aktualisiert wird.To add or remove a column dynamically, you must programmatically add or remove the column each time the page is refreshed. Geben Sie einen Page_Init -Funktion, die hinzugefügt oder entfernt die Spalte vor der DataGrid Steuerelement seinen Zustand zu laden und neu erstellen, selbst kann.Provide a Page_Init function that adds or removes the column before the DataGrid control can reload its state and rebuild itself. Andernfalls die Änderungen an der Columns Auflistung werden nicht wiedergegeben, der DataGrid steuern, wenn er angezeigt wird.Otherwise, the changes to the Columns collection are not reflected in the DataGrid control when it is displayed.

Hinweis

Zwar programmgesteuert können Sie Spalten hinzufügen oder entfernen Sie Spalten aus der Columns Auflistung von der DataGrid -Steuerelement, es ist einfacher, führen Sie die Spalten statisch, und verwenden Sie dann die Visible Eigenschaft, um jede Spalte anzuzeigen oder auszublenden.Although you can programmatically add columns to or remove columns from the Columns collection of the DataGrid control, it is easier to list the columns statically and then use the Visible property to display or hide each column.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch