High availability for SAP NetWeaver on Azure VMs on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP applications

This article describes how to deploy the virtual machines, configure the virtual machines, install the cluster framework, and install a highly available SAP NetWeaver 7.50 system. In the example configurations, installation commands etc. ASCS instance number 00, ERS instance number 02, and SAP System ID NW1 is used. The names of the resources (for example virtual machines, virtual networks) in the example assume that you have used the converged template with SAP system ID NW1 to create the resources.

Read the following SAP Notes and papers first

Overview

To achieve high availability, SAP NetWeaver requires an NFS server. The NFS server is configured in a separate cluster and can be used by multiple SAP systems.

SAP NetWeaver High Availability overview

The NFS server, SAP NetWeaver ASCS, SAP NetWeaver SCS, SAP NetWeaver ERS, and the SAP HANA database use virtual hostname and virtual IP addresses. On Azure, a load balancer is required to use a virtual IP address. The following list shows the configuration of the (A)SCS and ERS load balancer.

Important

Multi-SID clustering of SAP ASCS/ERS with SUSE Linux as guest operating system in Azure VMs is NOT supported. Multi-SID clustering describes the installation of multiple SAP ASCS/ERS instances with different SIDs in one Pacemaker cluster

(A)SCS

  • Frontend configuration
    • IP address 10.0.0.7
  • Backend configuration
    • Connected to primary network interfaces of all virtual machines that should be part of the (A)SCS/ERS cluster
  • Probe Port
    • Port 620<nr>
  • Load
  • balancing rules
    • 32<nr> TCP
    • 36<nr> TCP
    • 39<nr> TCP
    • 81<nr> TCP
    • 5<nr>13 TCP
    • 5<nr>14 TCP
    • 5<nr>16 TCP

ERS

  • Frontend configuration
    • IP address 10.0.0.8
  • Backend configuration
    • Connected to primary network interfaces of all virtual machines that should be part of the (A)SCS/ERS cluster
  • Probe Port
    • Port 621<nr>
  • Load-balancing rules
    • 32<nr> TCP
    • 33<nr> TCP
    • 5<nr>13 TCP
    • 5<nr>14 TCP
    • 5<nr>16 TCP

Setting up a highly available NFS server

SAP NetWeaver requires shared storage for the transport and profile directory. Read High availability for NFS on Azure VMs on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server on how to set up an NFS server for SAP NetWeaver.

Setting up (A)SCS

You can either use an Azure Template from GitHub to deploy all required Azure resources, including the virtual machines, availability set and load balancer or you can deploy the resources manually.

Deploy Linux via Azure Template

The Azure Marketplace contains an image for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications 12 that you can use to deploy new virtual machines. The marketplace image contains the resource agent for SAP NetWeaver.

You can use one of the quickstart templates on GitHub to deploy all required resources. The template deploys the virtual machines, the load balancer, availability set etc. Follow these steps to deploy the template:

  1. Open the ASCS/SCS Multi SID template or the converged template on the Azure portal. The ASCS/SCS template only creates the load-balancing rules for the SAP NetWeaver ASCS/SCS and ERS (Linux only) instances whereas the converged template also creates the load-balancing rules for a database (for example Microsoft SQL Server or SAP HANA). If you plan to install an SAP NetWeaver based system and you also want to install the database on the same machines, use the converged template.
  2. Enter the following parameters
    1. Resource Prefix (ASCS/SCS Multi SID template only)
      Enter the prefix you want to use. The value is used as a prefix for the resources that are deployed.
    2. Sap System ID (converged template only)
      Enter the SAP system ID of the SAP system you want to install. The ID is used as a prefix for the resources that are deployed.
    3. Stack Type
      Select the SAP NetWeaver stack type
    4. Os Type
      Select one of the Linux distributions. For this example, select SLES 12 BYOS
    5. Db Type
      Select HANA
    6. Sap System Size.
      The amount of SAPS the new system provides. If you are not sure how many SAPS the system requires, ask your SAP Technology Partner or System Integrator
    7. System Availability
      Select HA
    8. Admin Username and Admin Password
      A new user is created that can be used to log on to the machine.
    9. Subnet ID
      If you want to deploy the VM into an existing VNet where you have a subnet defined the VM should be assigned to, name the ID of that specific subnet. The ID usually looks like /subscriptions/<subscription ID>/resourceGroups/<resource group name>/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/<virtual network name>/subnets/<subnet name>

Deploy Linux manually via Azure portal

You first need to create the virtual machines for this NFS cluster. Afterwards, you create a load balancer and use the virtual machines in the backend pools.

  1. Create a Resource Group
  2. Create a Virtual Network
  3. Create an Availability Set
    Set max update domain
  4. Create Virtual Machine 1
    Use at least SLES4SAP 12 SP1, in this example the SLES4SAP 12 SP1 image https://portal.azure.com/#create/SUSE.SUSELinuxEnterpriseServerforSAPApplications12SP1PremiumImage-ARM
    SLES For SAP Applications 12 SP1 is used
    Select Availability Set created earlier
  5. Create Virtual Machine 2
    Use at least SLES4SAP 12 SP1, in this example the SLES4SAP 12 SP1 image https://portal.azure.com/#create/SUSE.SUSELinuxEnterpriseServerforSAPApplications12SP1PremiumImage-ARM
    SLES For SAP Applications 12 SP1 is used
    Select Availability Set created earlier
  6. Add at least one data disk to both virtual machines
    The data disks are used for the /usr/sap/<SAPSID> directory
  7. Create a Load Balancer (internal)
    1. Create the frontend IP addresses
      1. IP address 10.0.0.7 for the ASCS
        1. Open the load balancer, select frontend IP pool, and click Add
        2. Enter the name of the new frontend IP pool (for example nw1-ascs-frontend)
        3. Set the Assignment to Static and enter the IP address (for example 10.0.0.7)
        4. Click OK
      2. IP address 10.0.0.8 for the ASCS ERS
        • Repeat the steps above to create an IP address for the ERS (for example 10.0.0.8 and nw1-aers-backend)
    2. Create the backend pools
      1. Create a backend pool for the ASCS
        1. Open the load balancer, select backend pools, and click Add
        2. Enter the name of the new backend pool (for example nw1-ascs-backend)
        3. Click Add a virtual machine.
        4. Select the Availability Set you created earlier
        5. Select the virtual machines of the (A)SCS cluster
        6. Click OK
      2. Create a backend pool for the ASCS ERS
        • Repeat the steps above to create a backend pool for the ERS (for example nw1-aers-backend)
    3. Create the health probes
      1. Port 62000 for ASCS
        1. Open the load balancer, select health probes, and click Add
        2. Enter the name of the new health probe (for example nw1-ascs-hp)
        3. Select TCP as protocol, port 62000, keep Interval 5 and Unhealthy threshold 2
        4. Click OK
      2. Port 62102 for ASCS ERS
        • Repeat the steps above to create a health probe for the ERS (for example 62102 and nw1-aers-hp)
    4. Load-balancing rules
      1. 3200 TCP for ASCS
        1. Open the load balancer, select load-balancing rules and click Add
        2. Enter the name of the new load balancer rule (for example nw1-lb-3200)
        3. Select the frontend IP address, backend pool, and health probe you created earlier (for example nw1-ascs-frontend)
        4. Keep protocol TCP, enter port 3200
        5. Increase idle timeout to 30 minutes
        6. Make sure to enable Floating IP
        7. Click OK
      2. Additional ports for the ASCS
        • Repeat the steps above for ports 3600, 3900, 8100, 50013, 50014, 50016 and TCP for the ASCS
      3. Additional ports for the ASCS ERS
        • Repeat the steps above for ports 3302, 50213, 50214, 50216 and TCP for the ASCS ERS

Important

Do not enable TCP timestamps on Azure VMs placed behind Azure Load Balancer. Enabling TCP timestamps will cause the health probes to fail. Set parameter net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps to 0. For details see Load Balancer health probes.

Create Pacemaker cluster

Follow the steps in Setting up Pacemaker on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server in Azure to create a basic Pacemaker cluster for this (A)SCS server.

Installation

The following items are prefixed with either [A] - applicable to all nodes, [1] - only applicable to node 1 or [2] - only applicable to node 2.

  1. [A] Install SUSE Connector

    sudo zypper install sap-suse-cluster-connector
    

    Note

    Do not use dashes in the hostnames of your cluster nodes. Otherwise your cluster will not work. This is a known limitation and SUSE is working on a fix. The fix will be released as a patch of the sap-suse-cloud-connector package.

    Make sure that you installed the new version of the SAP SUSE cluster connector. The old one was called sap_suse_cluster_connector and the new one is called sap-suse-cluster-connector.

    sudo zypper info sap-suse-cluster-connector
    
    Information for package sap-suse-cluster-connector:
    ---------------------------------------------------
    Repository     : SLE-12-SP3-SAP-Updates
    Name           : sap-suse-cluster-connector
    <b>Version        : 3.0.0-2.2</b>
    Arch           : noarch
    Vendor         : SUSE LLC <https://www.suse.com/>
    Support Level  : Level 3
    Installed Size : 41.6 KiB
    <b>Installed      : Yes</b>
    Status         : up-to-date
    Source package : sap-suse-cluster-connector-3.0.0-2.2.src
    Summary        : SUSE High Availability Setup for SAP Products
    
  2. [A] Update SAP resource agents

    A patch for the resource-agents package is required to use the new configuration, that is described in this article. You can check, if the patch is already installed with the following command

    sudo grep 'parameter name="IS_ERS"' /usr/lib/ocf/resource.d/heartbeat/SAPInstance
    

    The output should be similar to

    <parameter name="IS_ERS" unique="0" required="0">
    

    If the grep command does not find the IS_ERS parameter, you need to install the patch listed on the SUSE download page

    # example for patch for SLES 12 SP1
    sudo zypper in -t patch SUSE-SLE-HA-12-SP1-2017-885=1
    # example for patch for SLES 12 SP2
    sudo zypper in -t patch SUSE-SLE-HA-12-SP2-2017-886=1
    
  3. [A] Setup host name resolution

    You can either use a DNS server or modify the /etc/hosts on all nodes. This example shows how to use the /etc/hosts file. Replace the IP address and the hostname in the following commands

    sudo vi /etc/hosts
    

    Insert the following lines to /etc/hosts. Change the IP address and hostname to match your environment

    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for NFS
    10.0.0.4 nw1-nfs
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for SAP NetWeaver ASCS
    10.0.0.7 nw1-ascs
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for SAP NetWeaver ASCS ERS
    10.0.0.8 nw1-aers
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for database
    10.0.0.13 nw1-db
    

Prepare for SAP NetWeaver installation

  1. [A] Create the shared directories

    sudo mkdir -p /sapmnt/NW1
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/sap/trans
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/sap/NW1/SYS
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/sap/NW1/ERS02
    
    sudo chattr +i /sapmnt/NW1
    sudo chattr +i /usr/sap/trans
    sudo chattr +i /usr/sap/NW1/SYS
    sudo chattr +i /usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00
    sudo chattr +i /usr/sap/NW1/ERS02
    
  2. [A] Configure autofs

    sudo vi /etc/auto.master
    
    # Add the following line to the file, save and exit
    +auto.master
    /- /etc/auto.direct
    

    Create a file with

    sudo vi /etc/auto.direct
    
    # Add the following lines to the file, save and exit
    /sapmnt/NW1 -nfsvers=4,nosymlink,sync nw1-nfs:/NW1/sapmntsid
    /usr/sap/trans -nfsvers=4,nosymlink,sync nw1-nfs:/NW1/trans
    /usr/sap/NW1/SYS -nfsvers=4,nosymlink,sync nw1-nfs:/NW1/sidsys
    

    Restart autofs to mount the new shares

    sudo systemctl enable autofs
    sudo service autofs restart
    
  3. [A] Configure SWAP file

    sudo vi /etc/waagent.conf
    
    # Set the property ResourceDisk.EnableSwap to y
    # Create and use swapfile on resource disk.
    ResourceDisk.EnableSwap=y
    
    # Set the size of the SWAP file with property ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB
    # The free space of resource disk varies by virtual machine size. Make sure that you do not set a value that is too big. You can check the SWAP space with command swapon
    # Size of the swapfile.
    ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB=2000
    

    Restart the Agent to activate the change

    sudo service waagent restart
    

Installing SAP NetWeaver ASCS/ERS

  1. [1] Create a virtual IP resource and health-probe for the ASCS instance

    sudo crm node standby nw1-cl-1
    
    sudo crm configure primitive fs_NW1_ASCS Filesystem device='nw1-nfs:/NW1/ASCS' directory='/usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00' fstype='nfs4' \
      op start timeout=60s interval=0 \
      op stop timeout=60s interval=0 \
      op monitor interval=20s timeout=40s
    
    sudo crm configure primitive vip_NW1_ASCS IPaddr2 \
      params ip=10.0.0.7 cidr_netmask=24 \
      op monitor interval=10 timeout=20
    
    sudo crm configure primitive nc_NW1_ASCS anything \
      params binfile="/usr/bin/nc" cmdline_options="-l -k 62000" \
      op monitor timeout=20s interval=10 depth=0
    
    sudo crm configure group g-NW1_ASCS fs_NW1_ASCS nc_NW1_ASCS vip_NW1_ASCS \
       meta resource-stickiness=3000
    

    Make sure that the cluster status is ok and that all resources are started. It is not important on which node the resources are running.

    sudo crm_mon -r
    
    # Node nw1-cl-1: standby
    # Online: [ nw1-cl-0 ]
    # 
    # Full list of resources:
    # 
    # stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
    #  Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
    #      fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
    #      nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
    #      vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
    
  2. [1] Install SAP NetWeaver ASCS

    Install SAP NetWeaver ASCS as root on the first node using a virtual hostname that maps to the IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for the ASCS, for example nw1-ascs, 10.0.0.7 and the instance number that you used for the probe of the load balancer, for example 00.

    You can use the sapinst parameter SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER to allow a non-root user to connect to sapinst.

    sudo <swpm>/sapinst SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER=sapadmin
    

    If the installation fails to create a subfolder in /usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00, try setting the owner and group of the ASCS00 folder and retry.

    chown nw1adm /usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00
    chgrp sapsys /usr/sap/NW1/ASCS00
    
  3. [1] Create a virtual IP resource and health-probe for the ERS instance

    sudo crm node online nw1-cl-1
    sudo crm node standby nw1-cl-0
    
    sudo crm configure primitive fs_NW1_ERS Filesystem device='nw1-nfs:/NW1/ASCSERS' directory='/usr/sap/NW1/ERS02' fstype='nfs4' \
      op start timeout=60s interval=0 \
      op stop timeout=60s interval=0 \
      op monitor interval=20s timeout=40s
    
    sudo crm configure primitive vip_NW1_ERS IPaddr2 \
      params ip=10.0.0.8 cidr_netmask=24 \
      op monitor interval=10 timeout=20
    
    sudo crm configure primitive nc_NW1_ERS anything \
     params binfile="/usr/bin/nc" cmdline_options="-l -k 62102" \
     op monitor timeout=20s interval=10 depth=0
    
    # WARNING: Resources nc_NW1_ASCS,nc_NW1_ERS violate uniqueness for parameter "binfile": "/usr/bin/nc"
    # Do you still want to commit (y/n)? y
    
    sudo crm configure group g-NW1_ERS fs_NW1_ERS nc_NW1_ERS vip_NW1_ERS
    

    Make sure that the cluster status is ok and that all resources are started. It is not important on which node the resources are running.

    sudo crm_mon -r
    
    # Node nw1-cl-0: standby
    # Online: [ nw1-cl-1 ]
    # 
    # Full list of resources:
    #
    # stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
    #  Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
    #      fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
    #      nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
    #      vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
    #  Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
    #      fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
    #      nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
    #      vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
    
  4. [2] Install SAP NetWeaver ERS

    Install SAP NetWeaver ERS as root on the second node using a virtual hostname that maps to the IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for the ERS, for example nw1-aers, 10.0.0.8 and the instance number that you used for the probe of the load balancer, for example 02.

    You can use the sapinst parameter SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER to allow a non-root user to connect to sapinst.

    sudo <swpm>/sapinst SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER=sapadmin
    

    Note

    Use SWPM SP 20 PL 05 or higher. Lower versions do not set the permissions correctly and the installation will fail.

    If the installation fails to create a subfolder in /usr/sap/NW1/ERS02, try setting the owner and group of the ERS02 folder and retry.

    chown nw1adm /usr/sap/NW1/ERS02
    chgrp sapsys /usr/sap/NW1/ERS02
    
  5. [1] Adapt the ASCS/SCS and ERS instance profiles

    • ASCS/SCS profile
    sudo vi /sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ASCS00_nw1-ascs
    
    # Change the restart command to a start command
    #Restart_Program_01 = local $(_EN) pf=$(_PF)
    Start_Program_01 = local $(_EN) pf=$(_PF)
    
    # Add the following lines
    service/halib = $(DIR_CT_RUN)/saphascriptco.so
    service/halib_cluster_connector = /usr/bin/sap_suse_cluster_connector
    
    # Add the keep alive parameter
    enque/encni/set_so_keepalive = true
    
    • ERS profile
    sudo vi /sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ERS02_nw1-aers
    
    # Change the restart command to a start command
    #Restart_Program_00 = local $(_ER) pf=$(_PFL) NR=$(SCSID)
    Start_Program_00 = local $(_ER) pf=$(_PFL) NR=$(SCSID)
    
    # Add the following lines
    service/halib = $(DIR_CT_RUN)/saphascriptco.so
    service/halib_cluster_connector = /usr/bin/sap_suse_cluster_connector
    
    # remove Autostart from ERS profile
    # Autostart = 1
    
  6. [A] Configure Keep Alive

    The communication between the SAP NetWeaver application server and the ASCS/SCS is routed through a software load balancer. The load balancer disconnects inactive connections after a configurable timeout. To prevent this you need to set a parameter in the SAP NetWeaver ASCS/SCS profile and change the Linux system settings. Read SAP Note 1410736 for more information.

    The ASCS/SCS profile parameter enque/encni/set_so_keepalive was already added in the last step.

    # Change the Linux system configuration
    sudo sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time=120
    
  7. [A] Configure the SAP users after the installation

    # Add sidadm to the haclient group
    sudo usermod -aG haclient nw1adm
    
  8. [1] Add the ASCS and ERS SAP services to the sapservice file

    Add the ASCS service entry to the second node and copy the ERS service entry to the first node.

    cat /usr/sap/sapservices | grep ASCS00 | sudo ssh nw1-cl-1 "cat >>/usr/sap/sapservices"
    sudo ssh nw1-cl-1 "cat /usr/sap/sapservices" | grep ERS02 | sudo tee -a /usr/sap/sapservices
    
  9. [1] Create the SAP cluster resources

If using enqueue server 1 architecture (ENSA1), define the resources as follows:

sudo crm configure property maintenance-mode="true"
   
   sudo crm configure primitive rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 SAPInstance \
    operations \$id=rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00-operations \
    op monitor interval=11 timeout=60 on_fail=restart \
    params InstanceName=NW1_ASCS00_nw1-ascs START_PROFILE="/sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ASCS00_nw1-ascs" \
    AUTOMATIC_RECOVER=false \
    meta resource-stickiness=5000 failure-timeout=60 migration-threshold=1 priority=10
   
   sudo crm configure primitive rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02 SAPInstance \
    operations \$id=rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02-operations \
    op monitor interval=11 timeout=60 on_fail=restart \
    params InstanceName=NW1_ERS02_nw1-aers START_PROFILE="/sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ERS02_nw1-aers" AUTOMATIC_RECOVER=false IS_ERS=true \
    meta priority=1000
   
   sudo crm configure modgroup g-NW1_ASCS add rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
   sudo crm configure modgroup g-NW1_ERS add rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
   
   sudo crm configure colocation col_sap_NW1_no_both -5000: g-NW1_ERS g-NW1_ASCS
   sudo crm configure location loc_sap_NW1_failover_to_ers rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 rule 2000: runs_ers_NW1 eq 1
   sudo crm configure order ord_sap_NW1_first_start_ascs Optional: rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00:start rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02:stop symmetrical=false
   
   sudo crm node online nw1-cl-0
   sudo crm configure property maintenance-mode="false"
   

SAP introduced support for enqueue server 2, including replication, as of SAP NW 7.52. Starting with ABAP Platform 1809, enqueue server 2 is installed by default. See SAP note 2630416 for enqueue server 2 support. If using enqueue server 2 architecture (ENSA2), define the resources as follows:

sudo crm configure property maintenance-mode="true"
   
   sudo crm configure primitive rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 SAPInstance \
    operations \$id=rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00-operations \
    op monitor interval=11 timeout=60 on_fail=restart \
    params InstanceName=NW1_ASCS00_nw1-ascs START_PROFILE="/sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ASCS00_nw1-ascs" \
    AUTOMATIC_RECOVER=false \
    meta resource-stickiness=5000
   
   sudo crm configure primitive rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02 SAPInstance \
    operations \$id=rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02-operations \
    op monitor interval=11 timeout=60 on_fail=restart \
    params InstanceName=NW1_ERS02_nw1-aers START_PROFILE="/sapmnt/NW1/profile/NW1_ERS02_nw1-aers" AUTOMATIC_RECOVER=false IS_ERS=true 
   
   sudo crm configure modgroup g-NW1_ASCS add rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
   sudo crm configure modgroup g-NW1_ERS add rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
   
   sudo crm configure colocation col_sap_NW1_no_both -5000: g-NW1_ERS g-NW1_ASCS
   sudo crm configure order ord_sap_NW1_first_start_ascs Optional: rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00:start rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02:stop symmetrical=false
   
   sudo crm node online nw1-cl-0
   sudo crm configure property maintenance-mode="false"
   

If you are upgrading from an older version and switching to enqueue server 2, see SAP note 2641019.

Make sure that the cluster status is ok and that all resources are started. It is not important on which node the resources are running.

sudo crm_mon -r
   
   # Online: [ nw1-cl-0 nw1-cl-1 ]
   #
   # Full list of resources:
   #
   # stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
   #  Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
   #      fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
   #      nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
   #      vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
   #      rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
   #  Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
   #      fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
   #      nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
   #      vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
   #      rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
   

SAP NetWeaver application server preparation

Some databases require that the database instance installation is executed on an application server. Prepare the application server virtual machines to be able to use them in these cases.

The steps bellow assume that you install the application server on a server different from the ASCS/SCS and HANA servers. Otherwise some of the steps below (like configuring host name resolution) are not needed.

  1. Configure operating system

    Reduce the size of the dirty cache. For more information, see Low write performance on SLES 11/12 servers with large RAM.

    sudo vi /etc/sysctl.conf
    
    # Change/set the following settings
    vm.dirty_bytes = 629145600
    vm.dirty_background_bytes = 314572800
    
  2. Setup host name resolution

    You can either use a DNS server or modify the /etc/hosts on all nodes. This example shows how to use the /etc/hosts file. Replace the IP address and the hostname in the following commands

    sudo vi /etc/hosts
    

    Insert the following lines to /etc/hosts. Change the IP address and hostname to match your environment

    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for NFS
    10.0.0.4 nw1-nfs
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for SAP NetWeaver ASCS/SCS
    10.0.0.7 nw1-ascs
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for SAP NetWeaver ERS
    10.0.0.8 nw1-aers
    # IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for database
    10.0.0.13 nw1-db
    # IP address of all application servers
    10.0.0.20 nw1-di-0
    10.0.0.21 nw1-di-1
    
  3. Create the sapmnt directory

    sudo mkdir -p /sapmnt/NW1
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/sap/trans
    
    sudo chattr +i /sapmnt/NW1
    sudo chattr +i /usr/sap/trans
    
  4. Configure autofs

    sudo vi /etc/auto.master
    
    # Add the following line to the file, save and exit
    +auto.master
    /- /etc/auto.direct
    

    Create a new file with

    sudo vi /etc/auto.direct
    
    # Add the following lines to the file, save and exit
    /sapmnt/NW1 -nfsvers=4,nosymlink,sync nw1-nfs:/NW1/sapmntsid
    /usr/sap/trans -nfsvers=4,nosymlink,sync nw1-nfs:/NW1/trans
    

    Restart autofs to mount the new shares

    sudo systemctl enable autofs
    sudo service autofs restart
    
  5. Configure SWAP file

    sudo vi /etc/waagent.conf
    
    # Set the property ResourceDisk.EnableSwap to y
    # Create and use swapfile on resource disk.
    ResourceDisk.EnableSwap=y
    
    # Set the size of the SWAP file with property ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB
    # The free space of resource disk varies by virtual machine size. Make sure that you do not set a value that is too big. You can check the SWAP space with command swapon
    # Size of the swapfile.
    ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB=2000
    

    Restart the Agent to activate the change

    sudo service waagent restart
    

Install database

In this example, SAP NetWeaver is installed on SAP HANA. You can use every supported database for this installation. For more information on how to install SAP HANA in Azure, see High Availability of SAP HANA on Azure Virtual Machines (VMs). For a list of supported databases, see SAP Note 1928533.

  1. Run the SAP database instance installation

    Install the SAP NetWeaver database instance as root using a virtual hostname that maps to the IP address of the load balancer frontend configuration for the database for example nw1-db and 10.0.0.13.

    You can use the sapinst parameter SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER to allow a non-root user to connect to sapinst.

    sudo <swpm>/sapinst SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER=sapadmin
    

SAP NetWeaver application server installation

Follow these steps to install an SAP application server.

  1. Prepare application server

    Follow the steps in the chapter SAP NetWeaver application server preparation above to prepare the application server.

  2. Install SAP NetWeaver application server

    Install a primary or additional SAP NetWeaver applications server.

    You can use the sapinst parameter SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER to allow a non-root user to connect to sapinst.

    sudo <swpm>/sapinst SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER=sapadmin
    
  3. Update SAP HANA secure store

    Update the SAP HANA secure store to point to the virtual name of the SAP HANA System Replication setup.

    Run the following command to list the entries

    hdbuserstore List
    

    This should list all entries and should look similar to

    DATA FILE       : /home/nw1adm/.hdb/nw1-di-0/SSFS_HDB.DAT
    KEY FILE        : /home/nw1adm/.hdb/nw1-di-0/SSFS_HDB.KEY
    
    KEY DEFAULT
      ENV : 10.0.0.14:30313
      USER: SAPABAP1
      DATABASE: HN1
    

    The output shows that the IP address of the default entry is pointing to the virtual machine and not to the load balancer's IP address. This entry needs to be changed to point to the virtual hostname of the load balancer. Make sure to use the same port (30313 in the output above) and database name (HN1 in the output above)!

    su - nw1adm
    hdbuserstore SET DEFAULT nw1-db:30313@HN1 SAPABAP1 <password of ABAP schema>
    

Test the cluster setup

The following tests are a copy of the test cases in the best practices guides of SUSE. They are copied for your convenience. Always also read the best practices guides and perform all additional tests that might have been added.

  1. Test HAGetFailoverConfig, HACheckConfig and HACheckFailoverConfig

    Run the following commands as <sapsid>adm on the node where the ASCS instance is currently running. If the commands fail with FAIL: Insufficient memory, it might be caused by dashes in your hostname. This is a known issue and will be fixed by SUSE in the sap-suse-cluster-connector package.

    nw1-cl-0:nw1adm 54> sapcontrol -nr 00 -function HAGetFailoverConfig
    
    # 15.08.2018 13:50:36
    # HAGetFailoverConfig
    # OK
    # HAActive: TRUE
    # HAProductVersion: Toolchain Module
    # HASAPInterfaceVersion: Toolchain Module (sap_suse_cluster_connector 3.0.1)
    # HADocumentation: https://www.suse.com/products/sles-for-sap/resource-library/sap-best-practices/
    # HAActiveNode:
    # HANodes: nw1-cl-0, nw1-cl-1
    
    nw1-cl-0:nw1adm 55> sapcontrol -nr 00 -function HACheckConfig
    
    # 15.08.2018 14:00:04
    # HACheckConfig
    # OK
    # state, category, description, comment
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant ABAP instance configuration, 2 ABAP instances detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant Java instance configuration, 0 Java instances detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Enqueue separation, All Enqueue server separated from application server
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, MessageServer separation, All MessageServer separated from application server
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, ABAP instances on multiple hosts, ABAP instances on multiple hosts detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant ABAP SPOOL service configuration, 2 ABAP instances with SPOOL service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, Redundant ABAP SPOOL service state, 2 ABAP instances with active SPOOL service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, ABAP instances with ABAP SPOOL service on multiple hosts, ABAP instances with active ABAP SPOOL service on multiple hosts detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant ABAP BATCH service configuration, 2 ABAP instances with BATCH service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, Redundant ABAP BATCH service state, 2 ABAP instances with active BATCH service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, ABAP instances with ABAP BATCH service on multiple hosts, ABAP instances with active ABAP BATCH service on multiple hosts detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant ABAP DIALOG service configuration, 2 ABAP instances with DIALOG service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, Redundant ABAP DIALOG service state, 2 ABAP instances with active DIALOG service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, ABAP instances with ABAP DIALOG service on multiple hosts, ABAP instances with active ABAP DIALOG service on multiple hosts detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Redundant ABAP UPDATE service configuration, 2 ABAP instances with UPDATE service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, Redundant ABAP UPDATE service state, 2 ABAP instances with active UPDATE service detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, ABAP instances with ABAP UPDATE service on multiple hosts, ABAP instances with active ABAP UPDATE service on multiple hosts detected
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, SCS instance running, SCS instance status ok
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, SAPInstance RA sufficient version (nw1-ascs_NW1_00), SAPInstance includes is-ers patch
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, Enqueue replication (nw1-ascs_NW1_00), Enqueue replication enabled
    # SUCCESS, SAP STATE, Enqueue replication state (nw1-ascs_NW1_00), Enqueue replication active
    
    nw1-cl-0:nw1adm 56> sapcontrol -nr 00 -function HACheckFailoverConfig
    
    # 15.08.2018 14:04:08
    # HACheckFailoverConfig
    # OK
    # state, category, description, comment
    # SUCCESS, SAP CONFIGURATION, SAPInstance RA sufficient version, SAPInstance includes is-ers patch
    
  2. Manually migrate the ASCS instance

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    

    Run the following commands as root to migrate the ASCS instance.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource migrate rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 force
    # INFO: Move constraint created for rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource unmigrate rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    # INFO: Removed migration constraints for rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    
    # Remove failed actions for the ERS that occurred as part of the migration
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    
  3. Test HAFailoverToNode

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

    Run the following commands as <sapsid>adm to migrate the ASCS instance.

    nw1-cl-0:nw1adm 55> sapcontrol -nr 00 -host nw1-ascs -user nw1adm <password> -function HAFailoverToNode ""
    
    # run as root
    # Remove failed actions for the ERS that occurred as part of the migration
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    
  4. Simulate node crash

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    

    Run the following command as root on the node where the ASCS instance is running

    nw1-cl-0:~ # echo b > /proc/sysrq-trigger
    

    If you use SBD, Pacemaker should not automatically start on the killed node. The status after the node is started again should look like this.

    Online: [ nw1-cl-1 ]
    OFFLINE: [ nw1-cl-0 ]
    
    Full list of resources:
    
    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    
    Failed Actions:
    * rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02_monitor_11000 on nw1-cl-1 'not running' (7): call=219, status=complete, exitreason='none',
        last-rc-change='Wed Aug 15 14:38:38 2018', queued=0ms, exec=0ms
    

    Use the following commands to start Pacemaker on the killed node, clean the SBD messages, and clean the failed resources.

    # run as root
    # list the SBD device(s)
    nw1-cl-0:~ # cat /etc/sysconfig/sbd | grep SBD_DEVICE=
    # SBD_DEVICE="/dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405772fe8401e6240c985857e116;/dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405034a84428af24ddd8c3a3e9e1;/dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405cdd5ac8d40e548449318510c3"
    
    nw1-cl-0:~ # sbd -d /dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405772fe8401e6240c985857e116 -d /dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405034a84428af24ddd8c3a3e9e1 -d /dev/disk/by-id/scsi-36001405cdd5ac8d40e548449318510c3 message nw1-cl-0 clear
    
    nw1-cl-0:~ # systemctl start pacemaker
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    
  5. Test manual restart of ASCS instance

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

    Create an enqueue lock by, for example edit a user in transaction su01. Run the following commands as <sapsid>adm on the node where the ASCS instance is running. The commands will stop the ASCS instance and start it again. If using enqueue server 1 architecture, the enqueue lock is expected to be lost in this test. If using enqueue server 2 architecture, the enqueue will be retained.

    nw1-cl-1:nw1adm 54> sapcontrol -nr 00 -function StopWait 600 2
    

    The ASCS instance should now be disabled in Pacemaker

    rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Stopped (disabled)
    

    Start the ASCS instance again on the same node.

    nw1-cl-1:nw1adm 54> sapcontrol -nr 00 -function StartWait 600 2
    

    The enqueue lock of transaction su01 should be lost and the back-end should have been reset. Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    
  6. Kill message server process

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

    Run the following commands as root to identify the process of the message server and kill it.

    nw1-cl-1:~ # pgrep ms.sapNW1 | xargs kill -9
    

    If you only kill the message server once, it will be restarted by sapstart. If you kill it often enough, Pacemaker will eventually move the ASCS instance to the other node. Run the following commands as root to clean up the resource state of the ASCS and ERS instance after the test.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    
  7. Kill enqueue server process

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
    

    Run the following commands as root on the node where the ASCS instance is running to kill the enqueue server.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # pgrep en.sapNW1 | xargs kill -9
    

    The ASCS instance should immediately fail over to the other node. The ERS instance should also fail over after the ASCS instance is started. Run the following commands as root to clean up the resource state of the ASCS and ERS instance after the test.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00
    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    
  8. Kill enqueue replication server process

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

    Run the following command as root on the node where the ERS instance is running to kill the enqueue replication server process.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # pgrep er.sapNW1 | xargs kill -9
    

    If you only run the command once, sapstart will restart the process. If you run it often enough, sapstart will not restart the process and the resource will be in a stopped state. Run the following commands as root to clean up the resource state of the ERS instance after the test.

    nw1-cl-0:~ # crm resource cleanup rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02
    

    Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    
  9. Kill enqueue sapstartsrv process

    Resource state before starting the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

    Run the following commands as root on the node where the ASCS is running.

    nw1-cl-1:~ # pgrep -fl ASCS00.*sapstartsrv
    # 59545 sapstartsrv
    
    nw1-cl-1:~ # kill -9 59545
    

    The sapstartsrv process should always be restarted by the Pacemaker resource agent. Resource state after the test:

    stonith-sbd     (stonith:external/sbd): Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ASCS
         fs_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-1
         nc_NW1_ASCS        (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-1
         vip_NW1_ASCS       (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-1
         rsc_sap_NW1_ASCS00 (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-1
     Resource Group: g-NW1_ERS
         fs_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:Filesystem):    Started nw1-cl-0
         nc_NW1_ERS (ocf::heartbeat:anything):      Started nw1-cl-0
         vip_NW1_ERS        (ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):       Started nw1-cl-0
         rsc_sap_NW1_ERS02  (ocf::heartbeat:SAPInstance):   Started nw1-cl-0
    

Next steps