Environment.SpecialFolder Enum

Definition

Specifies enumerated constants used to retrieve directory paths to system special folders.

public: enum class Environment::SpecialFolder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public enum Environment.SpecialFolder
type Environment.SpecialFolder = 
Public Enum Environment.SpecialFolder
Inheritance
Environment.SpecialFolder
Attributes

Fields

AdminTools 48

The file system directory that is used to store administrative tools for an individual user. The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) will save customized consoles to this directory, and it will roam with the user. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

ApplicationData 26

The directory that serves as a common repository for application-specific data for the current roaming user. A roaming user works on more than one computer on a network. A roaming user's profile is kept on a server on the network and is loaded onto a system when the user logs on.

CDBurning 59

The file system directory that acts as a staging area for files waiting to be written to a CD. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonAdminTools 47

The file system directory that contains administrative tools for all users of the computer. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonApplicationData 35

The directory that serves as a common repository for application-specific data that is used by all users.

CommonDesktopDirectory 25

The file system directory that contains files and folders that appear on the desktop for all users. This special folder is valid only for Windows NT systems. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonDocuments 46

The file system directory that contains documents that are common to all users. This special folder is valid for Windows NT systems, Windows 95, and Windows 98 systems with Shfolder.dll installed. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonMusic 53

The file system directory that serves as a repository for music files common to all users. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

58

This value is recognized in Windows Vista for backward compatibility, but the special folder itself is no longer used. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonPictures 54

The file system directory that serves as a repository for image files common to all users. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonProgramFiles 43

The directory for components that are shared across applications.

To get the x86 common program files directory on a non-x86 system, use the ProgramFilesX86 member.

CommonProgramFilesX86 44

The Program Files folder. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonPrograms 23

A folder for components that are shared across applications. This special folder is valid only for Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP systems. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonStartMenu 22

The file system directory that contains the programs and folders that appear on the Start menu for all users. This special folder is valid only for Windows NT systems. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonStartup 24

The file system directory that contains the programs that appear in the Startup folder for all users. This special folder is valid only for Windows NT systems. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonTemplates 45

The file system directory that contains the templates that are available to all users. This special folder is valid only for Windows NT systems. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

CommonVideos 55

The file system directory that serves as a repository for video files common to all users. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Cookies 33

The directory that serves as a common repository for Internet cookies.

Desktop 0

The logical Desktop rather than the physical file system location.

DesktopDirectory 16

The directory used to physically store file objects on the desktop. Do not confuse this directory with the desktop folder itself, which is a virtual folder.

Favorites 6

The directory that serves as a common repository for the user's favorite items.

Fonts 20

A virtual folder that contains fonts. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

History 34

The directory that serves as a common repository for Internet history items.

InternetCache 32

The directory that serves as a common repository for temporary Internet files.

LocalApplicationData 28

The directory that serves as a common repository for application-specific data that is used by the current, non-roaming user.

LocalizedResources 57

The file system directory that contains localized resource data. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

MyComputer 17

The My Computer folder. When passed to the Environment.GetFolderPath method, the MyComputer enumeration member always yields the empty string ("") because no path is defined for the My Computer folder.

MyDocuments 5

The My Documents folder. This member is equivalent to Personal.

MyMusic 13

The My Music folder.

MyPictures 39

The My Pictures folder.

MyVideos 14

The file system directory that serves as a repository for videos that belong to a user. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

NetworkShortcuts 19

A file system directory that contains the link objects that may exist in the My Network Places virtual folder. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Personal 5

The directory that serves as a common repository for documents. This member is equivalent to MyDocuments.

PrinterShortcuts 27

The file system directory that contains the link objects that can exist in the Printers virtual folder. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

ProgramFiles 38

The program files directory.

On a non-x86 system, passing ProgramFiles to the GetFolderPath(Environment+SpecialFolder) method returns the path for non-x86 programs. To get the x86 program files directory on a non-x86 system, use the ProgramFilesX86 member.

ProgramFilesX86 42

The x86 Program Files folder. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Programs 2

The directory that contains the user's program groups.

Recent 8

The directory that contains the user's most recently used documents.

Resources 56

The file system directory that contains resource data. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

SendTo 9

The directory that contains the Send To menu items.

StartMenu 11

The directory that contains the Start menu items.

Startup 7

The directory that corresponds to the user's Startup program group. The system starts these programs whenever a user logs on or starts Windows.

System 37

The System directory.

SystemX86 41

The Windows System folder. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Templates 21

The directory that serves as a common repository for document templates.

UserProfile 40

The user's profile folder. Applications should not create files or folders at this level; they should put their data under the locations referred to by ApplicationData. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Windows 36

The Windows directory or SYSROOT. This corresponds to the %windir% or %SYSTEMROOT% environment variables. Added in the .NET Framework 4.

Examples

The following example shows how to use Environment.SpecialFolder with the Environment.GetFolderPath method to get the System directory.

// Sample for the Environment::GetFolderPath method
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "GetFolderPath: {0}", Environment::GetFolderPath( Environment::SpecialFolder::System ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

GetFolderPath: C:\WINNT\System32
*/
// Sample for the Environment.GetFolderPath method
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("GetFolderPath: {0}", 
                 Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.System));
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

GetFolderPath: C:\WINNT\System32
*/
' Sample for the Environment.GetFolderPath method
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("GetFolderPath: {0}", Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.System))
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'GetFolderPath: C:\WINNT\System32
'

Remarks

The system special folders are folders such as Program Files, Programs, System, or Startup, which contain common information. Special folders are set by default by the system, or explicitly by the user, when installing a version of Windows.

The Environment.GetFolderPath method returns the locations associated with this enumeration. The locations of these folders can have different values on different operating systems, the user can change some of the locations, and the locations are localized.

For more information about special folders, see the KNOWNFOLDERID constants in the Windows documentation.

Applies to