RemoteCertificateValidationCallback RemoteCertificateValidationCallback RemoteCertificateValidationCallback RemoteCertificateValidationCallback Delegate

Definition

Verifies the remote Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate used for authentication.

public delegate bool RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(System::Object ^ sender, X509Certificate ^ certificate, X509Chain ^ chain, SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors);
public delegate bool RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(object sender, X509Certificate certificate, X509Chain chain, SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors);
type RemoteCertificateValidationCallback = delegate of obj * X509Certificate * X509Chain * SslPolicyErrors -> bool
Public Delegate Function RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(sender As Object, certificate As X509Certificate, chain As X509Chain, sslPolicyErrors As SslPolicyErrors) As Boolean 
Parameters
sender

An object that contains state information for this validation.

certificate

The certificate used to authenticate the remote party.

chain

The chain of certificate authorities associated with the remote certificate.

sslPolicyErrors

One or more errors associated with the remote certificate.

Return Value
System.Boolean

A Boolean value that determines whether the specified certificate is accepted for authentication.

Inheritance
RemoteCertificateValidationCallbackRemoteCertificateValidationCallbackRemoteCertificateValidationCallbackRemoteCertificateValidationCallback

Examples

The following code example implements a method that is invoked by an instance of the RemoteCertificateValidationCallback class. If there are validation errors, this method displays them and returns false, which prevents communication with the unauthenticated server.

    // Load a table of errors that might cause 
    // the certificate authentication to fail.
    static void InitializeCertificateErrors()
    {
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0101,
            "The certification has expired.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0104,
            "A path length constraint "
            "in the certification chain has been violated.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0105,
            "A certificate contains an unknown extension "
            "that is marked critical.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0107,
            "A parent of a given certificate in fact "
            "did not issue that child certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0108,
            "A certificate is missing or has an empty value "
            "for a necessary field.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0109,
            "The certificate root is not trusted.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B010C,
            "The certificate has been revoked.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B010F,
            "The name in the certificate does not not match "
            "the host name requested by the client.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0111,
            "The certificate was explicitly marked "
            "as untrusted by the user.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0112,
            "A certification chain processed correctly, "
            "but one of the CA certificates is not trusted.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0113,
            "The certificate has an invalid policy.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0114,
            "The certificate name is either not "
            "in the permitted list or is explicitly excluded.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80092012,
            "The revocation function was unable to check "
            "revocation for the certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80090327,
            "An unknown error occurred while "
            "processing the certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096001,
            "A system-level error occurred "
            "while verifying trust.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096002,
            "The certificate for the signer of the message "
            "is invalid or not found.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096003,
            "One of the counter signatures was invalid.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096004,
            "The signature of the certificate "
            "cannot be verified.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096005,
            "The time stamp signature or certificate "
            "could not be verified or is malformed.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096010,
            "The digital signature of the object "
            "was not verified.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096019,
            "The basic constraint extension of a certificate "
            "has not been observed.");
    }

    static String^ CertificateErrorDescription(UInt32 problem)
    {
        // Initialize the error message dictionary 
        // if it is not yet available.
        if (certificateErrors->Count == 0)
        {
            InitializeCertificateErrors();
        }

        String^ description = safe_cast<String^>(
            certificateErrors[problem]);
        if (description == nullptr)
        {
            description = String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "Unknown certificate error - 0x{0:x8}",
                problem);
        }

        return description;
    }

public:
    // The following method is invoked 
    // by the CertificateValidationDelegate.
static bool ValidateServerCertificate(
        Object^ sender,
        X509Certificate^ certificate,
        X509Chain^ chain,
        SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors)
    {
    
        Console::WriteLine("Validating the server certificate.");
        if (sslPolicyErrors == SslPolicyErrors::None)
            return true;

        Console::WriteLine("Certificate error: {0}", sslPolicyErrors);

        // Do not allow this client to communicate with unauthenticated servers.
        return false;
    }

// The following method is invoked by the RemoteCertificateValidationDelegate.
public static bool ValidateServerCertificate(
      object sender,
      X509Certificate certificate,
      X509Chain chain,
      SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors)
{
   if (sslPolicyErrors == SslPolicyErrors.None)
        return true;

    Console.WriteLine("Certificate error: {0}", sslPolicyErrors);
    
    // Do not allow this client to communicate with unauthenticated servers.
    return false;
}

The following code example creates the delegate using the method defined in the preceding code example.

// Create a TCP/IP client socket.
// machineName is the host running the server application.
TcpClient^ client = gcnew TcpClient(machineName, 8080);
Console::WriteLine("Client connected.");
  
// Create an SSL stream that will close 
// the client's stream.
SslStream^ sslStream = gcnew SslStream(
    client->GetStream(), false,
    gcnew RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(ValidateServerCertificate),
    nullptr);
  
// The server name must match the name
// on the server certificate.
try
{
    sslStream->AuthenticateAsClient(serverName);
}
catch (AuthenticationException^ ex) 
{
    Console::WriteLine("Exception: {0}", ex->Message);
    if (ex->InnerException != nullptr)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Inner exception: {0}", 
            ex->InnerException->Message);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("Authentication failed - "
        "closing the connection.");
    sslStream->Close();
    client->Close();
    return;
}
// Create a TCP/IP client socket.
// machineName is the host running the server application.
TcpClient client = new TcpClient(machineName,443);
Console.WriteLine("Client connected.");
// Create an SSL stream that will close the client's stream.
SslStream sslStream = new SslStream(
    client.GetStream(), 
    false, 
    new RemoteCertificateValidationCallback (ValidateServerCertificate), 
    null
    );
// The server name must match the name on the server certificate.
try 
{
    sslStream.AuthenticateAsClient(serverName);
} 
catch (AuthenticationException e)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Exception: {0}", e.Message);
    if (e.InnerException != null)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Inner exception: {0}", e.InnerException.Message);
    }
    Console.WriteLine ("Authentication failed - closing the connection.");
    client.Close();
    return;
}

Remarks

The delegate's sslPolicyErrors argument contains any certificate errors returned by SSPI while authenticating the client or server. The Boolean value returned by the method invoked by this delegate determines whether the authentication is allowed to succeed.

This delegate is used with the SslStream class.

Applies to

See Also