This topic explains how to install, update, and uninstall SQL Server 2017 on Linux. SQL Server 2017 RC2 is supported on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES), and Ubuntu. It is also available as a Docker image, which can run on Docker Engine on Linux or Docker for Windows/Mac.
SQL Server 2017 is supported on the following Linux platforms:
|Red Hat Enterprise Linux||7.3||Get RHEL 7.3|
|SUSE Linux Enterprise Server||v12 SP2||Get SLES v12 SP2|
|Ubuntu||16.04||Get Ubuntu 16.04|
|Docker Engine||1.8+||Get Docker|
SQL Server 2017 has the following system requirements for Linux:
|File System||XFS or EXT4 (other file systems, such as BTRFS, are unsupported)|
|Disk space||6 GB|
|Processor speed||2 GHz|
|Processor cores||2 cores|
|Processor type||x64-compatible only|
SQL Server Engine has been tested up to 1 TB of memory at this time.
Install SQL Server
You can install SQL Server on Linux from the command-line. For instructions, see one of the following quick start tutorials:
- Install on Red Hat Enterprise Linux
- Install on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
- Install on Ubuntu
- Run on Docker
Update SQL Server
To update the mssql-server package to the latest release, use one of the following commands based on your platform:
|Platform||Package update command(s)|
These commands download the newest package and replace the binaries located under
/opt/mssql/. The user generated databases and system databases are not affected by this operation.
Rollback SQL Server
To rollback or downgrade SQL Server to a previous release, use the following steps:
Identify the version number for the SQL Server package you want to downgrade to. For a list of package numbers, see the Release notes.
Downgrade to a previous version of SQL Server. In the following commands, replace
<version_number>with the SQL Server version number you identified in step one.
Platform Package update command(s) RHEL
sudo yum downgrade mssql-server-<version_number>.x86_64
sudo zypper install --oldpackage mssql-server=<version_number>
sudo apt-get install mssql-server=<version_number>
sudo systemctl start mssql-server
It is only supported to downgrade to a release within the same major version, such as SQL Server 2017.
Downgrade is only supported between RC2 and RC1 at this time.
Uninstall SQL Server
To remove the mssql-server package on Linux, use one of the following commands based on your platform:
|Platform||Package removal command(s)|
Removing the package does not delete the generated database files. If you want to delete the database files, use the following command:
sudo rm -rf /var/opt/mssql/
You can perform an unattended installation in the following way:
- Follow the initial steps in the quick start tutorials to register the repositories and install SQL Server.
- When you run
mssql-conf setup, set environment variables and use the
-n(no prompt) option.
The following example configures the Developer edition of SQL Server with the MSSQL_PID environment variable. It also accepts the EULA (ACCEPT_EULA) and sets the SA user password (MSSQL_SA_PASSWORD). The
-n parameter performs an unprompted installation where the configuration values are pulled from the environment variables.
sudo MSSQL_PID=Developer ACCEPT_EULA=Y MSSQL_SA_PASSWORD='<YourStrong!Passw0rd>' /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf -n setup
You can also create a script that performs other actions. For example, you could install other SQL Server packages.
For a more detailed sample script, see the following examples:
- Red Hat unattended installation script
- SUSE unattended installation script
- Ubuntu unattended installation script
If your Linux machine does not have access to the online repositories used in the quick starts, you can download the package files directly. These packages are located in the Microsoft repository, https://packages.microsoft.com.
If you successfully installed with the steps in the quick starts, you do not need to download or manually install the package(s) below. This section is only for the offline scenario.
Download the database engine package for your platform. Find package download links in the package details section of the Release Notes.
Move the downloaded package to your Linux machine. If you used a different machine to download the packages, one way to move the packages to your Linux machine is with the scp command.
Install the database engine package. Use one of the following commands based on your platform. Replace the package file name in this example with the exact name you downloaded.
Platform Package removal command RHEL
sudo yum localinstall mssql-server_versionnumber.x86_64.rpm
sudo zypper install mssql-server_versionnumber.x86_64.rpm
sudo dpkg -i mssql-server_versionnumber_amd64.deb
You can also install the RPM packages (RHEL and SLES) with the
rpm -ivhcommand, but the commands in the previous table automatically install dependencies if available from approved repositories.
Resolve missing dependencies: You might have missing dependencies at this point. If not, you can skip this step. On Ubuntu, if you have access to approved repositories containing those dependencies, the easiest solution is to use the
apt-get -f installcommand. This command also completes the installation of SQL Server. To manually inspect dependencies, use the following commands:
Platform List dependencies command RHEL
rpm -qpR mssql-server_versionnumber.x86_64.rpm
rpm -qpR mssql-server_versionnumber.x86_64.rpm
dpkg -I mssql-server_versionnumber_amd64.deb
After resolving the missing dependencies, attempt to install the mssql-server package again.
Complete the SQL Server setup. Use mssql-conf to complete the SQL Server setup:
sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup
After installation, you can also install other optional SQL Server packages.
- SQL Server command-line tools
- SQL Server Agent
- SQL Server Full Text Search
- SQL Server Integration Services (Ubuntu)
Connect to your SQL Server instance to begin creating and managing databases. To get started, see the quick start tutorials: