Editions and Supported Features for SQL Server 2016

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2016)noAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

This topic provides details of features supported by the different editions of SQL Server 2016.

The SQL Server Evaluation edition is available for a 180-day trial period.

For the latest release notes and what's new information, see the following:

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Developer and Evaluation Editions
For features supported by Developer and Evaluation editions, see features listed for the SQL Server Enterprise Edition in the tables below. For a list of features that were added to the Developer edition for SQL Server 2016 SP1, see SQL Server 2016 SP1 editions.

Scale Limits

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Maximum compute capacity used by a single instance - SQL Server Database Engine1 Operating system maximum Limited to lesser of 4 sockets or 24 cores Limited to lesser of 4 sockets or 16 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or 4 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or 4 cores
Maximum compute capacity used by a single instance - Analysis Services or Reporting Services Operating system maximum Limited to lesser of 4 sockets or 24 cores Limited to lesser of 4 sockets or 16 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or 4 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or 4 cores
Maximum memory for buffer pool per instance of SQL Server Database Engine Operating System Maximum 128 GB 64 GB 1410 MB 1410 MB
Maximum memory for Columnstore segment cache per instance of SQL Server Database Engine Unlimited memory 32 GB2 16 GB2 352 MB2 352 MB2
Maximum memory-optimized data size per database in SQL Server Database Engine Unlimited memory 32 GB2 16 GB2 352 MB2 352 MB2
Maximum memory utilized per instance of Analysis Services Operating System Maximum Tabular: 16 GB

MOLAP: 64 GB
N/A N/A N/A
Maximum memory utilized per instance of Reporting Services Operating System Maximum 64 GB 64 GB 4 GB N/A
Maximum relational database size 524 PB 524 PB 524 PB 10 GB 10 GB

1 Enterprise Edition with Server + Client Access License (CAL) based licensing (not available for new agreements) is limited to a maximum of 20 cores per SQL Server instance. There are no limits under the Core-based Server Licensing model. For more information, see Compute Capacity Limits by Edition of SQL Server.

2 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

RDBMS High Availability

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Server core support 1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Log shipping Yes Yes Yes No No
Database mirroring Yes Yes

Full safety only
Witness only Witness only Witness only
Backup compression Yes Yes No No No
Database snapshot Yes Yes 3 Yes 3 Yes 3 Yes 3
Always On failover cluster instances Yes

Number of nodes is the operating system maximum
Yes

Support for 2 nodes
No No No
Always On availability groups Yes

Up to 8 secondary replicas, including 2 synchronous secondary replicas
No No No No
Basic availability groups 2 No Yes

Support for 2 nodes
No No No
Online page and file restore Yes No No No No
Online indexing Yes No No No No
Online schema change Yes No No No No
Fast recovery Yes No No No No
Mirrored backups Yes No No No No
Hot add memory and CPU Yes No No No No
Database recovery advisor Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Encrypted backup Yes Yes No No No
Hybrid backup to Windows Azure (backup to URL) Yes Yes No No No

1 For more information on installing SQL Server 2016 on Server Core, see Install SQL Server 2016 on Server Core.

2 For more information about Basic availability groups, see Basic Availability Groups.

3 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

RDBMS Scalability and Performance

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Columnstore 1 Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes2 Yes2
In-Memory OLTP 1 Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2, 3 Yes 2
Stretch Database Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Persistent Main Memory Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multi-instance support 50 50 50 50 50
Table and index partitioning Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2
Data compression Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2
Resource Governor Yes No No No No
Partitioned Table Parallelism Yes No No No No
Multiple Filestream containers Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2 Yes 2
NUMA Aware and Large Page Memory and Buffer Array Allocation Yes No No No No
Buffer Pool Extension Yes Yes No No No
IO Resource Governance Yes No No No No
Delayed Durability Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

1 In-Memory OLTP data size and Columnstore segment cache are limited to the amount of memory specified by edition in the Scale Limits section. The max degrees of parallelism is limited. The degrees of process parallelism (DOP) for an index build is limited to 2 DOP for the Standard Edition and 1 DOP for the Web and Express Editions. This refers to columnstore indexes created over disk-based tables and memory-optimized tables.

2 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

3 This feature is not included in the LocalDB installation option.

RDBMS Security

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express Express with Advanced Services
Row-level security Yes Yes Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1
Always Encrypted Yes Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1
Dynamic data masking Yes Yes Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1
Basic auditing Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fine grained auditing Yes Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1 Yes 1
Transparent database encryption Yes No No No No
Extensible key management Yes No No No No
User-defined roles Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Contained databases Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Encryption for backups Yes Yes No No No

1 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

Replication

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Heterogeneous subscribers Yes Yes No No No
Merge replication Yes Yes Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only)
Oracle publishing Yes No No No No
Peer to peer transactional replication Yes No No No No
Snapshot replication Yes Yes Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only)
SQL Server change tracking Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Transactional replication Yes Yes Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only) Yes (Subscriber only)
Transactional replication to Azure Yes Yes No No No
Transactional replication updateable subscription Yes No No No No

Management Tools

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
SQL Management Objects (SMO) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SQL Configuration Manager Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SQL CMD (Command Prompt tool) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Distributed Replay - Admin Tool Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Distribute Replay - Client Yes Yes Yes No No
Distributed Replay - Controller Yes (Up to 16 clients) Yes (1 client) Yes (1 client) No No
SQL Profiler Yes Yes No 1 No 1 No 1
SQL Server Agent Yes Yes Yes No No
Microsoft System Center Operations Manager Management Pack Yes Yes Yes No No
Database Tuning Advisor (DTA) Yes Yes 2 Yes 2 No No

1 SQL Server Web, SQL Server Express, SQL Server Express with Tools, and SQL Server Express with Advanced Services can be profiled using SQL Server Standard and SQL Server Enterprise editions.

2 Tuning enabled only on Standard edition features

RDBMS Manageability

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
User instances No No No Yes Yes
LocalDB No No No Yes No
Dedicated admin connection Yes Yes Yes Yes with trace flag Yes with trace flag
PowerShell scripting support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SysPrep support 1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Support for data-tier application component operations - extract, deploy, upgrade, delete Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Policy automation (check on schedule and change) Yes Yes Yes No No
Performance data collector Yes Yes Yes No No
Able to enroll as a managed instance in multi-instance management Yes Yes Yes No No
Standard performance reports Yes Yes Yes No No
Plan guides and plan freezing for plan guides Yes Yes Yes No No
Direct query of indexed views (using NOEXPAND hint) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Automatic indexed views maintenance Yes Yes Yes No No
Distributed partitioned views Yes No No No No
Parallel indexed operations Yes No No No No
Automatic use of indexed view by query optimizer Yes No No No No
Parallel consistency check Yes No No No No
SQL Server Utility Control Point Yes No No No No
Buffer pool extension Yes Yes No No No

1 For more information, see Considerations for Installing SQL Server Using SysPrep.

2 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

Development Tools

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Microsoft Visual Studio integration Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Intellisense (Transact-SQL and MDX) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No
MDX edit, debug, and design tools Yes Yes No No No

Programmability

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Basic R integration Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Advanced R integration Yes No No No No
R Server (Standalone) Yes No No No No
Polybase compute node Yes Yes 1 Yes 1, 2 Yes 1, 2 Yes 1, 2
Polybase head node Yes No No No No
JSON Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Query Store Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Temporal Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Common Language Runtime (CLR) Integration Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Native XML support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
XML indexing Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
MERGE & UPSERT capabilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FILESTREAM support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FileTable Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Date and Time datatypes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Internationalization support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Full-text and semantic search Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Specification of language in query Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Service Broker (messaging) Yes Yes No (Client only) No (Client only) No (Client only)
Transact-SQL endpoints Yes Yes Yes No No

1 Scale out with multiple compute nodes requires a head node.

2 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

Integration Services

For info about the Integration Services (SSIS) features supported by the editions of SQL Server, see Integration Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server.

Master Data Services

For information about the Master Data Services and Data Quality Services features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Master Data Services and Data Quality Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Data Warehouse

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Create cubes without a database Yes Yes No No No
Auto-generate staging and data warehouse schema Yes Yes No No No
Change data capture Yes Yes 1 No No No
Star join query optimizations Yes No No No No
Scalable read-only Analysis Services configuration Yes No No No No
Parallel query processing on partitioned tables and indexes Yes No No No No
Global batch aggregation Yes No No No No

1 Applies to SQL Server 2016 SP1.

Analysis Services

For information about the Analysis Services features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

BI Semantic Model (Multi Dimensional)

For information about the Analysis Services features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

BI Semantic Model (Tabular)

For information about the Analysis Services features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Power Pivot for SharePoint

For information about the Power Pivot for SharePoint features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Data Mining

For information about the Data Mining features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Reporting Services

For information about the Reporting Services features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Reporting Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Business Intelligence Clients

For information about the Business Intelligence Client features supported by the editions of SQL Server 2016, see Analysis Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016 or Reporting Services Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2016.

Spatial and Location Services

Feature Name Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Spatial indexes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Planar and geodetic datatypes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Advanced spatial libraries Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Import/export of industry-standard spatial data formats Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Additional Database Services

Feature Name Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
SQL Server Migration Assistant Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Database mail Yes Yes Yes No No

Other Components

Feature Name Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
StreamInsight StreamInsight Premium Edition StreamInsight Standard Edition StreamInsight Standard Edition No No
StreamInsight HA StreamInsight Premium Edition No No No No

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See Also

Product Specifications for SQL Server 2016
Installation for SQL Server 2016