Device Identification Strings
The Plug and Play (PnP) manager and other device installation components use device identification strings to identify devices that are installed in a computer.
Windows uses the following device identification strings to locate the information (INF) file that best matches the device. These strings are reported by a device's enumerator, a system component that discovers PnP devices based on a PnP hardware standard. These tasks are carried out by PnP Bus Drivers in partnership with the PnP manager. A device is typically enumerated by its parent bus driver, such as the PCI or PCMCIA bus driver. Some devices are enumerated by a bus filter driver, such as the ACPI Driver.
Windows tries to find a match for one of the hardware IDs or compatible IDs. For more information about how Windows uses these IDs to match a device to an INF file, and how to specify IDs in an INF file, see How Windows Selects Drivers.
In addition to using the preceding IDs to identify devices, the PnP manager uses the following IDs to uniquely identify instances of each device that are installed in a computer:
Starting with Windows 7, the PnP manager uses the Container ID device identification string to group one or more device nodes (devnodes) that were enumerated from each instance of a physical device installed in a computer.
Each enumerator customizes its device IDs, hardware IDs, and compatible IDs to uniquely identify the device that it enumerates. In addition, each enumerator has its own policy to identify hardware IDs and compatible IDs. For more information about hardware ID and compatible ID formats for most of the system buses, see Device Identifier Formats.